|Publication number||US1716624 A|
|Publication date||Jun 11, 1929|
|Filing date||Jun 24, 1927|
|Priority date||Jun 24, 1927|
|Publication number||US 1716624 A, US 1716624A, US-A-1716624, US1716624 A, US1716624A|
|Inventors||Dawson Axel G|
|Original Assignee||Dawson Axel G|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 11, 1929. DAWSON 1,716,624
PARTITION Filed June 24, 1927 3 Sheets-Sheet 1 N W a M 8 A. G. DAWSON.
PARTITION Filed June 24, 1927 5 Sheets-Sheet June 11, 1929.
v m H 0 m a. a w a i 6 6 & w 6 W W a A q an 2 M n "v 3 P 0 Z w w M. x W 5 7 n J i l l my 0:... 0 ,6 M w 2 H w! I 8| l mu 1/ 5 M M m \i1l K/ m 5 a n 3 v -0 mHutw FLA N E m 7 L E 5 (/v// M/ 5 W a L A n l W F m a 5 m o f H 9 w MM w 5/ A wul 14M wk L M I a F M June 11, 1929. A. G. DAWSON PARTITION Filed June 24, 1927 5 Sheets-Sheet .fLEfj Patented June 1 1, 1929.
UNITED srA AXEL G: DAWSON, OF JAMESTOWN, NEW YORK.
Application filed June 24,
This invention relates to an improvement in partitions and more particularly to the construction and assembly thereof.
It has long been necessary to divide rooms 5 and office spaces by means of partitions whlch extend either from the fioorto the ceiling or simply to the top of the door frame. Thls latter class of partitions is known in the-trade as 7 foot '6 partitions, and will be referred to -10as such throughout the following specification; There have been manykinds of partitions-inuse, some of which were built up as they were installed while others have been partially assembled at thefactory and finally assembled on the job. There have been -wooden partitions with either glass or veneered panels and metal partitions .with glass or sheet metal panels in use for some time.
In all the constructions up to the present time, however, each type of partition has failed. materially in several respects. 1st: The space to be partitioned eff needed to be accurately determined and the partitionswere therefore required to bemade according to specifie dimensions. Oftentimes allowances for corners, cornices, abutments or projections of some kind or another were .not made and as a result when the partitions were assembled on the job it was necessary to alter them, these alterations entailing considerable time and expense and were not satisfactory.
2nd: Supports of various klnds were necessary to position the partitions, these supports being permanently secured to the floor, walls and in some instances the ceiling, and it followed that inthe event it became necessary to move the partitions, the walls and floors, uncovcred'by such removal, were unsightly and needed special and clever work to cover up the blemishes. 3rd: WVhen the'partitions were assembled with solid panels and it was desired to remove the panels for any reason and substitute a glass panel, 'or-if' a door was located at one side of the partition and it was desired to locate it at some other place the.
. partititin would, of necessity, have to be torn down at least partially in order to make these changes. I The construction disclosed in the following specification eliminates and overcomes all these difficulties and hence is agreat improvementover any partition construction or assembly at the present time. v f One object ofthis invention is to provide I ceiling;
1927. Serial No. 201,096.
a partition construction which, 'due to its adaptability, willaccurately fit' within a given space, even though there has been a 1,
vslight error in determining this space.
and morelthan strong enough for the use to which'it is put.
A still further object of this inyention is to provide a partition construction which is adapted to receive subsequently other partitions. extending at right angles thereto without altering or in any way modifying the partition already positioned. a Other objects of this invention will appear 7 from a consideration of the following specification taken in connection with the drawings and in which Fig. 1 is a front elevation of a ceiling height partition showing a door, transom and panels 30 of metal and glass in place;
Fig. 2 is a front elevation of a 7 foot 6 height partition showing'a door and an adjacent panel of metaland glass in place;
Fig. 3 is a sectional View taken on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1 and illustrates the manner in which the end of a partition abuts a wall;
Fig. 4 is a sectional View taken on the line 4 40f Fig. 1 and shows the manner in which panels are secured to a pilaster and also the 9 manner of removably securing door moulding thereto 1 1 1g. 5 1s a sectional vlew taken on the 11118 55 of Fig. 1 and shows the manner of securing the mop moulding and lower end of L tlie'pilaster at the floor;
Fig. 6 is a sectional view taken on the line 6-6 of 1 and shows an intermediate rail to which panels are secured above and below saidrail, ,the lower panel indicated as of s metal and the upper panel as'of glass.
