US 1741369 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Dec. 31, 1929. H. E. KoNDoLF 1,741,359
lPAPER PACKAGE AND DISPLAY COVER THEREFOR Filed Jan. 7. 1926 Patented Ds 1.929 l TES PATENT oli-"Fica Hanny n. 'x'oNDoLin or BROOKLYN, NEW Yonz PAPER PACKAGE .AN DIQSPLAY COVER THEREFOB Application mea January 7, 192s. scrinium-519,136?.
This invention relates toan improvement in paper ackages or cartons, more particularly of t e type in which fruits and vegetables may be packed for shipment and sale, and one ofthe principal objects thereof is to provide a paper package havingra cover of such nature that the-package may be packed with a bulge at the top of the package, the
cover being so constructedas to display the contents of the package when the same isl put on sale.
. It is well'known that numerous commodi-4 ties, such as apples and other fruits and vegetables for instance, when transported or often handled after packing, settle in the'container in which they are packed and to someI extent shrink, with the result that the package when placed on sale often has the appearance of4 being uiiderpacked,.that is, that the volume of the contents of the package is considerably less than the volume of the package itself. The package forming the subject-matter of my application is so designed that when packed the contents bulge above the walls of the container itself, with the result that if any shrinkage or settling takes place, ythe package will *still resent the appearance of being fully packe Another object of the invention is to so construct vthe display cover that the cover will follow the lbulge of the contents! of the package, that is the cover will bulge up when f the contents are packed, and as shinkage or settling takes place will settle with the con'- tents, so as not to leave any apparent space between the cover and the upper surface of the contents of thepackage.
A further object of the invention is'to construct the cover-with a mutilatable dis play lid which may1be opened up to display the contents of the package when the same is placed on sale. y
With'these and other objects in view, which will become apparent as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the construc-v tion, combination and' arrangement of parts i hereinafter more fully described and claimed.
a package and display cover constructed in accordance with my invention. l Figure 2 represents a vertical sectional view therethrough. Figure 3 represents a top-plan view.
Figure 4 ,represents a plan view of the blank from whichthe cover is formed.
Figure 5 represents a vertical sectional view through the upper portion ofthe container, with the cover in place thereo'n`and showing'v the position of the cover before-the flanges thereof have been attached to the walls of the package. I Figure 6 represents a vertical sectional viewthrough theadjacent portions of a series of containers showing them' in a packed posi- -i tion in a railroad car or other means of trans- A portation, and illustrates the manner in which" Sucht'. '70
package, preferably taper downwardly `as illustrated for a purpose to be hereinafter set forth.
The bottom B which likewise is preferably made of paper ofthe desired gauge and composition is inset from the lower edges of the. walls 5 andhas a downturned flange 6 which fits against the inner faces of thev lower portionsof such walls, such bottom, when positoned in place, being secured to the walls of the box through the medium of staples 7, or other desirable fastening means.
The 'cover C is .formed from the paper blank illustrated in Figure 4. Such blankis scored inwardly of its lateral edges as at 8, and inwardly of its end edges as at 9, forming flanges 10 at the'sides and ends of the blank, such flanges being adapted to fold down- Wardly along the scores 8 and 9 to engage against the outer surface of the box walls at the u per portions thereof. The corners of the b ank may be cut diagonally as indicated at 11, to allowtlie iianges to be folded down-4 wardly without interference with each other,
25. \=\utilized, a cover blankis placed upon the package as indicated in Figure 5 and the Cil the l'exibilityof the box cover near theacor:-
ners thereof. Within theI fi ure defined by the scores 8 and 9, the blan is 'perforated transversely as at 12, and lon itudinall as at 13, to define a mutilatable isplay H3114 a linger tab 15 being defineddn the line of perforations 13 by a cut 16 of suitable shape.
Opposite theline of p'erforations 13 the cover blank is surface cutas at 17, to complete the definition of the display cover and to form a` increase the flexibility of the cover `at the corners'of such lid, and the corners of the display lid are connected with the corners formed at the intersection ofthe scores 8 and 9, i. e., the corners of the cover proper, with diagonal surface cuts 19, which impart iiexibility to the cover along liles diagonally connectlng the display lid w the cover..
