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Publication numberUS1748255 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateFeb 25, 1930
Filing dateDec 11, 1926
Priority dateDec 11, 1926
Publication numberUS 1748255 A, US 1748255A, US-A-1748255, US1748255 A, US1748255A
InventorsTibbetts Milton
Original AssigneePackard Motor Car Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
US 1748255 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


COMPANY, or DETROIT, MICHIGAN, A CORPORATION or MICHIGAN y Loox l Application'led December 11, 1926. Serial No..154,087.

This invention relates to locks and more particularly to locks operable with or with-y out a key.

It has been found that an important phase 5 of the problem of preventing the theft of movable property,such as automobiles,is the failure or negligence on the part of owners to use the locks provided. This negligence is caused principally by the factthat motor vehicle locks generally require the use of a.

key and are, in this and other respects, more or less inconvenient, if not actually diiiicult to lock and unlock. It therefore, appears that the proper line of attack upon the ca'r theft problem is to induce the operators and owners to-lock their cars and that this may be accomplished by providing locksthatmay be readily and conveniently operated, preferably without the insertion and manipulation of a key.

An object of this invention is to simplify the construction and operation of lock mech-` anisms. v

A related Objectis to control the release of a locked member either by means of a key ers--bined key and combination lock comprising co-axiallyarranged members of substantially only cylindrical form.

y A further feature is a lock adapted for key or combination control,'wherei'n the key con- 40 trolled member andthe combination conpe'nde'ntlyv thereof, in 'accordance with predetermined manipulation of a separate control member. Speciically, the member to be locked may be an electric switch actuating' mechanism, for example, an ignition switch on an automobile. The locking mechanism Amayinclude a retaining latch, adapted to be actuated by means of a suitable key, and also by proper manipulation of sanother means, capable of a plurality xof different manipulations, to release the lock. The latch is adapted to engage a plurality of different elements, for locking the member in a plurality of positions, for example, to lock the member in an additional position, other than its normal locked position, upon improper manipulation thereof. This device is also adapted to render the manipulative means inoperative when an improper manipulation thereof is made.

Other features and objects of the invention will appear from the following description, taken in connection with the accompanying drawings. y

Like reference characters have been used to indicate like parts in the several figures of the drawings', wherein: v

Fig. 1 is a view, 1n longitudinal section,'o:t

applicants device, showing the cylinder in locked position; l

Fig. 2 is a partial view, in longitudinal section, of the device of Fig-1, showing the position of the cylinder preparatory to unlocking;

Fig. 3 is a view similar to \F ig. 2 showing the lock cylinder released;

Fig. 4f is a transverse section on line 4 4 .of Fig. 1;

Fig. 5 is a perspectiveview of one end of the bushing 12 of Fig. 1, and

Fi 6 is a partial sectional view, on line 6 of ig. 3. i

The device, shown in Fi 1, includes a cylindrical casing 10, suitab y supported by a panel member 9. An outer lock cylinder 11 is inserted in the casing l0. This cylinder is surrounded by'a two-part bushing 12 having a dialed knob 13. A

The casing 10 is of such diameter at its inner end as to it the .cylinder 11, and adjacentto the bushing 12, it is enlarged to accommodate the bushing. The bushing is fitted to the casing and abuts against a shoulder 44 formed in the enlargement thereof.

A switch contact spring 22 is attached to the cylinder 11, I between two insulating switch and to insulate it from the casing 10.

Suitable terminals 23, on these springs, are adapted to be connected to an external circuit. The switch 21-22 may be closed or opened i. e. the contacts may be electrically engaged or disengaged by axial movement of the cylinder 11, inwardly or outwardly, respectively, within the casing 10 and the bushing 12.