Fig. 7 is a sectional View taken on the line v77 of Fig. 1 and shows" the manner of'securing the adjustable cornice and filler at the Fig.8 is a sectional view taken on the line 88 of Fig. 2 and shows the method of reinforcing and enclosing thegup'per edge of a 7 foot6partition; p
Fig. 9 is a sectional View taken on the line 9-9 of F ig; 1 and shows an intermedlate railwith the upper portion of a door moulding secured below and the lower portion of the transom secured above the rail;
Fig. 10 is a fragmentary longitudinal'sectional. view of a pilaster" and an adjustable wall member illustrating the means for altering and fixingthe spaced relation of said member to said pilaster;
Fig; 11 is atransverse sectional view of a pilaster, panel and transom and shows a modification of the means for'securing panels and frame to said pilaster;
Fig. 12 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view of the modification shown in Fig. 11;
' Fig. 13 is va fragmentary sectional view taken vertically through the base of a pilaster showing its engagement with the channel bar which positively determines the placing of eachpilaster; and- N Fig. 14 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view taken substantially on the line 1414.
of Fig. 4. I
Inasmuch as this invention comprises many parts, some of which are identical in condescribed in detail but will merely bear corresponding reference numerals. Referring to the drawings and particularly to Figs. 3,4 and 11 the reference numeraLlO represents a pilaster which comprises two oppositely faced members 11 and '12 held in a fixed position relative to .each other by means of av reinforcing member 13. The member 11 is centrally and vertically in- 4 0 dented at 15 and the side edges 18-and 19 are bent inwardly at right angles thereto forming flanges 20 and 21. @The edges of the flanges 20 and 21 are again bent inwardly formingshort flanges 22 and 23. Pockets 24 and 25 are thus formed by the edges 18 and flanges 20 and 22 and the edges 19andflanges 21' and 23 respectively. The member 12 being a duplicate of the member 11 also has an lndented portion 31 and pockets 32 and 33.
The reinforcing member 13 comprises two I abutting channular elements 16 and 17, permanently secured to each other along their abutting faces 29 and 30 'by welding or other suitable means. The element 16* comprises a channular shaped portion, the base of which is the face 29 and the walls of which terminate in double flanged portions 34 and 35.; The edge of the portion 34 is adapted to fit within the pocket24 of the member 11 and likewise the edge of the portion 35 is adapted to fit within the pocket 32 of the member 12.
The element 17 being a duplicate of the element 16 terminates in similar double flanged struetion, such duplicate parts will not be 'The head 60 of the portions 38 and 39, the portion 38 fitting within the pocket 25 of the member 11 and n the portion 39 fitting within the pocket 33 of the member 12. It may be seenthat by positioning and securing the Walls Y11 and 12 by means of the reinforcing member 13,
a substantial pilaster or post is formed.
Vertical slots 40 are cut into each of the flanges 34 and 35 of the element 16 said slot the element 16 through the slots 40. Keep ers 4l are secured along the base to a channel a member 43 of such dimensions that-it will 'fit between the flanges which form the pockets 24 and 32. Within said channel member and in laterally adjustable relation therewith is a hollow filler 44 reinforced by brackets 45+ The filler 44 is closed at one end by the wall 46, said wall, "when in position of use, being within the pocket 47 in the channel member 43. The opposite end of the member 44, across which the brackets 45 extend, is open and when in use abuts the plaster 48 secured to a wall 49 (see Fig. 3). 1
Within the pocket 47 between the wall 46 of the filler44 and the wall 50 of the member 43 is located an adjustable takeup member 51, said member operatively controlling all lateral adjustmentof the filler member 44 with relation to the channel member 43. In Figs. 3'and 10 the takeup member 51 is shown operably secured between the wall 50 of the member 43 and aplate 52. The plate 52 extends longitudinally of the pocket 47 and is adapted at all times to rest against thewall 46 of the member 44. The plate 52 extends to within a'short space of the top and bottom of the partition construction and is flangedc inwardly atits upper and lower ends, only the upperflange 53 being shown. Through the flange 53 is a threaded opening 54 with which a screw 56 meshes. Secured to the wall 46 abdve the upper flange 53 is an angle bracket-.58, said bracket having through its horizontal portion an opening 59 in vertical alignment with the opening 5.4 of the flange 53. The screw 56 is adapted to extend through the opening 59 and threa'dably en-,
gage the flange 53 by means of the opening 54L screw 56 at all times rests against the uppe face of the horizontal portion of the bracket 58. Particular attention is called to the fact that the bracket 58 is rigidly secured to the wall 46 but that the plate 52 merely abuts the wall 46 and is free to be raised or lowered with relation thereto. As stated above, the takeup member 51 is positioned within the pocket 47 and comprises three elements 61, 62 and 63. The ele- 25 l forcing with it the wall 46 and bracket 58, the
- ment 61 is rigidly secured to the plate 52,
. only :capable of lateral movement ,while the plate 52 'is capable of vertical as Well as lateral movement, any turning of the screw 56 in a clockwise direction will tend to draw the plate upwardly toward'the bracket 58. However, the plate is secured to the wall 50 bymeans of the takeup member 51 and can therefore not move upward in a directly vertical manner but must move outwardly and upwardly at the same time, the direction of 'travel being defined-by the are through which the element 62 of the takeup member 50 travels. Since the plate 52 must. travel both laterally and upwardly, any such movement thereofwill force the wall 46 in a directly" lateral direction as the plate 52 and wall 46 are in slidable engagement with each other.
