US 1726611 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Sept. 3, 1929. w J, COOK 1,726,611
MACHINE FOR PERFORATING PAPER FROM ROLLS Filed Sept. 24, 1925 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 P 1929' J. cooK 1,726,611
MACHINE FOR PERFORATING PAPER FRO! ROLLS Filed Sept. 24, 1925 2 Sheets-Shea 2 l .33 I \Q .30
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Patented Sept. 3, 1929.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
JOSEPH COOK, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TO BLUE VALLEY CREAMERY COM- PANY, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A CORPORATION OI DELAWARE.
MACHINE FOR PERFORATING PAPER FROM ROLLS.
Application filed September 24, 1925. Serial No. 58,463.
This invention relates to a novel and improved machine for marking paper, such as is used for example in wrapping various articles and more particularly to a lnachine for pelrforating paper as itis unwound from a r0 1.
One of the objects of my invention is to provide a machine of the above character which will perforate the paper in the manner desired and which shall do so without danger of tearing or mutilating the same. This object I achieve by employing a roll having means thereon to perforate the paper as it passes the same, but which is not positively rotated, the rotation being caused by the paper itself.
Another object of my invention is -to provide a machine for perforating paper which shall contain improved means for varying the characters formed by the perforations. This I achieve by providing the roll with a plurality of segments so constructed that they may be readily applied to and detached from the roll and each of which has a separate character formed by needles secured thereto.
Further objects of my invention reside in the novel arrangement of elements which provide means for removing and adjusting the roll which carries the perforating means and also the guide roll co-acting therewith; which provide means for keeping the two rolls in alignment; which provide means for readily attaching segments to and detaching them from a roll; and which provide improved means for securing the needles to each segment, these needles forming the character identifying that segment.
In the accompanying drawings I have shown a selected embodiment of my invention.
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a piece of paper perforated by my invention.
Fig. 2 is a side elevation of the machine forming my invention.
Fig. 3 is a rear elevation of the structure shown in Fig. 2, this view being taken from the left of said Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is an exploded view of the needle roll showing the manner of attaching a segment thereto.
Fig. 5 is a longitudinal sectional view through the two rolls at theirpoint of contact and showing the means for the needles to a segment.
Referring now to the drawings 1 designates fastening any suitable frame which may be employed to support thereon a roll of paper 2 from which the paper is unwound as it is perforated, the perforating taking place as the paper passes between the needle roll 3 and the guide roll 4 which rolls are also mounted in the frame.
' I prefer to mount the rolls so that they may e readily removed and adjusted. Various means may be devised for this purpose, but I have shown the needle roll 3 supported on a shaft 3 mountedin bearings 5, each bearing being inserted in place at the bottom of a slot 6 in a standard 7 forming part of the frame. The top of each slot is closed by a swinging block 8 pivoted at 9 on the top of standards, whereby the bearings are held in place in the slots in the standards. The upper roll may be removed from the frame by first loosenlng the tension devices 12 and swinging the blocks 8 to one side so that the bearings 5 may be moved upwardly and through the ends of the slots 6. The lower roll 4 may then be removed from the frame by moving the bearings 15 up into the openings 16 which are of sufiicient size to permit sidewise movement of the bearings 15 therethrough. Adjustment of the roll 4 is effected by adjusting screws 17 disposed in each of the standards 7 and contacting with bearings 15.
Referring now more particularly to Figs. 3 and 4, it will be seen that the needle roll 3 has a portion 18 which is continuous and that this portion terminates in a shoulder 19 in which are provided a plurality of apertures 20. Received on the reduced portion 21 of the roll 3 are a plurality of segments 22 each of which is provided at its end with a projection 23 adapted to be received within one of the apertures 20. The number of segments corresponds to the number of apertures whereby the roll will be completed and present a continuous surface.
obtain various combinations of characters.
Each segment has a certain character thereon formed by a plurality of needles. These needles may be secured to the segment in any desired manner, but I prefer to fasten them in position by means of a plate 24 secured to the body 25 of the segment as by screws 26. The plate is provided with apertures extending therethrough, these apertures being arranged in the form of the desired character and being countersunk at the inner surface of the plate in order to receive the heads of the needles 27. This construction is very fully illustrated in Fig. 5.
' In operation the segments are arranged upon the reduced portion 21 of the needle roll to. form the desired combination of characters. Each segment will have its projection 23 received within a corresponding aperture 20 and each segment will be held in correct position by this engagement and also by engagement of the end 28 of the segment with the shoulder 19. Preferably the surface of the roll is completed by addition of the requisite number of segments so as to leave no gap between segments. A sufiicient number of blank segments may be provided for this purpose. When the segments are in place they are secured by means of a spring clamp 29, which is adapted to be received within the grooves 30in the ends of the segments. These grooves will be in alignment to form one continuous groove, when the segments are all in place. The clamp is made in the form-of a wire ring terminating in handles 31 and 32 which, when pressed together will expand the ring sufficiently so that it may be removed. Endwise movement of the segments 7 is prevented by means of a peripheral shoulder 33 at the end of the reduced portion 21 which shoulder engages the outer ends of the segments.
