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Publication numberUS1724630 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 13, 1929
Filing dateMar 7, 1927
Priority dateMar 7, 1927
Publication numberUS 1724630 A, US 1724630A, US-A-1724630, US1724630 A, US1724630A
InventorsEllis L Wilson
Original AssigneeEllis L Wilson
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Door latch
US 1724630 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Au '13, 1929. MLSON 1,724,630

DOOR LATCH Filed March 7, 1927 2 Sheets-Sneet 1 IN VEN TOR.

ELL/S L. WILSON,

' BY 1 1 r Ma y ATTORNEYS.

- Aug. 13, 1929. WILSON 1,724,630

DOOR LATCH Filed March 7, 1927 2 Sheets-Sheet IN VEN TOR. ELL/S 4.. WILSON.

BY 1 v, I i I v JIX%ATTORNEYS- Patented Aug. 13, 1929. H

omr

is L. wrtson, or. sen ansnmro, canmonma.

DOOR LATCH.

Application filed. Hard; 7, 1927. Serial No. 178,257.

This invention relates to latches and especially to door latches such as are used ini homes, apartment houses, hotels and the li e.

The object of the present invention, is to generally improve and simplify the construction and operation of door latches, to simplify the parts of .the latch so as to reduce the cost of manufacture, to reduce the number of parts re uired, to produce a' latch which may be quic ly and readily installed in a door, to roduce a latch which is reversible for le 1: and right hand installations and further to produce a latch which is adjustable to doors of varying thickness and which is also adjustable to or away from the edge of the door. One form which the invention may assume is shown by way of illustration in the accompanying drawings in which- Fig. 1 is a side elevation of the latch in section taken on line 1-1, Fig. 2,

Fig. 2 is a plan view in section taken on line 11-11, Fig. 1,

1Fig.3 is an end view ofthe latch-guiding p ate Fig. 4 is a vertical section taken on line IV-IV, Fig.2,

Fig. 5 is a .perspective view of one part of the latch housing,

\Fig. 15 is a perspective view of the main latch housing,

Fig. 7 is a perspective view of the retractor plate,

Fig. 8 is a perspective view of one of the end plates used in conjunction with the auxiliary latch housing,

Fig. 9 is a perspective view of the auxiliary latch housing,

Fig. 10 is a perspective view of the rollback. Referring to the drawings in detail and particularly Figs. 1, 2, 3 and 6, it might be stated that the majorportion of the latching mechanism is contained in a main latch housing generally indicated at A. This housing may be formed by die operations or it may be cast. It is generally cylindrical in shape and elongated. It is otherwise provided with a T-s aped slot generally indicated at 2 and 3 and it is furthermore provided with a pair of inturned ln s 4-4 and an annular end flange 5, the nction of which will hereinafter be described. An 55 auxiliary latch housing is also employed.

This is perhapsbest illustrated in Fig. 9 and is generally indicated at 6. This housing may also be formed by die operations or casts as desired. It is cylindrical in shape but approximately only half as long as the main housing-'A. It is provided with two inturncd lugs 77. The exterior diameter of the auxiliary housing is the same" as the interior diameter of the main housing as it is mounted within the main housing when the latch is assembled. It is provided with two end plates generallyindicated at 9 and 9. These plates are substantially identical in construction and the description of one should sufiice. One of the end plates is best illustrated in Fig. 8. The plate is flat and the inner surface is provided with two track members such as indicated at 10-10. The plate is also provided with 2 perforations or holes 1l .11 to receive assembling bolts, and with a central opening 12 through which a spindle 13 extends. One of the plates is provlded with two lugs on its exterior surface which are indicated at 12.12',t-heselugs being best illustrated in Figs. 4 and 8. There are two end plates employed such as indicated at 9 and 9. They engage the op-' posite ends of the auxiliary housing and they are secured thereto by means of bolts 1313v and .14-14 as will hereinafter be described. Adapted to be mounted interior.