It is therefore evident that by turning the" screw 56 in a direction to draw the plate 52 upwardly said plate will move outwardly flange 53 remaining in vertical alignment with said bracket. Since the hollow filler member 44 includes the wall 46 said member will be moved laterally until it abuts the plaster48 of the wall 49. It may be seenthat the more the screw 56 is turned the greater the pressure exerted by the plate 52 against the wall 46 will be, and it is by means of this I pressure imparted to the filler member 44, that it sealingly abuts the plastered wall so firmly that further securing means between the plaster 48 and the filler member 44.-is unnecessary. The screw 56 not only functions to change the relative position between the member 44 and the member 43 but also acts to lock it in suchchanged position. above described adjustable filler member is very necessary to partition construction, since itis very dilficult to move a' pilaster once it is in .place there must be'some means of adj ustably bridging the gap between the filler member 44 when it is first set up and the plaster 48 and this is accomplished without the usual worlcinvolved when other makes of partitions are installed. I The construction of the partition from the wall to the first pilaster having been described, the panel construction between pilasters will now beflcaken up. Referring again Fig. 3 it will be noted that the wall 11 is identical with the wall 12 and the side to which the fillermember-44 is'secured is identical to the QPP site side thereof and it is to this side opposite from the filler member that=attention is now directed. Between the innermost-fianges-ofthe pockets 25 and 33 in thepilaster ispositioned a channel member which bears against the U-shaped' The does the member 41.
keepers41. lVithin the channel member 65 and in slidable engagement with the side walls thereof is a frame 66, having a panel 67 rigidly mounted therein. Between the inner wall 70 of the frame 66 and the wall 71 of the member'65 is located a takeup member 7 3.
This takeup member comprises three elements similarly to the member 51 but is of smaller size and therefore limited to a small adjustment. One extreme element is rigidly secured: to the wall 71 and the other extreme element is secured to the wall 70. It may be seen that the frame 66 by means of the memnot be enumerated inasmuch ,as any frame I may-be adapted to this construction, provided n it has a wall similar to the wall 70 of said frame and also that it will slidably enter the recess 75 of the channel member 65. The
other vertical wall of the frame 66 need not be discussed inasmuch as it is identical in construction with that portion of the frame just described'and is also adaptedto engage thenext adjoining pilaster by 'means of a channel member and keeper (see Fig. 4).
Referring to Fig. 1 it will be observed that the description thus far has included the wall of a building, a filler member, a pilaster and apanel up tothe pilaster which is adjacent a door. L The door and transom con- .struction with relation to the pilaster and also two intermediate rails will now be described. The pilaster 10 as illustrated in Fig. 4 shows a panel and frame construction on two sides thereof and a door jamb construction on the third. The side of the pilast er to which the door jamb is adapted to-be positioned is identical in construction with the side of said pilaster in which is positioned the frame 66 above described. The door jamb 80 comprises two channular members 81 and 82, the member 82 fitting within the member 81. The base walls 83 and 84 of the members 81 82 r'espectively are separated to permit the necessary door hardware (not shown) to be secured thereto. Positioned within the member 82 and in fixed relation therewith is a combined keeper and spacer 85, said keeper being substantially identical in construction with the keeper41 differing therefrom merely in the length of the legs, and isadapted to removably engage the flanges 38 and 39 of the membcr 13 in exactly the same way as a clear understanding of the function of said By referring to Fig. 14.
