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Publication numberUS1734186 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 5, 1929
Filing dateJul 12, 1927
Priority dateJul 14, 1926
Publication numberUS 1734186 A, US 1734186A, US-A-1734186, US1734186 A, US1734186A
InventorsErneste Tittel, Lucien Weidmann
Original AssigneeErneste Tittel, Lucien Weidmann
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Fire-extinguishing arrangement
US 1734186 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Nov. 5, 1929. L. WEIDMANN ET AL 1,734,186


This invention relates to a fire-extinguishing arrangement in which, at a conflagration, an extinguishing fluid is used for extinguishing the lire. The arrangement according to the invention is characterized in that a shutting oif disk, which normally shuts off the passage for the extinguishing fluid, has around a fusible portion an electric heating Wire which is inserted in a circuit to be automatically closed when a conflagration occurs, so that the heating wire is heated by the electric-current and causes fusing at the. fusing point of the cutting oif disk, so that the outflow for the fluid is liberated.

The circuit is preferably closed at a conflagration by means of a mercury-contactdevice which, when being heated, closes, owing to the expansion of the mercury, two contact-poles in the circuit.

In the circuit an electric-alarm may be arranged.

An embodiment of the invention is illustrated, by way of example, in the accompanying drawing in which:

Fig. 1 shows in longitudinal section a conduit for water under pressure in which an element of the arrangement is mounted.

Fig. 2 is a cross section of Fig. 1.

Fig. 3 shows diagrammatically the total arrangement.

As extinguishing-fluid ordinary water under pressure from a water-main 1 is used. Close to the outlet of the water-main 1 a disk 2 (Fig. 1) is arranged which normally shuts off the water-main and is placed over the end of the water-pipe like a cap. A cylindrical central portion 3 of disk 2 has preferably a thinner wall than the body proper of the disk and further an annular flange 1 by means of which the disk is securely held in the waterpipe 1 between two pieces of the pipe which are screwed the one into the other. The shutting oif cap 2, 4 is made of a material which is resistant to the water-pressure but easily fusible, as for instance celluloid.

Around the cylindrical portion 3 of disk 2 an electric heating wire 5 is placed which is bent to form a ring not completely closed, the two ends of the wire 5 projecting from 205,185, and in Switzerland July 14, 1926.

the pipe and being connected to a circuit 6 (Fig. 3).

When an electric-current flows through the heating wire 5, the heating wire is heated and causes at the points where it bears on the cylindrical portion 3 of disk 2 fusing of this portion so that the disk 2 is torn off under the pressure of the water along its circumference, remaining however attached to the. ring-shaped portion 3 at the point which corresponds to the open portion of the ringshaped heating wire (Fig. 2), so that the water can flow out.

The circuit 6 is closed by means of a mercury-contact-tube 7 (Fig. 3) the mercury in which, expanding at a confiagration and owing to the increasingtemperature, closes the circuit at the two contact poles 8 and 9. In the circuit 6 an electric alarm-bell 10 is mounted so that an alarm-signal is given at the closing of the circuit.

Instead of water under pressure any other liquid or gaseous fire-extinguishing fluid may be used.

The shutting off disk-device might be used on any fire extinguishing apparatus; it is of very simple construction and of secure and rapid effect.

We claim:

1. A fire extinguishing arrangement comprising in combination a pressure conduit for extinguishing fluid, a disk having a body portion normally closing said conduit, a marginal portion clamped to the conduit and an intervening fusible portion, an electric heating wire nearly but not completely surrounding said fusible portion of the disk, an electric circuit to which said heating wire is connected, and means for automatically closing said circuit when a conflagration occurs so that current flowing through the heating wire will fuse that part of the fusible portion of the disk engaged by the wire, leaving an intact part connecting the separated body of the disk with the clamped marginal portion and on which the disk body may swing to open the conduit for fluid flow.

2. A fire extinguisher of the character set forth in claim 1 wherein the fusible portion who: disk is relatively thinner than the disk 87A fire extinguisher of the character set forth in claim 1 wherein the marginal and fusible portions of the disk and the heating wire are clam ed between the opposed faces of two couple conduit sections.

In testimony whereof we aflix our signatures.


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US2426808 *Dec 14, 1943Sep 2, 1947Auer GustavusSafety valve
US2437836 *Apr 7, 1945Mar 16, 1948Grant Oil Tool CompanySafety pressure release
US2493644 *Apr 26, 1944Jan 3, 1950Automatic Sprinkler CorpPressure releasing device
US2679414 *Feb 1, 1949May 25, 1954Ingersoll Rand CoSeparator for shafts
US2998018 *Jul 6, 1959Aug 29, 1961Lockheed Aircraft CorpElectro thermal valve
US3613795 *Aug 13, 1969Oct 19, 1971Air BalanceElectrically and/or thermally actuated release link
US4046157 *Nov 4, 1975Sep 6, 1977Jean Michel CazalaaElectrical control for inflating valve for containers for compressed liquefied or dissolved gas
US6102897 *Nov 17, 1997Aug 15, 2000Lang; VolkerMicrovalve
US6382234 *Sep 3, 1997May 7, 2002Weatherford/Lamb, Inc.One shot valve for operating down-hole well working and sub-sea devices and tools
US6866057 *Apr 2, 2002Mar 15, 2005Buehrle, Ii Harry W.Thermal-pressure relief device
US7819198Feb 15, 2006Oct 26, 2010Birckhead John MFriction spring release mechanism
US20060249285 *Feb 15, 2006Nov 9, 2006Birckhead John MFriction spring release mechanism
US20110083756 *Aug 19, 2010Apr 14, 2011Hyundai Motor CompanyCompressed gas safety discharge system
US20160033085 *Jul 29, 2015Feb 4, 2016Lightsail Energy, Inc.Compressed gas storage unit and fill methods
US20160102773 *Oct 13, 2015Apr 14, 2016Graviner Ltd KiddeFrangible diaphragm for use in a valve mechanism
DE1201145B *Sep 29, 1961Sep 16, 1965Graviner Manufacturing CoFerngesteuerte Sperreinrichtung fuer Schieber od. dgl.
WO1998022738A1 *Nov 17, 1997May 28, 1998Volker LangMicrovalve
WO1999027285A1 *Nov 18, 1998Jun 3, 1999Chengeta, CuthbertRadiation actuated valve
U.S. Classification169/19, 169/61, 220/89.4, 169/42, 137/72
International ClassificationA62C35/58, A62C35/60
Cooperative ClassificationA62C35/605
European ClassificationA62C35/60B