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Publication numberUS1746816 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 11, 1930
Filing dateNov 22, 1926
Priority dateNov 22, 1926
Publication numberUS 1746816 A, US 1746816A, US-A-1746816, US1746816 A, US1746816A
InventorsBoes George F
Original AssigneeBoes George F
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Building construction
US 1746816 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Feb. 11, 1930. BQES 1,746,816

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Filed Nov. 22, 1926 5006M George F $065,

Patented Feb. 11, 1930 PATENT OFFICE GEORGE F. IBOES, OF INDIANAPOLIS, INDIANA BUILDING CONSTRUCTION Application filed November 22, 1926. SerialNo. 149,840.

My invention relates to building constructions and particularly to blocks or similar formations for use in building constructions.

One of the objects of the invention is to provide a simple, practical and advantageous building construction.

Another object of the invention is to provide for the effective drainage of water or other liquid by or in connection with such building construction.

Another object of the invention is to prevent materials used in the building construction, as for example mortar and pieces of brick or building blocks from clogging or 16 interfering with the drainage.

Another object of the invention is to secure simplicity of construction and economy in manufacture.

In the accompanying drawings:

Figure 1 is a perspective View of a portion of a building embodying my invention.

Figure 2 is a perspective view of a block or element preferably employed in such building construction.

Figure 3 is a cross section taken on line 3-3 in Figure 1.

Referring to the drawings I show in Fig. 1 a portion of a building for the purpose of illustrating my invention. This building has a floor 1 which may be the basement floor and is preferably made of cement, the ground or earth 2 being shown below it. The building wall is shown composed of a lower layer or row of blocks or tiles 33 and resting upon and above these blocks or tiles 3 there are preferably other building blocks or tiles Two rows of tiles or blocks llare shown but it is understood that as'many rows as desired may be used.

Each of the tiles or blocks 3-3 is preferably made with side walls 5 and 6, a bottom or floor 7 and anupper wall member 8. These members 5, 6, 7 and 8 form a longitudinally extending passage or duct 9 extending from end to end of each tile 3 and open at each end of the same, thus forming a drain passage or duct through each of said tiles or blocks 3 for the drainage of water or other liquid. These blocks or tiles 3 being placed end to end in rows as shown form a continuous drainage passage for the entire length of structure or wallwhich they form. In the construction shown such a drain passage would be formed clear around the walls of the building the lower portion of which is formed by these blocks 3.

The upper member 8 is preferably provided with a plurality of apertures 1010 through which water or other liquid may pass from above into the drain ducts or passages 9, whereby any water or liquid coming down through the wall of the building may be diverted and caused to flow into the drain duct formed by the passages 99 of the several blocks 33.

The wall 6 of each block 3 which wall is preferably placed on the inside of the building, is preferably provided with a plurality of longitudinal slots or holes l111 for the purpose of getting a good mortar joint in the joints between said blocks 33. The other side wall 5 is preferably provided with an aperture or hole 12 to assist in making a uniform block.

Each upper member 8 is preferably somewhat below the top of the block 3 so as to form in each block a longitudinally extending channel or recess 13 to assist in conveying water or liquid along the block 3 until it reaches one of the downwardly extending apertures 10 10. The portions 14 of the side block walls above the member 8 are preferably inclined inwardly as at 15 so as to form inwardly extending members or hangovers to protect the water or drain passages 13.

The blocks Hare preferably cement or concrete or cinder blocks with vertically eX- tending apertures 16-16 to permit the down- 90 ward movement or flow of water or other liquid in the building wall so that all such water or liquid will be carried or drained downwardly and into the drain blocks 3-3 by which it will be carried or transported to any suitable or desired place. Each block 3 is provided with a dovetail groove 18 for making a tight joint with the floor.

A pipe 17 is shown, it being understood that such pipe is extended to a sewer or other suitable place where the water drained by this construction may be carried.

Thus it will be seen that a building structure made in accordance with the invention will be strong, effective and durable and at the same time it will have effective means by which it may be thoroughly drained and also effective means by which water is prevented from coming into the basement, for the cement floor 1 will keep it out and it will not be possible to work through the wall structure shown.

Although the water or drain passage 9 is shown as of more or less rectangular form it will be understood that such passage may be of different forms and that other changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention.

The block or tile 3 or drain block as it may be called may be composed of any suitable material such as cement, clay, cinders, or other material preferably adapted to make a hard, strong, water-proof construction. Clay con-- struction properly dried and burnt forms a very good material.

Reference is made to my co-pending application Serial No. 687,169, filed January 19,

1924, for drain block.

It will be understood that changes and modifications may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention.

Vhat I claim is:

1. A building block having a longitudinally extending drain duct or passage extending from end to end of said block, said duct or passage being formed by longitudinally extending top, bottom, and side walls all formed integrally as a part of said block.

2. A building block having a longitudinally extending drain duct or passage formed by side and bottom walls extending from end to end of said block said block also having an upper longitudinally extending wall provided with apertures opening into said drain passage and formed as a part of said block.

3. A building block having a longitudinally extending drain duct or passage extending from end to end of said block said block also having an upper longitudinally extending wall provided with apertures opening into said drain passage the side walls of said block being extended above said upper wall so as to form a supplemental drain passage above the same.

4. A building block having a longitudinally extending drain passage extending from end to end and also having a longitudinally extending upper member provided with apertures opening into said drain passage, the side walls of said building block extending above said upper member so as to form a supplemental drain passage and having their inner wall surfaces extending inwardly to provide an overhang for protecting such supplemental drain passage.

5. A hollow building block or tile provided with top, bottom, and side walls forming the walls of the block or tile, and also a longitudinally extending covered interior duct or passage.

