Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS1721091 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJul 16, 1929
Filing dateAug 24, 1927
Priority dateAug 24, 1927
Publication numberUS 1721091 A, US 1721091A, US-A-1721091, US1721091 A, US1721091A
InventorsBeatrice Ritchie, Edna Mcgrew
Original AssigneeBeatrice Ritchie, Edna Mcgrew
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Figure toy
US 1721091 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

July 929- B. RlTcHlE ET A1.

FIGURE TOY Filed Aug. 24, 1927 /0 ,Wvo 7 /w 5 1 im. Q/u 6 1, L o 1 0 5 47, n/ 7 F v 2 7 Jh 7 3 .f M 1 /O 6 7 n Z 1 3 4 7 /O Q|\ Patented July 16, 1929.`


Terri" trice.



Application filed August 24, 1927. Serial No. 215,242.

Our invention relates to new and useful improvements in figure toys and more particularly to that t ype of Figure toy known as the marionette.

An object of our invention is to provide a figure toy which is novel and attractive in appearance.

Another object is to provide a marionette in which the operating members will not become tangled.

Another object is to provide simple and efficient joints between the articulated parts.

The invention consists in the improvements to be more fully described hereii'iafter, and the novelty of which will be vparticularly pointed out and distinctly claimed.

ln the accon'ijninying drawings we have fully and clearly illustrated a preferred embodiment of our invention to be taken as a part of this specification and wherein,

Figure 1 is a front view of a figure toy embodying our invention,

Figure 2 is a side view thereof, and

Figure 3 is a side view of a modification.

Referring to the drawings by characters of reference, 1 designates a marionette representing a human being having body members including a head 2, a trunk -or body 3, connected thighs 4, legs 5, feet G, arms 7 and hands 8. The legs 5 and feet (i are preferably formed integral as are also the arms 7 and hands 8. Longitudinally through each arm and hand is drilled, bored, or otherwise formed a hole 10. Each leg and foot has a pair of substan tially parallel longitudinal holes 11, 12 which are connected beneath the foot by a groove 14.

Each thigh has a longitudinal hollow bore 15 which extends from the lower end 16 ofeach thigh to the waist 17. Through the trunk 3 from the waist to the neck 18 are a pair of holes 19 and at substantially shoulder height ,is a transverse hole 20 extending between the shoulders 21. The head 2 also has a pair of holes 22 from the neck 18 through the crown .The body members are strung preferably on two cords or like freely flexible members 24, 25. One of the cords 24 is passed through one of the thigh holes 15 from the waist 17 and -provided with means to prevent its heilig pulled entirely through, as by a knot in the end of the cord. A spherical member 26 having a diametral bore, preferably a bead, is then threaded on the cord. The cord is then threaded through the hole 11 in one of the legs 5 and into groove 14 and then up the adjacent hole l2. Another bead is then threaded on the cord which is passed up the saine thigh hole 15 and at the waist receives another bead. The cord is then passed through the adjacent one of the trunk holes 19 and at the neck a bead is threaded on the cord before it is passed up through one of the holes 22 in the head 2 and down through the other. Another bead is now threaded on the cord and the same passed down through the ren'iaining holes 19 and 15 respectively in the trunk 3 and thighs 4, of course receiving a bead between the members. The cord is now 'Jassedthrough another bead and hole 12 in the remaining leg 5 and into groove 14 and up hole 11. Between the leg and the thigh another bead vis placed upon the cord. This cord is then passed up along itself in the last mentioned thigh hole and after being drawn fairly tight is secured at the waist, preferably by a knot.

The other cord is knotted, as at 27, leaving an end 28 for a purpose to be presently described. This cord 25 is passed through hole 10 in one of the arms 7 from the hand 8 to the shoulder end where it is threaded through a bead, then through transverse opening or hole 20, then through a bead and finally through the remaining of the arms 7 when it is knotted as at 29 and an end or short length 30 left. l

It wi ll be apparent that by the use'of substantially spherical members or beads 26 carried by the body member uniting cords 24, 25 between each of the articulated body members, we have providedboth a spacer member and a universal joint which is of simple construction adapted. for use in figure toys and particularly in ligure toys of the marionette type. i

The supporting and operating members remain to be described. They are preferably of wire or other semirigid material. A supporting member 31, of any desired length, comprisesa link `32 having end eyelets 33, 34 and a second link 35 having end eyelets 36, 37 which are interconnected by a ring 38 preferably of metal, passed through eyelets 34 and 36. The eyelet 33 is connected to the cord 24 where it loops over the crown 23. The remaining eyelet 37 is hung in a loop 40 on a hand bar or support 41 which may also be of stift wire. At either end of the bar 41 is a loop 42 and from these loops depend operating members 43, 44 which are similar and but one will therefore be described. Member 43 comprises two links 45, 46 respectively having end loops 47, 48 and 49, 50; Link 45 is connected to bar 4l by a ring 51 through loops 42 and 47. At its other end this lin-k 45 is connected to link 46 by a ring 52 between loops 48 and 49. The tree end ot link 46 is connected to the end 28 of cord 25. The operating member 44 is fastened at its lo-wer end to the end 30 ot cord 25 and at its ripper end to the bar 4l.

