US 1743206 A
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' Jan 14, 1930.
'J. FULENWIDER ET AL .MEiAL ROOFING SH INGLE CONSTRUCTION Filed May 18, 1,928
g'nue'ntom Jesse f'alelmz'dw I wariyl'ule wder Patented, Jan. 14,1930 I UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE v METAL BOOFING-SHINGLE CONSTRUCTION Application filed May 18,
This invention relates to improvements in metal roofing shingles, and more particularl to a novel construction of lock fastenerwhic will be positioned at the top of each shingle to assist in holding the shingle inplace on the roof, and to positively-prevent water from blowin underneath the edges of the shingle; An 0 Ject of the invention is to provide an improved lock fastener for metal roofing shingles, which will be formed se arately from: the shingles, and will be attac ed to the up- 'per edges of the same, in any desired manner, whereby water will be prevented from being blown beneath the edges of said shingles.
.A further object of the invention is to rovide an improved form of metal roofing s ingle wlth tongue and groove side edges and a separatelock fastener; at the top of the shingle which will be positively en aged by the lower edge'of an upper rowof s ingles to produce a waterproof joint that will preclude anychance of water from blowing underneath the same.
A still'further object of the inventions is 4 to provide an improved lock fastener for met-- a1 roofin shingles, which will be formed separately rom the shingle, and will lie attachedto the shingle in any desired manner, and well be adjustable with respect-thereto. I
Other ob'ects will appear as the descriptlon procee s, v In the accompanying drawings which form a partof my application, I
Figure l is a plan view-of several metal rooifing shingles as they will appear on a roo I j Figure 2 is a separated perspective view of the shingles, showing the manner in which the same are "interlocked together;
Figure 3 is an enlarged vertical sectional View taken through several courses of shing es;
Figure 4 is a sectional view taken on the line 4 -4 of Figure 1;
Figure 5 is an enlarged sectional view taken on the line 5-5 of Figure 1, and
Figure 6 is a perspective view of my improved lock fastener positioned at the top edge of each metal shingle. l 50 Like characters of reference are used 1928. Serial No. 278,738.
throughout the following specification and the accompanying drawings to designate cor.- res onding parts.
' ur'improved metal shingle 1 is preferably formed rectan ular in shape, and is-provided with a longitudinally extending tongue 2, and a spaced longitudinally extending rib 3 at one'side edgethereof, and a longitudinally extending r1b 4, and a groove ,5 spaced from said rib 4 and extending parallel therewith. (:0
The upper or top edges,of the shingles 1 are bent upwardly at right angles to form a lip 6 which engages andinterlocks with a separately formed lock fastener 7 in such a manner that a ortion of the fastener underlies the body 0 the shingle and extends upwardly'in contact withthe portion 6 ofthe shingle, and is bent thereover, and downwardly, and along the upper surface ofthe shingle, terminating in a slightly upturned lip 8. Thes lock fasteners are 'formed separately from the shingles,- and are attached thereto at their top edges in any desired manner by special machinery (not shown). The lower edges of the shingles are bent downwardl at a slight angle, and then inwardl'y to orm the locking lips 9, which cooperates with the lips 8 of the lock fasteners 7. The under side of the shingles will rest on the upturned portion of the lock fastener, and tiereby be automatically, and properly s ace 4 The shingles may be attached to the roof in any desire. manner;
It'will be apparent that the, shingles will be self-spacing, andwill readily interlock with each other to producea metal roof which will positively prevent the wind or water from blowing underneath the shingles, thereby assuring a waterproof roof which will stand a maximum service of wear.
The shingles will be laid in courses, from the bottom of the roof to the top.
As before mentioned,the lock fasteners may be attached to the shingles by special machinery, but it will be understood that the same, may be securedthereto by soldering, cementing, welding, or in any desired manner. desired, the lock fasteners may be merely clamped to the shingles, thereby permitting 100 of adjustment between theffasteners and shingles if necessary. 5
Many minor changes in detail of construction may be resorted to without departure from the spirit of the invention.
Having thus described. our invention what we claim as new and desire to secure by"Let-.
ters Patent of the United States is 1. In a metallic roof construction, the com pination ofa aplurality of metal shingles, havmg upturne lips at their upper ends and downwardly turned locking lips'at their lower ends, separately formed lock fasteners secured at the top edges .of said shingles, said fasteners comprising'a lower flange under,- 1
lying the body of the shingle and a loop portion extending upwardly and then downwardly to embrace'the upturned lip at the 'upper end of the shingle, and an upper'flange contacting with the upper surface of the shingle and provided. at its'free-end with an upturned lip to receive the lower locking lipof I a shingle in asuperjacent course. 2. In a metallic roof construction, the combination of a plurality of metal shingles having upturned lips at their upper ends and downwardly turned locking lips at their low- 1 provided at its to. receive the lower lockinglip of a shingle -er ends, separately formed lock fasteners se-.
cured at the top edges of said shingles, said fasteners comprising a lower flange underlying and contacting the body of the shingle and a loop portion extending upwardly and then downwardly to embrace the upper end of the shingle, and an upper flange contacting with the up or surface of the shingle and gree end with an upturned'lip in a superjacent course. I
- testimony whereof we aflix our signatures.- a
a. JESSE FULENWIDER.