US 17403 A
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UNITED sTATEs PATENT oEEIoE.
ALBERT WILLIAMS, OF PHILADELPHIA, PENNSYLVANIA.
Specification of Letters Patent No. 17,403, dated May 26, 1857.
To all 'whom t may concern Be it known that I, ALBERT WILLIAMS, of Philadelphia, county of Philadelphia, State of Pennsylvania, have invented a new Improved Combined Gage; that I do hereby declare that the following is a correct and full description thereof, reference being had to the accompanying drawing and the letters marked thereon.
To enable others skilled in the art to make and use my invention I will proceed to describe its construction and operation.
Description: A A, mortise gage; B B, head screw; C C, headface for metal workers or machinists; D D, headface for carpenters or other workers on wood; E E, ma chinists or metal workers point for mark ing; F F, single or common gage point; G G, cutting point for wood, paper, leather, or other soft material; H H, screw for hold ing the three combined points; I I, mortise regulating screw; J J, cylinder in which the regulating screw works; K K, head screw nut; L L, gage head complete; M M, stem of gage.
Operation: A A is the mortise for marking wood for mortising.
B B is the screw which fastens the head on the stem M M at any point as the operator may desire.
C C is the face of gage head for machinists or other metal workers use for marking all kinds of metal.
D D is the reverse head face of gage for carpenters or others use for marking and cutting.
E E represents the point for machinists or netal workers use, to be used with face C F F represents the common or single point, gage point, for marking wood or anything else at the option of the operator, to be used with face D D.
G Gr represents the cutter for cutting wood, leather, paper, or any other soft ma terial, to be used with face D D.
H H represents the screw holding the lrelp combined points on top or end of stem I I represents the mortise regulating screw working or screwing into cylinder J J for mortising wood or other material.
J J represents cylinder screw into which the regulating screw I I works for mortising.
K K represents the nut in the center of head L L that screw B B works in.
L L represents gage head complete working on stem M M.
M M represents stem of gage made of brass or other metal, on which the head L L works for all the uses of the gage.
Length of stem M Mseven inches 7 in. complete; diameter of stem M M five eighths of an inch, in.; diameter of head L L two in. and three eighths of an inch, 2% in., thickness of head L L one inch and a quarter full, in.
What I claim as my invention, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-
The combination of the four several gages in one tool; and all operating on the same end of the stem; the mortise working with an anti-friction screw, the head of which is at the bottom or end of stem.
Witnesses ENocH REMICK, J AMES NIcHoL,