of the auxiliary housing between the end plates 9 and 9 is the retractor plate which is best illustrated in Fig.7. It consists of a side plate 15.which has an elongated slot 16 formed therein. On the upper and lower edges of the side plate 15 are inturnedlugs 17-17 and formed on the lugs 17 are upturned lugs 1818 which cooperate with the rollback member hereinafter to be described. The forward 'end of the side plate is also provided with an inturned lug as indicated at 19 and this is perforated and threaded as at 20 to receive and secure a threaded bolt 21 which is-in turn secured to a latch or bolt 22; also mounted within the auxiliary housing is the rollback member which is best illustrated in Fig. 10. The rollback consists of a hub section 23 and a pair of roll back lugs 24.. The hub has an opening formed therein extending from end to end which is preferably square in shape. The spindle 13 extends through the square opening in the rollback member and it also forms a partial support therefor. The ends of the hub member are turned down or slightly decreased in diameter as indicated at 25-25 and these turned down portions extend ordinary construction such as indicated at .2 r ing the latch housing with relation to the 26 and 27, knob 27 being. the inner knob and the knob 26 the outer knob. These knobs are secured to the spindle in any suitable manner or as here shown by means of said screws 28. The latch is otherwise provided with a pair of escutchcon plates 29 and 30. These may be circular in contour or otherwise shapedas conditions may demand. The escutcheon plate 30 is provided with a pair of inner lugs 31 which are drilled and threaded to receive the securing bolts 13. The inner escutcheon plate 29 is drilled to permitthe screws 14 to pass therethrough, the inner ends of the screws being received by the lugs 12-12 which are drilled and threaded for their reception. The bolt or latch 22 is guided and retained by means of a circular end plate 35. This late forms a closure for the outer end of the latch housing which is best' illustrated in Fig. 5. The latch housing is tubular and elongated as illustrated and the inner end is provided with a fiat plate-like extension such as shown at 36. This plate-like extensionhas two or more holes drilled therein as indicated at 37 to receive a bolt 38 (see Fig.

this bolt serving the function of securthe auxiliary housing. The

end plate 9 and the function of securing the bolt also serves latch housing and the end plate against endwise movement with relation to the door, thus eliminating the use of fastening screws as far as the end plate 35 is'concerned.

In actual operation to install the latch such as here constructed, it is only necessary to drill two holes in the door, a large hole transversely or through the face of the door as generally indicated at 40 and a hole 41 through the edge of the door which is dlsposed at right angles to the hole 40. These holes may be drilled with an ordinary au er or bit and the operation of reparing t e y very simp e. When the holes have been drilled, housing A is inserted and it is forced inwardly. until the end flange 5 engages the exterior face of the door as shown in Fig. 4. The auxiliary housing 6 with the end plates 9 and 9' applied and with the retractor and rollback in position interior thereof is next inserted in the housing and the escutcheon plate 30 applied. The bolts are then passed through the openings 11-11 of the end plates and screwed onto the lugs 31 and the auxiliary housing 1s adjusted so asito assume a positron substantially in alignment with the latch housing opening 41, the latch housing of the retractor plate and it is turned until proper adjustment is obtained. .The bolt 38 may then be inserted and the latch housing is then locked against endwise movement. The inner escutch'eon plate 29 is finall placed in position and the screws 14 inserter This locks the housing and latching mechanism as a whole in place. The spindle may then be inserted through the openings in the ercutcheon plates and through the rollback and the knobs applied in the usual manner by fastening the said screws 38 when the operation of said installation is completed. With the latch installed, itis only necessary to turn either knob to open the door. Turning'movement of the knob transmits turning movement to the spindle, this in turn rotates the'rollback member and the lugs on the rollback member will thus engage one'or another of the lugs 18 on the retractor plate, the retractor plate is thus moved rearwardly within the auxiliary housin against tension of springs such as indicate at 50 (see Fig. 1), these springs being secured between the lugs 18 and the inturned lugs 77 of the auxiliary housing. Rearward movement oi the retractor plate is of course transmitted through the bolt 21 and as this is attached to the latch 22, the latch will be retracted. Reverse turning movement/or release of a knob causes the reverse movement of the retractor plate and the latch is thus pro'ected. The side plate 15 on the retractor plate is guided between the track members 10 -10 of the plate 9 while the outer ends of the lugs 17 are guided between the track mem:

