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Publication numberUS1743432 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 14, 1930
Filing dateJan 14, 1929
Priority dateJan 14, 1929
Publication numberUS 1743432 A, US 1743432A, US-A-1743432, US1743432 A, US1743432A
InventorsConklin Roscoe A
Original AssigneeConklin Roscoe A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combined paper head covering and fan
US 1743432 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented Jan. 14, 1.930

noscoE A. coNKLIN, or CHICAGO, ILLINOIS COMBINED PAPER HEAD COVERING AND FAN Application filed January 14, 1929. Serial N'o. 332,285.

The invention relates to a novelty made of paper or analogous material into the forrn of a combined head covering or cap for the head and adapted to be used also without substantial modification as a fan.

The primary obJect of the invention is to provide an improved novelty which may be made cheaply from paper'or analogous material and used as a head covering or head decoration, especially when made of decor ated or highly colored or multi-colored material.

It is a'further object of the invention to provide a paper novelty which may be made cheaply of highly colored or 1nulti-colored paper stock for decorative eects and which may have combined utilitarian functions when used as a hand fan or as a head covering, and particularly for use as a covering or protective device for hats Worn either by men or women.

Other objects of the invention will ap-pear from the following description of the preferred embodiment of the same as depicted in the drawing, which forms a part of the specification, the novel features of the invention being set forth in the appended claims.

In the said drawings- Fig. 1 is a plan view of the preferred form of the device.

Fig. 2 illustrates the device of Fig. l when it is given the form of a fan.

Fig. 3 is a perspective illustrative view designed to show the general appearance of the device in its most compactly folded form for transportation and distribution and when not in use either as a head covering or a fan.

, Figs. 4 and 5, respectively, indicate the manner in which the device of Fig. 1 may be expanded into a head covering or a protec tive device adaptedto go over the hat of a man as a. protection therefor, as illustrated in Fig. 4, or used as a protecting device for the hat of a woman, as shown in Fig. 5.

The device of Fig. l is made of a sheet of paper of the rectangular form illustrated,

the sheet being double the width, as shown in Fig. 1, and folded longitudinally along the median line so that the two thicknesses of material will coincide perfectly. Thisputs the paper or other flexible material in condition so that when folded along the lines of fold indicated by the drawings, Figs. 1 and 2, and also shown in Figs. 4 and 5, the device may be opened up at the bottom to beused as a covering for the hat of a man or woman. As illustrated in Fig. 1, it will be understood that the rectangular sheet shown and designated generally by the reference character 10, comprises two thicknesses of paper obtained by folding, preferably an integral sheet along the median line designated at 11, thus forming one of the side edges of the completed sheets, the reference character l2 designating the other of the longitudinal edges where the two edges of the original sheet are superimposed. 13 and 14 designate the respective ends of the doubled sheet. These ends will, when the sheet is folded along the parallel transverse lines of fold in the form of accordion pleating, the lines of fold being designated by the parallel lines 15, produce a fan, which may be expanded to a substantially semi-circumferential form, aS

illustrated in Fig. 2, the operator utilizing a portion of the unexpanded part, as designated at 16, Fig. 2, as a handle for the fan. Obviously, instead of folding an integral sheet along the line 11, the device may be made of two superimposed sheets of paper and pasted together, or otherwise secured along the longitudinal edge 11, which is intended Vto be the upper or top edge of the fan, when expanded to the semi-circular form,

as illustrated in Fig. 2, or when expanded and utilized as a hat or head covering as shown in Figs. 4 and 5. The edges ofthe sheet, as designated at 13 and 14, will also be suitably fastened together as by pasting or they may be sewed if the material used is of a form which would permit suitable stitching instead of pasting along the ends 13 and 14. The edges of the material where they coincide, as indicated at the bottom of the device in Fig. 1, indicated by 12, will be unsecured so that when it is considered that the two thicknesses will be securedtogether either integrally or by pasting kor sewing along the line 11 and at the ends 13 and 14, the device willfbel seen to in the form of a bag i @n that .may be 0' @eed .1.1101 To protect the lower edgesrof t e material, as indicated at 12, I prefer to add some sort of strengthening thickness,k which Vmight a Y reinforcement of a tough, thin, iiexible paper or even some cloth.