When a package with its cover is to be th :the corners of flanges 10 may then be drawn downwardly against the walls of the package and may be secured by staples as at 20, or by the use of tape, or in any other desirable manner. The act of drawing down the flanges 10, and forcing them against the package walls, tends to flex the cover along the diagonal surface cuts 19 to im art a bulge to the cover such that the disp ay'lid 14 assumes a position above the plane of the upper edges of the package walls, as indicated in Figures l and 2, wit-h the portions 21 of the cover, intermediate thescores 8 and 9 and the perforations and surface cuts defining the display lid, arranged in an inclined positionand converging upwardly from the upper edges of the ackage walls to the edges of the display lid.
o augment this bulging action the distance between the scores 8 may be made slightly .greater than the outside width of the box and the distancebetween the scores 9 may be made somewhat greater than the outside length of the box, and to an extent the height .of the bulge imparted to the cover may be inserted through the unclosed bottom thereof. When the box has been packed t'o the required amount, the box may be grasped and lifted to shake down its contents and to form a bulge in the contents of the package to occupy the space formed by the bulged top. The bottom B of the package is then put in place and sta led or otherwise secured to the side wallso klibe box. The box may.
then beinverted and 's ready for transporta.-V tion or handling.
In thismanner the package is originally packed with its contents in bulgedcondition, and occupying the space afforded by bulged cover of the package and this bulged condition of the contents is suiiicient to compensate for any apparent loss 1n volume occa` sioned by-settling` or shrinkageof the contents. Furthermore, the iiexible cover will the tend to settle with the settling of thecontents,
particularl if such. settling tends to widen out the wa ls of the package, with the result that when thepackage is ready for sale it will lnot have the a pearance of being unpacked.
Packages o made of a deiinite volume, for instance, a
bushel, half bushel, etc., and in manufacturing the packa e, and its cover andbottom, the dimensions of the bottom and ofvits flanges are soproportioned with respect to the dimensions of the box and its cover, that when the package, in its upside down condition, is
packed, and then raised tobulge its contents,
and the bottom positioned in place, thespace occupied -by such -bottom above the lower edges of the walls of the box will be sufficient to compensate forthe space occupied bythe this character ,are usuallyaml ferred to, is of advantage when numbers of such packages are to be packed into a railroad caror other vehicle for transportation. As indicated in4 Figure 6, the inset bottom of an upper package may rest upon the bulged lid vofthe other, and the side of the adjacent upper package will be spaced from` the side of the first as indicated at 22, to allow for the circulation of air between the packages. Furthermore, the openings 18 in l the cover of a lower package will allow, in conjunction with openings 23 formed in the openingsin the bottom of the upper package,
certain of which it. will be noted are arranged near the flangeof such bottom as at 23a, Figure 6, will allow of continuous circulation on up throughthe stack of packages.
The foregoing detailed description has been given for the purpose of clearness of understanding, and no undue limitations should be deduced therefrom, but the appended claims should be construe as broadly as permissible in view of the prior art.
Having thus described my invention what- I desire to claim. and secure by Letters Patent`is:- f i.
1. A paper container havingl a cover provided with flanges connected to the sides of the container walls, and having a mutilatable display lid and having, surface cuts diago.
nally connecting the corners of such display lid with the corners of the cover proper, the display lid being positioned abovethe plane of the upper edges of the container walls, and the portions of the cover between the display 'lid and the container walls being inclined upwardly from the container walls to the display lid. Y v
2. A paper container having a cover provided vvith llanges connected to the container walls, and having a mutilatable display lid, Such cover being flexed along diagonal lines connecting the corners of the display lid with the corners of the cover proper, such cover being provided with perforations at the junction of such lleXed portions with the display lid.
3. In a paper container the combination with a bottom inset lfrom the lower edges of the walls of the package, of a cover for the container having a top portion arranged beyond the edges of the adjacent ends of the container walls, and having portions connecting such top portion with the container walls, such portions being flexed with respect to the top portion, and being flexed with respect to each other.
4. A blank for a container cover having scores inset from the edges of the blank and defining the cover proper and providing flanges beyond such scores, such blank having perforations and.a surface cut defining l a display lid within the ligure delined by the scores, such blank having surface cuts connecting the corners of the display lid with the corners of the cover proper.
5. A paper container having a; cover formed of a continuous sheet of material..
such cover including a multilatable display lid with a border therearound, the border of the cover being flexed and deformed intermediate lines connecting corners of the dis- I play lid with the corners of the cover, to thereby displace the display lid above the outer edges of the cover Without deforming the display lid, the borders of the cover between the display lid and outer edges incliningv upwardly toward the display lid.
HENRY E. KONDOLF.