A coil spring 18, positioned around the rod 17, abuts at one end against the plug 19 and at its other end against the inner' insulating washer 45. This s ring exerts a longitudinal thrust upon the cy inder 11, tending to movev this cylinder outwardly, to close the switch. The 4cylinder 11 is adapted to be pushed inwardly by the operator in order to openthe switch. The axial movement of the cylinder, under the action of spring 18, is prevented under certain conditions by a latch 25, slidable in a rectangular slot 24 provided in the cylinder 11. When the latch is released, the cylinder moves outwardly, closing the switch. Its motion in this direction is limited by la pin 46 attached thereto and projecting into a slot 47 having a lateral'extension 47 provided in the inner periphery of the bushing 12, adjacent'to the dial knob 13. This pin, by engaging a side wall of the slot 47 prevents movement of the cylinder to the posi tion where the switch is closed, except when the bushing l2 is rotated to alinev the extension 47 of the slot, with the pin (see 3%. In other positions of the bushing, the cy inder will be stopped inthe position shown in Fig. 1. The pin 46, therefore, compels the rotation of the dial 13, away from the position at which the latch is released, before the switch can be closed. This prevents any unauthorized person from discovering the combinationwhile the mechanism is unlocked.

An opening 55, in the bushing '12, communicating with the slot 47, permits insertion and removal of the stop pin46 in assembling or disassembling the lock. .This open:

ing, in the installed position of thelock, is


rendered inaccessible by the panelmember 9,hence the lock cannot be disassembled, when the mechanism is locked.

A position of the cylinder 11, at which it is retained by the latch 25 and stopped by "thepin 46, is shown in Fig. l,v and a position,

thereof, at which it is stopped only by the pin 46, isshown in Fig. 3.

The two parts of the bushing 12 are joined by asuitable screwor screws 14, access to which is provided by a radial slot 15 in the casing 10. The slot 15 is positioned back of the panel 9 so as to be inaccessible, when the mechanism is locked. An annular Way 16, in the inner periphery of the casing 10, communicates with the slot 15 and accommodates the projecting head of the screw 14. The head of screw 14 travels in the Way during rotation of the bushing 12, within the casv ing 10, but prevents axial movement of the bushing, by engaging a side of the way.

. Fitted within the cylinder' 11 is an .inner lock cylinder 11, of any Well known type, having a key cylinder 48 fitted therein and retained by suitable spring actuated plungers, adapted to be released bya suitable key, to permit rotation of this cylinder, in a manner well understood. 'The plungers and key are not illustrated, because they are of wel] known construction, but the outline of the key handle is shown in' broken lines in Fig. l. The cylinders 11 and 11" are rigidly fastened together by a set screw 60. j

In the locked position of the cylinder 11, as shown in Fig. l, `the tongue of the latch 25 is normally, yieldingly pressed, through the slot 38 in bushing 12, against the inner wall'of casing 10 by a coilspring 26. The tongue thus engages the edge of .the bushing and retains the c linder 11 in locked position. One end of the spring 26 isfinserted in a recess'27 of the latch, (Fig. 4) andthe other end abuts against a plate 28. The plate 28 is fitted in a suitable slot, in the outer periphery of the cylinder 11. The outer surfacey of this plate is flush with the surface of the cylinder so as to permit-the cylinder to slide within the bushing 12.

The latch 25 includes a transverse recess ing the key, the pin 30 engages the upper sideof the recess 29 and raises the latch.

- ,In the rear face of the latch 25, is provided another transverse' recess 31, adapted to, receive a pin 32 when the latch is raised (see Fig. 2). The pin 32 reciprocates in a slot 36, positioned in the cylinder 1l normal to the plane of the slot 24. A suitable coil spring 33 yieldingly thrusts the pin 32 against the latch.l A radialprojection 34 (see Fig. 6) on the pin 32 extends into a rectangular Way 35, communicating with a considerable length of the slot 36. The latch, the pin 32, and its 'projection 34 are carried by the cylinder 11,

the dial is in the proper position. During such travel, the projection 34 engages a lugy 37, threaded'to the casing 10 and projecting inwardlyinto the way 35, whereby the pin 32 is retracted,l The lug 37 also prevents rotation of the cylinder 11 by engaging the side Walls of the Way. Y

The rotatable bushing 12 is provided, at its inner end, With a circumferential slot 38 (seeFig. 5), which defines an inwardly projecting, integ'ral lug 39. This lug is adapted, upon proper manipulation of the bushing, to be positioned in line with, and adjacent to, the tongue of the latch 25. The lug is shown in the position mentioned in Figs. 1 and 2.

