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Publication numberUS1737176 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateNov 26, 1929
Filing dateDec 21, 1922
Priority dateDec 21, 1922
Publication numberUS 1737176 A, US 1737176A, US-A-1737176, US1737176 A, US1737176A
InventorsRoss Allen R
Original AssigneeRoss Allen R
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Oven door
US 1737176 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A. R. ROSS Nov. 26, 1929.

OVEN DOOR Fired Dec. 21. 1922 INVENTOR zfl/e/i 1?. Ross i I ATTORNEY Patented Nov. 26, 1929 U5 5; at S'EATES ALLEN R. ROSS, F SEATTLE, WASHINGTON OVEN DOOR Application filed December 21, 1922. Serial No. 608,315.-

My invention relates to the art of baking oven doors.

In baking ovens it is necessary that the heat developed be conserved in every way possible for economical operation. Particularly is this true when electricity is employed as the source of the heat, otherwise the cost of operation is prohibitive or very seriously reduces the otherwise possible profit. Ordinarily in the ovens as hereto designed and used, the

door becomes very hot and renders the position of the operator very uncomfortable; that is, the operator whose duty it is to supply to and remove from the oven the articles to be baked. A primary object of my invention is to provide an oven door of such design that itwill afford efficient insulation against the escape of the heated air in the oven compartment.

Again it is important that the construction be of such design that the door can be manufactured on a large scale, or production basis, at a minimum cost. Moreover, the great heat encountered by the oven doors tends to warp them so that they permit the escape of the heat and this holds true when even the distortion is of small degree. A primary purpose of my invention is to provide an oven door of such design and construction that it can be most economically manufactured and yet embodying such principles of construction that it will efficiently resist any such distorting effect of the heat.

In providing a counterweightfor the oven 5 door, room must be provided in which this weight may operate, and if this room is secured by merely building out the front of the oven with a metal frame, the ditliculty of too greatan escape of the heat would ordinarily be encountered as there would be nothing but the thin wall of the said frame. If this extra room is secured by recessing the oven wall, either a sacrifice of oven capacity or insulation is the result. Also such solutions involve a complex construction which unduly increases the cost. -A primary object of my invention is to provide an oven door of economical construction with a counterweight without sacrificing either oven capacity or insulation.

Furthermore, it is important that the baking oven door be capable of maintaining its position at different degrees of opening. In some instances, as when pies or cookies are being baked, it is only necessary to open the oven door to a small extent, and when bread or high cakes are being baked, then it is necessary for the door to swing open widely and in all cases continue in said degree of open position, as desired by the operator. That is, theheat is prevented from escaping by an undue opening of the door if the article being baked does not require a large opening. A primary object of my invention is to provide an oven door which will be capable of maintaining itself in such degree of open position as the operator may desire; that is, the degree of opening may be suited to the article being baked.

Finally it is the object of my invention to provide an oven door which will combine all of the above named advantages and objects in one construction.

The above mentioned general objects of my invention, together with others inherent in the same, are attained by the mechanism illustrated in the followin drawings, the same being merely a preferred exemplary form of embodiment of my invention, throughout which drawings like reference numerals indicate like parts:

Figure 1 is a view in front elevation of an oven door embodying my invention;

Fig. 2 is a view in cross section on dotted line 2, 2 of Fig. 1;

Fig. 3 is a view in cross section showing the swinging members constituting the door in full open position and also in half-way open position as indicated by the members shown in dotted line;

Fig. i is a View of one of the swin ing members illustrating the construction of the same, showing a portion of the sheet metal covering torn away to disclose the tubular frame construction and the heat insulating material disposed between the metal facings covering said tubular frame; and

Fig. 5 is a view in cross section on dotted line 5, 5 of Fig. 3 of one end portion of the oven door frame.

63 ably disposed any known heat insulating inn- 5 members 7. An inner swinging member 8 is pivotally mounted at 9 to said frame (3. An outer swinging member IO'isTsimilarly pivotally mounted at 11 to a downwardly projecting part 12 of said frame 6, said outer swinging member being .in spaced; relation to the swinging member 8 whereby is provided a recess 13 beneath the doors when the doors are in closed position.

The swinging members :are similarly "con- 15 strueted, having preferably a tubular frame "14, over which sheet-metal facings 15 and 16 are provided, preferably by spot welding the s'ameto saidframe. -'In between said sheet "metal facings 15- and 16insulating material 5017. is'disposed;

be solid rod 18 is caused to extend through thefipper tubular frame member and on the 'ends ot this "'r'o'd' 18 is provi ded' a counter- *weight'm of suitable magnitude.

once-e sidewalls Oran: frame are provided bufietiiig strips 20 and 21, on the faeeof which isprefer'ablyprovided'an asbestoss'trip 22 and'23;which materially 'aids'in producing a tightfitb'etween'tlie swinging members and "E0 "the side (strips. A tight fit is provided be- .tween'tlie bottom portion of the oven 'door frame andthe swinging member, owing to members 8 and 10 into open position that first 'the'fa'ct that the edge 24"0f the swinging member 10 is circular in form, (the corre- 'o'iidin lower ed 'e of swin ing member 8 D D b likewise preferably of circular form) and furthermore, the swinging members are of such relat ve size as respects the frame and 'so 'pivotally mounted as 'to' cause them to 40 lia'ngf diagonally in said frame when in closed position.

