|Publication number||US1729212 A|
|Publication date||Sep 24, 1929|
|Filing date||Sep 17, 1921|
|Priority date||Sep 17, 1921|
|Publication number||US 1729212 A, US 1729212A, US-A-1729212, US1729212 A, US1729212A|
|Inventors||Fischer Albert C|
|Original Assignee||Carey Philip Mfg Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Sept. 24, 1929. c, I HER OBLIQUE SHINGLE sum Filed Sept. 17, 1921 4 Sheets-Sheet l- ATTORNEY Sept. 24, 1929. A. C. FISCHER I 2 2 QBLIQUE SHINGLE SLAB Filed Sept. 17, 1921 4 Sheets-Sheet. 2
QIEYQR ATTORNEY P 24, 1929- v A. c: FISCHER 1,729,212
OBLIQUE SHINGLE SLAB Filed Sept. l7, 1921 4 Sheets-Sheet 4 Patented Sept. 24, i929 PATENT OFF! ALBERT G. FISCHER, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS,- ASSIGNOR TO THE PHILIP CAREY MANU- FACTURTNG COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF OHIO OBLIQUE SHINGLE SLAB Application filed September Heretofore, pattern designs for shingles were made in multiple units called multishingles. The units had been cut from the roofing sheets so that the slab when applied is laid in a horizontal plane parallel with the eaves of the roof, with all tab ends uniformly cut, simulating individual shingle tabs or exposed surfaces and laid in such a manner that succeeding rows left exposed only the tab ends of the multi-shingle slab. All these designs produced by the exposed tab ends so far produced require being spaced apart by measuring or gauging from the edge of the preceding tabends.
It is also necessary, where laid in this manner, to have free tab ends, which ends have a tendency to curl at the corners, inasmuch as there are no means of fastening due to the necessity of providing for expansion and contraction. They have the same tendency to curl as individual shingles.
My invention provides a novel method of cutting slabs from sheets or combining individual cut pat-terns so that the edge or side of the shingle is either a part'of the body of the slab or is adhesively secured to another. shingle in offset relation, leaving only one tab end free, thus minimizing the curling hazard and preventing the possibility of go blowing up in the wind, which reduces the amount of moisture gathering, after heavy rains, under the shingle tab end.
In fabricating the shingles in this manner they are also self-spacing vertically, as well 15 as horizontally du to Variety in design. The slab designs are so cut that part of the tab end is formed by cutting the pattern part way and completing the pattern with marked lines, which may be placed on the slab by 10 printing, embossing, heatingor any other method which may be found suitable in order to make the markings weatherproofand lasting. In some of the slabs a part of the design iscreated by the cut-out pattern 15 of adjacent slabs, depending upon the marked part of the design to complete the pattern. These slabs are cut so that when laid they are placed obliquely on the roof. The tab ends are arranged along an oblique line in steplike relation so that each succeed- 17, 1921. Serial No. 501,443.
ing tab along an oblique line becomes a unit or partial unit of a succession or series in a horizontal line. If there are four tab ends in the multiple shingle slab, then there will be a shingle tab in each of the four successive tiers or layers of shingle tabs, in horizontal formation, the shingle slab being laid 1 a manner as to make a permanent union and are offset from each other in steplike formation along an oblique line. In this manner each unit so mounted acts as a surfacing or exposed portion and the other parts acts as the base of the succeeding offset shingle unit. As stated before in this case, all lines of the shingle tabs are cut and no markings are necessary. 1 I
While'this description of the fabrication and formation of, multiple shingle slabs and offset shingle slabs is given, I do not wish to be limited in any way to the methods as outlined, as other methods, such as scoring, etc., may be used for marking and difierent methods may be devised for mounting. 1
Nor do I wish to be limited in design or structure as the underlying principle is capable of many modifications and varying" designs.