Itis evident that lstill1 wire operating members 43, 44 and the supportingmember 31 will not become tangled as is so often the case withl flexible cords or strings and that the ring'joints between lthe links will aitlord ample iiexibility lior operation ot the arm members 7 In Figure 3 we have shown our invention as applied to a quadruped, the representation being that of an elephant. in stringing the body members beads are inserted between the memberson the connecting` cord as described tor Figure l. The hand bar or support GO is Connected to a. supporting member (il which is connected at its lower end to the body 62 otl the elephant preferably by a screw eye 63. In this modilication there are three operating members 64, G5, GG hung trom the bar 60. The links ot members (34 are connected to the tail 67 while members G5 and 66 are connected to the head 67 and the end 68 of the trunk 69 respectively. From the body 62 depend lore legs 70 and hind legs 7l which are held to the body by means ot cords passed through the body, then through a bead on each side ot the body (not shown) and linally out through each leg where the ends of the cords are fastened respectively to the pairs oit beads 72, 73. The i'ore legs are jointed, as may be the hind legs, and comprise a thigh 74and an extremity 7 5 which are interconnected by a. cord loop 7G passed through beads 77 and the respective parts of the fore leg. Ears 78 may be secured to the head'67 by a cord and beads 79 in the same manner as the legs are secured to the body.

' Having vthus described our invention what we claim as new-and desire to secure by Letters Patent of the United States is Y l. A toy of the class described comprising in combination a body, said body having articulated members, a support external to said body, said support having eyelets and ointed means universally supported and depending from said eyelets, the free ends of said means vlated parts of said ligure.

being secured for universal movement to certain of said members. f

2. A ligure toy comprising in combination an lapertured body, body members having apertures, flexible connecting means extending through the apertures ot said body and certain of said body members to connect said body and body members together, a support, and jointed wires connected to said flexible means and connectingcertain of said body members to said support.

3. A marionette comprising in combination a body, a head, body members, flexible means (connecting said body, head and body menibers,spacer members threaded on said means between said head and said body and between said body and said body members, a support, a supporting member depending from said support and secured to said head, and operating means interconnecting said support and certain of said body members.

4. A marionette comprising in combination a body, a head and body members, means ibly connecting said headand body members to said body for universal movement, a support, a plurality ot sets ot jointed links depending trom said support, a link ot one ot said sets being connected to said head, and a link ot each other set being connected to said Erst-named means 'for movement otl said body members thereby.

5. A marionette, comprising a body, a head and body members, means connecting said head and members to said body tor universal movement, a supporting bar, and a plurality oi jointed links pivoted on and depending trom said bar, the 'liree ends oit said links being connected respectively to said head and to certain ot said body members.

6. A marionette, comprising an articulated ligure, a supporting bar having eyelets, rigid links pivoted in said eyelets and dependii'ig Yfrom said bar, eyelets in the free ends of said links, and links pivoted to and depending :trom the eyelets ol:l said iirst-named links, one of said second-named links being connected at its tree end to said figure to support the same, others ot said second-named linl s being j connected at their liree ends to the articu- In testimony whereof, we have signed our names to this specilication, this 22nd day ot June, 1927.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2444169 *Jan 20, 1945Jun 29, 1948Paige Richard EPuppet
US3091890 *Dec 26, 1957Jun 4, 1963Allen William RPuppet and actuating means therefor
US3898764 *Feb 13, 1974Aug 12, 1975Richard F PalmerCombination doll and marionette
US4048749 *Jun 16, 1976Sep 20, 1977Carl Edward ZittingMarionette bird
US6827626 *Feb 27, 2003Dec 7, 2004Playstages, IncorporatedMarionette
WO2002070096A1 *Mar 4, 2002Sep 12, 2002Chae John WPuppy puppet
U.S. Classification446/363
International ClassificationA63H3/00, A63H3/18
Cooperative ClassificationA63H3/18
European ClassificationA63H3/18