US 1747581 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
FebQlSj, 1930. P, A, FRAZ|ER I l 1,747,581
BooKBINnmG MACHINE #owne J2 l Feb. 18, 1930; P. A. FRAzlER BOOKBINDING MACHINE Filed May 28. 1927 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 l bookbindin the edges of 'Patented Feb. 18, 1930 UNITE-D lsraxrla'sv PATENT; 4orti-1ct;
.PHILIP A. Emma, onctueuse,l ILLrNoIsAssIGNoB. Iro n. n. DONNELLEY aesoNs co.,
' A CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS nooxmnnre MAGHINE Application led May 28,
This invention relates to improvements in machines of the type in which the sheets at the back of the book are cut away and which are then secured together by meansl of glue or the like which also serves to hold a cover thereon.
Various means have been suggested for roughening the cut edges of these sheets to make them'receive and hold the glue more firmly. An object of this invention however is to provide means for placing theeut edges of the sheets to one side-so .as toplace them in overlapping relation tol each other and apply- 111g glue to these edges while in this over lapping position. In this way some glue is applied to the sides of the sheets as well as to their edges so that when the v sheets are again brought back to their normal midposition some glue will be found to lie be'- tween the sheets themselves so that a hold is obtained on the sheets along a narrow margin on the faces of the sheets, Whereas, heretofore the sheets came in contact with the glue only solely on their edges.
This and other objects, as will hereinafter appear, are accomplished by this invention which is fully described in the following specication and shown' in the accompanying drawings, in which:
. to Bredenberg, No. 1,073,324, grante Figure 1 is a partial side elevation of a5.
conveyor-in a book bindin machine carrying books over a gluin wheel aving teethl in the form of-a herringone;
Fig. 2 is a section ofthe same on kthe line 2-2 of Fig. v1; Fig. 3 is a top plan view of a modifedform of the device; and Fig. 4 isa section on thevbroken line 4-4 ofFig. 3.
This invention is an improvement on the book binding machine shown in the atent Se tember 16, 1913, and may be 'similarl thereltb except 1n the particulars which are herein shown and described,
Ther embodiment'illustrated comprises va `chain made up of links 10 which .are pivotnels 13 and 14. The' .10 consist of at 1927. Serial No. 194,949.
plates and opposite of each of these is another vserves to normall press the plates 10 land 15 towardeach ot er.
As the books enter the machine in the form of signatures which are folded in any well known manner, the plate 15 is drawn back compressing the springs 18 so that the books Aconsisting of a bunch of signatures may be inserted. As explained in the above mentioned patent, the spring 18 is then permitted todraw the plate 15 down so'as to grip the book A. The back of the book-A is then cut in any well .this patent and the book then passes to the gluing wheel as shown in Fig. 1". The embodiment lshown* in Figs. land 2 comprises a double wheel 19l having oppositely inclined spiral teeth which are pressed in the form of a herrin -bone ear and which are carried upon a sha t 20 w ich is suitably .journalled in a glue pot 21. -The gear 19 is placed beneath the path of the books A and known manner as explained vin referably with the center of the herringone gear 19 near theecenter of the books A with the shaft20 extending substantially at right angles to the path ofthe books.
The books A and the upperportlon ofthe wheels 19 areadvanced in the same direction and at substantially uniform lrate, but the teeth as shown in, Fig. 2, thereby causing the edges of the sheets to assume an 'overlap ing relation with respect to the adjacent s eets so that a narrow margin of each sheet will be uncovered so that the ones in contact with the glue which 'is picked up by the wheel 19from the mass of'glue B in the bottom of the glue pot 21.
Thus it will be seen that I have provided a sim le and effective means fo/r applying glue to t e narrow overlapping 'margms of sheets so that when these-sheets are again brought back to their normal overlapping position some glue will be carried in between the sheets inv contact with 'the wheel A 35 wheel be narrowerthan that of the "wheel 22 and thereby 'greanyfstregniening the boek because the'she'ets are now glued to each other along narrow margins whereas by the method lheretoforelused' adhesion took place principilly betweenftheedges of the sheets and the gue..