The bushing also includes on its outer pe' riphery a series of depressions 40, adapted to receive a ball 41lyieldingly pressed by a spring 42, inserted in a recess formed in an integral boss 43 on the casing 10. The depressions correspond in position to the marks on the dial 13. The ball 41 functions to indicate the several positions of the dial, by an audible click, as it falls into the successive depressions, when the bushing is rotated. It also functions to yieldingly retain the bushing in its adjusted position.

In the locked position ofthe cylinder 11, as shownl in Fig. 1, the latch 25 is depressed into the slot 38 by the action of spring 26. In this position, the latch retains the cylinder, to preventits outward movement andhence prevents switch contacts 21 from engaging contacts 22. The cylinder may be unlockedand the switch closed by means of the key as already described.

The cylinder may also I manipulating the dial 13 tothe position il lust-rated in Fig. 1, wherein the lug 39 on the bushing isadjacent to the tongue of the latch, so that by pressing the cylinder 11 inwardly the tongue rides upon the lug 39 to its raised position and the latch is retained in this position by the pin 32. The cylinder 11 moves outwardly, under the action of spring 18,l

when released by the operator., The pin 46 retains the cylinder in. the position shown in Fig. 1, until the dial is rotated to the vposition shown in Fig. 3. IThe pin 4 6 then slides into the lateral extension 47 of the slot 47; the cylinder assumes the position shown in this ligure; and the switch is closed.

When the cylinder 1 1 moves to the position shown in Fig. 3, the tongue of the latch 25 passes over a beveled portion 49 on the bushing, and the rod 32 is retracted from engagement with the latch by engagement of the extension 34 with lug 37. Accordingly, when the cylinder is again movedinwardly, by the operator, to open and lock the switch the latch slides downwardly along the beveled portion 49, on the bushing, so that the recess 31 drops'out of alinement with the end of the `pin 32, thus freeing the latch from the pin.

The latch, therefore, drops behind the edge of the bushing as shown in Fig., 1 and locks the cylinder. Y

Should an unauthorized person, iny attempting tov unlock the device, improperly manipulate the dial 13, the latch 25, upon movement of the cylinder 11 inwardly, will fail to engage the lug 39-and will accordingly be depresse-d into a circular slot 50 provided in the inner periphery of the casing 10. In this position, neither the cylinder 11 nor the bushing 12 can be manipulated to raise the latch, because the latch retains the cylinder and engages the side of lug 39 when the bushing 12 is rotated. The cylinder therefore remainslocked, the switch contacts 21 and 22 remain disengaged, and the mechanism may only be released by using the proper key, in the manner already explained.

From the foregoin description it will be apparent that the device disclosed herein has important advantages. For example the lock mechanism ma be released either by means of a key or means of a; suitable manipulation of the dlal and upon improper manipulation may only be released by a key. Moreover the several members of the lock `are substantially all. of cylindrical form and for thieves to disassemble or force the lock. be unlocked by Although the invention has been described in connection with a specific embodiment, the principles involved are susceptible of numerous other applications contemplated Within the invention, which will readily occur to persons skilled in the art.. The invention -is Atherefore to be limited only as indicated by the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is: y

1. A lock comprising a cylindrical casing', a cylindrical bushing rotatable within said casmg, a lock cylinder axially movable Within said bushing, and means for retaining said lock cylinder, saidv means being adapted to be released by manipulation of said bushing` or by means of a key.

