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Publication numberUS1720863 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 16, 1929
Filing dateSep 13, 1928
Priority dateSep 13, 1928
Publication numberUS 1720863 A, US 1720863A, US-A-1720863, US1720863 A, US1720863A
InventorsStebbins Albert H
Original AssigneeStebbins Albert H
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combined fan and classifier
US 1720863 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J y A. STEBBINS 1.720.863

, COMBINED FAN AND CLASSIFIER I Fi1ed $ept. 13, 1928 2 Sheets-Sheet l /N I/ENTOR:

July 16,1929. A, H, STEBBWS- 1.720.863

COMBINED FAN AND CLASSIFIER Filed Sept .'13, 1928 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I l I E ,4 //v VENTOR.

ATTORNEY Patented July 16, 1922..

UNITED STATES ALBERT H. STEIBBINS, 013 LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA.

COMBINED FAN AND CLASSIFIER.

Application filed September 13, 1928.

This invention relates to a novel fan construction whereby the fan itself serves to remove the heavier particles from the material laden air that is drawn into the fan casmg.

In many industries in which the separation, crushing and handling of fine materials takes'place, air is employed to pick up, transport and carry on the fine materials and dust, but the volume of air required for this purpose is, in many cases, so great that the subsequent treatment of this vast volume of air to remove the'fine particles therefrom is a serious problem.

Various forms of air classifiers are now in use for removing fine particles from, material laden air, but, as above indicated, it is desirable to reduce as far as practical the total volume of material laden" air it is necessary to treat, and air volume reducers have beenemployed to some extent heretofore to concentrate or direct the particles carried by a large volume of air into a small portion of the volume of air.

Having in mind the foregoing, the present invention relates to a novel fan construction which in addition to performing its usual function of forcing air from one point to an-' other, serves also to reduce the volume of air containing the larger particles by directing such particles-to one outlet opening of the fan casing, while the air froni which such larger or heavier particles have been removed is discharged from the fan casing through a difierent opening, and as a result only part of the entire volume of air passed through the fan need he delivered to a classifier for further treatment.

lit will therefore be seen that the fan forming the subject-matter of the presentinvention serves not only as a fan but also as an air volume reducer to reduce the total volume of air it is necessary to subject to a subsequent classifying operation.

The fan forming the subject-matter of the present invention may be employed to draw ofii dust from concentrator tables, to transport material by air, to remove dust from various machines, and for various other purposes and is shown in the drawings as associated with a ball mill of the airsweep type. These ball mills employ a tremendousvolume of air to pick up and carry ofi the finely crushed particles, and-all of this air must be subsequently treated to remove the finely di- Serial No. 305,647.

vided materials therefrom. In accordance with the present invention, the fan will serve to air sweep the ball mill and also to reduce the volume of air in which the crushed materials are suspended, thus reducing the separating work that follows and permitting the use of smaller collectors or classifiers.

The various features of the invention and novel combination of parts will be best understood from the following description when read in connection with the accompanying drawings illustrating good practical forms of the invention.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a side elevation showing the fan forming the subject-matter of the present invention associated with a. ball mill;

Fig. 2 is a sectional view taken on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1, showing the fan in front elevation;

Fig. 3 is a similar view showing a modified fan construction; and

Fig. 4 on an enlarged scale is a transverse sectional view throughthe fan and associated p firts, the section being taken on the line 4ll 0 Fig. 1.

. The fan 10. forming the subject-matter of the present invention is shown in Fig. l as associated with a ballmill of the air sweep type but as above stated, the present fan may be used in conn'ectionwith various devices where air currents are employed to pick up and carry olf fine materials.

The fan 10 as illustrated in the drawings consists of a fan casing having a front wall 11, rear wall 12 and a peripheral wall 13 which is connected at its opposite edges to the walls 11 and 12, as shown in Fig. Within the fan casin just described is mounted the rotating in, consisting of a tapered core 14 to which are secured the fan blades 15. The fan is mounted upon and is rotated by the fan shaft 16 which is journaled in bearing blocks 17 mounted upon posts 18 which extend upwardly from the fan base 19. The fan shaft 16 is shown as having a reduced end 20 which extendsinto the core 1% and is secured thereto by a pin or the like 21. Rot'ative movement is imparted to the fan and fan shaft by-a pulley 22 which may be driven by a belt, not shown.

The rear wall 12 of the fan casing is shown as secured to a large disk or face plate 23 which may be mounted upon the base 19 of the fan, and the front face 11 of the fan casing is provided with a central inlet 0 ening to which material laden air is supp led by the conduit or pipe 24, andin the construc tion shown the ring plate 25 is secured to the front face 11 of the casing and has a central opening adapted to snugly receive and support an end of the feed pipe 24.

