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Publication numberUS1724284 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 13, 1929
Filing dateAug 29, 1927
Priority dateAug 29, 1927
Publication numberUS 1724284 A, US 1724284A, US-A-1724284, US1724284 A, US1724284A
InventorsJohn I Gromeeko, Michael M Imshenetsky
Original AssigneeDimitry Michael Imshenetsky
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building construction
US 1724284 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

ug- 1929- M. M. IMSHENETSKY ET AL 1,724,234

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Aug. 29, 1927 2 Sheets-Sheet l A012- 13 1929- M. M. iMsHENETsKY ET AL 1,724,284

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION 1927 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Aug. 29

Hummm CFI Patented fang. 13, i229,

v man lor-rn 1r. ro mar 'lf 0 FFI CE lilU, 01E* SAN' FRANCISCO, CALIFOR- .vtIiUlfAEL MSHENETSKY, OF SAN Application filed l-l-.ugust 29, 122'?.

@ur invention relates to improvements in building construction, and surfacing plates therefor', wherein fabricated plates are rip;-

idly clamped in abutting1 and partially overlapping relation upon a building1 '"aine to form finished inner and outer surfacings.

rlhe present invention is an improvement upon our co-pendingi` application. Serial No. 143,160, filed ctober 21, 1926, the primary object being to provide a simplified and improved construction. i Another object is to provide an improved building construction by which surface plates may be more easily and economically applied.

A further object is to provide an improved construction wherein surfacing' plates are arranged to be held in closely abutting' relation and in partially overlamiing1 relation to obtain a rigid and weatherproof surface.

A still further object is to provide an im proved surfacing member which is relatively light and which may be readily handled.

`We accomplished these and other objects by means of the improved device disclosed in the drawings forming' a part of the present application wherein like characters of reference are used to designate similar parts throughout the drawings and specification, and in which.,

Fig'. 1 is brolren front elevation of a portion of a wall constructed accordance with our invention, parts being` brolren away to show the construction in various planes;

Fig. 2 is a transverse section taken upon the line 2 2 of Fig. 1 in the direction indicated;

Fig'. 3 is a broken rear elevation showing; the inside surface of the wall surfacing' members;

Fig. d is a rear elevation of a surfacing member, drawn upon a larger scale and partly broken away and shown in section;

Fig. 5 is a left side elevation of the member as shown in Fig. 4, the lower portion being' broken away and shown in section;

Fig. `6 is a broken sectional detail drawn upon a still larger scale and showing' the manner in which a turn buckle is connected to the frame portion of a surfacing` member; and

Fig. 7 is a sectional detail showing` the Serial No. 216,202.

manner in which adjacent plates are alined.

Referring` t-o the drawings, the numeral 1 is used to designate in general a suitable building` frame. Upon the inner and outer sides of the frame 1 we secure a plurality of surfacing members designated in general by the numeral 2.

Each surfacing` member 2 consists of a metal frame portion 3, constructed in rectangular form from inwardly faced channel members joined at their corners. Longitudinal and transverse braces l and i extend across the frame 3, said members being1 preferably formed from rearwardly faced channel members intersecting at substantially the center of the frame. Upon each frame 3 is secured a surface plate portion 2 formed from cement or other suitable material molded to embed spaced parallel reinforcing screens G. The plate portions 2 are relatively thin and are secured to t-he frame preferably by bolt-s 5 eiipjagiiin,` the screens 6 and frame and partially embedded in the cement. The plate portions 2 are of substantially the saine length and width as the frame portions 3, but are offset therefrom both loniritudinally and transversely so as to overhang one side and end of the frame and to uncover the opposite side and end of the frame a correemondin,eamount.

The plates 2 are secured upon the frame 1 in any suitable manner, preferably by means of wires or other securing` elements 7 eXtendine, across an adjacent frame member and connected between links 8 connected to the frame, said securing` elements 7 being twisted or otherwise tightened to bind the plates firmly to the frame.

