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Publication numberUS1746091 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 4, 1930
Filing dateMar 7, 1928
Priority dateMar 7, 1928
Publication numberUS 1746091 A, US 1746091A, US-A-1746091, US1746091 A, US1746091A
InventorsSkidmore Albert M
Original AssigneeSkidmore Albert M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1746091 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 4, 1930 I A. M. SKIDMORE 'HEADREST 4 Sheets-Sheet Filed March 7. 1928 .0 m M 0. M. A



Feb. 4, 1930.

A.- M. SKIDMORE 1,746,091

HEADREST Filed March 7, 1928 4 Sheets-Sheet 2 Skdmore ATTO R N EY Feb.'4, 1930. SKIDMQR E 1,746,091

HEADREST Filed gm '7. 1928 4 Sheets-Sheet s WITNESS:

ATTO R N EY Feb. 4, 1930. Q A. M. SKIDIMORE HBADREST Filed March 7. 1928 I 4 sheets-sheet 4 AM$ k1Lmore INVENTOR WITNESS:

ATTORNEY Patented-Feb. 4, 1930 i I I I 1346,0951

HEADRESHTY i Appl ication med March 7, 1328cv Serial no; 259,817.

My present invention has reference to a 1 head rest forfus'e in eonheotion with barbers chairs and my object of the invention is the provision of a head rest for this purpose" which has a yieldable facing so that the same will readily comply to the shape of the head of the person resting thereagainst WlthOUt-il'lfi'ictiilg' inj ury thereto," which has a novel means for feeding a protective paper over the facin and iii e'aiis ior detaching soiled sheets of such pa13e'r,wl'iich ijsi swingabl'y adjusted to' adequately adapt; itself to the parts of the head of the person" resting therea'gainst, and I to likewise comply with the shape of. the

ment is capable of extended application and is not confined to the exact showingof the drawings some the precise construction de- 'st'zril'fe'd, and, therefore, such changes and modifications may be made therefrom do oiithehne .[4 qt Figure 1.

note-fleet. thespi'rit of the invention nor exceed the-scope thereof as expressed in the ap-' pended claims. v

the rawings;

Figure'l' is a rear elevation oi the improvement H .V Figure 2 is a side elevation thereof.

Here j 1 fil i -wc he a A Figure 4. iis a. sectional view approximately Figure isla sectional "vi approximately similar to-Fi'gure' t but showing the head rest sustainedat a different angle and also illustrating the: manner in whichtthe stop catch is actuated to permit of a retrograde longitudinal movement of the head rest on its support i i Figure 6 is a sectional'view approximately on the line 66 of Figure 2'. I Figure 7 is an elevation to'illustrate the" manner-in which the operatingmeans for the rack bar of the head rest is detachabl-y connected to theordin-ary vertically slid'a'b'le'bar of a barbers chair. I c V 1 Flgur'e 8 1s a perspective view tomoreiclarfly illustrate the manner in which the bracket for the head rest is detachablyassociated the slidable bar.

Figure 9 is aside elevation showing v head rest swung to inoperat ve position, as a when the same, is'not required for use.

' Figure 10 is asectional viewapproxiinately on the line 10-1 O of Figure 4.

Figure 11 is a perspe'ctlve' viewed illustrate the manner in which the protective paper is arranged, in the split metal to'othand-tl ielatter handled for either beirig arrangedinor removed from the head rest.

Figure 12' is a View substan a plan view of the coil"structio i disclosed by Figure12.

The head rest proper comprises two' 'side plates 1"1 whose outer edges are ciirved, whose ends may be dished inwardly and soak loped and whose outer edges" are also preferably arched. These plates 1 are'co'nne ct'ed together, at their rear edges throughthe medium ofa connecting strip 2 but obviously this strip may be detachably secured to the sides 1. The outer corners of thesides 1 are also connected through the medium of rods 8, which have reduced ends thatafford abutting shoulders for the side plates 1 and which are interiorly. threaded ior th'e reception of binding screws 4;. Obviously the reduced threaded ends of the rods?) may be eXtei-iorly threaded andinay be engaged by nuts which cont'actwi'th' the outer face of the sides 1;

p The numeral indicates a leather or like compressible strip. This strip provides the outer face of the headrest, and as-disclesed by the drawings he-r e. 4 A .c

The roundedor ourvedouteredg'es of the sides are preferably formed with equidistant:

has its en ds supported on spaced il h re preferably notched I y I tiallysiihilarto I -Figure 8, illustrating a slight modification.

and which afford anchor members for loops on the end convolutions of coil springs 8. The springs, of course, contact directly with the inner face of the leather or like compressiblefacing 5, and while normally hold ing the facing in one position, permit of the same conformingto and affording a yieldable rest for the head of the person reclining thereon.