keeper may be had. Since the door jamb 80 I is subject to considerable vibration and, in
- two adjacent sides of the pilaster while some- What variant in construction are adapted to receive identical fra mes. Hence since the" depthsof the recesses, in the adjoining sides of the pilztster', are unlike, the keeper 41 is used to make said recesses uniform whereby the channel member 65 enters the pilaster the same depth in eitherrecess.- In other words the member 65 is adapted to engage any one of the four sides of the pilaster in exactlythesame manner, on the sides 11 and 12 Without the use ofthe keeper 41 and on the remaining twosides by means of said keeper. 9
The portion- 86 of the door jamb 80 across the top of the-door is somewhat similar-in construction tothe side of said iambabve described and as shown'in' Fig; 9.is adapted toa be secured to a rail 90in the following manner. The door. lintel 86 rests on the jambs 80 and is open on its upper'side termiient 111. the base 112 of whic nating at its edges in flanges 91,and 92 extendinginwardly a short distancewhereby the width of saidopen side is'restricted. A;
pocket 93 is thereby formed in whichis p'ositioned the rail by means of an extended center portion 95 thereof. The portion 95 is made up of overlapping ends ofeach of the walls 96 and 97, said wallsbeing held ;in juxtaposition because of their position within the pocket 93 and a similar pocket above. The upper portion ofthe rail 90 is constructed identicallv with the lower portion and is adapted to-fit within a pocket 98 of a'transom frame member 99 in exactlythe same manner as 1173 fits within the lintel 86. The transom 100 being of the usual construction will not be herein described n'or will the small glass panel 101 shown in'Fi'gzl be dis cussed in detail since it is constructed similarlv to, the other panel"- previously described with the exception that it is smallerfi l Fig 7 shows a sectional view of the upper portion ofthe frame member'66 with aglass panel 106 secured therein in place, nf 'the metal panel 67 and the means of positioning said frame along its upper edge. The frame '66 is adapted to engage an adjustable cornice 108 which bridges the space between the upper face pt the frame 66 andtheflceiling 110 and which comprises the following parts. The cornice 108 has an upper ehannular eleh abuts the ceiling'and the walls 114 and 115 are engaged by removable side plates 116 and 117.
The plates 116 comprises two parts 118 and 119, the part 119 being secured along its lower edge to the middle and indented pqrtion ,only half the depth of the side 120 of the part118. The parts 118 and 119 form when thus secured, a wall having an upper pocket 121 into. which the wall 114 may extend. The lower edge of the part 118 is p I flanged to form a lower pocket 124 the use of which will later be described. The plate 117 also comprises parts 118, 119 which provide an upper pocket 121 to receive the. wall 115 and a lower pocket 124'.
Resting upon the upper end of each pilaster and extending the fullhorizontal length of the partition-is a base member 125. This member comprises doubled flanged side portions 127 which rest upon the members 11, 12, and are locked together by central portions 128, said central portions being between the pilasters-and having downwardly extending flanges which engage and retain inner and upturned flanges of the portions 127. The
portion 128 iscentrally depressed at 129 and when joined tothe flanged portions 127 longitudinal channels 130' are formed on each side of said depressed portion, the outside walls of each of said channels being formed by the .inneriflanges of the portions 127; The edges of the frame 66 terminatein separated feet 130, the feet of the edge at the filler 108 entering the side channels. A screw 131 secures thecentrally indented portion 129, to the wall 70 of the frame. The side portions 127 of the base 125 terminated on their outer sides in upturned walls which are adapted to enter the pockets'124 formed in the bottom of each of thesideplates 116 and 117 and act to removably secure these plates in place Enclosed within the cornic 108 are expansion .bolts 132, one of these bolts being lo-" cated above each pilaster'and being the sole pieans of securing the partition with relai I tion to the ceiling. The upper end of the bolt 132 has small projections 133 which frictionally engage the wall 112 of the member tions 34,35, 38 and'39 of the reinforcing members 13. The remainder of the members 13,however, continue upwardly to a position" well'within the space within the cornice and filler and it is upon the members 13 that the channel bar 134 is' positioned ;in fixed relation thereto-by means of slots cut into the side Walls of said channel member. These slots which are engaged bylthe bases 29 and 30 of the members 13 are cut substantially walls. The bracket 135 is secured to the base of one of the elements 16 or 17 of the reinforcing member 13 and acts merely to guide and retain the bolt 132 from buckling when pressure is brought to bear upon it by means of a nut 140.