bers 10 of the end plate 9. The retractor ing it by means of the bolts 13' and 14. The

latter adjustment, i. e. t o and away from the edge ofthe door is "obtained by notching the bolt 21 as indicated t (see Figs. 1 and 2) and by scoring or weakening the plate 36 of-the latch housing along the lines indicated at 36 (see Fig. 5). If a maximum distance from the spindle to the edgeof the door is r uired-theinstallation is made as shown in gs. 1 and 2. On the other hand if it is desired to bring the s indle and knobs closer to the edge of the oor it is accomplished by cutting or breaking the bolt at the notched portions 2i -and similarly cutting or breaking the late 36 along the score lines 36 so as to s o'rten the same, The present drawings show three difierent adustments but more or less may be em loyed as desired. The latch is also adjusta lefor right and left hand installations as it is only necessary to rotate the latch 22 to bring its fiat face in one direction or another as the case may be. By referring to Fig. 6 it will be noted that a T-shaped slot is emplplyed as indicated at 2 and 3. The enlarge portion of the slot indicated at 3 is employed for the insertion of the late 36lof the latch housing and the slot 2 or the 1nsertion of the latch bolt 21, the hole 8 in the auxiliary housing being also employed for the same urpose. The slots 2 and 3 ar.e long as this is necessary to permit adjustment of the auxiliary housing with relation to the main housing when doors ofdifi'erent' thickness are being fitted.

The mechanism as a whole is exceedingly simple and substantial in construction. The parts are so designed that they may be either cast orformed by die operations. They are further designed to permit quick and ready assembly both at the factory and when installed in doors.

While certain features of the resent in-' vention are more or less specifically described and indicated, I wish it understood that various changes may be resorted to within the scope of the appended claims; similarly, that the materials and finish of the several parts employed may be such as the/manufacturer may dictate or varying conditions or uses may demand.

Having thus described my invention, what I claim and'desire to secure by Letters Patcut is:

1. In a latch of the character described a main housing, an auxiliary housing mounted therein, a spindle extending through the auxiliary housing, a rollback and cooperating retractor mounted within the auxiliar housing and means permitting lateral a ustment of the auxiliary housing, the rollack and the retractor with relation to the main housing.

2. In a lock of the character described a main housing, an auxiliary housing mounted therein, a spindle extending through the auxiliary housing, a rollback and cooperating retractor mounted within the auxiliar housing and 'means ermitting lateral Mi just-ment of the auxiliary housing, the rollback and the retractor with relation to the mainhousing, a bolt, a bolt housing, an

adjustable connection between the latch housin and the auxiliary housing to secure the ho t housing against removal and an adjustable connection between the bolt and the retractor.

3. A device adapted to be inserted and secured in a door havin two openings formed therein, one exten in through the face of the door and the ot er extending through the edge of the door and commum cating with the first-named opening, said device comprising a main housin an escutcheon plate engaging one face 0 the door and forming a closure for one end of the housing, an auxiliary housing insertable in the main housing, a rollback and a cooperating retractor mounted within the auxiliary housing, means for adjusting the auxiliary housing to and away from the escutcheon late and for securing the auxiliary housmg when adjusted, a second escutcheon plate engaging the opposite face of the door and means securing the second-named escutcheon plate to the au'xilia housing.

4.--A latchingdevice or doors having two openings formed therein substantially as described comprising a main housing insertable in one of the openings, an escutcheon plate engaging one face of the door and forming a closure for one end of the boils-- ing, an auxiliary housing mounted within the main housing, a rollback and a retractor mounted within the auxiliary housing, a second escutcheon plate engaging the opposite face of the door and means for securing the auxiliary housing with relation to the respective escutcheon plates.

5. A latching device'for doors havin two openings formed therein substantia y as described com rising a main housing insertable in one o? the openings, an escutcheon plate engaging one face of the door and forming a closure'for one end of the housing, an auxiliary housing mounted within the main housing, a rollback and a retractor mounted Within the auxilia housing, a second escutcheon plate engaging the opposite face of the door and means for securing the auxiliary housing with relation to the respective escutcheon lates, said means permitting ad'ustment of t e auxiliary housing between t e escutcheon plates.