The mode of operation of an oven door @311- bodyii my invention is as follows:

The doors being pivoted at 9 and ll results in the-spaced relationship forming thereby the recess 13. This recess 13 constitutes a wall of dead air, which functions ciliciently as an insulating medium against the escape of heat by induction through the swing members. The tubular frame work affords an exceptionally high degree of stillness tn the swinging member which renders it capable of overcoming the distorting effect due to the high heat of the oven. This frame is preferably constructed by electrically welcing the parts together. By having the frame of tubular construction, a necessary thickness is cured for the door between the sheet metal covering 15 and 16 in which space is prefer terial. Moreover, the tubular form of frame member provides just the neces form for the insertion of the rod 18, hperforms the double function of ailordin a pivoting means for the swinging member and in a plane beneath that of pivot point 9. The

counterweight 19 is of a size and is mounted at such distance from the pivot point 11 as to not interfere with the oven door for the compartment immediately above and yet capable of developing such momentof force 'as will balance the weight of the two swing- -ing members 10 and 8. It will be noted that the upper portions of the rod 18, on which the counterweight 19 is mounted, dov not .lie

in the planeof the swinging member, but form an obtuse angle 25. In this wise,-tlic effect of'the counterweight to open the door isv avoided, when the door is in closed posi-=.

tion, and by having the center of the counterweight movc to apoint that lies in aplane back of the vertiealplane through the pivot point 11, causes said counterweight to operate to hold the swinging member 10 in closedposition. I 7

It is obvious that in moving the swinging the swinging member 10 is moved upwardly until it engages the swinging member 8. At first the engagement, by swinging member 10 with the swinging member 8, is not very'far removed fromthe lower edge of said swinging member 8. Obviously the distance from said engaging point to the pivot point 9 constitutes a relatively long lever arm so that initially the swinging member 8 does not require a great deal of effort in moving the same upward. However, as the opening continues, the engagement of swinging member 10 with swinging member 8 moves towards pivot point 9; that is, the lever arm shortens and nearly the full weight of swinging member 8 comes upon the swinging member 10 so that the effort required in opening or maintaining in open position is increased. It will be noted that the effort resulting by the ac tion of gravity upon the counterweight is made to correspond with the increased demand as immediately set forth. As the counterweight m ves forward of the vertical plane through the pivot point 11, the moment of force is gradually increased so that the iiicreased effort is supplied and there results a balancing of the moments of force on the pivot point 11. In this wise the doors are caused to maintain the degree of openness to w iich they may be actuated by the operator tial or entire.

Obviously, changes may be made in the forms, dimensions and arrangement of the parts of my invention, without departing from the principle thereof, the above setting forth only a preferred form of embodiment.

I claim:

1. An oven door embodying a frame; an inner and an outer swinging member pivotallv mounted in said frame at such a spaced istance that a wall of insulating air is provided between said members in closed position and the two members are in engaging relation when moved into open position; and a counterweight mounted upon one of said swinging members whereby, when said memher is moved into open position, it will maintain both of said swinging members in open positions.

2. An oven door embodying a frame; an inner and an outer swinging member pivotally mounted in said frame at such a spaced distance thata wall of insulating air is provided between said members in closed position and the two members are in engaging relation when moved into open position; buffeting means secured to said frame at each end of said swinging members and engaged by said members when the same are in closed position, and a counterweight mounted upon one of said swinging members whereby, when said member is moved into open position, it will maintain both of said swinging members in open position.

3. An oven door embodying a frame; an inner and an outer swinging member pivotally mounted in said frame at such a spaced distance that a wall of insulating air is provided between said members in closed position and the two members are in engaging relation when moved into open position, and said members being of a size greater than the opening they are intended to close in said frame, that is they hang diagonally in said frame whereby a door, close-fitting along its lower edge is provided; and a counterweight mounted upon one of said swinging members whereby, when said member is moved into open position, it will maintain both of said swinging members in open position.

4:. An oven door embodying a frame; an inner and an outer swinging member pivotally mounted in said frame at such a spaced distance that a wall of insulating air is provided between said members in closed position and the two members are in enga ing re lation when moved into open position, and said members being of a size greater than the opening they are intended to close in said frame, that is, they hang diagonally in said frame whereby a door, close-fitting along its lower edge is provided; and a counterweight mounted upon one of said swinging members whereby, when said member is moved into open postion, it will maintain both of said swinging members in open positions, said counterweight having its center of mass in a vertical plane passing between the pivot points of said swinging members when said members are in closed position.