It may readily be seen from the construction shownin F ig. 7 that when the pilasters are in an upright position and rigidly held a definite distance apart by means of theislots in the channel bar 134 with the bolt 132 extending through said bar, by turning the nut 140 the bolt will be forced upwardly and the head thereof will fonce' the base 112 firmly against the ceiling 110 and hold it in such position. The bolt not only supports the base 112 but obviously each bolt exerts a downward pressure through the nut 145 and the channel bar 134 upon the reinforcing members 13 of the'pilaster thereby firmly and rigidly positioning the pilaster at its base The plates 116 and 117 are removable with relation to the rest of the cornice 108 in order that the above described means for securing the partitions may be readily reached in the event the partition must be removed or algtered in any way and to permit the base 112 to move toward or away from the member 125 without impairing the appearance of the cornice 108.
Attention is now directed to Fig. 5 wherein is shown the method of securing a bottom rail 151 between the floor and lower panel. The
rail 151 comprises a hollow member 152, closed on 'its upper side and formed into a centrally located longitudinal ledge 155 which is adapted to be engaged by and fit within the recess 156 provided at the lower edge of the frame member 66 in the manner previously described. Inasmuch as the frames'66 for all panels are constructed in identically the same way further mention thereof will not be necessary. The lower or under side of the member 152 terminates in walls 154 and 157 which abut the floor and are rigidly spaced apart from each other by means of a flanged reinforcing member 158 secured therebetween. The location of the member 158 within the hollow ,member 152 is determined by its flanges which are adapted to" abut the floor similarly to and between the walls 154; and 157 of said hollow member. The horizontal portion 159 thereof rests upon a channel bar 160. Mop mouldings 162 and 163 abut the floor exteriorly of the hollow member 152 for the purpose of attractively concealing the base of the member 152 or any'discrepancy be tween an uneven floor and said member.
The channel bar 160 is secured to the floor by screws 161 or other suitable means and extends the length' of the partition except at the doorways where no sill is provided. The bar litiOis identical in construction to the bar 134 previously described and has similar .ver-
tical cuts at predetermined intervals extending from the upper edgesof each Wall downthe channel bar 160. In order that the walls l1 and 12 and the elements 16 and 17 of the pilaster may abut the floor when said pilaster is positioned on the member 160 the inner faces 29 and 30 of said elements are cut away from the bottom thereof substantially equal to the cut in the walls of the bar 160. By means of this cut away portion of the elements 16 and 17 and the vertical cut in the bar 160, the pilaster is positioned in fixed relation with the bar 160. It is obvious, if a given number of pilasters are to be used in a partition construction and the channel bars 131 and 160 have slots at uniform intervals throughout their length, that, when the bar 160 is secured to the floor the pilasters may each be positioned thereon without measurement and the upper channel bar 131 posi ,tioned on the top of each pilaster thereby insuring an absolutely parallel relation between the pilasters. I
Inasmuch as some'partition's are not full ceiling height butmerely extend to a height which is known in the trade as 7 foot 6 height the construction above the uppermost panel as illustrated in 2 is shown. This figure shows a front elevation of a 7 foot 6 partition and since the cornice is the only part that differs in the two constructions with the ex-;
ception that the ceiling height has one more section of panel than does the 7 foot 6, only the cornice and method of supporting or reinforcing it will be described. In Fig. 8 an enlarged sect-ionalview of the cornice 170 is shown secured alongits lower edge to the frame 66 and a pilaster 10. In the construction of this partition the reinforcing member 13 of the pilaster extends well above the tops of the walls 11 and l2 in a somewhat similar manner tothat above described for the ceiling height partitions.
- The member 13 being a part of the pilaster 10 must be rigidly secured at its upper end to hold said pilasters in proper alignment. This is accomplished by a channel bar 172 which is identical in construction to the channel bars 131 and 160 previously described. The member 13 is adapted to engage vertically cut slots in the bar 172 and .thereby rigidly secure the pilaster at its upper end. In order that there may be no chance of the member 172 becoming dislodged from its position upon the members 13 retaining screws 173 are used to firmly join the member 17 2 with the members 13. Secured to the upper face of the member 172 by welding or other suitable means is a heavy strip 175 which extends the full length of the partition and is intended to give the strength and rigidity to the cornice .170 necessary inasmuch as partitions of the height have no ceiling support. Resting upvon the upper face of the strip 175 is a cover cornice 170 includes a filler member 180 along the upper edge of which are formed recesses or pockets 181 by means of double flanges 182. The flanges 178 of the cover plate 176 are adapted to be firmly engaged within the pockets 181 of the member 180. The lower edge of the filler member 180 terminates in a similar double flanged portion 183 and is adapted to receive the bottom plate 185 of the member 170 by means of the flanged portions 183 engaging the vertical walls 186 of the plate( The wall 188 of the plate 185 before extending upwardly to form the walls 186 is doubled back upon itself at 187 to form a shallow channel which is adapted to receive the feet 130 of the frame 66. Inasmuch as only the weight of the cornice 170 holds it in place upon the frame 66 screws 190 through the wall 188 of the plate 185 attach the plate 185 to the'wall 70 of the frame 66.. The underfaces 191 of the fillers 180 are adapted to rest upon the outer walls 11 and 12 of the pilaster.
