US 1730177 A
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Oct. 1, 1929. 1 c. VAN cLx-:AVE
DOLL FOR INSTRUCTION IN COLOR Filed mig. 2, 1927 Heal Wa ier Chlor Pain Z* ea'lA/aer/nroof Pah-1l' Gree/z Yarn lllllllllillh/ 4 llllllI llllri ha www @lfm/fe Patented ocr. 1,'- lea LOBA. C. VAN GLEAVEL F BEAVER CITY, NEBRAS DOLL. lIN1'SELR'UGTION' IN 4COLOR.
Application filed August l2, 1927. Serial No. 210,137,
This invention relates to dolls or. lik'e'toys,
and particularly to dolls designed for the pur-` lpose of teaching children.
The general object of the present inven- 5 tionis to provide certain ligure toys, which I have heretofore referred to as dolls, which yare used in teaching children the primary colors and how, by mixing the primary colors, the complementary colors may be secured, these dolls being used in connection with certain stories to be told to children which will impress these color facts upon their minds.
A further object is to provide three dolls having bodies preferably of yarn or worsted, and, heads which maybe made of rubber, a
portion of the head being painted with Waterproof paint and another portion of the head being painted thickly with water color paint of the same character as the-water-proof paint but which will Wash olf when this portion of the head -is immersed in a water bath so that a portion of the color from the head will be transmitted to the water bath and color the same, thus permitting a complementary. color' to be secured by a mixture of the colors from the heads of two dolls having the primary colors thereon.
In the drawings Figure 1 is an elevation of a doll which, in the game referred to, will be called Mr. Redhead and having certain colors applied to the head thereof; v
Figure 2 is a vertical'section through the head of the doll shown in Figure 1;
Figure 3 is a fragmentary elevation of a portion of a second doll known in the stories or lessons as Yellow Sunshine, constructed in the same manner as the doll shown in Figure 1 Figure 4 is a fragmentary elevation of a portion of a doll to be known in the lessons or stories as Mr. Blue and constructed in the same manner as the dolls shown in Figures 1 and 3. v
All of the dolls are constructed alike and each doll consistspf a body 10 formed of dyed yarn or worsted, this body 10 vbeing yformed of loosestrands of yarn tied together =at the wrists and ankles,as at 11, so as to hold the strings of yarn and at the same time deline somewhat formless hands and feet. The head 12 is formedof a rubber ball. rllhis ball has an opening at the back of they head for a purpose to be later stated and is also formed with a plurality ofy holes 14 through which a cord is run to tie the yarn to the head. -1 The three dolls are alike as regards construction. I have designated the dolls, however, as A, B and C. The doll A, which is known as Mr. Redhead, has the similitude of a face painted upon the rubber ball or head with water-proof paint and the head is 'painted with red Water-proof paint, as at 15, to
designate red hair and above this portion 15 and at the top of the head the head is painted with red water colorvpaint 16. The bo/dy is formed of green'yarn which, it will be under.- stood, is a. complementary color to red.
The doll partially shown in Figure 3 and .lettered B has a body formed of violet yarn.
The head lis painted with water-proof paint as regards .the features and as re ards the markings 16 which indicate locks o hair and a certain portion of the head as, for instance, the space; between the locks is colored with yellow water color paint 17, the greater por-l tion of the head, however, being colored with yellow' w-ater-proof paint 18.
The doll shown partially in Figure 4 and lettered C is to be known as Mr. Blue. The body of `this doll is formedof orange yarn, the face is to be painted with blue waterproof paint, designated 19, While the space between the locks of hair or the top of the head A is to be painted with blue water color paint 20. It will be understood-that while the dolls B and C are only partially' shown in the drawing, these dolls are constructed in precisely of the vbody which is painted partially with water-proof paint and partially with water color paint which, when the head or other Cul portion of the body is dipped in the water,
will come oil to .some extent without obliteratshown in Figure 3 at the other corner of the triangle.
Between each pair of dolls there is disposed a small dish of water and in the middle of the triangle, of which the dolls occupy the corners, there is disposed a dish of water. The dolls are supported in any suitable manner as, for instance, by stick files for papers or like members inserted through the openings 13 in the heads of the dolls. The vtriangle is supposed to indicate a three-cornered house and the dishes of water, fountains disposed' within the house.