The frames 3 are provided with clamping discs 9 secured within the intersection of the braces 1- and 5, said discs being.;- provided with outwardly disposed extensions 11 arranged to receive the ends of stayrods 12 threaded to receive turn buckles 13. The stays 12 extend throiujrh openings 14 formed within the sides and encs of the frame 3 in alinement with the braces l and 5, the openings in one member 2 being` arranged to substantially register with the openings in members at the sides and ends thereof. The stays and turnbucliles extend longitudinally and transversely between each member 2 and the'members 2 adjacent the ends and sides thereof whereby the members may be clamped inrmly abuttingrelation.

In applying the surfacing members 2 upon a frame 1, the members 2 are laid with the overhanging portions of the plates 2. overlapping the frame portions 3 of the member immediately below and the member at one end thereof. The turnbuckles are then applied and tightened to draw the members 2 closely together, the frame portions 3 and the plate portions 2 being clamped into abutting relation at the same time. rlhe members 2 are laid in successiverows and tiers in this manner, each member beingl secured to the frame 1 and clamped in turn to the adjacent members previously laid, whereby' a rigidly bonded surfacing is applied upon the inner and outer surfaces of the building frame 1. A thin coating of cement or other bonding material is preferably applied between the overlapping edges of the platey portions 2 'and frame portions 3, said cement being adapted to set to permanently seal the junctures between adjacent plates.

In order to insurey accurate alinement of the members 2 and to obtain a perfectly smooth surface, a-lining blocks 16 are threaded onto the stays 12 and arranged to engage the registering openings 14 between adjacent plates, the blocks 16 being provided with squared heads 17 whereby the blocks may be turned by a suitable Wrench or other tool to advance said block along the threads of the stay and to force the members 2 into perfect alinement Turnbuckles 18 are preferably connected between the clamping discs 9 of opposing members 2 upon oppositesides of the frame 1, thereby bonding the inner and ou-te-r surfacings together and assisting and securing the membersupon the frame 1.

rlhe members constructed as above described, are relatively light so. that the plates may be handled and applied by one or two men working alone. At the same time, the

structure is thoroughly fire and weather proof, and presents a smooth and attractive appearance both from the inside and outside so that further finish need not be applied, The members 2 are not depended' upon as any portionA of the supporting structure of thee building and hence produces a light and durable structure.

While We have illustrated and described Ythe preferred embodiment of our improved construction, numerous modifications may be made in the various features without departing from the spirit of our invention. W'e therefore do; not wish to restrict ourselves to the specilic form and arrangement shown we claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

1. A building construction comprising.;` a frame; a plurality of surfacing members secured upon the frame, each member consistingl of a metal frame and a surface plate formed from cement, molded to embed spaced parallel reinforcing screens, secured upon the outer face of the metal frame.

2. A building construction comprising a frame; a plurality of surfacing members secured upon the frame, each member, consist:- ing of a metal frame and a surface plate formed from cement, molded to embed reinforcing screens, secured upon the outer face of the metal frame; and means connected between the metal frames of adjacent surfacing members for clamping said members into abutting relation.

3. A building construction comprisingl a frame; a plurality of surfacing members se cured upon the frame, each member consisting of a metal frame, and a surface plate formed from cement, molded to embed reinforcing screens, secured upon the outer faces of the frame; and turn buckles connected be` tween the meta-l frames of adjacent surfacing members for clamping said members into abutting relation.

t. A building construction comprising a frame a plurality of surfacing members cured upon the frame, each member consisting of a metal frame, and a surface plate formed from cement, molded to embed reinforcing screens, secured upon the outer faces of the frame; and turn buckles connected between the metal frames of adjacent surfacing members for clamping said members into abutting relation. and means mounted in connection with the turnbucliles and engaging the adjacent edges of adjacent metal frames for alining the surfacing members.

5. A building construction comprising :1 frame; a plurality of surfacing members Secured upon the frame, each member cousisting of a rectangular metal frame, and a surface plate formed from cement, molded to embed reinforcing screens, secured upon the faces of the frame, said plate being o'll'set from the frame longitudinally and transF versely to overhang one side and end of the metal frame and to overlap the side and end of the metal frames of adjacent members; and turn bucklesl connected between the metal frames of adj aeent surfacing members for clamping said members in abutting relation.