The rail 90, a section of which is shown in Fig. 9 between the upper portion of the door jamb 86 and the transom, extends between all the pilasters and at the same height as shown in Figs. 1 and 2. The rail 90 is likewise adapted to be the engaging means be tween two panels as shown in Fig. 6. This rail is identical in construction to the one shown and described in Fig. 9 and is engaged by the feet 130 of the upper and lower frames 66 in substantially the same manner as the door jamb 86 engages the rail. By means of the rail'90 any number of panels may be positioned in proper relation to each other. That is, if it is desired to make use of half size panels an extra rail member may be inserted between said panels and the resulting double panel will function in the same manner as would a single panel. An illustration of this may be seen by referring to Fig. 1 wherein is shown a small panel and transom, the two together occupying the space equivalent to one regular sized panel.
A modification of the means for securing frame members in removable relation to a pilaster previously described is shown in 11. T he pilaster 10 comprises the same parts, namely walls 11 and 12 and reinforcing member 18 but instead of securing the channel member 65 by means of the keeper 41 secured thereto and engaging the reinforcing member 18 as is shown in Fig. 3, an angle bracket 191 is employed. bracket is secured by welding or other means to the flanges 34: and 35 of the element 16 and the D member rests against and is positioned by the outer edge of the bracket. On the opposite side of the pilaster to the channel member 65 and bracket member 191 just described are similar brackets and a channel member. In this instance, however, the channel memher is adapted to engage the side wall 193 of the transom frame 99. In other words the transom frame 99 as well as the frame 66 may be used with this modified form of positioning different frame members with re lation to the pilaster. The brackets 191 are rigidly secured to the door jamb 80 by welding or' other means in order to prevent the jamb from shifting relatively to the pilasters which support them. By comparing Fig. 10
with Fig. 12 the difference in the two constructions may be readily understood. In Fig. 10 the keeper 11 is used to rem'ovably secure the channel member 65 to the pilaster while in Fig. 12 the bracket 191 is adapted to aid in positioning the frame member but not to secure it to the pilaster. The bracket simply aids in positioning channel member 65 upon the pilaster 10 but does not retain or lock it in position as does the keeper 11. It is evident that by using either construction to position frame members with relation to the pilaster a very strong and durable partition is obtained.
' 1n assembling partitions of this character it is only necessary to secure and level the channel bar 160 upon the floor in the direction in which the partition is to extend and upon and about this channel bar to erect the entire partition construction. The pilasters 10 are located and set down upon the channel bar" 160 entering the slots cut into said bar, these slots determining the number of pilasters and their position with relation to each other. 1Vhen the pilasters have been setup, the channel bar 1% (if a ceiling height partition. is to be constructed) is placed upon and secured to the member 13 of each pilaster by means of similar slots. The channular element 111 is next positioned against the ceiling and retained in that position by means of the expansion bolts 132 and the nutsl lO. The skeleton partition of channel bars and pilastcrs is now somewhat rigidly positioned and when moved to an absolute vertical posit-ion the nuts 1 10 are turned to firmly secure it from further movement. As previously ex plained, by turning the nut 140 the head of the bolt 132 is forced upwardly against the element 111 while the nut exerts pressure upon the channel member 184. By continuing the rotation of the nut 140 the skeleton partition may be so secured and braced with relation to the floor and ceiling that it will be impossible to move it out of alignment. The bottom rails 151 which extend below the panels between the pilasters are now positioned manner. i
over the channel bar 160 the ends of the rails entering the recesses in the ends of the pilasters. The Walls 162 and 163 which form a floor trim or mop moulding are secured to the Walls of the bottom rails 151 in any suitable The lowest members of the partition, now being in place, a panel may besecured thereon in the following manner, The frame 66 with the panel 67 previously secured therein is set down upon the ledge 155 of the rail 151 and simultaneously with the positioning ofthe lower portion of the frame on the ledge 155 the-channel member 65 on one side of said frame is positioned within a pilaster and against the keepers 41 which havepreviously been secured to said pilaster. In order to position the opposite vertical side of the frame. within the adj oining pilaster the frame is forced laterally into the recess 75 of the member 65 so that the unsecured wall, of said frame Y may now be inserted withinthe adjoining pilaster with its channel memben 65 resting against the keepers 41. 1 Inasmuch as all the .frames are positioned wit h rclationto' the pilasters in identically the same way, it will not be necessary to describe their assemblage,
When the frame which extends substantial-y 1y to the height of the door is in place the rail 90 is set in place upon the frame of said panel and the uppermost panel and frame may then be, positioned upon said rail and secured to the pilasters in the manner just described.
