US 1726304 A
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Aug. 27, 1929. LEWIS I 1,726,304
PROCESS OF FINISHING CANDLES AND ITS PRODUCT Filed Aug. 9, 192s I gwvmtoa DUDLEY GLEWI;
fiatented Aug. 27, 1929.
DUDLEY G. LEWIS, or CLEVELAND, NEW YORK.
PROCESS OF FINISHING CANDLES AND ITS PRODUCT.
Application filed August 9, 1926. Serial No. 128,232.
The present invention relates to the production of candles, and the object is to provide a simple and effective process of producing candles of a decidedly artistic char acter having a frosted surface, the ornamental coating moreover producing a hard finish that insures the proper formation of a cupped top while burning, due to the melting of the softer body in advance of the harder shell, said shell moreover assisting in preventing the bending or warping of the candle in warm weather.
In the accompanying drawin s Figure 1 is a side elevation o the embodiment of the product produced by the process,
Figure 2 1s a cross sectional view of the same on the line 2-2 of Figure 1.
In carrying out the process, the usual shaped candle body is employed, preferably composed of a mixture of paraflin and stearic acid or other material well known to the art. This body may have an external coating suitably colored, or the entire body may be col ored, all of which is well known. Such a body is shown in the accompanying drawin s, and is designated 3. The wick therefor is 11- lustrated at 4, and a colored outer coat is shown at 5 in Figure 2. This well-known type of body when cool and solidified is first dipped into a bath of molten paraflin. Paraflin alone may be used, but preferably there is mixed therewith ozokerite in substantially the proportions of twelve and one-half pounds of paraffin to four and one-half pounds of ozokerite. The temperature of the bath should preferably range between 160 F. and200 F. This produces a coating 6.
The candle should be dipped or immersed in the aforesaid bath, immediately withdrawn therefrom, and then immediatel dipped into a bath of molten stearic aci The stearic acid bath is also preferably maintained at a temperature ranging between 160 F. and 200 F. The candle is romptly withdrawn from the stearic acid Bath and allowed to cool, whereu on the stearic acid will solidify in a coatin of white glistening crystalline forms and o a translucent nature that will give a delicate frosted appearance that slightly veils without hiding the underlying color, producing a unique and artistic effect. Moreover the stearic acid appears to have a hardening effect, producing a shell about the body that melts more slowly than the body, this insurin a cupped formation at the top of the cand e while burning, that tends to prevent the melting wax dripping and running down the 'sides. This shell is also found to be of material assistance in keeping the candle straight during warm weather. I
It has further been found that while the stearic acid alone will give a rather even frosted coating, if a small amount of araffin is added to the stearic acid bathor example a pint of paraffin to five gallons of stearic acidthe frosted coating will take somewhat the form of broken lines or streaks of a pleasing nature.
It will of course be understood that the candle body itself as well as the paraflin and stearic acid baths may be colored, either correspondin ly or differently so that varied effects may e obtained, and that other waxes, organic acids or substances that will become molten at relatively low temperatures and will quicklysolidify and crystallize, may be employed.
' What I claim is:
1. The process of coating candles, which from the said bath and allowing the adherv 7 ing coat to crystallize.
3. The process of coatin candles, which consists in taking a solidified candle body, dipp' the same in molten paraffin, and there d l er dipping the paraffin coated body in a molten mixture of stearic acid and paraflin, the parafiin being of sufliciently less proportion than the stearic acid to create a crystalline coating when cool, removing the body from said bath and allowing the adof finely cr stallized translucent stearic acid. herin coat to crystallize therein. 6. Acan ecomprisingabodyhaving a-col- 4. candle comprisin a waxen body havored surface and a translucent coating cov- 1 ing a coating of wax and an overlying coatering said surface and of a generally crystal- 5 ing of crystallized material. 7 ?line nature. I I I 5. A candle comprising a waxen body hav- In testimony whereof,'I afiix my signature. ing a coating of wax and an overlying coating DUDLEY G. LEWIS.