|Publication number||US1723743 A|
|Publication date||Aug 6, 1929|
|Filing date||Jul 2, 1927|
|Priority date||Jul 2, 1927|
|Publication number||US 1723743 A, US 1723743A, US-A-1723743, US1723743 A, US1723743A|
|Inventors||Mason Richard C|
|Original Assignee||Mason Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (7), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aug. 6, 1929. C MASON 1,723,743
HEATER Filed July 2, 1927 I I i 'INVENTOR fFm/mrd 6. Mason BY ATTORNEY Patented Aug. 6, 1929.
UNITED STATES 1,723,743 PATENT OFFICE.
RICHARD C. MASON, OF TULSA, OKLAHOMA, ASSIGNOR TO THE MASON CORPORATION, OF TULSA, OKLAHOMA, A CORPORATION OF OKLAHOMA.
Application filed July 2, 192?.
My invention relates to heaters and has for its objects the heating of a fermentable liquid, the control of temperature for such heating and the circulation of the liquid to expedite and equalize the fermentation.
In accomplishing my objects I have provided improved details of structure. the preferred forms t which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings. wherein:
Fig. 1 is a sectional perspective view of aheater installed for use.
Fig. 2 is asectional view of the upper portion of the heater and of a regulating element.
Fig. 3 is adetail perspective view of the heat regulator elements disassembled.
Fig. 4 is av modified form of housing mem her for the heater.
Referring in detail to the drawings:
1 designates a jar having the side wall 2 and the closed bottom 3. the top of the jar being open. as indicated at 4. The jar is designed to contain a liquid mixture 5 in which a ferment-creating agent. such as yeast, may be contained to cause the decomposition of the other compounds of the mixture to produce a transformation of the liquid, the fermentation and transformation being accomplished by the application of heat.
I show as the heating element the electric light bulb 6 suspended bv the cord 7 in a housing 8 that is supported on the bottom ot' the jar. the heat from the bulb being trans mitted through the walls of the housing to the liquid.
The housing 8 is formed of copper or similar heat-conducting material and comprises the tubular body portion or flue 9 extending through the jar and projecting therefrom, and the expanded frusto-conical base por tion 10 having the closed lower end 11 and providing the chamber 12 in which the heater is suspended. A weight 13 is provided in the base portion to retain the housing in position in the jar against the buoying effect of the liquid.
A closure member 14 is provided for superposition on the upper end of the housing, the closure member constituting a heat regulator and av means of supporting the lamp cord 7 and the bulb 6 in the housing by elements to be described. The closure 14 comprises a cap 15 having the annular flange 16 reinovably positioned on the upper end Serial No. 203.187.
seat against the under side of the cap, the.
connector sleeve having the central opening 21 through which the lamp cord is extended.
A valve member :22 (fOlIlPI'lSGS the depending flange portion 28 adapted to engage slidably the flange of the cap, and the disk valve portion 24, the valve having the central opening 25 to receive said connector sleeve and the ports 26 adapted to alignment with the ports 1'? of the cap member upon rotation of the valve member over the cap a icmber.
A nut- 27 is provided and sleeved on the cord to engage the end of the connector sleeve to clamp the valve and cap member together. sliding movement of the members n. ith relation to each other being permitted. The rotation of the valve member over the cap member accomplishes alignment of the ports for admission of air to the housing and emission of air therefrom.
The elements being provided as described and the lamp bulb energized by electric current through the socket 28, heat generated by the bulb within the chamber 12 is radiatedto the walls of the conical. portion of the housing and the liquid in contact with the outer surface of the housing is heated and caused to move upwardly along the flue. Heat from the bulb also flows upwardly through the flue and warms the walls of the tubular portion of the housing so that heat radiated from this portion also. The heated liquid rising to the surface adjacent the housing turns outwardly towards the walls of. the ar and there, encountering the lower temperature of the walls. tends to move downwardly along the wall surface to the bottom of the conical portion of the housing which extends against the walls. and is again caused to move upwardly.
The greater spacing between the flue and the walls than between the conical base and the walls. permits the liquid that has risen to move towards the walls. and to fall towards the bottom of the jar, before encoi'intering heat.
The liquid under the influence of the heat radiated from the housing and because of tation and the structure provided accomplishes this object of the device through the means shown for adjusting the circulation of air through the housing. The ports of the regulator element may be brought into alignment for maximum eflec'tive port area through the rotation of the valve member on the cap, and the effective port area may be varied as desired to restrain the heat within the housing or to permit the heat to depart through the ports and cooler air to enter the housing. A desired amount'of heat may, therefore, be provided, and gradations of small degree may be effected.
In Fig. 4 a modified form of the housing I element is shown which differs from the preferred form in that a base portion 29 is provided having an exterior concave outline providing an easy gradual curved surface whereby the liquid may be deflected .into less abrupt incidence with the vertical flue member.
What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. In combination With an electric light cord and bulb, a tubular heater housing having an enlarged conical base, a closure element comprising a cap having ports and a valve movable over the cap member to vary the efiective area of said ports, means con necting the cap with the valve, and means supporting the cord and bulb in the housing.
2.111 combination with an electric light cord and bulb, a tubular flue to receive the bulb, and a regulating element on the upper end of the fine comprising a closure memher having a port and a valve slidable over the closure member to vary the eti'ective area of the port, and means connecting the -closure member to the Valve including in sulating means for admitting the cord through the regulating element.
3. A heater of the character described in cluding a tubular standard having relatively small diameter and an enlarged closed portion comprising a chamber at its lower end, a heating element adapted to. be introduced throughout the standard and a conductor eX- tended through the standard and suspending the heating element within the chamber.
l. In a heater for heating liquid in a cylindrical vessel, atubular standard having an enlarged substantially conical closed chamber at its lower end for positioning in the bottom of the vessel to support the heater, a closure member on the upper end of the standard, a lamp cord extending throughthe standard and suspended from said clo sure member, and a lamp bulb movable through said standard and suspended from said cord Within said chamber.
In testimony whereof I afiix my signature.
RICHARD C. MASON.
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|US4883942 *||Mar 21, 1988||Nov 28, 1989||Robatherm Products||Low voltage heating element for portable tools|
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|U.S. Classification||219/523, 122/4.00A, 219/552|