US 1721786 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENToR 650.4265 J Moens ATTORNEY July 23, 1929. G. J. MORRIS 1,721,786
' FAUCET FITTING Filed Feb. 25, 192'!n 2 sheets-sheet 2 Patented July 23, 1929.
GEORGE J. MOB/RIS, F LOS ANGELES, GALIFORNA, ASSIGNOR TO GEOR-E EL MORRIS,
, OF LOS ANGELES, CALIFORNIA.
Application led February 23, 1927. Slil No. 170,312.
My invention relates to water faucets as used in connection with sinks, bath tubs and the like, and particularly to the multiple valve type in which various kinds of Water can be discharged from a single nozzle.
It is a purpose of my invention to provide a faucet of the above described character which eliminates the necessity of employing and extending through a sink or tub separate feed pipes for the various kinds of water used, and the attendant disadvantages of manufacture and installation, and expense, all by the provision of a fitting having a single feed pipe divided longitudinally into a plurality of passages, one for each kind of water used, with the necessary valves for separatel controlling the discharge of water from eac i passage to a single nozzle.
lt is also a purpose of my invention to provide a faucet iitting of the multiple type in which. the discharge nozzle is movable to a position in which it discontinues the discharge of We ter therefrom and in a manner to cause the Water to be discharged roin a subsidiary f1 port for use as a shower or any other purpose.
il further purpose of my invention is the provision of a faucet fitting in: a covering sleeve for the pipe thereo and f n Lf 'plate with ineens by which. tl'iey hay ciamped proper position when is applied to a single tub. y
l Wili describe only two torna-s of faucet fittings embodying my invention, and will than point out the novel features thereof in claims.
1n the drawings Figure 1 is a View showing in'horizontal section one forni of faucet fitting embodying invention;
Figure 2 is a vertical sectional view taken on the line 2---2 of Figure l, the discharge nozzle having been rotated through an are of 90;
Figure 3 is a fragmentary View showing in side elevation portion .of the discharge nozzle embodied in the fitting;
Figure 31 isa detail view of one of the Washers employed in the fitting shown in Figure 1 YFigure s is a viewsimilar to Figure 1, showing another form of faucet fitting embodying my invention Figure 5 is a view showing in front elevation and partly in section the faucet fitting shown in 1li gure a s ,firmly "1e ritting Figure 6 is a sectional view taken on the line 6-6 of Figure 4.
Referring specifically to the drawings, and particularly to Figures 1, 2 and 3, my invention in this embodiment comprises a metal body which includes a suitable length of pipe P merging at one end into a transverse pipe P', which latter provides a pair of connecting nipples and 16 interiorly threaded for connection to a pair of Water supply pipes (not shown), and which pipes may be designed to supply hot and cold water to the body. The pipe P is exteriorly threaded as shown in Figure 1 and is adapted to extend through the apronof a sink or the end Wall of a tub, a" partition T being shown in Figure 1 to illustrate either of these elements.' In the applied position of the pipe to the partition the pipe i?" is disposed at the inner side or the Wall'side ol the partition, and that portion et the pipe l) projecting to the outer side of the partition `is covered with a linishing sleeve ii upouwhicli is mounted an eseutcheon plate E, with the sleeve provided with an annular rib 17 for confining the plate in contiguous relation to the partition, as illustrated. A A nut l) is threaded on the pipe P at the opposite side of the partition T so as to secure the pipe in fixed longitudinal position Within the partition, as will be understood. The sleeve S in turn is secured against longitudinal movement by means of a rinfr 18 threaded on the pipe P and engaged by a bange 19 of a connecting collar 1G constituting the inlet ends of the passagesy and the outlet ends of the passages being in communication with similar passages provided by partitions 23, 24 and 25 in thehead il. A
To form a Water-tight joint between the nipple 21 and the pipe P, a Washer W is in terposed between the confronting ends oi the two. As shown in detail in Figure 3, the
- the sleeve S toward the plate E and thereby Causing the bead 17 to hold the plate in firm contact with the sink or tub wall.
The partitions 24 and 25 are provided with ports 2421 and 25, respectively, through which water from the respective passages is discharged into the head for subsequent distribution from a nozzle N. These ports are controlled by valves 26 and 27 respectively on stems 28 and 29 threaded in nipples 30 of the neadH and provided with handles 31 by which the valves can be manually adjusted to close or open the ports. The head H is also rzivided with a relatively long and vertically disposed extension 32 in which is I threaded the tubular elongated stem 33 ot the nozzle end, the stem being confined against displacement by a cap 34 threaded 'on' the lower end of the extension and provided with a gasket 35 to render the joint between the extension and the cap watertight. The stem provides a mounting for the nozzle N to permit it to be rotated from the forwardly extending position shown in Figure 1 to the ninety degree lateral position shown in Fi re 2.