My invention can be better understood by referring to the following drawings, of which- Figures 1, 2 and 3, respectively, show an embodiment of the invention produced from a single piece of material, an embodiment of similar appearance produced from superposed pieces of material adhered together, and a section of rooting produced by either of said embodiments;
Figures 4, 5 and 6 are views corresponding respectively to Figuresl, 2 and 3, in which lines defining the exposed portion of the slab are modified to produce a different design in the roof Figures 7, 8 and 9 are views corresponding to Figures 1, 2 and 3 showing still another design in which straight lines are employed for defining the margins of the exposed portions of the slabs, while lines developed upon the face of the slab are relied upon for producing still another design in the roof;
Figures 10,11 and 12 are views corresponding to Figures 1, 2 and 3 and in which substantially the same units are employed but in different spacing, which results in a different roof design; 7
Figures 13 to 16 are further illustrations of designs that may be produced, in accordance with the presentinvention;
Figures 17 and 18, respectively, illustrate the design of slab employing reentrant cuts or spaces normal to the roof lines but at an angle to the longitudinal axis of the slab,
and also the appearance developed upon the roof by the use of a slab of this kind;
Figures 19 and 20 are views, respectively, showing a slab and the root appearance developed thereby, in which slab recesses which simulate shingle spaces in the assembly 0 several of such slabs, are made in margins which are vertical to the roof when the slab is in place; a
Figures 21 and 22 are views, respectively, showing a design of slab and the efi'ect of a group thereof, in which edges transverse to the vertical, when the slab is in use, are given a wavy effect for the purpose of developing serpentine lines in the roof;
Figures 23 and 24 are views, corresponding, respectively, to Figures 17 and 18, Figure 23 showing a modification in the form of the lower ends of the tabs, and Figure 24 showing a roof efi'ect developed therefrom when the tabs are superposed with their reentrant cuts or tab spaces arranged in vertical alignment; I
Figures 25 and 26 are views, respectively, showing a single slab and a group of slabs upon a roof, in which the tab is still further modified in form, but in which the roof efiect is produced by superposing slabs with their reentrant tab spaces in vertical alignment;
Figures 27 and 28 are views, respectively, corresponding to Figures 25 and 26 but with still further modification in design and with corresponding grouping upon the roof; and
Figures 29 and 30 are, respectively, views showing a. slab of tabs or units of still another design in the appearance thereof grouped upon'the roof; and
Figure 31 shows a slight modification of the design illustrated in Figure 29.
Figure 1 illustrates an oblique slab multishingle composed of cut edgesas at d and.
marked pattern design as at ,e. The edges shown at d are also cut out due to the previous formed in an oblique line mounted in a steplike relation. In this case the lines at are all cut edges and the individual units are cemented by asphalt or any other suitable binding material. WVhen an adjacent pattern is laid against this shingle a half inch space is permitted within the upper shingles of the slab, ewhich spaces the balance of the shingles of the group an equal distance automatically.
Figure 3 illustrates a roof covering formed from a series of slabs (Figs. 1 and 2) laid in overlying and underlying courses, said slabs beingspaced to simulate individual shingles.
Figure 4 illustrates a hexagon pattern in a slab, showing the lines (Z as being cut patterns and the'lines e as being marked patterns. the ;marked lines to be utilized 'with the cut lines in, simulating a hexagon design.
In Figure 5 the slab or Inulti-shingle is composed of individual units mounted in offset relation and adherently secured together, lines 0! being cut lines, there being no marked lines in the patterns. These units are laid in overlapped relation in such a manner that the lower lines (Z form the lower and upper lines of the pattern while the lines 6 simulate the marked lines of the pattern. v
Figure 6 illustrates the hexagon pattern formed by utilizing Figures 4 and 5.
\ Figure 7 illustrates an oblique shingle slab having cut lines as at d and marked lines as at e. The adjacent slab, in overlapped relation, completes the design when laid so that its lower out line all forms the .upper line of the diamond figure, and the marked lines 6 of the adjacent slab extend upwardly from the point of intersection f.
Figure 8 illustrates diamond shaped units mounted in offset relation, the lines shown as (Z being cut linesso that when an adjacent slabis abutted against a previously laid slab the lower lines of the adjacent slab complete the design of the lower slab.
Figure 9 illustrates cured by utilization of patterns 7 and 8.
In Figure 10, d represents the cut lines and 6 represents the marked lines. The markings in this design are so arranged as to secure an inverted T design when laid. It consists of whatvis known as a standard individual unit shingle.
Figure 11 illustrates the same design prothe diamond design selit) represents the cut lines.
Figure 13 illustrates a slab in which a.
rounded design is secured by cut out and marked lines.
Figure 14 illustrates an imitation tile design. a Figure 15 illustrates a tile design in slab formation. I I
Figure 16 illustrates a tile design produced by assembling individual shingles in offset relation and wherein the tile units alternate in their relation. t
Figure 17 illustrates a slab design in which As can be readily seen all marked lines have been replaced by slots indenting the edge' of the shingle to the points where the units of the adjacent slab' join in steplike formation.
In this manner of cutting the markings are not depended upon to complete the design. The slab as shown in Figure 17 can also be made up of individual units spaced in offset relation.
Figure 18 illustrates the pendantlike arrangement secured upon the roof by the use of the slab shown in Figure 17. a
Figure 19 illustrates a slab in which the lines at are cut lines and the lines e illustrate the marked lines. These shingles can also be formed in offset relation into slab units in the-same manner as the other patterns.