The ends of the leather strip or facing are rounded upon themselves, stitched together and have passed through the said rounded portions, rod s 9, and'through the rounded or beaded edges of the strip 5, disposed over the rods there are, at spaced intervals, oppositely disposed hooks which are designed to engage with the end convolutions of coil springs 11. The springs 11 are equidistantly spaced and tension the fabric or compressible strip 5. The advantages of the construction as so far described will, it is thought, be understood and appreciated by those-skilled in the art to which the invention relates.

The sides 1 of the head rest, adjacent to the rear and to the lower portion thereof, have secured upon their inner faces the offset ends of spring discs 12. The discs 12 each has a central opening therethrough' for the reception of the flared or conical ends of trunnions 13 secured on the sides of a roll around which the paper 14, (that provides a protective facing for the head rest) is wound. The

spring influenced discs 12, however, may and are preferably designed to frlctlonally contact with the ends of a split tube 15, best shown in Figure 11 of the drawings, and within which tube the wound portion of the protective paper sheet is received, the edge of which paper, of course, passing between the lapping edges of the tube 15. The tube, at points adjacent to its center and opposite its lapping edges, is formed with lugs 16 16 which, as disclosed by the dotted line position of the human hand in Figure 11, permits of the tube being expanded for the arrangement of the paper roll therein or permits of the tube being handled so that the same can be arranged between the friction discs 12 or sustained in the head rest by contact with such friction discs.

' The paper from the'roll is, of course, directed around the lower corner of the head rest over the yieldable front thereof and is from thence directed along a longitudinally arranged cutter member or knife 17 that is preferably received in a cross sectional U-shaped housing 18 whose ends are secured to the sides of the head'rest. The paper is likewise directed over a compressible roller 19. This roller has a shaft 20 passing centrally there through, and is secured thereto. The shaft 20 is extended through bearing openings in the sides of the head rest. One end of the shaft 20 is provided with a knurled head 21 and spring material and will exert a tension to ward the roller 19 to insure a frictional engagement between the sheet and the roller.

By themeans as above described it will be noted that a rolled sheet of protective paper may be easily and quickly positioned in the head rest and may be positively directed thereover, and moved by the operation of the turning of the shaft 20 so that desired lengths may be severed therefrom by merely drawing the paper against the knife edge of the cutter element 17.

Either formed centrally onthe strip or plate 2 or centrally secured on a strip or plate which is screwed in or otherwise secured to the said plate 2, there is an outwardly directed lug 23 whose outer edge is rounded and'is toothed, as at 24. The flat lug 23 is received in the bifurcated end 25 of what I will term a rack member 26. An adjustable pivot 27 connects the lug 23 to the bifurcated end of the rack 26. From its bifurcated end the rack bar 26 is formed with a longitudinal socket 28. Passing centrally through his rack bar, and, of course, through the socket 28, there is a'rod 29. This rod has a pointed or beveled end to engage with the teeth 24 of the lug 23. The said end of the rod has also arranged theret-hrough a stop element which is engaged by one end of a coil spring 30 which is received in the socket and which contacts with the inner wall thereof to urge the rod to engage with the teeth 24. The rod has its outer end headed, as at 31, tocontact with the outer end of the rack bar 26. The said outer end of the rack bar is notched, as at 32, and the portion of the rod received in the notch is formed with a laterally extending lug 33 which contacts with the inner wall provided by the notch when the rod, (which in reality provides a spring influenced locking. dog), engages the teeth of the lug 23. The lateral part 33, when the rod is turned in the rack bar, is pulled outwardly therefrom and, when the rod is further turned, contacts with the outer end of the rack bar and holds the locking dog from engagement with the teeth of the lug 23. lVith an arrangement as just described it will be seen thatthe head rest may be swung to variousdesiredpositions on the rack bar, which is sustained in a suitable support to be hereinafter described, so that the head rest may adapt itself to the head of the person being operated on, regardless of-the angle which such person assumes in the barbers chair.

The rack bar 26 has its lower edge provided with transverse teeth 33, and its upper end I 5 fthe impndvemeht. "Thetop ef-the sgcket thenehe.

' There-is iteceive d in a suitable "poeketl ih thesidfifi 91 .20 lyfixedon algvterwlly lextending 'shaftl. Bethendsbftheshaftpass throughhut are t 39 with a suitable-Washer which intLir-n c011,-

' .40v eppanent thatbyl ldi W ng mat- :PQ i Q i mhe tension of the springfimay be regiilated hm ket, 91 idi e f 45 free eperationzof thetqothed. Wheel 931151 150 moyement through :th

1 e0 fer illQl i igg-ljgh g prIovidechvithsaw teeth :34. The yack hai is e r-bulged g itwapglly tqpp substantially reetanguhir in he ress seetien vg ml 5.5 and the bottom e1 th is slidahle'thro gh a similarly shaped soelget as agie the ends t e 35 on the supporting member .or brecketfifi Thesides 0 I member has ermhged there vep a flanged by a 11 plate 37 and the sids sof this plate gaze pilvdted 011 111211 ilYfi-i'll atojthe socketlpgrtign of the bracket. The stggchgf eql -rset iat t1; 7

meat-berg? provides ;a eat-eh. vone ,encl thereof of th N A a e5 gp 110 being flanged, as 511338, toafllord aJteoth thxt rest, plateereym 4g v 1 is designed lferiengageihept with thexsaw teeth i; jer .egrne'p nptehed s9 as ot te.