.In telling a story to the children which shall impress the primary colors upon them and the complementary colors which are secured by mixing the primary colors, it is assumed that on a day Mr. Redhead (or doll A) washes his head in the fountain between his own corner and the corner occupied by the blue doll and washes some of the red water color into the water so as to make ita pink, and that then the blue doll decided to wash in thepink water and in doing so some of the water color blue is washedoiit'. so that the water is lavender color. Again the red doll washes his head in this water and then when the blue doll again washes his head in the water, the water becomes violet.
They decide then the yellow doll should have a suit of this same violet color in order to make his ellow face more sunny so that they did 1t and found-that red .and blue together make violet which is complementary to yellow. l
In another lesson the red headed doll has its head washed in the water in the fountain between his own and the Ayellow dolls corner,
and thenthe yellow doll washes his head in the water so that the heretofore rose colored water becomes orange and they use this oran e color for the purpose of dyeing a [suit or Mr. Blue which makes his face look and the combination produces a fresh green. 4
Thus the child is tau ht that blue and yellow produce green and t en the child is taught that these two dolls took the green anddyed a suit for Mr. Redhead (or doll A), .this suit making his red hair look redder, for the reason that green is a complementary color to red, as red is for green.
` At last inthe course of the lessons all of i plicated lessons might be taught by means of these dolls. I do not wish to be limited to the exact form of the dolls, as obviously these -might be gotten up in other ways, but it isy essentialthat the doll shall have a head or some other portion of its body so lformed as to have' .water colorpaint applied thereto which, when this` portion of the body is dipped in water, will be to a greater or less extent washed oil', depending upon the depth of the color desired andin the specific lesn sons referred to it is necessary that the body of thedoll shall be colored a color which is complementary to the color of the .remainder of the doll.
I claim 1. A set of dolls for use in color'instruction, each doll having a body and a head, a portion of each doll being coated with water color paint which is removable upon the application of water thereto, the' removab e colorn'sed on one doll being dilerent from the removable color vof any other doll and being capable, upon admixture with the washed-o'color of another doll, of forming' a third color, the removable color of any one doll being different from the removable color of any other doll.
2. A set of three dollslfor use in color instruction, each doll havin a body and a head, and a portion of each dol being coated with a primary color water color pamt capable of coming -o1 u n the application of water thereto, each oll having a prima' color different from the rimary color o any other d'oll, the remova le primary color used on one doll bein capable, upon admixture with the washed-o lprimary color of another doll, of forming a t ird or binary color.
3., A set of three dolls for use in colorinstruction, each doll havin a body and a head, and a portion of each do bein coated with a primary color water color paint capable of vio head and capa weer?? coming ofi upon the application of water strands being tied at thegextremities -of the thereto, the removable primary color used on` one doll being diderent from the primary color of any other doll and bein capable, upon admixture with the washed-o primary color of another doll, of forming a third or binary color, the body of each doll having a color formed by a combination oi the colors of two other dolls, and said body color of any one doll being complementary to the reinove4 able color'carried by the same doll.
4;. A set of three dolls for use in color in struction, each doll having a body formed oi colored yarn and having a head, the head being colored with one of the primary colors arms. A
ln testimony vwhereof li hereunto a my signature.
and the color over a portion of said head being removable by immersion in water, each doli having its head coated with a dierent primary color romthe primary color of other doll and the color of the body or eac doll being complementary to the color oi its le of being formed by the combination of .the removable colors 'om the heads of the two other dolls.
5. A set of three dolls for use in color inl head with water-proof paint, a ortion of the head of each doll being painte with water color paint removable bg' immersion, the
removable paint on thehea of 'each doll being o .f' a primary color, the removable-.primary color on the head of one doll being different from the rimary color on the head of any other do the color of the body of.
each doll being different from the. color of the body of any other doll and being comple# mentary to the removable color on the head of the same doll and the color of the'body of each doll being capable of be' forme by the combination of the remo'va le colors of the heads of the two other dolls.
' at and stran head ing divided to form two arms,. the
, 7. A doll of the character described, having a bod of yarn, and the head formedof ell perforated at'theneck certainV strands of the yarn forming the body beinga hollow passed through certain rforations of the neck with the bilght portions thereof engag- Ailig dhs -lmdtiiigial f th bemg t e epen rtionso eyar mtermingled the yarn of the body, the
yarn at the end op 'te the head being di vided to form two e with the strands tied Y of yarnadjant the and a hollow-rubber head attached to the ody, a rtion of the head and the fea-V tures of eac doll being painted upon the f etween the-perforation'and l esA l. loo