US 1741620 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
M. FIXLER Dec. s1, 192g.
HEMSTITGHED APPLIQU WORK AND PROCESS OF MAKING THE SAME Filed Jan. 26. 1927 2 Sheets-Sheet l M. FlxLER Dec. 3l, 1929.
HEMSTITCHED APPLIQUWORK AND PROCESS OF MAKING THE SAME Filed Jan. 26. 192'? 2 sheets-sheet 2 Patented Dec. 31, 1929 UNITED lSTATES PATENT OFFICE MAURICE FIXLER, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS Application led January 26, 1927. Serial No. 163,673.
This invention relates to hemstitched ap same.
Heretofore, it has been very diflcult by the usual hand methods employed to produce neat, smooth appearing appliqu work. Ordinarily the pieces appliqud on the fabric have a tendency to gather, pucker or bulge in places, giving an unsatisfactory and unartistic appearance.
It is, therefore, an object of this invention to simplify the method of making appliqu Work and to obviate difficulties heretofore experienced in obtaining a smooth and finished appearance of the appliqu Work.
It is a further object of this invention to provide a simple method of making appliqu Work, wherein contrastingly colored patches are secured by hemstitching to a fabric background, the hemstitching following a predetermined design which may be printed or otherwise indicated on the fabric or patch.
Other and further important objects of this invention will be apparent from the disclosures in the specification and the accompanying drawings.
This invention (in a preferred form) is illustrated in the drawings and hereinafter more fully described.
On the drawings:
Figure 1 is a fragmentary plan view of a piece of appliqu work in its initial stage of preparation. v
Figure 2 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line II-II of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmentary plan view of the partially finished appliqu work.
Figure 4 is a plan view of the finished ap-v pliqu work. l
Figure 5 is a plan view of the front side of a modified form of appliqu work in its initial stage.
Figure 6 is an enlarged sectional view taken on line VI-VI of Figure 5.
Figure 7 is a plan view of the reverse face of the appliqu work shown in Figure 5. Figure 8/ is a plan view of the front face of the finished appliqu Work.
Figure 9is an enlarged sectional view taken 50 on line IX-IX of Figure 8.
As shown on the drawings:
As illustrated in Figures 1 to 4, inclusive, the reference numeral 1 indicates a piece of fabric forming the background or main body of the appliqu Work and adapted to be made into table covers, runners, doilies, and the like. The fabric 1 may he stamped or printed in a well known mannerwith any suitable design, such as the border design 2 (Figure 1). In accordance with the principles of 60 my invention a patch 3 of contrastingly colored cloth of some predetermined outline or design is applied to the front face of the fabric 1 and secured thereto by means of hemstitching 4 along a border line 5, printed or e5 otherwise indicated on the patch 3.
The hemstitching is done by machine so that there is no difficulty in getting the patch 3 to lie smooth on the fabric 1. The semifinished appliqu work is then marketed in this condition. Consequently, when purchased all that remains to be done is to overcast the edge of the patch 3 and embroider the various designs that may be printed on the patch and fabric.
The overcasting 6 is preferably applied through the openings 7 formed by the hemstitching operation to provide -a nished edge 8 for the raised patch 3.
. It is obvious that the thread used in hemstitching may be of a distinctive color to set out the patch 3 more strikingly and also that the color of the thread used in overcasting may be such as to blend with the color of the patch to form a neat and pleasing edge for the patch. It will also be appreciated that any designs such as 10 may be stamped or otherwise indicated on the fabric 1 and patch 3, respectively, and that these designs may be filled in or embroidered with suitably colored thread in a Well-known manner.
In Figures 5 to 9. inclusive, there is shown a modified form of appliqu Work. As before, a patch 11 of contrastingly colored cloth is applied to a fabric 12, but this time on the reverse side thereof (Figure 7). On the face of the fabric 12 there is stamped or printed a design represented by the indicia 13 which serves to guide the sewer in hemstitching by machine the patch 11 to the fabric 12. 100
A border 18 ma `suitably be hemstitched in the fabric 12. fter the patch has has been hemstitched to the fabric, the edge of the patch is trimmed 0E to conform with the hemstitching. The edge so formed being on the reverse side of the finished article need not be particularly even or exact, but may be left rough as indicated at 14. In this partially finished condition, the appliqu work is ready for the handwerker. She first cuts away the fabric 12 inside ofthe hemstitching 15 (Figure 9), thereby ex osing the patch when the work is Viewed rom above.
Overcasting or button hole stitching 16 is next applied through the hemstitch openings to form a regular and pleasing edge 17 for the fabric 12 and at the same time a border for the patch 11. Figure designs 19 may be suitably embroidered or filled in by hand to effect a pleasing nished article.
It will thus be seen that according to the method described, the' making of appliqu workhas been considerably simplified and it has been 'made comparatively easy to obtain a smooth, flat joining of the applied patch to the fabric.
Obviously the particular designs employed, the method of marking the designs on fabric and patch, and the location of the hemstitching may be considerably varied Without departing from the rinciples of this invention and I, therefore, o not purpose limiting my invention otherwise than as necessitated by the prior art.
I claim as my invention:
l. As a new article of manufacture, appliqu work, comprising a fabric having a cutaway portion, a patch of contrastingly colored cloth covering said cut-away portion, hemstitching joining said patch to said fabric and forming a border of predetermined design for said patch, and overcasting stitches along the edge of said fabric and through the hemstitches around said cut-away portion.
2. As an article of manufacture, appliqu work, comprising a fabric, a patch of contrastingly colored cloth lying thereagainst,
hemstitching joining said patch to said fabric forming a border of predetermined design for said patch, and overcasting through the hemstitching to provide a nished appearance to the border.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto sub1- scribed my name.
' MAURICE FIXLER.