US 1719555 A
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July 2, 1929. w. s. LEWIS ET AL PAD FOR HAIR WAVING PROCESSES Original Filed Feb. 25, 1925 Patented July 2, 1929.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
WILBUR S. LEWIS, OF CLEVELAND, AND JOHN C. MURRAY,
OF LAKEWOOD, OHIO, AS-
SIGNORS TO THE LE EUR COMPANY, OF CLEVELAND, OHIO.
PAD FOR HAIR-WAVING PROCESSES.
Application filed February 25, 1925, Serial No. 11,444. Renewed March 7, 1928.
Our invention relates to pads for Wrapping hair which is wound around a curler rod preparatory to the heating operation of a permanent waving process.
In the various processes employed to permanently wave hair on the human head, the hair is first moistened with a softening solution and then divided into strands which are wound around and secured to curler rods. The strands are then stretched upon the rods and tied, after which they are wrapped with pads which are generally treated with the same solution with which the hair was moistened. The wrapped pads are tied at each end on the strands, and are enclosed by tubes constructed of paper, or similar material. .Heaters are then applied around the tubes until the strands become baked in their stretched and wound the waves.
The rods are usually constructed of metal, and it is desirable to positionone end thereof as close to the scalp as possible so as to form the waves close to the scalp. During the application of heat, the rods become hot, and this, together with the fact that the hot solution and gases flow toward the scalp due to the inclination of the apparatus, make it necessary to enclose the end of the rod with the pad. It is customary for operators to fold one end of the pads over the end of the rods which lie adjacent the scalp, and then overlap such folded portion in wrapping the pads around the strands, which position, thus forming method requires considerable time and skill.
'hen the pads are completely wound, it is customary to secure one or both ends thereof with a separate fastening device, such as a string or rubber band. Such fastening operations, require considerable time and are objectionable to the operators.
One of the objects of this invention is to provide a pad, for use in hair waving processes, which is formed so that an end of a curler rod can be readily enclosed and anchored. 7
Another object of the invention resides in providing a pad with a fastening device which is incorporated therewith'so that the pad will remain in the position in which it is wrapped.
These and other objects will appear more.
In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 illustrates a plan view of a pad embodying the invention; Fig. 2 is a longitudinal section of the same taken on line 2-2 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a side elevation, partially in section. showing the pad applied to the rod preparatory to wrapping; Fig. 4 is an elevational view of the pad wound and secured around a strand of hair, one end being dotted to show its position just prior to the final wrap; Fig. 5 is a plan view of'the pad showing the pocket and securing strip in a modified form; Fig. 6 is a section of the same taken on line 66 of Fig. 5; and Fig. 7 is an elevational view showing the modified form of pad wrapped around a strand of hair.
Referring now to the drawings by characters of reference, 10 represents a strand of hair which has been gathered together to be permanently waved. In preparing the strand for waving, a curler rod 11, of conventional design, is provided and the strand is tied to the rod, adjacent the scalp, by' a string 12 which engages a notched end 13 of the rod. The strand is then wound around the rod and tied at its outer end around the rod by a string 14.
It will be understood that the hair is treated with a softening solution, generally consisting of an alkali and oil, prior to being gathered into strands. After the hair is wound on the rod it is stretched lengthwise so that the shape of the hair is changed, and it is then again moistened with the softening solution.
which has been wound around the rod, to confine the solution next to the hair, and to protect the hair during the heating opera- 9 tion of the waving process. The pad is formed of a sheet of absorbent material 15, and is preferably a rectangular strip of closely woven cloth material.
As shown in Fig. 1, one end 16, of the pad is turned back and is sewed to the portion it overlaps at the sides thereof as indicated at 17. The overlappingportions of the pad thus provide a transversely extending pocket 18, into which the notched end of the rod II can be inserted and enclosed. To apply the pad the operator shown in Fig. 3, and wraps it spirally around the strand of hair wound upon the slips the pocket 18 of the pad over the end of the rod, as
rod. It will be seen that little time is needed to anchor the rod in the pocket and wrap it around the strand.
The other end 19, of the pad shown in Fig. 1 is also folded back over a strip of pliable metal 20, such as soft lead or the like. Suitable means can be provided to retain the metal bodily with the end of the pad, however we prefer to sew the end of the folded portion to the pad as shown at 21, thereby encasing the metal. The metal strip is of such a character and body that it will bend with the pad and will remain in the position in which it is wound around the strand of hair on the rod, thus automatically retaining the pad in the position it is wrapped in. In this manner the pad is secured in its spirally wound position without the application of any fastening device. The strip of metal is preferably enclosed, as shown, more especially so that the operators hand and the hair treating solution will not come into contact therewith.
In Figs. 5 and 7 is illustrated a' pad having the pocket and metal strip in a different relation with the pad than that just described. In this instance a corner 23 of the pad is folded back and sewed to the pad along one edge at 24 to provide the pocket for anchoring and enclosing the end of the curler rod. In this modified pad, the pliable metal strip 25 is encased at one side of the strip by folding the edge 26 over and sewing it to the pad. This arrangement provides means, substantially the entire length of the pad, which will secure it in position as it is wound around the strand of hair on the curler.
The ad is usually treated with the same hair softening solution with which the hair is treated as above described, prior to its application around the strand. The waving operation can be completed in any desired manner, and it is customary to enclose the pad and the hair wrapped thereby in a paper tube, exteriorly of which tube a heater is applied until the hair is properly baked.
It will be understood that various other arrangements of the anchoring pocket and the metal strip can be made with the pad without departing from the spirit of our invention and the scope of what we claim.
\Vhat we claim is:
1. A pad for wrapping hair curled upon a rod, consisting of a strip of absorbent material having .a pocket into which one end of the rod can be inserted.
2. A pad for wrapping hair wound upon a curler rod, consisting of a strip of cloth material treated with a hair softening solution,-and a pocket at one endof said strip for anchoring an end of the rod when inserted therein.
3. A pad for wrapping hair wound upon a curler rod, consisting of a stripof cloth material having one end folded and sewed to form a pocket to receive an end of the rod.
1. A pad for wrapping a strand of hair \VILBUR S. LElVIS. JOHN C. MURRAY.