34t0fthel1-a ekhar 26 the saidica-tch heing-in-- the tgpthecl operating whee the. o

flileneed to suchengagement thrgugh theme.- 0f the emnzd esig e qli'jzg he di m of a p ng 39. leg o slwlslen i e wi hsi t, g uh etpm-vi s me the lower portion. of the bracketyadjaeent pf which p r oy d to the end thereof confronting the head rest housing f01 .a toethed Wheel 4;0 to te gage'withthelewer teeth of the rack bar, This Wheel is'eentml; i A

e. 4 1; embe weed ex ed n 1 outOfcQntzyctw-ith sleevesl42 andASWhiCh age preferably, but 'not-necessarilyhxed to the to aposite-si'desf-thewhracket. The tend gep 0f the shaft passing through the sleeve 42 is headed and has "screwed thereon a Wing t nut-44. The1endethesheft passingzth rough' I 's1eeyeaet3 has fixed thereonithekhubofa milled wheel 45,- the said Wheel: ee taeting :taetswit-hlolneend ofinc oil spring-5:6 arranged -ziroundthe said endxof theshaft endrwhese 0pp0site gend ,e0ntacts With10ne side pf the bracket; I have stated that thev she-{till .is fixed on the tobthechwheel fiQl hgt thisis I nnly true with respeettothe -;tu-1ni ng eiethe Wheel with the shaft as the said shaft is permitted asli ht longitudinal mevement thro gh-the bore oi-the iube it wil be h e r 9f so that the hand wheellcennot' be ac ide tal,- fir ge Op d1 1y turned, An imscrewingpo the W -QgIll i and the turning of th hand Wh l pe mits a s n qu nt y P mits-the S8 i1nfi9fi$ WhQB o imparm lqngitudnal m vemsnt thr ugh V h o k fi ofihQ-bmcke t h v 22 .1; bert T e track 110.2 1? isLHpuerniit-t La epiitweiid v v 1 996;" .atiomb t e retrograde 1 911? l he sis dl y the e teh 37. d the Pe i moxrement .of-t e he]; t

f the hie kst v ement wi .kbermay be-pmvided $2 i A7 eng ble :b the tee h 3.8 @i :the mi ,3? tbee lss smesit ilemenhz h arm 48 t pport. I I i fiel snt The arm, at its reduced rear end is formed With lateral flanges 62 having upper angle portions 63 that merge into downwardly directed flanges 64 parallel with the flanges 62 but being of a less length and rounded at theirouter edges to form the same with beads 65 to be received in the transverse grooves '66 of the slidable bar 67 for the barbers chair. The notch 61- is'engaged by a finger operated spring latch 68 substantially similar tothat previously described. In each instance the latch members 55 and 68 are preferably formed from a single strand of spring wire connected and bent upon themselves to afford the active ends thereof with sufficient resiliency to freely enter the notches -of the supporting plates or arms.

Having described the invention, I claim:

1. A barbers head rest comprising spaced side members, and connecting means therefor, notched lugs on the correspondingedges ofthe sides, springs having their ends fixed to said lugs, rod members secured to the outer corners of the sides, a flexible facing trained over the springs and over the rods and coil springsconnecting the "ends of the facing.

, 2. A barbers head rest comprising spaced side members, and connecting means therefor, notched lugs'on the corresponding edges of the sides, springs having their ends fixed to said lugs, rod members secured to the outer corners of the sides, a flexible facing "trained overthe springs andover the rods and coil springs connecting the ends of the facing, spring discs in thesides exerting a tension toward each other and design to receive therebetween a roll of paper covering for the facing, a knife member in the top. of the head rest, and below which the paper is trained, a compressible roller having a shaft journaled in theisides of the head rest and over which the end of the paper is trained, spring means urging the'shaft for the roller in one direction and an operating head for thegshaft. p

3. The combination with a head rest for use in tonsorial parlors having a toothed lug on the rear end thereof, a rack bar having a bifurcatedend between whose arms the lug is pivoted, a spring influenced slidable rod carried by the rack for engagingthe toothed lug, a supporting bracket forthe rack, a toothed wheel 'engagingthe rack, tension means for regulating the turning of the wheel, means for imparting V a. turning ino= tion to the wheel and for impartinga longitudinalmovement to the rack and latching means engaging the 'rack for holding the same' from longitudinal movement in one direction.

