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Publication numberUS1743544 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 14, 1930
Filing dateDec 20, 1928
Priority dateAug 20, 1928
Publication numberUS 1743544 A, US 1743544A, US-A-1743544, US1743544 A, US1743544A
InventorsHelberg Oscar
Original AssigneeHelberg Oscar
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Method of manufacturing tin closures
US 1743544 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 14, 1930. QQHELBERG 1,743,544

IETHOD OF MANUFACTURING TIN CLOSURES Filed Dec. 26, I 1928 Patented Jan. 14, 1930 UNITED STATES OSCAR HELBERG, OF HAMBURG, GERMANY METHOD OF MANUFACTURING TIN CLOSURES Application filed December 20, 1928, Serial No. 327,331, and in Germany August 20, 1928.

Most tins are closed with covers which can be removed from the tins so as to open them only with the aid of a suitable particularly designed implement. If, instead of such an implement, any of the known tools is used, the tin is generally more or less damaged, in many cases completely destroyed, and often times also the contents of the tin is impaired.

Military and sporting persons must practically as a rule, abstain from carrying a separate tin openingimplement with them, to-

gether with the tin, and in view of this drawback many endeavors have already been to so design the tins and their covers that they can be opened without the application of a separate implement. The known solutions of this problem are not satisfactory. In some cases they are too expensive, in others they are notpractical.

My invention presents an unobjectionable solution of the problem stated in the preceding paragraph. This improved tin closure comprises, in combination with the tin body and the cover therefor, a folding ring laid around said body, and a tearing-up tongue projecting forth from said ring. This latter and the cover are, preferably, stamped together out of the respective sheet-metal piece in a common, i. e. one working phase. I am aware of the fact that also similar methods have already been proposed, but my present improved method difi'ers materially also from them. The advantages obtainable by my improved closure a pear especially during the manufacture o it, as well as when the respective tins are to be opened which can be eflected in a very simple manner merely by tearing said folding ring by means of said tongue.

The tearing-up tongue is arranged above the cover, and this presents the advantage that the cylindrical circumferential surface remains perfectly free for applying a paper strip thereon or for providing it with 1mrints etc., the mechanical working procedure eing not in the least disturbed thereby.

A characteristic feature of the invention relates also therein that the stamped sheetmetal piece being, however, not larger than otherwise required for the cover and its fold alone; that is to say, although now a separate closing ring is provided, the amount of material necessitated for the manufacture of the cover and said ring is not larger than hitherto without that ring. For this purpose the stamped sheet-metal piece delivering the cover is subjected to a drawing procedure by which a rim-flange is formed. This latter is then separated from the cover piece and serves as basis member for the separate closing ring with its tearing-up tongue.

The cover is provided with a rim flange and is separated from the closing ring in one working phase, that flange being apt to be placed upon the body of the tin. The closing ring is cylindrical and is then pressed into angular shape, preferably in such a manner that the tearing-up tongue remains at the upper edge of the said ring. 'There is in this tongue an aperture into which a nail or similar member can be put in order to be used as a sort of tool for effecting the tearingcallyand by way of example on the accompanying drawing on which Figure 1 is a transverse section through a piece of sheet-metal intended for the manufacture of a cover;

Figure 2 is a plan of this piece of sheet metal; 7

Figure 3 shows the same piece after the first pressing phase, again in transverse sec-. tion, the cover and the closing ring being still integrally connected with one another;

Figure 4 is a similar view, showing the cover and the ring after the second pressing phase in which they have been separated from one another;

Figure 5 shows the closing ring after the third pressing stage in which it has received angular shape in section;

Figure. 6 shows the upper part of a tin body (in axial section) with the cover and the closing ring put thereon;

Figure 7 is a similar view, showing the three parts firmly united with each other;

Figure 8 is a plan of the parts shown in Figure 7 v Figure 9 is a view similar to Figure 8, but shows a modification, in that two tongues are provided;

Figure 10 is a plan of an oblong tin with semicircular frontal faces, and

Figure 11 is a plan of a rectangulartin with rounded-off corners.

On the drawings d (Figs. 1 and 2) denotes the stamped piece of sheet-metal which is intended to form (later on) the cover; it is provided with a projection a which is intended to be used as tearing-up tongue; in this tongue is a slot 71. for the insertion of a nail or the like, as already mentioned. As the metal piece has been square, as indicated by dotted lines in the upper righthand corner of Fig. 2, no extra material is required for the tongue. The central portion a of the metal piece d is intended to form, later on, the cover. The dotted line 0 indicates the size or diameter of the portion a.

, The metal piece a/d is then pressed into the shape shown in Figure 3, there bein now a flange e between the closing ring and the cover portion a, and the tongue I) extending upwardly, as shown. The flange e pertains to the cover portion a. The parts a and e together are then separated from the part d whereby two distinct tin members are obtained, viz, the cover 0/6 and the closing ring d/b. 0 (Figs. 1 and 3) denotes the separating line between said members.

The next working stage consists in bending the upper half of the ring 01 inwardly, as in Fig. 5, so as to give it angular shape in transverse section. The tongue I) is now directed inwardly, as also shown in Fig. 5.

The cover and the closing ring are now ready for use.

