US 1716626 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 11, 1929. J. c. DEVOL METAL TILE Filed Al lg. 11, 1926 INVENTOR fim1ea flel o/ BY M W ATTORNEYS Patented. June 11, 1929.-
UNITED STATES PATENT oFFIcE.
JAMES C. DE VOL, 01? BATTLE GREEK, MICHIGAN.
'5 thereto from buckling or bending the tile,'.
? i Application filed August 11, 1926. Serial No. 128,559.
The main object of this invention is to provide an improved vitreous enameled tile which is well adapted to receive and support the enamel without likelihood of injury and one which may be easily attached to a wall or the like.
A further object is to provide an improved metal tile which may be convenientlyvlaid or positioned, the alinement of the tile being accurately maintained by cooperating parts on the tile, each tile, however, being mainly supportedindependently of adjacent tile.
A still further object is to provide an im- 16 proved metal tile which is well adapted as an insert in the event of injury to a particular tile.
Objects pertaining to details and economies of my invention will definitely appear from the detailed description to follow. The invention is clearly defined and pointed out in the claim.
A structure embodying the features of my invention is clearly illustrated in the accompanying drawing forming a part of this application, in which: i
Fig. 1 is a fragmentary perspective view of a section of wall having my improved tile applied thereto. 7 V
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of one of my im roved tile.
ig. -3 is a fra entary section on a line corresponding to e 3-3 of Figs. 1 and 2.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged fragmentary sectionshowing the relation of the tile when mounted upon the wall with the mortar in position between the tile.
Fig. 5 is an inside view of a modified form or embodiment of my invention, the tile being designed.to permit its insertion in a wall to replace a fractured tile, or in other relations where the tile shown in Fig. 2 cannot conveniently be laced.
Fig. 6 is an e arged detail section through 4.5 a wall having my improved tile such as shown in Fig. 5 mounted thereon.
Referring to the drawing, 1 represents the wall of a room, which in practice may be a wood sheeting, wainscoting or otherwise acv cording to the conditions found. My improved tile comprises a face late 2 formed of a late of metal to provide integral flanges or side walls 3, these flanges or side walls being united at their corners. The tile is preferably drawn up from a flat plate.
Each flange or side wall 3 is provided with a projecting tongue 4:, these tongues being uniformly spaced or positioned relative to the corners of the tile. notched at 5 to. receive the tongues of adjacent tile, the notches being positioned to correspond with the tongues so that the tongues project under the flanges of adjacent tile as shown in Fig. 4:. The tongues are perforated at 6 to receive the nails 7.
The flanges are also preferably recessed at 8 to receive the joint mortar 9, thus more accurately retaining the mortar. This mortar is largely'for the purpose of providing a continuous surface and for ornamental purposes, that is, it is not relied upon to hold the tile in position.
The tile are provided with a vitreous enamel and, owing to the shape of the tile,
ess and also in handling so that the enamel is not likely to be cracked or broken.
In the embodiment shown in Figs. 5 and 6 the flanges or side walls 3 are provided with an inturned lateral extension 10 on one flange and an out-turned lateral extension 11 on the opposite flange, these flanges being notched at 12 I to facilitate engagement with the nails or studs 13 driven into the wall in proper position'so that these extensions may be engaged therewith. This adapts the tile for repair purposes or for engagement with adjacent projecting parts where the assembling with projecting tongues 4 on each edge is diflicult.
In this embodiment the side walls are provided with holes 14 to receive the mortar, these serving the function of the recesses 8.
My improved tile is quite economical to produce and ma be rapidly'laid, the recesses engaging with t e tongues'of previously laid tile serving to properly aline and position the tile as they are laid so that uniform spacing The flanges 3 are 1 respondingly positioned recess on the oppoting a mortar joint of the tiles having bondsite side of the center, said tongues having ing relation to the foundation uponwhich the perforations therein positioned so that attiles are mounted. l0
taching nails are positioned in the space be- In witness whereof I have hereunto set my 5 tween the flanges of adjacent tiles with the hand.
ends of the tongues engaging the recesses in i V the flanges of adjacent tile thereby permit- JAMES C. -DE VOL.