The desired separation of the materials within the fan is promoted by giving the core 14 the construction best shown in Fig. 4, wherein it will be seen that this core tapers in a right-hand direction to a point 26 that extends through the central opening in the wall 11 into the feed pipe 24, and the core is provided adjacent the rear wall 23 of the casing with an outwardly flaring flange 27. When the fan is rotated, the suction produced thereby will serve to draw the material laden air through the feed pipe 24 into the fan casing, as indicated by the arrows, and since this air will enter the fan casing at relatively high speed, the heavier particles will be carried by their momentum against the curved surface of the core 14, the configuration of which is such that the materials that strike against this core will be directed by its curved surface outwardly into that portion of the fan casing lying adjacent the rear wall 12.

The interior of the fan casing is preferably divided into two or more separate compartments by an annular wall or walls 28, the present casing being shown as divided by the walls 28 into the material receiving compartment 29 and into the two air receiving compartments 30 and 31. The flow of air from one of these compartments to the other may be further prevented by providing the rotating fan with the curved braces 32 which are positioned to form an annular rotating wall disposed in alinement with a fixed annular partition 28.

Each of the compartments 29, 30 and 31 is provided with an outlet pipe. The compartment 29 has an outlet pipe 33 which discharges into an air classifier 34 of any wellknown or preferred construction. The compartment 30 is rovided with the air discharge pipe 35 w ich may lead to a dust collector 36 of anv well-known or preferred construction, an the compartment 31 is provided with a discharge pipe 37 which may lead to a dust collector 38, similar to the dust collector 36.

It will be apparent from the foregoing that when the fan is rotated, the air which is drawn inwardly through the, feed pipe 24 will be forced outwardly, through the dis charge pipes 33,- 35 and 37, but as a result of the construction of the core of the fan,

just described, the heavier materials whichv strike against this curved core will be directed outwardly into the material rece ving chamber 29 to pass from this chamber mto the classifier 34, while the air from which the heavier particles have been removed by the means just described, will pass into the com partments 30 and 31 to be discharged from these compartments, into the dust collectors 36 and 38. It will therefore be seen that as a result of the present construction it will not be necessary to pass the entire volume of air discharged from the fan through an air classifier, since the air passing into the chambers 30 and 31 will have the larger particles removed therefrom and the small dust-like particles remaining in this air may be removed by passing the air through the dust above a ball mill 43 so that the materials that collect in the lower portion of the classifier 34 may be returned to the ball mill by the feed pipe 39.

The ball mill43 may have any well-lmown construction and is supported from the base 44 for rotative movement by the uprights 45 and 46. Rotative movement is imparted to the cylinder-like receptacle 43 of the ball mill from the power shaft 47, the inner end of which is provided with a pinion which meshes with the ring gear 48. Materials to be crushed are delivered by a feed hopper 49 into the feed spout 50 that serves to direct these materials and air from the atmosphere through the central trunnion of the ball mill into the crushing chamber43. Air is ex hausted from the discharge end of the ballmill by the pipe 51, the upper end of which is connected to the feed pipe 24 above mentioned. It may be desirable to admit air from the atmosphere into the upright. pipe 51 to promote the lifting action 0 the air moving upwardly in this pipe. The means shown to this end consists of a sleeve 52 which is slidably mounted upon the lower end of the 'downwardl extending portion of the feed pipe 24 an this pipe may be raised and lowered by adjusting the bolts 53 to vary the size of the air inlet opening 54.

In the embodiment of the invention shown in Fig. 4 of the drawing, the fan casing as' .above pointed out is divided into three comtion in which the interior of the fan is divided into only two compartments. One of these constitutes the air discharge compartment 55 havingthe outlet pipe 56 and the other constitutes the material discharge compartment 57 having the outlet pipe 58.

It will be apparent from the foregoing that the fan forming the subject-matter of the present invention performs its normal fan function of forcing air from one point to another and in addition thereto effects a separation of the materials within the fan casing and reduces the volume of air which requires to be subjected to a further treatment to remove the heavier particles therefrom.

,What is claimed is:

1. A combined fan and classifier comprising in combination, a fan casing having a central, suction, air inlet opening in its front wall and separate discharge openings formed in its periphery and disposed one near the front wall and the other near the rear wall of the casing, a conduit for directing material laden air to said central opening, a fan supported to rotate Within the casing and provided with fan blades and a central core having a pointed end extending toward said inlet opening and a rearward tapered portion that terminates in an outwardly flaring flange disposed adjacent the rear wall of the casing, the fan core being constructed to direct the heavier particles that are carried by their momentum against the tapered surface of the core outwardly into the discharge opening disposed near the rear wall of the casing while the air from which the heavier particles are removed is forced outwardly by the fan through the other discharge opening.

2. A combined-fan and classifier comprising in combination, a fan casing having a central air inlet opening formed in its front wall and having an air discharge opening in the,

periphery of the fan casing near said front wall and a material discharge opening formed in the casing near the rear wall, a conduit for directing material laden air to said central opening, afan supported to rotate within the casing and provided with fan blades and a tapered outwardly flaring core constructedto direct the heavier particles within the air; outwardly through the discharge opening adjacent saidrear wall while the air from which said heavier particles are removed by mo: mentum is forced outwardly by the fan through the discharge opening near said front wall.