The door jambs are first placed in the doorway opening, the keepers carried by the jambs being inserted in the slo s 40 as shown in Fig. 14. The lintel 8 6 is t en placed on the jambs 80 and a rail set in position. The transom and the small panel thereabove engage the rail member 90 and the pilasters in the same manner as do the panel frames so that itrwill not be necessary to further describe the assembling thereof. p
The filler members 44 are inserted and located between'the outer piiasters and the walls in the manner previously described at any time prior to the mounting of the cornice 10.8.
When the body of the partition is thus completed the base portion 125 of the 'cornice108 is se'tdown and over the upper edge of the frame members 66. The central portions 129- thereof are rigidly secured to the walls 70,01 the frames 66 by means of screws 131 '7). The act of drawing together the walls 70 and 129 brings pressure to bear upon the innermost flanges of the double, flanged portions 127 which extend the length of the cornice and secures them rigidly in place upon the pilaster members 11 and. 12. The plates 117 and 118 of the cornice 108 may now bepositioned by first slidably engaging them with the walls 114 and 115 of the ohannul ar 81 6"; merit 111 and then allowed to slide somewhat out of engagement with the Walls 114 and 115 in order that the lower 'flan'ged portions 124 \and not only forms an attractive joinder be:
tween the partition and the ceiling but acts to completely enclose the ends of each pilast'er and the expansion bolts.
In assembling the 7 foot 6 partition construction the positioning of thepartition is carried on in identically the same way up to a height equal to that "of the top of a door, the channel bar 172 being substituted for the bar 134 across the top of the pilaster, the
slots therein engaging the reinforcing meme bers 13. A, plate 185 is placed upon the upper feet 130 of each frame 66 between the pilasters and is secured by screws 190 to the wall 70 of the frame 66. y The strip 175 is rested upon the upper face of the char nel bar 172 and the channel bar 172, with the strip 175 thereon,'is secured by v screws 173 to the members .13 of the pilasters in order to prevent any bulging of the channel bar away from the reinforcing members 13. Theffiller members 180 of thecornice 170 are now positioned upon the walls 186 of the plate 185 by means of the doubled flanged portions 183. These walls extend upwardly and since they terminate in double flanged portions 182 are ardapted to receive the flanges 178 of the cover p site 176 which-is placed upon the strip 175. In this wayothe 7 foot 6 height partition is 1 assembled, rigidly reinforced along its upper portion andsuch re nforcing is entirely enclosed and concealed from view.
When the partition has been completely assembled and it is desired to make any,
changesin the arrangement of the sections the cornice or; at least the portions of the cornice above the BGCtlOIl or sections in which the qos one side, thus freeingthe other side from its pilasterso that the frame c an'be'renfovedf The rail-.90 is next removed if necessaryi and then the lower frame is raised, shifted laterally and removed. The same procedure is followed in a d oor section with theexception then the janibs 80 are raised enough to free the keepers 85 from the slots 40.
. If'the construction shown in Figs. 11 and j 12 and embodying the brackets 191 in place of thejkeepers 41 and 85 be used the door jam'bs are only removable with the pilasters towvhich they are rigidly connected by the brackets 191. The removal of the panel "frames however, will not be affected by this change. c. 2 A 5 While only two embodiments of this inventhat the door lintel 86is first removed and,
'tion have been shown and described, it is eviof said partition determined by said pilasters Having thus set forthmy invention what" I claim is new and for whichI desire protection by Letters Patent is:
\ 1. A removable partition for buildings comprising a bar which extends along the floor in the direction of the partition, pilasters, means on said bar for positioning said pilasters, a second bar supported by said pilasters at the upper ends thereof, means on said second bar for further positioning said pilasters, acornice resting upon said pilasters 'removable frames'moun'ted in the sections and removable filler members between the filling the spaces thus provided.