By referring to Figure 2, it will be clear that the partitions 23, 24 and 25 are spanned at the top and bottom to form a structure which may be considered as independent of the spherical head H. This structure is proy vided at its under side with a ground surface 36 against which the upper end of the stem 33 is adapted to abut when the nozzle end is in the right angular position shown in Figure 2, so that such structure functions to close the stem and thereby discontinue the discharge of water from the nozzle. When the nozz e is in this position Water leaving the ports 24a and25, assuming that the valves 26 and 27 are in open position, will pass outwardly of the head H through an opening 37 land into a pipe 38. This pipe 38 may constitute a water spraying device such as is used in connection with bath tubs for showering. It will of course be understood that should it not be desired to use a spraying device, the pipe 38 can `be removed and a plug (not shown) screwed into the opening for closing the latter.
In practice, the hot and cold water supply pipes adapted for connection with thenipples 15 and 16 function to supply hot and cold vWater, respectively, to the two chambers of the pipe P and from the latter to the two chambers of the head H. The discharge of water from the head chambers is of course controlled by the valves 26 and 27, and when such valves are opened the water will be discharged into the head, intermixing therein and finally discharging from the nozzle end, assuming that the latter is in the position shown in Figure 1. The amount of cold water or hot Water can be regulated by an adjustment of the valves 26 and 27 so as to secure at the nozzle Water ot any desired temperature. If it is desired to discharge the water from theiitting through lthe pipe 38, the nozzle end is moved to the right angle position shown in Figure 2 to cause the upper end of the stem 33 to engage the seat'36 as as been described.
Referring new to Figures 4, 5 and 6, I have here shown another form of faucet fitting embodying my invention, which is designed for the separate reception and conduction of three kinds of waterto the fitting head where, it' desired, an intermixing of the three waters is cil'ected before finally discharging from the nozzle. In this form of my invention a pipe P2 is provided corresponding to the pipe P ot' the iirst form ofmy invention, and mounted on one end ot' this pipe is a T-shaped pipe P3. The pipe P2 is provided interiorly with three partitions 39 extending longitudinally and dividing the latter into three separate passages. Likewise the pipe P3 is provided with three partitions 40 so arranged as to form passages which communicate with the respective passages of the pipe P2. The three nipples of the pipe P3 are adapted for connection to water supply pipes so as to receive respectively hot, cold and soft Water. The pipe P2 connected te a. nipple 41 of a fitting head H by means of a collar 42 and in the same manner as the connection between the pipe P and the head H in the i'irst form of my invention. The head H is provided. with a rectangular structure in the same manner as the head H and this structure is divided interiorly into three separate passages by means of partitions 43 as clearly illustrated in Figure 5. The structure is also provided with ports 44, 45 and 46 controlled by valves 47, 48 and 49, respectively. Through these ports the respective waters are discharged into the head and ultimatelyT from the nozzle N.
In this form oi my invention the several passages in the pipes and head provided by the partitions serve to separately conduct the different waters to the head, the separate discharge of the waters into the head being controlled by an adjustment of the respective valves. In this manner any combination of waters can be discharged from the nozzle and in any proportions desired.
Although I have herein shown and de- Y scribed only two V'forms of faucet fittings embodying my invention, it is to be understood that various changes and modifications may be made therein Without departing from the spirit of my invention, and Within the spirit and scope of the appended claims.
1. In a faucet fitting, a pipe having thereon a sleeve, a projection on the sleeve, an escutcheon late on the sleeveengaged by the projection or holding the latter in fixed relation to a partition, and a ring on the pipe engaging the sleeve for the purpose described.
2. In a faucet fitting, an externally threaded pipe having thereon a sleeve, an annular projection on the sleeve, an escutcheon plate on the sleeve adapted to be engaged by the projection for holding the sleeve in fixed relation to a partition, and a ring threaded on the pipe and adapted to engage the sleeve for the purpose described.
3. In a faucet fitting, a head having a threaded portion, a pipe having a sleeve thereon, a` projection on the sleeve, an escutcheon plate on the sleeve for holding the sleeve in fixed relation to a partition, said pipe being threaded externally and opposite y from the threads of the head, a ring threaded on the pipe and adapted to engage the sleeve,
and a threaded coupling collar adapted to engage the ring'and threads of the head for connecting the pipe and head, said collar adapted when screwed onto the head to tend to rotate the ring on the pipe into engagement e i the pipe having a projection adapted to engage the escutcheon plate for limiting movement of the sleeve towards the plate, a ring threaded on the pipe adapted to abut the sleeve when positioned flush with the projecting end of the pi e and operating to clamp the pipe to the wa l, a head having a portion threaded oppositely from the threads of the pipe, and a threaded coupling collar on the pipe adapted when screwed onathe head to engage the ring and thereby draw the pipe and head together.
5. In a faucet tting, a pipe, an escutcheon plate havin an opening receiving the pipe, a sleeve on t e pipe having means adapted to engage the escutcheon plate to maintain the sleeve in fixed relation to a partition, and means on the pipe adapted to engage the sleeve for the purpose described.