US 1738821 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. l0, 19,29.
F. W. GIBSON CONTAINER Filed March 2, 1928 wwf lrlagl/ Patented Dec. 10, 1929 ldl'lD STATES N 'l' O F F l C E CONTAINER Application led March 2, 1928. Serial No. 258,474.
My present invention relates to multiple unit containers of suspended series type and aims to provide a hanging stack of receptacles for vegetables or other articles.
W'hile the purposes and usefulness of my containers are many and wide its household utility for domestic storage as in the case of vegetables is so illustrative that l refer particularly to it.
I Such a use illustrates the need of a simple, handy container, capable of being nested for shipment or storage and of expansion or enlargement by additions to meet growing needs or developing system in use.
Such a container series I have illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which Fig. 1 shows a characteristic arrangement of suspended stack Fig. 2 a fragmentary section Fig. 3 a view showing three nested units.
In the embodiment shown l have provided a series of unitary bins or containers each comprising a back wall l having at top and bottom oppositely turned lips l and l2.
Adjacent the top I provide keyhole openings by which the container may be supported or if at the hea-d of a suspended stack may support the rest.
When so hung the back wall 1 will be vertical and so considered the front wall 2 which inclincs toward it has an inward slant.
rlhe frontwall 2 is also of less height than the rear wall l so that the sides 3 which have downwardly inclined upper edges 3 make a rather quick departure from the horizontal and so clear the bottom 4f of any similar container from which it may be suspend ed.
Each bin is capable of supporting by its lower lip l2 another bin unit which may be engaged with it by its upper and outwardly hooked lip l.
rll`he side walls 3 are of sufficient upward flare to provide for a nesting of the bin units -for convenience in packing and storing.
"lhe side walls 3 are preferably perforated for ventilation but such perforation is not carried to the bottom so that there will be no escape of earth or loosened particles as the bin units are readily separable and can be emptied and washed.
By reason of their construction each bin unit while a complete individual container in itself may become a part of a stack by simply engaging its upper edge of its back wall l with the lower edge of the bin above it. lVhen so engaged the pressure resultant of the overhang of the front wall 2 keeps each bin individually and the sack as a whole against the wall, door or other surface on which the stack is hung.
The downward slant of the upper edge of the side wall 3 and the lowered upper edge of the front wall 2 gives ready access to each bin interior when in the suspended stack formation.
As above pointed out the load pressure of each bin gives an inward resultant to its bottom and any additional pressure as by hand contact in reaching in has a similar inward resultant. This keeps positive contact between its own bottom engagement with the top of the next lower bin and is resisted by the load resultant of the bin next above it.
The size of my bins may be varied for different needs and diderent uses. il/Thilo re* ferred to as vegetable bins that of course is merely illustrative of a use in fulfilment of a common need. l/liithin the indicated limits proportions may be changed but the overbal- 4ance of the front for maintainance of interlock and wall pressure is of great advantage and the nesting is of obvious importance because while a purchaser may start with a single bin or purchase additional bin units from time to time, the nesting makes it possible t'or the purchaser to carry home several units at once, or to have them deliv red or mailed with little necessary packing.
l/Vhat li therefore claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
l. A multiple suspension stack comprising similar detachable interchangeable upper and lower unit members, each unit comprising a bottom and a back wall, an outwardly hooked lip on the top of said back wall and an invvardly turned lip on the bottomV of said back wall, a front wall of lesser height than saidrear wall and having an inward slant, side walls uniting said back and front Walls and having inclined upper edges whereby ready access to interior offeach unit is provided, the outwardly hooked lip on the top of the back wall of the lower unit adapted tovengage the inwardly upturned lip on the bottom of the back wall of the upper unit whereby the pressure resultant of the overhang `of the front wall holds the bottom .of each unit against the structure from which the stack is hung and tends to prevent dis-V engagement of said lip.
' 2. A -Inultiple suspension -stack comprising similar detchable interchangeable upper .and lower unit members, each unit comprising a bottom and a back wall having .at 19p and bottom oppositely turned lips, a front wall ,of lesser height `than said rear wall y,andhaving an inward slant, ,side Ywalls uniting said .back ,and iront walls and having inclined upper edges whereby ready access to interior of Ieach unit is provided, the lip on the top of the back wall of the lower unit :adapted to engage the inwardly upturned llip on the lbottom of ,the back wall of the upper unit .whereby :the ressure resultant of the overhang of the ront wall holdsthe bottom of each unit against the structure Afrom which the stack isVv hung y,and tends to prevent disengagemenwfsaid lin i A3, A multiple suspension stack comprising similar detachable' interchangeable upper and lower Vunit members, each mit compr-sing albottom and a back wall having at top andfbottomoppositely turned lips, a front -wall of lesser 'height than said rearwall,;side walls unitingsaid back and gfront walls and .havinggnclined upper edges whereby ready vaccess to interior of `each -unit it provided the lip .on ,the l, top of the back wall of the lower 4unit adapted to engage .the inwardly upturned lip on the bottom of the back wall ,of I,the yupper unit whereby `'the pressure resultant of ,the overhang of the front wall holds 1the bottoni ofeach unit against the structure fromwhich the stack is hung `and tends to prevent-disengagement of said lip.
4. A multiple suspension stack comprising lsimilar ,detachable interchangeable upper andlower unit members, each unit comprisinge, bottomfand a back wall having at top and bottom oppositely turned lips, a front wall of lesser `height lthan said rear wall and having an inward slant,l side walls uniting said back and liront walls, the lip `on the .top
'Qf fthe :bwk Wall' .Of the lower unit adapted to engage the inwardly upturned Vlip on the betteln 0f Ahe back :iv-al1 .of the upper unit whereby the pressure' resultant ,of vthe overhang `of the fTfODt Wall h Qlds 'the bottom of @0h 'lL-Di@ aglllt ,the StiI1,1C,..ure from which the $39k :iS hung :Mld :tends to prevent disengagement .rolf said .lip.
lmQny .whereof I aiix ml FRNQIS signature.