The manner of closin in Figs. 8. The tin ody g has an upper flange 7 upon which is placed the flange e of the cover 6. Then the closing ring d is put upon the flange 6 so that its tubular or vertical portion extends downwardly over the flanges e and f, as in Fig. 6. Now the downwardly projecting portion of d is bent inwardly below the flange e, as in Fig. 7, where by all members are firmly and tightly connected with each other. The tin is now closed, the closure is finished.

To open the tin, a nail or similar member is put into the slot h of the tongue I) and this latter is now subjected to a certain strong pull, suflicient to tear-up the ring d. This having been accomplished, the now open ring is simply withdrawn from the tin, whereby the cover a is freed from the closure and can be taken off the tin body in the easiest manner a tin is illustrated imaginable. The cover and the tin body are not in the least damaged, solely the ring (Z has been torn and become waste.

In the modifications shown in Figs. 9, 10 and 11 there is provided, besides the perforated tongue I) a non-perforated. tongue 71, intendedespecially for tearing-up the ring d, whereas the tongue 6 is to serve merely for drawing the torn ring d off the cover. In order to facilitate the tearing up ofthe ring d, the free spaces at its root are formed as acute angles, as shown in all three figures.

I claim:

' 1. A method of manufacturing tin closures, consisting in stamping out of sheet-metal a circular piece, pressing this piece into a shape in which it appears as two superposed basins, of which theupper has a larger diameter than the lower, both basin-like parts, being con-- nected with one another by an annular intermediate portion; separating the lower basin like member together with said annular portion from the upper member so as to convert this member into a cover having an outwardly directed flange and to convert simultaneously therewith the upper member into a ring with upright wall, pressing this ring into a shape in whichits upper portion forms an inwardly directed flange; placing the cover with its flange upon a previously provided flange at the top of the tin body, placing then the flange of said ring upon the cover flange, and bending the downwardly projecting portion of the said ring inwardly below said body flange.

2. A method of manufacturing tin closures, consisting in'stamping outof sheet-metal a circular platehaving a laterally extending tongue, pressing this piece into a shape in which it appears as two superposed basins, of which the upper has a larger diameter than .the lower and its tongue extends upwardly both basin-like parts being connected with one another by an annular intermediate portion; separating the lower basin-like member together with said annular portion from the upper member so as to convert this member into a cover having an outwardly directed flange' and to convert simultaneously therewith the upper member into a ring with upright wall, pressing this ring'into a shape in which its upper portion forms an inwardly directed flange from which said tongue extends inwardly; placing the cover with its flange upon a previously provided flange at the top ofthe tin body, placing then the flange of said ring upon the cover flange, and bending the downwardly projecting portion of the said ring inwardly below said body flange.

3. A method of manu-facturing tin closures consisting in stamping out of sheet-metal a circular plate having a laterally extending tongue with an'opening in it, pressing thi" piece into a shape in which it appears as two superposed basins, of which the upper has a larger diameter than the lower and its tongue extends upwardly both basin-like parts being connected with one another by an annular intermediate portion; separating the lower basin-like member together with said annular portion from the upper member so as to convert this member into a cover having an outwardly directed flange and to convert simultaneously therewith the upper member into a ring with upright wall, pressing this ring into a shape in which its upper portion forms an inwardly directed flange from which said tongue extends inwardly; placing the cover with its flange upon a previously provided flange at the top of the tin body, placin then the flange of said ring upon the cover flange, and bending the downwardly projecting portion of the said ring inwardly below said body flange. i

4. A method of 'in'anufacturin tin closures consisting in stamping out of s eet-metal a circular plate having two laterally extending tongues, pressing this piece into a shape in which it appears as two superposed basins, of which the upper has a larger diameter than the lower and its tongues extends upwardly both basin-like parts being connected with one another by an annular intermediate por tion; separating the lower basin-like member together with said annular portion from the upper member-so as to convert this member into a cover having an outwardly directed flange and to convert simultaneously therewith the upper member into a ring with upright wall, pressing this ring into a shape in which its upper portion forms an inwardly directed flange from which said tongues extends inwardly; placing the cover with its flange upon a previously provided flange'at the top of the tin body, placing then the flange of said ring upon the cover flange, and bending the downwardly projecting portion of the said ring inwardly below said body flange, substantially and for the purpose set forth.

In testimony whereof I aflix my signature.

OSCAR HELBERG.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2492176 *May 5, 1944Dec 27, 1949American Flange & MfgMethod of making closure plugs
US2578021 *Dec 5, 1947Dec 11, 1951Houdaille Hershey CorpMethod of making a locking ring and plate assembly
US3180010 *Jan 11, 1962Apr 27, 1965 Method of manufacturing air cleaner element
US5913651 *May 20, 1997Jun 22, 1999Rasselstein Hoesch GmbhMethod of manufacturing an easily-opened can lid, and easily-opened can lid
US6036043 *Feb 4, 1999Mar 14, 2000Rasselstein Hoesch GmbhEasily-opened can lid
Classifications
U.S. Classification413/12
International ClassificationB21D28/06, B21D51/38
Cooperative ClassificationB21D28/06, B21D51/38
European ClassificationB21D28/06, B21D51/38