The further indenture allows for an automatic spacing of the units, making the oblique shingle slabs self-spacing in all directions. I
Figure 20 illustrates the appearance on the roof of the slab shown in Figure 19.
Figure 21 illustrates another slab design showing a tile effect in which 12 represents the cut lines and 6 represents the marked lines.
Figure 22 illustrates a design secured by utilizing the slab shown in Figure 21.
Figure 23 illustrates a slab formation in which d represents cut lines and in which all marked lines have been eliminated. Theindividual units may be mounted in offset relation as in other figuresshown.
Figure 24 illustrates the design secured by utilizing the slab shown in Figure 23.
Figure 25 illustrates a diamond ointed slab in which (Z represents the out line, the marked lines being eliminated.
Figure 26 illustrates the design secured when utilizing Figure 25.
- Figure 27 illustrates a slab design composed entirely of cut lines which, whenv mounted upon the roof, create the design shown in Figure 28, namely a hexagon effeet with dividing lines. a
It can be readily understood from the numerous illustrations made, the far reaching possibilities in the oblique construction of shingle slabs whether fabricated out of the individual piece or whether fabricated from individual units mounted obliquely in steplike' formation offset one from the other. I therefore do not wish to be limited in the design or in the direction the oblique line may take, as the principle underlying this construction is unique and capable of many variations beyond those shown. Neither do I wish to be limited in the material utilized in the fabrication of the shingles or slabs shown and described as the patterns permit of the utilization of rigid material, as well as flexible material.
. Figure 29 represents a slab having individual tabs or units in oblique or step-like arrangement, and adapted to produce when assembled on the roof, as shownin Figure 30, an,Italian tile design. As illustrated in Figure 31, which shows twin tabs in oblique or step-like arrangement, the tabs at each step or stage may be more than one.
I claim: 1
1. A shingle slab adapted to be placed upon a building structure in a position diagonal to vertical and horizontal lines of the struc-- ture, said slab being designed to simulate a series of laterally lapped and vertically offset shingle elements, each having its lower weathering portion defined in part by the outline of the slab and in part by lines overlying the adjacent shingle element.
2. In surfacing material for building structures, a plurality of series of slabs, each slab simulating a plurality of shingle elements laterally related and vertically ofiset one to another so as to present the longitudinal axis of the slab in a diagonal direction when the shingle elements are normal to vertical and horizontal lines of the building structure; the slabs in a series being .placed in said diagonal line and those of. one
series being related laterally to those of another series; individual shingle tabs of the several slabs being defined in part by the outline of the slab and in part by lines overlying adjacent shingle elements to simulate a lapped appearance with the individual i shingle elements.
3. Surfacing material comprising shingle slabs arranged obliquely in overlapping relation upon the structure to be covered,.each of said slabs having a plurality of shingle portions disposed diagonally of the slab and disposed so that substantially equal portions of each shingle are exposed.
4. Surfacing material comprising shingle slabs arranged obliquely in overlapping relation upon the" structure to be covered, each of said slabs having a plurality of shingle portionsdisposed diagonally of the slab and disposedso that the exposed parts of each shingle are identical in size and shape.
5. An integral slab of the character described having its upper andvlower border lines arranged in stepped relation and intersected by lines seemingly dividing the slab into a series of separate shingles ar ranged in overlapping relation and extending diagonall the length of the slab.
6. Sur acing material comprising a plurality of slabs adapted to be lapped one upon another and aligned in a direction at a substantial angle to both vertical and horizontal lines'of the structure upon which they are placed, said slabs each having a plurality of diagonally disposed shingle portions arranged so thatwhen the slabs are laid diagonally overlapped each slab has a series of exposed tab ends extending in diagonally stepped relation longitudinally ofthe slab, each of the exposed tabs being of equal area.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto signed my name.
ALBERT C. FISCHER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US5611186 *||Nov 30, 1994||Mar 18, 1997||Elk Corporation Of Dallas||Laminated roofing shingle|
|US5666776 *||Aug 30, 1995||Sep 16, 1997||Elk Corporation Of Dallas||Laminated roofing shingle|
|US8991129 *||Mar 9, 2014||Mar 31, 2015||Kurt Joseph Kramer||Tile and tile assembly for a roof|
|US9212487||Sep 28, 2005||Dec 15, 2015||Elk Premium Building Products, Inc.||Enhanced single layer roofing material|
|USD369421||Mar 17, 1995||Apr 30, 1996||Elk Corporation Of Dallas||Random cut laminated shingle|
|U.S. Classification||52/555, 52/554, D25/139|
|International Classification||E04D1/00, E04D1/26|