Figs. 3' and 4 show another embodiment of the inventioniin which two-toothedy wheels- 22.and 23 are-carried upon shafts 24 and I25V The of the ,books is shown as C and i the boo s, shown in Fig. 4 as D are held by '20 the late 10F'and 1'5a of the conveyon T e ltoothed lwheels 22 and 23 are preferably provided with straight teeth, these wheels being set at oppositely inclined angles. .AsY the bookgD. passes -across the-top of the 25 toothed whee1'22 the lsheets arev deflected to one side as shown infFig. 4, the wheel in this case/preferably running at a somewhat greater speed thanfthat of the book and carrying glue which. isl picked up from the body of the glue E inthe glue ot 26.
' As shown in Flg.- 4, `the sheets at the left l hand sideare preferablyspread and fanned somewhatv more than those at the right hand -side of the V book D. l Consequently a second 23 isprovided which may, if desired,
which serves to spread out or fan the right hand sheetsofthebook D, this wheel also simultaneously iapplying glue to the over- 40 lapping margins of the sheets.
- effective means is provided for applying glue to the margins of-adjacent sheets soas to increase the bond between these sheets and the 45 adjacent sheets" thereby providin a much stronger book. and one which will e able to withstand inu'cli moreA rough usage than those vwhich .have heretofore been made by gluing .the sheets to 'thefcoven i While I have'gshown-and described but two embodiments of this invention, it is to be nn derstood thatj; itis capable of many modiiications. Changes therefore in the construc-` tion and'arrangement `may be made which do `55 .not depart from"-th`e spirit and scope of the Iclaim: i 1. The methdofglningthe edges of books consistingmf bending back the edges ofthe sheets to cause them to assume anoverlapping position with respect to adjacent vplying glue :tol said overlapping edges wlnle l1n saldoverlapping position and permitting .said sheets to return to norma-l position before theglue'hassgt-whereby glue will cause the in'vention'asdisclosed in the appended claims.
' from that of the books. i
overlapping ortions tov adhere to adjacent sheetswhen t e sheets return to the normal position. t
2. In mechanism for Cgluing the edges of books and the like preparatory to binding, 7o means` for moving the books endwise, and means in the vpath of sa'id books andl bearing thereon forcausing said sheets to be de nlectedl so as to assume an overlapping position with respect to adjacent sheets and for simultaneously applying glue thereto.
3. n mechanism for gluing theedgesof books and the like preparatory to binding, means for moving the books endwise, Aa toothed wheel in the path of 4said books and 80 bearing thereon for causin said'sheets toV be deiected from the norma overlying posi;
tion so as to cause them to assumev an overlapping position with respect to adjacent sheets and for simultaneously applying glue thereto. 4. In mechanism for gluing the edges of books and the like preparatory to binding,
. means for moving the book endwis'e, a toothed wheel having teeth set diagonally with respect to the path of said books and bearing thereon for causing said sheetsV to be deflected so asv to assume an overlapping position with respect to adjacent sheets and for simultaneously ap lying glue thereto.-
5. In mec anism forgluing the edges of es books and the like preparatory to binding, means for moving the books endwise, a toothed wheel dippingv in glue and lying in the path of said books and bearing thereon' for causing said sheets to be deflected so as to assume an overlapping position with respect to adjacent sheetsand for simultaneously applylng glue thereto.
` In mechanism for gluing the edges of books and the like preparatory to binding,-1'5 Thus 1t w1ll be seen that a very simple and so as to assume an overlapping position with 11o respect to adjacent sheets and for simultaneously applying lue thereto, and means for driving said w eel at a diEere'nt speed l 7. In mechanism for gluing the edges of books and the like preparatory to binding, means for moving ther books endwise, and a plurality of toothed wheels having teeth set diagonal] with res ect to the path of said books an bearing tlhereon for causing said 12o sheets to be deiiected so as to assume an overlapping osition with res ect to adJacent sheets-and for simultaneous y applymg glue thereto. l 8. In mechanism for -gluing the edges of books andthe like reparatory to'binding, means for'movin t e books en'dwise, a pluralityyof vtootlie wheels having teeth set diaggnally with respect tothe path of said boo one of said wheels tendinggto deiect 130 and to spread outwardly the sheetson oneside of sadbooks, the ot er tending to deect and to spread outwardly the sheets on the other side of said books, said wheels carrying glue, and means fordrving said .wheels at a different surface speed from that of said books.
Intestmony whereof I have hereunto setmy hand this 23rd da of May, 1927.
PHIYIP A. FRAZIER.