4.;The combination with a head rest for "usefupon chairs in tonsorial parlors, having 1 a toothed lug at'the rear thereof, a bar havinga bifurcated end in which the toothed lugi-is'zpivot ed, a spi ing influenced-rod inovtoothed wheel for engaging the lower teeth of the bar, atensioningmeans for holding the wheel from free movement, adjusting means for said tension means, operating means for the wheel, and a spring influenced gatchfto engage with the saw teethof the ar. i w 5. The combination with a head rest for use in connection with the chairs in a tonsorial parlor, and which head rest has a rearwardly extending toothedlug, of a bar to which the lug is pivoted, a spring influenced rod movable through the bar to engage with the teeth of the'lug, means between the rod and bar for holding the rod out of engagement with the'lug, a bracket having a socket through whichthe bar ismovable,saidbarhaving lower transverse teeth, upper saw teeth, a pivotallysupported spring influenced catch on the bracket to engage with the saw teeth," a toothed wheel carried by the bracket toengage with the lower teeth of the bar,.a shaft for the toothed wheel having a portion which is movable-through saiclwvlieel, adjustable means onone end of the shaft for impartinga longitudinal'movement thereto,imeans on the sec- 0nd end of the shaft for rotating said shaft, and a spring 'between the last mentioned means and the bracket, for the purpose set forth. l

6. The combination with a head rest for use in connection with the chairs in a tonsorial parlor, and which head rest has a rearwardly.

extending toothed lug, of a bar to which the lug is pivoted, a spring influenced rod movable through the bar to engage with the teeth of the lug, means between the rod and bar for holding the rod out of engagement with the lug, a bracket having a socket through which the bar is movable, said bar having lowerr transverse teeth, upper saw teeth,a pivotally supported springinfluenced catch on the bracketto engage with the saw teeth, a toothed wheel carried by the bracket to engagewith use in connection with the chairs ina tonso-r rial parlor,'and which head rest has a rearwardly extending toothed lug, of a bar to which the'lug is pivoted,"a spring influenced rod movable throughthe bar to engage withv a the teeth of the lug, means between the rod and bar for holding the rod out of engagement with the lug, a bracket having a socket through which the bar is movable, said bar having lower transverse teeth, upper saw teeth, a pivotally supported spring influenced catch on the bracket to engage with the saw. teeth, a toothed'wheel carried by the'bracket to engage with the lower teeth of the bar, a

15, shaft for the toothed wheel having a portion which is movable through said wheel, adj ust- I able means on one endv of theshaft for imparting a longitudinal movement thereto,

means on the second end of the shaft for ro-' i 2o tating the shaft, a spring between the last mentioned means and the bracket, 2, supporting arm to which the bracketis pivoted, a V swingable latch journaled on thementi'oned shaft, influenccd bythe'mentio-ned spring and having anofi'set portion to engage beneath the bracket for locking the bracket to' the i arm, a vertically slidable toothed bar, and

means carried by the arm for removably sus- I taining the same on said last mentioned bar I 8. The combination with a' barbers chair having'a vertically slidable head rest'supporting bar thereon, andwhich bar, adjacent toits outer end has a transverse" groove therethrough, in combination with a head rest, a

bracket-and means for adjusting the head rest toward and away from the bracket, ofa support for the bracket, comprising an arm to which thesaid bracket is pivoted, means i 40 for clamping the bracket on the arm, said arm having lateral wings to-vcontact with one face of the bar, a pin to be received in the groove of the bar and notchedbelow the bar and a spring influenced latch onthe bar to be re- 'c'eived in the said notch. v 1

In testimonywhereof I aflix my signature. ALBERT M. SKIDMORE'.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3108837 *Mar 28, 1962Oct 29, 1963Emil J Paidar CompanyChair headrest
US3652128 *Jan 20, 1970Mar 28, 1972Schwarz BernhardHead and neck rest
US4191422 *Aug 2, 1978Mar 4, 1980Nissan Motor Company, LimitedAdjustable headrest
US4856848 *Jun 30, 1988Aug 15, 1989General Motors CorporationManual headrest
US8182042Feb 3, 2010May 22, 2012Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Adjustable vehicle head restraint assembly
US8746800Aug 23, 2011Jun 10, 2014Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Vehicle head restraint assembly
US9521908 *Jul 21, 2014Dec 20, 2016Beckfoley LlcHead rest for chair
US20110187172 *Feb 3, 2010Aug 4, 2011Honda Motor Co., Ltd.Adjustable vehicle head restraint assembly
U.S. Classification297/222, 297/409
International ClassificationA47C1/00, A47C1/10
Cooperative ClassificationA47C1/10
European ClassificationA47C1/10