The needle roll 3 is provided with a peripheral guide 34 engaging in a peripheral guide groove 35 upon the guide roll 4. By this means relative longitudinal movement between the two rolls is prevented. This is very important because such movement might cause displacement of the paper and might also cause damage to the needles 27. The result would be an inaccurate perforating of the paper. The guide roll 4 is further provided with a plurality of peripheral grooves 36 to receive the needles 27. It will be noted that the needles are all disposed upon certain circumferences of the roll 3. That is, a circumference drawn through any one needle will pass through one or more needles in every other character on the roll and all needles are disposed on these circumferences so that they will register with the grooves 36.
paper as shown in Fig. 1.
The machine which I have disclosed above is one which will avoid tearing of the paper '37 which is fed between the rolls. It will be noted that neither roll has any positive driving means, the rotation being caused entirely by the passageof paper therebetween. As shown in Fig. 2 the paper 37 is taken off the roll 2 and trained over the roll 4 and beneath the roll 3. Then as it is pulled off by suitable means (not shown) the two rolls will be rotated and the needles 27 will form the perforated characters 38 in the The segments may be readily removed and changed or replaced so as to provide different combinations of characters or so as to renew a damaged segment if necessary. The number of parts is small and they are of such character as not to be easily damaged. The accuracy of the work is insured by the guide means 34 and 35 and further by the fact that the peripheral speed of the needle roll is the same as the lineal speed of the paper. There is no chance of mutilation of the paper because of different rates of the speed of the paper and the perforating means.
I am aware that changes in the form, construction and arrangement of parts may be made without departing from the spirit and without sacrificing the advantages of the invention and I reserve the right .to make all such changes as fairly fall within the scope of the following claims.
I claim: A
1. A device for marking paper comprising a roll adapted to be rotated by movement of paper thereby. said roll having a reduced portion to provide a shoulder, a plurality of characters on said segments and formed of needles. projections on one end of said segments for engaging the shoulder, and means on the other end of the segments for fastening .the same to the roll. said needles perforating said paper as said roll is rotated.
2. A device for marking paper comprising aroll having a reduced portion, there being a shoulder between the main portion and the reduced portion of the roll. a plu rality of segments engaged with said shoulder and completely surrounding said reduced portion of the roll, said segments forming a continuation of the surface of the main portion of the roll to facilitate rotative movement of the roll induced by movement of paper thereby, and perforating devices carried by said segments.
3. A device for marking paper comprisin a roll having a reduced portion with shoulders at the ends thereof, a plurality of segments surrounding the reduced portion and having their ends abutting said shoulders, devices on the segments at one end thereof engaging one of said shoulders, means for holding the segments at their other ends in engagement with the other shoulder,
and perforating devices carriedby said seg-v between, and nee les on said first-named roll and adapted to engage peripheral grooves in the guide roll for perforating the paper.
5. A device for making paper comprising a roll having means thereon for marking pa-s" per, a guide roll between which and said first named roll said paper is adapted to be fed, a peripheral guide on one of said rolls and a peripheral groove in the other of said rolls Within which said guide is received during rotation of said rolls.
6. A device for marking paper comprising a roll having on its surface a plurality of characters formed by needles, the needles being arranged in circumferences of said roll,
and a guide roll associated with said first named roll and having peripheral grooves within which said needles are received during rotation of said rolls.
7. A device for marking paper com risin a roll having on its surface a plum ity 0 characters formed by needles, the needles being arranged in circumferences of said roll, a guide roll associated with said first named roll and having peripheral grooves within which said needles are received during rotation of said rolls, and means for preventing relative longitudinal movement of said rolls.
8. A device for marking paper comprising a roll having a reduced portion forming a shoulder, a plurality of segments adapted to be supported on said reduced portion and having the ends thereof abutting said sh'oulder, co acting means on said shoulder and on the abutting ends of said segments to place said segments in proper position, and paper marking means carried by certain of said segments.
9. A device for marking paper compris-- ing a roll having a reduced portion forming a shoulder, a plurality of segments adapted to be supported on said reduced portion and having the ends thereof abutting said shoulder, co-acting means on said shoulder and on the abutting ends of said segments to place said segments in proper position. paper marking means carrie by certain of said segments, and means to clamp said segments on said reduced ortion.
10. device for marking paper comprising a roll having a reduced portion forming a shoulder, a plurality of segments adapted to be supported on said reduced, portion and 3 having the ends thereof abutting said shoulder, co-acting means on said shoulder and on the abutting ends of said segments to place said segments in proper position, paper markingmeans earned by certain of said segments, means to clamp said segments on said reduced portion, and means preventing relative longitudinal movement of said segments and said reduced portion.
; .11. A device for marking paper comprising a roll having a reduced portion forming a shoulder, the end of said reduced portion terminating in a peripheral shoulder, a plurality of segments on said reduced portion and received between said shoulders, a plurality of recesses in said first named shoulder, projections on said segments adapted to be received in said recesses, and means for clamping said segments on said reduced portion.
12. A device for marking paper comprising a roll having a plurality of segments removably mounted thereon, each segment comprising a body ortion and a plate secured to the face of said liody portion and a pluralit of needles projecting through said plate and arranged to form a character, said needles being secured to said segment by said plate.
.13. A device for markin paper comprising a roll, a plurality of nee les on the surface of said roll and forming a character, a plate having a ertures through which said needles pass, sai apertures being countersunk at the inner surface of said plate to receive the heads of said needles, heads on said needles received in said countersunk portions, and means for securing said Jplate to said roll.