6. A building construction comprising a frame; a plurality of surfacing members secu-red upon the frame each member consisting of a rectangular metal frame, and a surface plate formed from cement, molded to embed reinforcing screens, secured upon the faces of the frame, said plate being ol Set from the frame longitudinally and t ansversely to overhand one side and end of the metal frame and to overlap the side and end of the metal frames of adjacent members; and turn buckles connected between the metal frames of adjacent surfacing members for clamping said members in abutting relation, and means mounted in connection with the turnbuckles and engaging the adjacent edges of adjacent metal frames for alining the surfacing members.

7. A building construction comprising a frame; a plurality of surfacing members secured upon the frame, each member consisting of a rectangular metal frame; and a surface plate formed from cement, molded to embed reinforcing screens, secured upon the face of the frame; clamping discs secured at the centers of the metal frames; turn buckles connected longitudinally and transversely between the clamping discs of adjacent members to clamp the members in abutting relation.

8. A building construction comprising; a frame; a plurality of surfacing members secured upon the frame, each member consisting of a rectangular metal frame, and a surface plate formed from cement, molded to embed reinforcing screens, secured upon the face of the frame; clamping discs secured at the centers of the metal frames; turn buckles connected longitudinally and transversely between the clamping discs of adjacent mem bers to clamp the members in abutting relation; and means mounted in connection with the turnbuckles for alining the surfacing members.

9. A building construction comprising a frame; a plurality of surfacing members secured upon the frame, each member consisting of a rectangular metal frame, and a surface plate formed from cement, molded to embed reinforcing screens, secured upon the faces of the frame; clamping discs secured at the centers of the metal frames; and turn buckles having threaded stays connected between the clamping discs and extending through registering openings in the edges of the metal frames for clamping the members in abutting relation.

10. A building construction comprising a frame; a plurality of surfacing members secured upon the frame, each member consisting of a rectangular metal frame, and a surface plate formed from cement, molded to embed reinforcing screens, secured upon the faces of the frame; clamping discs secured at the centers of the metal frames; and turn buckles having threaded stays connected between the clamping discs and extending through registering openings in the edges of the metal frames for clamping the members in abutting relation; and alining members threaded onto the stays and engaging the registering openings for alining the members.

1l. A surfacing member for building construction comprising a rectangular frame; a surface plate consisting of a pair of spaced parallel reinforcing screens and cement embedding said screens to form a plate of substantially the same length and width as the frame; and securing means set Within the plates and arranged to secure said plate upon the frame.

l2. A surfacing member for building construction comprising a rectangular frame formed from inwardly faced channels; cen trally disposed intersecting longitudinal and transverse braces secured across the frame; a surface plate consisting of a pair of spaced parallel reinforcing screens and cement embedding the screens to form a plate of substantially the same length and width as the frame; and means for securing the plate upon the frame.

13. A surfacing member for building construction comprising a rectangular frame form from inwardly faced channels; centrally disposed intersecting longitudinal and transverse braces secured across the frame; a surface plate consisting of a pair of spaced parallel reinforcing screens and cement embedding the screens to form a plate of substantially the same length and width as the frame; and means for securing the plate upon the frame, said plate being offset longitudinally and transversely to overhang one side and end of the frame.

In Witness whereof, we hereunto set our signatures.

MICHAEL M. IMSHENETSKY. JOHN I. GROMEEKO.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3127704 *Apr 16, 1958Apr 7, 1964Garcia Daniel SalcedoFloor and ceiling construction
US3982372 *Jan 20, 1976Sep 28, 1976Ernst HaeusslerFacade wall assembly
US4919122 *Jan 13, 1989Apr 24, 1990Siegmar KohlenbrennerElement structure and process for assembling same
US5092093 *Dec 31, 1990Mar 3, 1992Lu Shin YuangPanel forms having panel reinforcing means
US5191742 *Apr 2, 1991Mar 9, 1993Cid Assoicates, Inc.Hazardous material container storage building and related method
US5301479 *Jan 12, 1993Apr 12, 1994Cid Associates, Inc.Hazardous material container storage building and related method
US5396742 *Sep 21, 1993Mar 14, 1995Cid Associates, Inc.Joining and aligning sleeve for a hazardous material container storage building and related method
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/223.7, 52/562
International ClassificationE04B2/56
Cooperative ClassificationE04B2/56
European ClassificationE04B2/56