5. An oven door embodying a frame; and an inner and an outer swinging member in spaced reiation when in closed position, WIACICUF a wall of insulating air is provided therebetween said members being pivotally suspended by their upper edges in said frame and disposed to swing inwardly, and one of said members being in a plane when closed,

which plane forms an-angle other than 90 degrees with the floor-of said frame.

6. An oven door embodying a frame; an inner and an outer swinging member pivotally mounted in said frame in spaced relation, the pivot point of the outer-swinging mem her being in a lower plane than the pivot point of the inner swinging member; and a counterweight mounted -upon% theouter swinging member whereby,'by reason, of-said arrangement of said pivot points and said spaced relation of the swinging members, the moments of force developed on the pivot point of the outer door arercaus'ed to be so nearly balanced that the'doorcontinues in open position at various degrees of openness.

7. An oven door embodying a frame; an inner and an outer swinging member pivotally mounted in said frame at such a spaced distance thatta wall of insulating air is provided between said members in clos'edposition and the two members" are in engaging relation when moved'into open position; and a counterweight operatively disposed'with respect to one of said members, whereby when said member is moved into open position, it will maintain both of said swinging members in open position.

8. An oven door embodying a frame; an inner and an outer swinging member mounted independently of each other throughout their iength in said frame, said members being in spaced relation when closed whereby a wall of insulating air is provided therebetween; and means operatively disposed with respect to one of said members whereby when said member is moved into open position it-will maintain such member in open position and such member in turn will be caused to engage the other swinging member'and maintain it in open position.

9. An oven door embodying a frame, said frame projecting beyond the face of the oven; an inner and an outer swinging member pivotally mounted in said frame at such a spaced distance that a wall of insulating air is provided between said members in closed position and the two members are in engaging relation when moved into open position; supporting members mounted on one of said swinging members; and a counterweight operatively disposed on said supporting members, said counterweight functioning as a handle for said oven door, whereby when saidmember is moved into open position, it will maintain both of said swinging members in open position, and when in closed position, said counterweight will be in spaced relation to the face of said oven.

10. An oven door embodying an inner and an outer swinging member mounted independently of each other throughout their length, suspended by their upper edges in said frame and disposed to swing inwardly, said members being in spaced relation when closed and in direct engaging position one with the other when one of said members is actuated into open position.

11. An oven door embodying a frame; an inner and an outer swinging member pivotally mounted in said frame at such a spaced distance that a wall of insulating air is provided therebetween when said members are in closed position, said members being in direct engaging position one with the other when one of said members is moved into open position and said members being of a size greater than the opening they are intended to close in said frame, whereby a door close fitting along its lower edge is provided.

12. An oven door structure comprising a door frame, an inner and on outer door pivotally supported in said door frame, and means. for positively swinging one of said doors from open to closed position, or the reverse, the other door being positioned to be contacted by the first door as the latter swings open to be moved into fully open position thereby, and to swing shut by gravity as the first door moves towards closed position.

13. An oven door structure comprising a door frame, an inner and an outer door spaced at all points when in closed position, and both pivotally supported at their upper edges from said door frame, means for swinging the outer door, the inner door being positioned adjacent to the outer door to be engaged and opened thereby as the outer door swings open, and to swing shut by gravity as the outer door moves towards closed position, and in closed position to lie with its lower edge in contact with said door frame.

14. An oven door structure comprising a door frame, an inner and an outer door spaced from each other when in fully closed position, and both pivotally supported from said door frame above their centers of gravity to swing inwards, means for positively swinging the outer door, the inner door being free to swing downward into closed position by gravity. and positioned to be engaged by the outer door in opening to be swung open thereby.

15. An oven door structure comprising a door frame including an inwardly directed sleeve, a door pivotally supported from said frame by its upper edge. and adapted to come to rest by gravity with its lower edge engaging the lower surface of said sleeve, and laterally directed flanges projecting from-the sides of said sleeve to engage and seal the side edges of said door when in closed position.

In witness whereof, I hereunto subscribe my name this 18th day of November, A. D. 1922.

ALLEN R. ROSS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4368664 *Nov 3, 1980Jan 18, 1983Donald P. SmithApparatus to transfer heat to a product and side loading door therefor
US4372820 *Feb 17, 1981Feb 8, 1983Wilputte CorporationChuck door for coke oven pusher side door and heat radiation shield
DE1213560B *Mar 24, 1962Mar 31, 1966Steinmueller Gmbh L & CAnordnung zur Abdichtung einer Feuerraumoeffnung
Classifications
U.S. Classification126/191, 126/190, 202/242
International ClassificationF24C15/02
Cooperative ClassificationF24C15/02
European ClassificationF24C15/02