6. A latching device for doors having two openings formed therein substantially as described comprising a main housing insertable in one of the openings, an escutcheon late engaging one face of the door and orming a closure for one end of the housing, an auxiliary housin mounted within the main housing, a; re back and a retractor mounted within the auxiliary housing, a second escutcheon plate engaging the opposite face ofthe door and means for securing the auxiliary housing with relation to the respective, escutcheon plates, at s indle extending through the escutcheon ates, the auxiliary housing and the rollhack and lmobs secured on the opposite ends of the spindle 7 In a latch ofthe character described, a tubular elongated main housing',, '-a. tubular shaped auxiliary housing insertable therein, a pair of end. plates, one for each end of the auxiliary housing, a rollback member journaled between the end plates, a retractor cooperating with the rollback and also disposed between the end plates, means on the end plates whereby the retractor is guided and maintained in cooperating position with relation to the rollback.

8. In a latch of the character described, a tubular elongated main housing, a tubular shaped auxiliary housing ,insertable therein, a pair of end plates, one for each end of the auxiliary housing, a rollback member journaled between the end plates, a retractor cooperating with the rollback and also disposed between the end plates and a pair of track members on each end plate whereby the retractor is guided and maintained in cooperating position with relation to the rollback. I

9. In a latch of the character described, a'tubular elongated main housing, a tubular shaped auxiliary housing insertable therein, a pair of end plates, one for each end of the auxiliary housing, a rollback member journaled between the end plates,

v a retractor cooperating with the rollback and also disposed between the) end plates and a pair of track members on each end plate whereby the retractor is guided and maintained in cooperating position with relation to the rollback and spring actuated tubular shaped auxiliary housing insertable therein, a pair of end plates, one for each end of the auxiliary housing, a rollback member journaled between theend plates, a retractor cooperating with the rollback and also disposed between the end plates, means on the end plates whereby the retractor is guided and maintained in cooperating position with. relation to the rollback, a bolt housing, an adjustable connection between the bolt housing and the auxiliary housing, a bolt in the bolt housing and an adjustable connection between the bolt and the retractor.

11. A device of the character described comprising a main housing, a tubular shaped auxiliary housing insertable therein, a pair of end plates for the auxiliary housing, one tracks on each end plate, a rollback member journalled between the end aplates, a retractor having lugs thereon cooperating with the rollback member and slidably mounted between said tracks in said auxfor each end of the same,

iliary housing, said auxiliary housing being ELLIS L. WILSON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2622431 *Nov 30, 1948Dec 23, 1952Hollymade Hardware Mfg CompanyDoorknob and lock set with inaccessible fastenings
US2639177 *Apr 5, 1951May 19, 1953Smith Oliver SDoorknob actuated lock
US3425247 *Jan 28, 1966Feb 4, 1969Eli S JenkinsLatch assembly
US4593542 *Jul 29, 1983Jun 10, 1986Tre CorporationDeadbolt assembly having selectable backset distance
US4656849 *Dec 5, 1985Apr 14, 1987Tre CorporationDeadbolt assembly having selectable backset distance
US4789191 *Oct 21, 1986Dec 6, 1988Carl F. Petersen A/S & Co. Vaerktoj, Mobel - Og Bygningsbeslag KsCentering device for securing and centering a door handle
US5489128 *Jun 17, 1994Feb 6, 1996Florian; David W.Lockset having adjustable backset
US7281401 *Feb 8, 2006Oct 16, 2007I-Tek Metal Mfg. Co., Ltd.Protective sleeve for latch mechanism for lock
US7373794Jun 9, 2006May 20, 2008Delta Industrial Systems Corp.Lock assembly
US7607701 *Dec 16, 2005Oct 27, 2009Steven LevineAdjustable latch
Classifications
U.S. Classification292/169.21, 292/357, 292/337, 292/1.5, 70/169, 292/2, 292/DIG.510, 70/422, 70/449, 70/461
International ClassificationE05C1/16, E05B63/06
Cooperative ClassificationY10S292/51, E05B63/06, E05C1/163
European ClassificationE05C1/16C, E05B63/06