Where it is desirableyvtolmake jthe device up as a novelty, it will have a more or less tmpcrary usaandunder SuchA circumstances, that, portion which .isdesinatedat the lower Vedge of thedevice ofFig.; 1 by reference character 17 maycon'sist merely of tivothicknesses of` paper, that i s onethickness lof the stock itself, [and ,the :additional reinforcing mem-V ber, whi0h my .be on either side of the sheet.

I preferably perforate each of the vflutedfpar-v allel sections of. the superimposed sheetsas boundedby the linesof fold 15, these perfo- @Stl 'foratiofstherein to register and th'eendfof vthe string maybe passed therethrough,

tations being designated at' .18 and-extending through the paper stock, as well as through the reinforcing member.A

.Atthe middle of the bottom portion of the device .I reinforce the perforation in one `'sheet asdesignated by reference characterz19 in order, to give lthis special strength. Then I thread a suitable string or cord 2O through the perforations 18 and through lthe perfo.

rated. strengthening members 19 with` the ends depending like the 'ends of a shoe lace.A as shown in Fig. 1. In threading the cord 20'throu`gh the perforations 18, .this should be done Iby threadingthe cord through the 'entire circumference of :the device, both free ends passingoutwardly `through the perfo- 'rated strengthening member 19. The work of threading the cord through the perforations 18 may be expedited by vslightly sepa- 'r'atiifig'the upper and lower sheets and fold` iiiited parallel sections 15, which will cause the V'p'erforations 18 to register with eta Then the process of folding the f'Sheet tvhicliis opposed to the Vone having vthe g'thfening portion 1 9V `Will cause ythe rp'er'- ,bri'gin'g it tb the opposite end of theV device, where the cord will :be passed through the perforations :18 alternatelyfrom .one side'to the other yof fthe sheet the manner/'illustrated in Fig., 1, when the free-end of the cord 'being thus threaded'will be finally drawn outwardly through the strengthening portion 19 with the two free ends of the "tive figures.

cord projecting or depending'therefrom in the manner indicated in Fig. 1.

It will be obvious that when the device is opened up like a bag or cap at the bottoni, it may be caused to telescopev over the head of the wearer or used according to my pre` ferred mode of use as a protective covering for fragile hats of men or women, as straw hats of men and hats formed of delicate fabrics and materials used for the headwear of Women. The draw cord 20, it will be. seen, will ifurnish a convenient means for contracting the loiver periphery of the fcap-like device when it is in position over the exterior `of a. hat, and being formed of flexible paper, it may be'drawn with any desired degree of tightness beneath 'the 'rim or lower periphery It will be obvious that the device may also be used as va hat or cap' for decorative purposes at various social functions where cheap paper head coverings are desired to be used.`

When the device is carefully made inthe manner indi/'cated in Figs.k1,2vand13 by tying the4 end s of the cord 20, as indicated in Fig. 2, thecord may be utilized to hold the lower endof Ythe folded body ofthe vdevice in condition to form a handle so that the upper portion maybe expanded tothe substantially semi-circular or Vfan-like form, as indicated atOinFigQ. I A A The form of the device for Vtransportation and distribution prior to usage is illustrated generally in perspective in Fig. 3 where the ,covering or to functionas a fan, I prefer that y the exterior surface ofthe sheets, particularly i those portions thereof which are to be expanded into the semi-circular form, be suitably decorated ywith highly coloreddecora- The readiness with which the device may beV converted from use asa fan to that of a temporary head covering is` an important feature ofthe invention, since its use as ahead covering will :be seen to be of importance in protecting delicate headwear in cases of sud den precipitation of moisture andthe com- Ypactnes's'with which the device is initially distributed, as shown in Fig. 3, makes it possible to carry the device readily even in a pocket Without inconvenience.

