|Publication number||US1733451 A|
|Publication date||Oct 29, 1929|
|Filing date||Jun 15, 1927|
|Priority date||Jun 15, 1927|
|Publication number||US 1733451 A, US 1733451A, US-A-1733451, US1733451 A, US1733451A|
|Inventors||Alfrie E Dixon|
|Original Assignee||Alfrie E Dixon|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (3), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 29, 1929. A. E. DIXON LAMP SHADE AND PROCESS OF MAKING THE SAME Filed June 15. 1927 Patented Oct. 29, 1929 UNITED STATES .anrnm 1:. 151x011, or MINNEAroLis, MINNESOTA LAMP SHADE AND PROCESS OF MAKING THE SAME Application filed June 15,
This invention relates to ornamental lamp shades and the process of making the same, and especially to lamp shades of the beaded or crystalline type.
a This invention is an improvement on the invention disclosed in my United States Letters Patent Number 1,585,379, issuedMay 18th, 1926.
The main object of mypresent invention m is to provide a lamp shade of beautiful appearance, both when illuminated and when not illuminated, comprising a minimum number of parts, and capable of being manufactured at small cost.
It is a further object of the present invention to simplify the construction of beaded lamp shades to produce a durable device having a new ornamental appearance without necessitating the use of a skeleton supporting 2o frame.
'A still further object is to provide a new beaded lamp shade, wherein the material upon which the beads are afi'ixed constitutes.
the frame of the shade and moreover contribi. utes greatly to the ornamental effect and general appearance of the finished product.
Another object is to provide a sim le but eflicient process for manufacturing a eaded lam 30 will be apparent from the following description made in connection with the accompanying drawings wherein like reference characters refer to similar parts throughout the 5 several views, and in which;
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a preferred embodiment of my invention, with some portions broken away to show successive layers or strata aflixed to the frame;
Fig. 2 is a fragmentar cross section taken. on an enlarged scale, ta en on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the blank from which the body of the shade is constructed; 45 an shapes and desi such as lacquer or shellac 7, which forms com- 65 ner and outer surfaces, or if desired, on moresha e Tliese and other'ob ects of the inventionmay be trimmed with ornamental braid or d 1927. Serial No. 198,929.
' Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a modified form of the invention with some port-ions broken away.
In the manufacture of the device herein illustrated, a body of finely divided wire net- 50 ting 5, such as ordinary household screening 15 utilized. This may e cut to give various s, when assembled and in the drawings is s own as cut out in segmental shape.
, This blank is next shaped and the lateral edges secured together by any suitable means, such as by paper fasteners or wire'.
Said screen body may then be rovided with upper and -lower reinforced oops a 00 and y, respectively, if desired, althou h the same may be omitted. The body so orl'ned is then coated on both sides or embedded in some transparent self-hardening material,
paratively smooth or glazed surfaces when dry. Pictorial designs'S may be painted or otherwise afiixed to either the inner or outer surfaces of the body so formed and the decorated body may then be coated on both inly the outer surface with some adhesive transparent self-hardening substance, such as Vannish, for'ming layers 9 on the body, as shown in the drawings.
Said coatings 9 maybe a plied-by brushm but are preferably efiecte by dipping the bodyv into the material. Y
Before coatings-'9 have dried or hardened a layer or layers of finely divided transparent particles, such as glass beads or crystals are scattered or blown by an air brush against the adhesive surfaces of the bodyi Both outer and inner surfaces may be. covered by a layer 1-0 of said glass particles or beads ifdesired. 'A more beautiful effect is obtained by covering both surfaces. y
. The upper and lower edges of the shade metal beading 11 bound around said edges through screening 5.
The product formed will present a very beautiful. crystalline appearance and the metal screening will show faintly through the outer layer of beads and through the desi us on the shade. The metal screening, when viewed through the layer of beads gives a frosted shimmery efiect to the shade, reflecting minute light rays through the beads or crfiystals when the shade is illuminated. The e ect of this netting, viewed through the beads also gives the appearance of etched glass which in combination with the design and colors which may be used is vlery beautiful and ornamental. The prismatic effect of the shade is greatly intensified when illuminated and if the designs are painted on the inner glazed layer 7 the-shade will present a considerably different appearance when illuminated than when not illuminated.
The modification shown in Fig. 4 is similar in every respect to the preferred embodiment with the exception that a light, semitransparent covering 12 is stretched over the outer surface of the shade proper. This covering 12 may be provided with various ornamental designs and the crystalline effect of of woven metallic netting, said netting being of sufficient rigidity to hold its shape, a coating of self-hardening transparent material on said body covering the meshes from said netting and permitting the metal to be viewed therethrough, and a layer of transparent prismatic particles over said coating and embedded therein, said metallic netting reflecting and diverting minute rays through said prismatic particles, and moreover being visible therethrough.
In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.
ALFRIE E. DIXON.
the shade will not be present until the shade is illuminated. Thus, as in the patent described in my prior patent heretofore identified, when illuminated the designs painted or afiixed to the glazed layers 7' will be brought out and due to the transparency of the fabric covering the crystalline particles will shine through and the shade will have an entirely"' diiferent appearance than when unlighted.
From the foregoing description it will be seen-that I have invented an extremely simple but highly ornamental lamp shade capable of being manufactured at very little expenseand requiring a minimum number of parts. The screening constitutes the body of the shade and does not need to be stretched in the manner of cloth shades. No skeleton frame is needed and the netting itself contributes greatly :to the ornamental appearance of the completed shade.
It will, of course, be understood that various changes may be made in the form, details. proportions and arrangement of parts without departing from the scope of the invention.
What is claimed is:
1. A. lamp shade comprising a hollow body of metallic netting, a coating of self-hardenng transparent material on said body covermg the meshes of said netting and permitting e metal to be viewedtherethrough, and'a' layer of glass particles over said coating, said metallic nettlng. reflecting minute lightrays tl ropgh sand particles to produce a prismatic e ec 2. A lamp shade comprising ahollow body
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|US7874705||Oct 1, 2008||Jan 25, 2011||Marnie Deacon Kenney||Cover for a luminary device|
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|U.S. Classification||362/357, 428/34.5, 428/196, 428/206, 428/209, 428/149|