US 1738902 A
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during the course of playing the game, will Patented Dec. 10, 1929 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE,
LUCY HOWARD, or ARTWELL, GEORGIA CARD GAME This invention relates to card games and is designed particularly for use in playing a game of rainbow, although various other card games may be played with the deck of cards described hereinafter.
An object of the invention is to provide a deck of cards of a predetermined number with which a game may be played that is in-. structive to children of all ages, and which,
teach them color discrimination, calculation through object lessons, co-operation in play, and will develop the powers of observation and assist materially in training the memory. In the accompanying drawings Figure 1 is a face view of one of the cards of a single group, for example, the group having the major or base color of green. Figure 2 is a view similar to the preceding figure showing a, card of the group provided with a major or base color of red.
Figure 3 is a face view ofone of the extra or joker cards of the deck, being more particularly the card'provided with a design re )resentin' a 301; of old the base color of the pot being blue and the, gold in the pot being colored either yellow or gilt; and
Figure 4 is a face view of the other extra or joker card having a design representing a an empty pot, the base color of the pot being,
likewise, blue. 1
Referring to the drawing, 10 indicates generally a card of this invention which is provided with a marginal or uncolored portion indicated at 11. The purpose of terminating the color sections short of the card edges and "leaving a plain marginal or surrounding portion, is to avoid the possibility of the coloring matter, when being applied to the cards, running over the edges of said cards thereby allowing a player to determine theparticular suit to which the card belongs by looking merely at its, back or edge portion. This is an important feature of the invention. 1 A j The deck with which the game described is played comprises sixty-two cards divided into six distinctive groups or suits, each group consisting of ten cards, together with two odd cards which may be'referred to as red,
joker cards, one of which represents a pot of gold indicated generally at 12 in Figure 3, and the other of which represents an empty pot as indicated at 13, Figure 4:.
The ten cards of a single group, are all 5 provided with a color section comprising the same major or base color, together with a different and distinguishing minor color section, there being only two cards having the same combination of colors in each group or so suit of ten cards.
For example, in the group, a member of which is shown in Figure 1, thesection having the major or base color green, as indicated by the shading at 22, is provided upon each of the ten cards of that particular group or suit. Likewise, each pair of cardsof a single group or suit of ten is provided with a minor color of a different hue. Forexher of which is illustrated in Figure 1, have a section immediately above the major or base section provided with the color yellow,
as indicated by shading at 23. Two more cards of this group will have a minor color 7 of red. Another pair of cards of this same group is provided with a violet minor? color section whereas two other cards have their minor sections colored orange. The two remaining cards of the group referred to have a minor color section of blue.
The group of which a member is illustrated in Figure 2 comprises ten cards, each having a major or base color section of as indicated at 24. The minor color 65 section of two of the cards of this group is green, as shown at 25. The other eight cards of the set are provided with minor color sections of distinguishing hues in the same manner asthe pairs of cards of the preceding group, there being only two duplicate cards in the group. j it One of the joker cards is illustrated in Figure 3, this card having its face provided with the representation ofa pot of gold which has been previously referred to, and
which is indicated by thenurneral 12. This pot of gold is provided with a base color section of blue, as shown at 26, the next succeeding color section thereabove being yellow, as shown at 27, there being a color section of red 28 immediately above these two sections. The uppermost section of the pot. is colored violet as indicated at 29 whereas the gold in the pot is indicated by the color yellow or this section of the card may be gilded, asindicatedgenerally at The method of playing the rainbow The manner in which the game termed rainbow is played is as follows:
-In playing this game, only the major or basecolor section on each card in the six suits, is" used.
The cards are'shufiled and are distributed by'dealing six to each player. The remainingcards in the deck are placed in the center of the tableto be drawn from as desired.
The player to the left of the dealer starts the gameby asking the player on his left for a cardbearing any color that he wishes. After receiving a card, the player is then allowed to draw a card from the deck in :the center of the table. This terminates his play for the timebeing. After these two cards have been drawn, regardless of whether ornot the player obtains the proper colorcards to complete his set, the player next to him on his left, is then entitled to request a single'card from the player to his left and also to draw a card from the deck inthe center of the table. This drawing proceeds, always toward the left, entirely "around the table, each successive player to the left having a chance to request one card from theplayer'at his left and also to draw a single card from the deck in the center of the table. 7
- As'soon' as a player secures a book or set 'of six-cards bearing the rainbow major orbase colors, for example, violet, blue, green, yellow, orange and red, he i'places suchcompleted'book or set aside.
.Each player as he obtains a "complete set V -ofthe six rainbow color "cards is credited with ten points toward the game.
Thecardsrepresenting thepot of gold and the empty pot, as illustrated. in Figures 3V-and "4 respectively,,are, of course,
shufil'edin with the votherfcard s of the deck before play 'is started.
1 1 f a player, when dra *ing cards, obtains the card representing the pot of gold, such card increases his total number of points made toward game, by twenty.
This same rule applies if a player is originally dealt the card representing the pot of gold. That is to say it makes no difierence whether a player obtains the pot of gold card through drawing or has it dealt him originally at the outset of the game, such card adds twenty to his total pointage toward game.
On the other hand, however, if a player is dealt, or draws, the card representing the empty pot, such card, known as the losing card, deducts from his total pointage, twenty points.
If a player has in his possession both of the extra or joker cards, namely, those representing the pot of gold and the empty pot, each card cancels the value of the other and are, therefore, of no avail to the player holding them.
Once a player obtains either or both of the so-called joker cards, that player cannot dispose of them during that particular game' The game just described and entitled rainbow can be played by from two to eight persons, and if a shortage of cards in the deck positioned at the center of the table occurs, the completed rainbow sets of six cards filled by the different players may be shufiled and placed upon the table and drawn from when necessary. Moreover, when the rainbow deck has become exhausted, the player whose turn it is to play, may ask any of the other players he desires, for a card of any color he chooses. If the player receives the desired card, he may then continue asking and receiving cards until he misses or until he completes his rainbow book, after which the next player to his left has his turn to play.
Also, during the course of playing the game, if a'players hand becomes entirely exhausted, he is then entitled to the privilege of drawing six (6) cards from the rainbow deck in the center of the table.
It is believed that the foregoing description of the manner of playing the game rainbow is adequate to enable any person having at hand a deck of cards like that embodied in this application, to easily and accurately carry on the game.
;From the foregoing, it will be evident that the object of the game rainbow is to complete as quickly as possible a set of rainbow cards constituting one card from each of groups 1 to 6 inclusive, and if possible to add to a players hand the pot of gold card.
While a single game has been referred to, many other interesting and educational games may be played with the deck of cards herein described.
Moreover, the arrangement of colors may be varied at will within thescope of this invention. The colors may be applied to the cards in any suitable and Well known manner.
A deck of cards comprising a seriesof groups each including a corresponding number of cards, every card in each group having on one face a representation of one of the primary colors of the rainbow and also a representation of one of the elemental colors of the said primary color, each group of cards representing only one primary color and including a plurality of duplicates or pairs, the members of each pair having representations of both the same primary and elemental colors, and two extra cards one bearing a representation of an empty pot and the other a representation of a pot filled with gold.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto set my hand.
LUCY H. HOWARD.