2. A. removable partition for buildings l comprising a channel bar extending along the floor in the directioinof the partition, said bar having suitable spaced slots therein, pilas ters, each including a reinforcing member, the lower ends of said reinforcing member entering the slots in said bar, and a second channel bar having slots therein corresponding to the slots in said first named bar into which slots the upper ends of said reinforcing member enter whereby said pilasters are positioned in parallel, I
3. A removable partition for buildings comprising a channel bar extending along the floor in the direction of the partition, said bar having suitable spaced slots therein, pilasters,
outer pilasters and the wall for adjustably each including a reinforcing member, the
lower ends of said reinforcing member entering, the slots in said bar, removable-frames mounted between said pilasters and takeup members carried by said frames and engaging said'pila'sters to hold said frames in place.
4. In a removable partition for buildings a pilaster spaced from the wall, and means for filling said space comprising a channel member positioned by said pilaster, a filler in the channel of said member and ,a takeup member between said channel memberandxsaid filler for shifting said filler relatively to said channel member and causing said filler to abut said wall. 1
5. In a removable partition for buildings a pilaster spaced from the wall, and means for filling said space comprising a channelmember positioned by said pilaster, a filler in the channel of said member, a takeup member serured to said channel member, and ascrew connecting said takeup member to said filler, said screw, when turned 1n direction causing said takeup member to shift said filler relatively to said channel member.
6. In a removable partition for buildings, a pilaster spaced from the wall and means for filling said space comprising a channel member, keepers between said channel member and said pilaster, a filler in the channel of said member, a takeup' member in said chan-' nel secured to said channel member and means carried by said filler for raising said takeup member and causing said filler to advance against the wall and close the space between the pilaster arid wall, i I 7. In a removable partition for buildings, a pilaster spaced from the wall and means for filling said space comprising a channel mem, ber, keepers between said channel member 'andsai'd pilaster, a filler in the channel of said member, a takeup memberin said channel comprising three 'jiingedly joined ele: ments, one of the end e ements being fixed to said channel. member, a plate to'which the other end element is scured and means carried by said filler for raising and lowering said plate.
8. 'In a removable partition for buildings, a; pilaster spaced from the wall and means for filling said space comprising a channel mem-, ber, keepers between said channel member and said pilaster a filler in the channel of said member, a takeup' member in said channel comprising three hingedly joined elements, one of the end elements being fixed to said channel member, a plate to which the other end element is secured whereby the intermediate element connects said plate and channehmember so that when said plate is raised or lowered it will also travel laterally and means carried by said filler for raisingand lgwering said plate.
9. In a removable partition for buildings, pilasters, and a cornice comprising a channular elementresting against the ceiling a base member supported upon said pilasters and plates removablyinterlocked with said channular element and base member.
4 10. pilaster comprising faced members and a reinforcing member consisting, of two abutting channular elements permanently secured together along their abutting faces,
portion, an expansion bolt and nut stucture mounted upon said channel bar and in engagement with said channular element "whereby when said nut is reciprocated, said bolt will cause said channular element to engage the ceiling,
- 12. In a removable partition for buildings,
outer edgesin pockets formed by inwardly projecting walls, a reinforcing channular plate mounted between the walls of said I pilasters and panel framesmounted therebe- ,twcen, said frames terminating along their frame and slidabl interlocked within said pockets, whereby t e walls of said frame are held in parallelism.
13. In a removable partition for buildings,
5 a pilaster having slots therein, a door jamb' comprising telescoped channular members separated adjacent their base walls, keepers signature.
AXEL G. DAWSON
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2682087 *||Dec 19, 1949||Jun 29, 1954||Johns Manville||Demountable wall for buildings|
|US2708013 *||May 22, 1951||May 10, 1955||Soule Steel Company||Prefabricated door frame construction|
|US2869692 *||Jul 23, 1954||Jan 20, 1959||Hassett Thomas G||Interlocking building assembly|
|US3026977 *||Mar 13, 1958||Mar 27, 1962||Hauserman Co E F||Panel assembly|
|US6122871 *||Nov 19, 1998||Sep 26, 2000||Steelcase Development Inc.||Wall-to-ceiling structure including framework and cover panel|
|US6158179 *||Mar 10, 1998||Dec 12, 2000||Steelcase Development Inc.||Overhead structures for wall system|
|DE1152525B *||Sep 10, 1958||Aug 8, 1963||Henri Lucien Marcel Pelletier||Zusammenklappbarer Zeltbinder|
|U.S. Classification||52/205, 52/243.1|
|International Classification||E04B2/78, E04B2/76|