6. A hollow building block or tile having longitudinally extending bottom, side, and top walls forming the tile structure, and also forming a covered longitudinally extending drain duct or passage, the top wall being provided with apertures communicating with said duct or passage.

7. A hollow building block or tile having longitudinally extending bottom, side, and top walls forming the tile structure, and also forming a covered longitudinally extending drain duct or passage, the top wall being provided with apertures communicating with said duct or passage, said side walls extending upwardly above said top wall.

8. A building block or tile formed of top, bottom and side walls and having upper and lower longitudinally extending ducts or passages therethrough.

9. A building block or tile formed of top, bottom and side walls and having a longitudinally extending duct or passage therethrou h, and also having supplemental ducts or passages in one wall opening to the end surface of. the block.

10. A hollow building block or tile formed of top, bottom and side walls and having a longitudinally extending drain duct or passage therethrough, and also having one of its side walls provided with longitudinally extending supplemental ducts or passages.

11. A hollow building block or tile provided with top, bottom and side walls forming the walls of the block or tile, and also a longitudinally extending covered interior duct or passage, and having a longitudinally extending side groove near the bottom by which a locked joint may be made with the building floor.

In witness whereof, I hereunto subscribe my name this 10th day of November, A. D.,

GEORGE E. BQES.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4222208 *Oct 7, 1977Sep 16, 1980Ferver George WModular homes
US4275536 *Dec 11, 1979Jun 30, 1981Vahlbrauk Karl HeinzWall element for a construction wall
US4887588 *Dec 27, 1988Dec 19, 1989Terry RialGrease absorption box for roof use
US4910931 *Jan 31, 1989Mar 27, 1990Pardue Jr Leonard CWater collection and drainage system for masonry block walls
US5226272 *Jun 11, 1991Jul 13, 1993Newblock CorporationWater controlling building block
US5230189 *Apr 2, 1992Jul 27, 1993Tom SourlisMortar and debris collection device and system
US5809720 *Jan 10, 1997Sep 22, 1998Newblock CorporationWater diverting building block
US5839243 *Sep 13, 1996Nov 24, 1998New Energy Wall Systems, Inc.Interlocking and insulated form pattern assembly for creating a wall structure for receiving poured concrete
US5845455 *Jan 12, 1998Dec 8, 1998Masonry Reinforcing Corporation Of AmericaMortar collecting device for protecting weep-holes in masonry walls
US5870864 *Oct 30, 1996Feb 16, 1999Snyder; Jeffrey ThomasWater collection pan for unit masonry wall systems and drainage system incorporating same
US5937594 *Jul 1, 1997Aug 17, 1999Sourlis; TomMortar and debris collection device and system
US6202366Feb 11, 1999Mar 20, 2001Jeffrey Thomas SnyderWater collection pan for unit masonry wall systems and drainage system incorporating same
US6912820May 21, 2003Jul 5, 2005Tom SourlisDrainage system for use in masonry block construction
US6964136May 22, 2003Nov 15, 2005Pacc Systems I.P., LlcFlashing and weep apparatus for masonry wall window and door installations
US7216460Mar 21, 2003May 15, 2007Tom SourlisDrainage system for use in masonry block construction
US7448175Mar 2, 2005Nov 11, 2008Tom SourlisDrainage system for use in masonry block construction
US7726084May 10, 2004Jun 1, 2010Tom SourlisDrainage systems for use in masonry block construction
US7730685Dec 11, 2003Jun 8, 2010Keene Building Products Co., Inc.Mortar and debris collection system for masonry cavity walls
US7861479Jan 11, 2006Jan 4, 2011Airlite Plastics, Co.Insulated foam panel forms
US8109045 *Apr 20, 2006Feb 7, 2012Nationwide Industries, Inc.Form drain for incorporation into a building foundation
US9169636 *Jul 13, 2012Oct 27, 2015James D. BLANKSystem for controlling basement leakage and humidity
US20020149482 *Feb 12, 2002Oct 17, 2002Matrics, Inc.Identification tag utilizing charge pumps for voltage supply generation and data recovery
US20030230035 *May 22, 2003Dec 18, 2003Collins P. MichaelFlashing and weep apparatus for masonry wall window and door installations
US20040182037 *Mar 21, 2003Sep 23, 2004Tom SourlisDrainage system for use in masonry block construction
US20040231259 *May 21, 2003Nov 25, 2004Tom SourlisDrainage system for use in masonry block construction
US20040231261 *May 10, 2004Nov 25, 2004Mortar Net Uds, Ltd.Drainage systems for use in masonry block construction
US20050055983 *Sep 11, 2003Mar 17, 2005Clear Family Limited Partnership Of C/O Dale Lierman, Esq.Wall cavity drain panel
US20050138876 *Mar 2, 2005Jun 30, 2005Tom SourlisDrainage system for use in masonry block construction
US20060239781 *Apr 20, 2006Oct 26, 2006Nationwide Industries, Inc.Form Drain For Incorporation Into Foundation
US20130014447 *Jul 13, 2012Jan 17, 2013Blank James DSystem and method for controlling basement leakage and humidity
USRE36676 *Aug 4, 1998May 2, 2000Sourlis; TomMortar and debris collection device and system
EP0034140A2 *Feb 4, 1981Aug 19, 1981Franz RagaillerGirder for supporting roof elements along their edges
EP0034140A3 *Feb 4, 1981Oct 28, 1981Franz RagaillerGirder for supporting roof elements along their edges
Classifications
U.S. Classification52/607, 52/302.4
International ClassificationE04B1/70
Cooperative ClassificationE04B1/703, E04B1/7023, E04B1/7038
European ClassificationE04B1/70D, E04B1/70R