US 1742693 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Jan. 7, 1930. T. M. COGHLAN 1,
VALANCE FOR MATTRESSES, CUSHION S PADS, AND THE ,LIKE
Filed April 1928 I m m m $3 5 3 m m m m n m m m u m m m m Patented Jam, 7, 1930 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE THOMAS M. COGHLAN, OF KANKAKEE, ILLINOIS VALANCE FOR MATTRESSES, CUSHIONS, PADS, AND THE LIKE Application filed April 5, 1928. Serial N'O. 267,588.
pa A further object of the invention is the provision of a new and improved valance that may be manufactured as an attachment, that is simple in construction, cheap to manufacture, easily attached, neat in appearance, and thatmay-be employed on the conventional type of pads and mattresses.
Other and further objects and advantages of the invention will appear from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings in which Fig. 1 is anelevation of a portion of the valance;
Fig. 2 is a section on line 22 of Fig. 1;
- Fig. 3 is a section on line 3-3 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a side elevation of a portionof a mattress showing the invention in position thereon, with parts in section and parts broken away; and
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Fig. 4 showing the invention applied to a pad.
In the use of the conventional pads, mattresses and the like, supporting springs are usually employed. These springs are more or less unsightly and the present invention seeks to conceal the same by a valance that will have all the appearance of being in reality a portion of the mattress or pad. When employed on a pad, the pad will have the appearance of a box mattress and when employed on a mattress the structure will have the appearance of a box mattress of unusual thickness.
Referring now to the drawings, the reference character 10 designates the valance .Which comprises the two fabrics 11 and 12 stitched together along their lower edges as i at 13. The fabrics are stitched together transversely at intervals as at 14- to form pipes or compartments 15 which are adapted to contain filling 16 of any suitable material. It is desirable that the valance when in position on the mattress shall not extend outwardly beyond a vertical plane. It may incline inwardly in which event it will grip the springs and prevent anytendency of the edge portions of the mattress to turn or curl up 'along the side edges while the mattress is in use. It is desirable, however, that the valance should hang vertically from the mattress, pad or cushion in order not to detract from the appearance of the construction.
It is well known, that a mattress or pad will become from two to four inches shorter in length and from one to two inches shorter in width on inserting the filling and tufting the same, consequently if the valance be attached before the filling is inserted, the lower periphery of the valance will be several inches longer than the upper attached edge after'the mattress is completed due to the fact that the upper edge being attached to the bed or roll of the tufted mattress will follow the contour of the tufted portion as shown at 30 in Fig. 4. In order that the Valance shall hang substantially vertical under these circumstances, the fabrics of the valance are shortened at their lower edges to compensate for this shortening of the upper edge as by removing a triangular portion in the lower edge portions of the inner and outer fabrics 11 and 12 or by forming triangular plaits or folds 17 therein. as indicated in Figs. 1, 2 and 4. In order that the material shall not be drawn laterally. a number of these plaits are employed. In order that the material may be taken up evently so as not to draw the fabrics, these plaits are arranged a. few inches apart throughout the full length of the valantn.
The valance may be cutto the desired lengths, filled, the lower edges shortened. and the ends sewed together ready to be attached to the edges of the pad, cushion. or mat-tress as required. Or, after being prepared, the valance may be manufactured 1n strips,
filled, and rolled or folded in packages ready for use. It may then be cut to the proper length as needed, and attached to the cushion or pad as a separate attachment, the ends being connected together by stitching in the usual manner.
In Fig. 4, the valance is shown as being attached to a box mattress 18 of the usual construction, While in Fig. 5, the valance is shown as being attached to a pad 19 of the conventional type. In the former construction, the structure will have the appearance of a conventional mattress. In both cases, the supporting spring assembly 20 will be efiectively concealedby the valance.
lVhile I have shown the valance as being attached to the lower peripheral edge of the mattress and to the seam of the pad, it is understood it may be attached to these members in any suitable manner and with any suitable means. p
I claim as my invention:
1. In combination, a pad, a valance comprising a long padded fabric member secured to the edge of said pad and depending there-v from, said valance having triangular plaits in the inner and outer fabrics of said pad, the lower edge of said valance being unattached.
2. In combination, a mattress, a spring assembly for supporting said mattress, a padded valance secured to said mattress and extending alongside said spring assembly for concealing the same, said valance having triangular plaits in its outer containing fat:- ric at intervals along each .side for causing said valance to grip said spring assembly, the edge of said valance farthest removed from said mattress being free. I
In testimony whereof I afiix my signature.
THOMAS M. COGHLAN