device be intended foruse `as ahat'or head y It should be observed that Fig. 3 is merely an illustrative perspective view intended to show the general appearance of the device when in the completely folded form for transportation and distribution, it being resolved into a package in the form of a parallelepiped, the adjustable ends of t-he cord permitting the lower end of the compact device to be wrapped so that the turns of the cord 20 may be disposed over a considerable portion of the lower end of the package, thus forming a convenient handle portion when the device is intended to be used as a fan, since that portion of the device above the wrapped handle portion may be readily expanded to the semicircular form or to any desired degree in the form of a sector of a circle after the removal of the retaining device 31. The view in Fig. 3 is intended to represent only the compactly folded parallelepiped form of the device and this view is not intended accurately to represent the thickness or number of the combined folds lof the accordion pleating, which obviously, will have half the total number of parallel sections as bounded by the lines of fold 15.

In Fig. 2 is also shown a slightly modified form of wrapping the handle portion 16 by the cord 20, the turns or convolutions of the cord being brought more closely together near the upper end of the designated handle portion, thus leaving the lower part of the handle portion unwrapped for part of its length and free to slightly expand, due to the inherent elastic tendency of the material to expand slightly where not confined by the convolutions of the cord. Obviously, therefore, the device may be expanded to the fanlike from the general form of the package shown in Fig. 3 by the removal of the band 3l and expanding that portion thereof to the approximately semi-circular form above the wrapping of the cord 20, the handle then A being substant-ially as illustrated in Fig. 3,

or, if desired, the user may, before expanding tothe fan-like form, arrange the turns of the cord 20 and retie the same to procure the yhandle effect with the slightly expanded lower end as shown in Fig. 2.

What I claim as my invention and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:

' l. A device formed of two thicknesses of thin flexible material of substantially rectangular form, each of the two thicknesses of .the material being substantially (3o-extensive united, whereby the opening in the device when expanded to the form of a bag may be suitably adjusted upon the head or hat of a wearer.

2. A device formed of two thicknesses of thin flexible material of substantially rectangular form, each of the two thicknesses of the material being substantially co-extensive and being united along the two parallel lateral edges and along one longitudinal edge to form a structure capable of being opened into a bag-like head or hat covering, each of the superposed thicknesses of the material in the closed position being creased along parallel lines `of fold extending at right angles to the open side of the device, whereby the device is capable of being opened into abaglike form to serve as a hat or head covering or when pleated along said lines of fold the device may have theV major portion thereof expanded to form a fan.

3. A device formed of two thicknesses of thin flexible material of substantially rectangular form, each of the two thicknesses of the material being substantially co-extensive and being united along the two parallel lateral edges and along one longitudinal edge to form a structure capable of being opened into a bag-like head or hat covering, each of the superposed thicknesses of the material in the closed position being creased along parallel lines of fold extending at right angles to the open side of the device, whereby the device is capable of being opened -into a bag-like form to serve as a hat or head covering or when pleated along said lines of fold the device may have the major portion thereof expanded to form a fan, and a draw string extending peripherally around the edges of the material at the side thereof where the material is not united, whereby the openings in the device when expanded to the form of a bag may be suitably adjusted and secured upon the head or hat of a wearer, said draw string also lengths at the extremities thereof to serve as a means for tying the folded pleated ends of having suliicient depending the device adjacent the normal open side in the closed position being creased along parallel lines of fold extending at right angles to the open side of the device to form pleats, each of said pleated sections being perforated, and a draw string extending peripherally around the edges of the material at the side thereof where the material is not longitudinal edge to form a structure capable l eing yopened into a bag-like head or hat covering, eachof the thicknesses of the paper in the closed position `being creased along parallel lines :of fold extendingat rightv angles to Vthe .open side of the device to form pleats, each of said pleated sections being perforated, and a draw string extending peripheraly around the edges of the material at vthe side thereof where the material is Ynot united and being threaded through said perforationswhereby the opening in the device when expanded to forni a bag may be suitably controlled for adjustment uponthe head or hat of a wearer, the said draw string being extended at its extremities to form protruding lengths for tying kthe pleated and folded end of the `device adjacent the open side thereof forsecurement in transportation or to form a suitable handle whenaportion of the device is expanded to a fan-like form. Y

