Improvement in tumbler-washers
US 174090 A
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rammed Femm, v1876 N. PETERS. PHOTO-UTHOGRAPNE. WASMINBTON D. (2V
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.,
ALVIN D. PUEEEE, JE., oE BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS.
IMPROVEMENT IN 'ruMBLER-wAsHERs.
Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 174,090, dated February 29, 1876 application filed January 4, 1876.
To all whom it may concern Be it known that I, ALVIN D. PUEFER, Jr., of Boston, Suffolk county, Massachusetts,
-have invented certain Improvements in Tum'- lieu of upon the tumber, as heretofore, by
which means I obtain al greatly4 increased power, with a decreased consumption of water.
My invention consists, secondly, in the employment of an upright spindle to which the motive-power is applied to rotate it 5 this spindle supporting the tumbler and resting at bottom upon a yielding or elastic step attached to the valve which controls the ingress of water, the whole being so arranged that the weight of the tumbler opens the said valve and water is admitted to rotate the tumbler and supply the means of olea-using the latter, while upon removing the tumbler after it is cleansed the valve automatically closes and the Water is entirely shut ott', thus avoiding vmuch waste.
Minor features of my invention will be duly explained.
The drawings accompanying this specilcation and illustrating my invention represent in Figure l a side elevation, and in Fig. 2 a vertical section, and Fig. 3 a horizontal section of a portion ot' a tumbler-washing appa ratus embodying my invention.
In these drawings, A represents a tubular standard, which constitutes one of a number of similar size and character, which are com` bined with a suitable basin to produce an apparatus for washing tumblers, the lower end of the standard A being connected with a lsuitable water-supply under pressure.
Attached to the lower part ot' the standard A, and connecting with its interior, is a pipe, B, which rises upward in a curved or spiral path and terminates at` top in a nozale, C, so
Y disposed with respect to the standard and to a tumbler applied to the latter als to direct downward upon such tumbler a stream of water by which the exterior oi' the tumbler is cleansed.
Toward its upper part thestandard A is enlarged and forms a globular chamber, D, to receive the motor E, such motor consisting of two or more horizontal arms F F, which radi= ate from an upright tubular spindle G, such spindle being disposed centrally within the standard A, and being steadied by a guide or shelf, a, which constitutes the bottom of the chamber D, and by the extreme upper end of the standard A. A
The upper end of the spindle G receives a disk, H, uponwhich the tumbler rests, while the lower end of such spindle is reduced to a pivot,`b, which rests and rotates upon a step, o, making part of an upright stem or rod d, which is disposed within the lower'part of the standard A, and steadied at its upper end in a guide, e, which spans the interior of such standard.
The lower end of the stem d passes through an oritlce,f, created in a tight shelf', g, which closes the lower part of the standard A, and immediately below this shelf the stem terminates in-a valve, It, which operates in connection with a valveseat, t', that surrounds the lower part of the orifice f, the said shelf and valve-seat being disposed below the mouth'of the pipe B, as shown in the drawing.
A spring,k,surrounds the valve-stem d, and exerts its stress between the sheltl g and a shoulder, l, formed vupon such stem, with such eii'ect as when relieved ot' the weight of the tumbler to raise the valve and close the port or orifice f, and shut oi flow of water to the pipe B and the motor E.
The weight of the tumbler is borne by the spindle G, and, to obviate the friction upon the latteras much as possible, I reduce its lower end to a point, or nearly so, as shown at b, and form it, as well as the step c, of hardened steel,to lessen wear as much as possible. The lower part of the spindle G and the armsF F are hollow or tubular, and communicate freely with each other, and the extreme lower end ot' the former is pierced with several holes, m m, 8vo., for admission of water, while in the extreme end of each arm F, and upon one side, I create one or more oriices, a, the orifices of one arm being situated on the side opposite those of the other arm. Furthermore, I create in the Wall of the upper part of the chamber D several apertures, o o, 85o., by means of which water from such chamber may be directed in small streams upon the interior of the tumbler, to cleanse the latter.
The operation of my invention is as follows, it being understood, as has been before stated, that water under pressure fills the tubular standard or column A, and that thex-alve-porti is closed: A tumbler, shown atp, which is to be washed, is placed bottom upward upon the top ofthe disk or button H, and its weightlowers the spindle G, and consequently the stem d, and op ns the valve-porti; the result of which is that water flows through the pipe B and is discharged upon the outside of the tumbler, and not only aids'by its momentum in rotating the tumbler by and with the spindle G, but cleanses the exterior of such tumbler. The u ater also flows upward into and lls the standard A'below the shelf a, and enters and hows through the tubular portion of the spindle G and the arms F F, and escaping through the ports a fills the chamber D, from whence it passes in small'streams through the ports o and' is directed upon the interior of the tumbler, to cleanse the latter.
The resistance which the streams of water issuing from the ports n meet in the body of water within the chamber D has the effect of imparting rotary motion to the spindle G, with power quite sufficient to rotate the tumbler which is supported upon such spindle. This resistance may, however, be obtained in other ways, as, for instance, the resistance which air, admitted to the-chamber D, would offer to the jets of water issuing from thefports n would be suthcient under some circumstancesy vits weight, are forced upward by the stress of the spring k, and the valve L closes the porti and shuts off passage of water to the interior of the, standard A above such valve, thereby effecting a great saving of water.
I claim- 1. In a tumbler-washer, the combination,`v
with the water-admission pipe or standard, of atumbler-support rotated by the direct action of the water admitted to said support from the water pipe or standard, substantially as shown and set forth. l
2. As a, motor, the spindle G and hollow perforated arms F F when inclosed in a contracted chamber, whereby great resistance is offered to the jets of water issuing from such arms, substantially as andfor purposes stated.
3. The combination of the standard A, motor E, spindle G, stem d, and valve h, and seat i, substantially as herein shown and set forth.
4. The combination of the spindle G and. motor E, the stem d and its valve l1. and the seat t', with the tubular standard A and its perforated chamber D and the pipe B, substantially' as and for purposes stated.
AA. D. BUFFER, JR.
W. E. BOARDMAN, A. D. BUFFER.