|Publication number||US1742724 A|
|Publication date||Jan 7, 1930|
|Filing date||Mar 21, 1922|
|Priority date||Mar 21, 1922|
|Publication number||US 1742724 A, US 1742724A, US-A-1742724, US1742724 A, US1742724A|
|Inventors||Ray P Perry|
|Original Assignee||Barrett Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 7, 1930.
P. PERRY SHINGLE Filed March 21. 1922 ATTORN EY Patented Jan. 7, 1930 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE RAY P. PERRY, OF UPPER MONTCLAIR, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR TO'THE BARRETT COMPANY, A CORPORATION OF NEW JERSEY SHINGLE Application filed March 21, 1922. Serial No. 545,414.
By this invention the user is enabled to install a roof of attractive appearance and at the same time procure a variety of effects or ornamental designs without an inordinate expense. The shingle produced by this invention has a thick butt, thus adding to the attractiveness of the roof and avoiding .the monotonous appearance, and at the same time ithe shingle is rendered more stifi, thereby decreasing the danger of the same curling up or being turned up by the wind. The invention will be understood from the description in connection with the accompanying drawings in which Fig. 1 is a plan view of a sheet of roofing material from which the shingle is made.
Fig. 2 is an end view of the same shown in the folded position. i
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the shingle.
Fig. 4 is an end view of a modification.
Fig. 5 is a plan View showing a modifica- "tion of the sheet.
In the drawings reference character 1 in dicates a sheet of felt or similar material which may be saturated with waterproofing material in the ordinary way. A layer of plastic material 2, such as asphalt for example, may be applied longitudinally of this sheet, this layer preferably covering only a portion of the sheet 1 and being applied intermediate the edges of said sheet. To the face of the layer of plastic material 2 is applied a layer 3 referably of granular wear-resistin material, such as crushed stone, slate, etc.
In order to enhance the ornamental effect, as will be evident from the description, the layer 3 of crushed mineral may be composed of two portions 3 and 3" of different or contrasting colors, which will preferably be in contact with each other along the line 4. After the layer 3 has been applied, the sheet 1 may be folded longitudinally along a line intermediate the edges of the layer 3, as i11- dicated in Fig. 2. When the layer 3 is composed of strips 3 and 3 of diflerent colors, the sheet 1 will preferably be folded along the junction line 4 of these strips, so thatv the mineral wear-resisting material 3 of one color will be on one side of the shingle and the wear-resisting material 3 of the con trasting color will be on the other side of the shingle as indicated in Fig. 2. The strips 3' and 3 of wear-resisting material may be slightly spaced from each other instead of contactingwith each other along the line 4, and when so spaced, the sheet 1 will be folded so that this space will be along the folded line. The sheet 1 may be cut transversely either before or after it has been folded, thus producing individual shingles of the desired width as indicated in Fig. 3.
Instead of folding the sheet 1 as indicated in Fig. 2, the same maybe folded as indicated in Fig. 4, so that the edges do not come together at one end of the shingle but come together as indicated at 5, Fig. 4. It will be obvious that the mineral surfacing material 3 may be so applied to the sheet l or the sheet 1 may be so folded that there is a larger area of mineral surfacing on one side of the single than on the other if desired. By having the contrasting colors of material on the two respective sides of the shingle, the dealers may keep in stock substantially one-half the material and still be able tosupply the needs of customers who desire either one of the two colors, and at the same time the user can have a variety of effects produced by exercising care in the installation of the shingles with up ropriate reversals of colors.
n the modification shown in Fi 5 the sheet 10 of saturated felt or the 11 e may have ap lied thereto a thick coating of plastic material 11 and thinner coatings of plastic material 12 on both sides of the coating 11, and coarse granular material 13 may be ap-' plied to the coating 11 while fine granular material 14 may be applied to the coating 12. In case the coating 13 is made of two colors, 10
as above described in connection with coating 3, the coatings 14 adjacent thereto may be made of the same or different colors. Instead of applying a thick coating 11 of plastic material and then coatings 12, as just described, one entire side of the sheet 1 may be covered with plastic material and fine mineral material applied thereto entirely of one color or different portions of difierent colors if desired, after which another coating of plastic material 11 may be applied lon itudinally of the sheet on top of the coating of fine granular material, and then the coarse granular material applied thereto in the usual way.
Regardless of the Width of the thickening portion of plastic material and wear-resisting material, and the manner of folding the sheet, in the various modifications shown by me, it will be obvious that a thickened wearresisting surface is produced which is equal to or greater in Width than that desired to be exposed to the elements as the shingle is laid upon the roof in over-lapping courses with other shingles.
While the sheet 1 has been described as of the proper width for the length of a single shingle when folded, it is to be understood that the sheet 1 ma be sufficiently Wide so that a plurality of ayers 3' may be applied longitudinally thereof, the sheet then slit and 1 the slits folded and cut to produce individual shingles. Instead of cutting the sheet 1 transversely at intervals sufiiciently to produce single shingles, the same may be cut transversely at intervals sufficiently far apart to produce a plurality of shingles, the same having notches to simulate tabs or shingles in the well known wa In the specification and claims the wor shingle is to be understood as meaning either a single shingle or a plurality of the same.
In order to insure that the plies of the sheet 1 will stick together after the same is folded, cementitious material such as asphalt for example may be applied and the plies of the sheet 1 pressed firmly together.
1. As a nev. article of manufacture, a. shingle having at one end, only two plies of saturated felt and two layers of mineral wear-resisting material and having at its other end, only two plies of saturated felt.
2, As an article of manufacture, a shingle imprising a flexible waterproofed base folded upon itself along the median line thereof so as to a two-ply base thruout its entire length and width and having portions of its sides near the folded portion covered with minera'i weai resisting material to different extents,
3. A shingle comprising a saturated felt base fold 3 upon itself along the median line thereof so toform a two-ply base thruout its anti "th and width, the segments so produced 7:315:15 cemented togetherin direct contact with each other thruout substantially their entire area, said base having a portion of its surface along said median line coated with mineral wear-resistingmaterial.
4. A shingle comprising a saturated felt base folded upon itself along the median line thereof so as to form a two-ply base thruout its entire length and width, the segments so produced being cemented together in direct contact with each other thruout substantially their entire area, said base having a portion of its surface on each side of said median line coated with a different sort of mineral wearresisting material than upon the other side.
5. A shingle comprising a felted foundation impregnated with a'waterproofing material and folded upon itself so as to form a two-ply base thruout its entire len h and width, a coating of asphalt upon the ace and back of said felted foundation, said coating having crushed mineral partially embedded therein, a second coating of asphalt upon the exposed face, the butt edge and a portion of the underface of said shingle and crushed wear-resisting material partially embedded in said second coating of as halt.
In testimony whereof I- a x m si nature.
RAY P. E BY.
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|USD369421||Mar 17, 1995||Apr 30, 1996||Elk Corporation Of Dallas||Random cut laminated shingle|
|Cooperative Classification||E04D2001/005, E04D1/28|