6. A vdevice formed of twothicknesses of water-proof paper of substantially rectangular form, each of the two thicknesses of the aper being substantially co-extensive and eing united -along the two lateral edges and along one longitudinal edge to form a structure .capable of being opened into a bag-like head or hat covering, a reinforcing strip seseeured per-ipherally around the device at the longitudinal edge thereof which is .capable of being opened, each of the thicknesses of the material in the closed position including the reinforcing strip being creased along parallel `lines of fold extended at right angles to the vopen side of the device, the pleated rectangular sections of the device being perforated at the reinforced edges of the device, and a draw-,string lextending peripheraly around the reinforced edges of thematerial and being threaded through certain perforations whereby the opening in the device when expanded to the form of a bag may be suitably adjusted upon the head or hat of a wearer.

7. A device formed of two thicknesses of fwaterproof paper of substantially rectangular form, each of the twoy thicknesses of the paper being substantially co-'extensive .and being united along the two lateral edges Aand along one longitudinal edge to form a structure capable of being opened into a baglike head or hat covering, a reinforcing strip secured peripherally around the device at the lon itudi-nal edgerthereof which is capable o being opened, each of the thicknesses of the material in rthe :closed position including the reinforcing strip being creased along parallel lines of fold extended `at right angles to theopen side of theld'ev'ice, .the pleated rectangular sections of the device being g erfo- Viatedat the reinforced edges ofthe evice,

and a draw-string extending peripherally around the reinforced edges of lthe material andfbeing threaded through certain perforations whereby the opening in the device whenrexpan'ded to the form of a bag may be suitablyadjnsted upon the =head or Ahat ofra wearer, the said draw-string being extended at its extremities to form protruding lengths for tying the pleated and folded end of the device adjacent the open side thereof for securement in transportation or to form a suitable handle when a portion of the device is expanded to a fan-like for-m.

8. A device formed of ltwo thicknesses lof thin flexible water-proof materialof substantially rectangular form, each of the two f thicknesses of the material being substantially cosentensive and being united alon the two lateral edges and .along one longitudinal edge to form a structure Vcapable of being opened into a bag-like head or hat covering, each of the two thicknesses of the material in the closed position being creased kalong parc allel lines of fold extending at right` angles to the open side of the device, and adrawstr-ing extending peripherally around the y edges of the material at the side thereof where the material is not united, whereby the opening in the device when expanded to the form of a bag may be suitably adjusted upon the head or hat of a wearer.

9. A device formed of tWo thicknesses of thin flexible water-proof material of sugb-v stantially rectangular form, .each of the two each of the superposed thicknesses of the material in closed position being creased along parallel lines of fold extendng at right an gies to the open side of the device, al supplemental strengthening thickness of material Vsecured to the longitudinal edges ofthe material at the side where the material is not united, the material including the strengthening material in each of the pleated rectangular sections adjacent the normal open side yof i thicknesses of the material being s ubstantia'll the device being perforated, a draw-string extending peripherally along the edges of the material and beinginserted through 'said perforations whereby the opening in the device when expanded to form aY bag may be suitably adjusted upon 'the head or haty of. a

wearer, there being depending ends formed at the extremities of said draw-string where by the device in a folded form may be secured together for transportation and the end 'thereof adjacent the normally open side may be secured to form the handle of a fan When a portion of the body of the device is expanded into a fan-like form, and supplemental strengthening means secured to the material immediately surrounding the perforations Where the free depending ends of the drawstring pass therefrom.

In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this specification,v on this 7th day of December A. D. 1928.

ROSCOE A. CONKLIN.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2765472 *Jun 3, 1953Oct 9, 1956Wlodzimierz Schoen-WolskiCollapsible headgear
US2766458 *Mar 22, 1952Oct 16, 1956Wlodzimierz Schoen-WolskiCollapsible headgear
Classifications
U.S. Classification2/209.11, D02/866, 2/200.3, 2/175.6
International ClassificationA42B1/20, A42B1/00
Cooperative ClassificationA42B1/004, A42B1/201, A42B1/208
European ClassificationA42B1/00C, A42B1/20F, A42B1/20B