8. A combined fan and classifier comprising in combination, a fan casing having a c en tral air inlet opening formed in its front wall and having an air discharge opening in the periphery of the fan casing near said front wall and a material dischargeopening formed in the casing near the rear-wall, a conduit for directing material laden air to said central opening, a fan supported to rotate within the casing and provided with fan blades and a tapered outwardly'fiaring core constructed to direct the heavier particles within the air outwardly through the discharge opening adjacent said rear wall while the air from which the heavier particles are removed by momentum is forced outwardly by the fan through the discharge opening near said front wall, and an annular partition within the fan casing 'about the fan for directing the se arated air and materials to their respective ischa-rge openings. v k

4. A combined fan and classifier comprising in combination, a fan casing having a central air inlet opening formed in its front wall and having an air discharge opening in the periphery of the fan casing near said front walland amaterial discharge opening formed in the casing near the rear wall, a conduit for directing material laden air to said central opening, a fan supported to rotate within the casingand provided with fan blades and a tapered outwardly flaring core constructed to direct the heavier particles within the air outwardly through the discharge opening adjacent said rear wall while the air from which the heavier par ticles are removed by momentum is forced outwardly by the fan through the discharge opening near said front wall, and an annular partition provided upon the fan between the fan blades to promote the separation of the heavier material and air.

5. A combined fan and classifier adapted to separate materials from the air within the fan casing, comprising in comb1nat1on, a fan casing having a central air inlet opening formed in its front wall and having an air discharge opening in the periphery of the fan casing near said front Wall and a material discharge opening formed in the easing near the rear wall a conduit for discharging material laden air to said central opening, a fan supported to rotate within the casing and provided with fan blades and; a tapered core having a pointed end near said inlet opening and an outwardly flaring flange near said rear wall, and means for rotating the fan to draw the material laden air through said conduit into the casing so that the heavier particles will be carried by their momentum against the tapered core to he directed by. the outward. flaring portion the core towards the material discharge open wall and having an air discharge opening,

and a material discharge opening near the rear wall of the casing, a conduit for directing material laden air to'said central opening, afan supported to rotate with in the casing and provided with fan hlades and a tapered outwardly' flaring core constructed so that the heavier particles sucked into the casing with the air will strike against the outwardly flaring core and travel along the same toward the material discharge opening While the air from which the heavier particles are removed is forced by the fan throu h said air discharge opening.

7. combined fan and classifier comprising in combination, a fan casing constructed to provide an air receiving compartment and a material receiving compartment each having a discharge opening, and having an air inlet opening for supplying material laden air to the fan, a fan rotatably mounted within the casing and provided with fan blades and an annular outwardly flaring flange adapted to direct the materials into said material receiving compartment while the air from which the materials are removed is forced by the fan blades into the air receiving compartment. H

8. A combined fan and classifier comprising in combination, a fan casing having an inlet opening for receiving material laden air and outlet openings, a fan rotatably mounted in said casing and provided with fan blades and with an annular outwardly flaring flange constructed to direct the materials that enter the fan casing into a predetermined portion thereof while the air from which the materials are removed is forced by the fan blades into a different portion of the casing.

In testimony whereof, I have signed my name to this specification.

ALBERT H. STEBBINS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2471178 *Sep 3, 1947May 24, 1949Gen ElectricAir cleaning axial flow blower
US2588198 *Oct 13, 1948Mar 4, 1952B & R Mfg CompanyLitter control for vacuum cleaners
US2589149 *Nov 28, 1947Mar 11, 1952SchneibleApparatus for treatment of gas
US2876737 *Oct 12, 1953Mar 10, 1959Battelle Development CorpApparatus for developing electrostatic images on sheet material
US3071916 *Oct 12, 1959Jan 8, 1963 figures
US3443393 *Jan 17, 1967May 13, 1969Goldberg Moise LevyTriple point desalination system utilizing a single low pressure vessel and a gravity sea water feed
US4540338 *Apr 1, 1983Sep 10, 1985Oy Nokia AbSuction chamber in a fan
US6167960Aug 17, 1998Jan 2, 2001Emmanuel G. MoyaProtection of downwell pumps from sand entrained in pumped fluids
US6330915Sep 22, 2000Dec 18, 2001Emmanuel G. MoyaProtection of downwell pumps from sand entrained in pumped fluids
US6394183 *Jul 25, 2000May 28, 2002Schlumberger Technology CorporationSystem and method for removing solid particulates from a pumped wellbore fluid
US6698521May 24, 2002Mar 2, 2004Schlumberger Technology CorporationSystem and method for removing solid particulates from a pumped wellbore fluid
US7114572Jan 15, 2004Oct 3, 2006Schlumberger Technology CorporationSystem and method for offshore production with well control
Classifications
U.S. Classification209/714, 415/121.2, 415/204, 209/143, 55/343, 415/218.1, 415/211.1
International ClassificationB07B11/06, B07B11/00, B07B7/083, B07B7/00
Cooperative ClassificationB07B7/083, B07B11/06
European ClassificationB07B11/06, B07B7/083