2. A lock comprising acylindrical casing,

may be manufactured and a manipulatable cylindrical bushingA fitted Within said casing, a lock cylinder axially movable Withiny said bushing, means for retaining said cylinder, said cylinder being adapted to be released or locked by the same operation thereof, depending upon Whether or not the proper manipulation of said bushing has been made. Y

3. In a lock, a rotatable menib'rgan axially movable member, a stationary'lf'me'mber, and a latch on said axially movable member adapted, in one position of said member, to be retained by said rotatable iiimber and in another, position thereof to be retained by said stationary member. A

4. In a lock, a rotatable cylinder, a spring actuated axially movable member, a stationary member and meansA for locking said axially movable member,l said ymeans Ibeing adapted, in separate positions of said axially movable member, to engage said cylinder' and said stationary member.

5. Inl combination, in a loci; mechanism, a -cylindrically apertured casing, a bushing rotatably fitted to said casing, a cylinder axially movable Within said bushing, and means for locking said cylinder in a plurality of 'positions. l

6. In a lock mechanism, a Support, a'spring actuated lock cylinder axially movable in said support, a locking'member on said cylinder adapted to engage said support and to retain said cylinder against the action of said spring, means for releasing said locking member, a pin in said cylinder, the supporting member having a. slot (1o-operating with said pin to retain said cylinder in a plurality of positions.

7. In a lock mechanism, a member to be locked, a latch supported by said member, a catch for said latch, means for disengaging said latch from said catch, and a spring actuated memberadapted to retain said latch in its disengaged position.

8. A lock compr1s1ng a bushing, having a and a pin cooperating with a slot to retain said cylinder in locked position, after release of said latch, untilsaid bushin is given a different predetermined manipu ation.

12. In a lock mechanism, a lock cylinder, a control member including a manipulatable bushing on said cylinder, said cylinder being adapted to be unlocked after predetermined setting of said control member, and means for rendering said control member ineffective to f slot, a cylinder yslidably itted to said bush- 4 ing, a latch member and a pin member on said cylinder, the latch member adapted to move in the slot of said bushing, to retain said cylinder in locked position, and the pin member acting to determine the position of said bushing, when said cylinder is in unlocked position.

9. In a loclring mechanism, the combination of -a' rotatable cylindrical bushing having a, slot defining a lug, a member to be locked slidably fitted inside of said bushing, a latch on said member normally inserted in said slot,

saidlatch being adapted to be raised upon said lug, by rotation of said bushing to a predetermined position and by subsequent manipulation of said member, whereby said member is released.

10. In a lock, a rotatable cylindrical bushing having a slottherein,alockcylinderinsaid bushing having a pin inserted in said slot, and a resilient member adapted to move said cylinder, when released, relative to said bushing, said pin and slot being adapted to require rotationof said bushing to a predetermined position to effect a complete release of said cylinder.

11. A lock mechanism comprising a member to be locked, a bushing on said member vcapable of a plurality of manipulations, a f

lat/ch carried by said cylinder engaging said bushing adapted to be released by one only -Qf the several manipulations of said bushing,

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2481099 *Nov 22, 1947Sep 6, 1949Arved Johnson HowardCombination lock
US2735916 *Jun 3, 1953Feb 21, 1956 Arnejo
US2919569 *Mar 30, 1955Jan 5, 1960Gen Dynamics CorpFastening device having a rotatable latch
US5799520 *Mar 7, 1996Sep 1, 1998The Eastern CompanyCombined lock and linear actuator
US6257031 *Jun 30, 1999Jul 10, 2001The Eastern CompanyIgnition lock operable when key is removed
US6568230 *May 16, 2002May 27, 2003Tian-Yuan ChenLock core mechanism with alarm function
US6708538 *Oct 23, 2000Mar 23, 2004Curt A. WalbyDoorknob lock apparatus operable by combination or key
US7290416 *Feb 4, 2004Nov 6, 2007Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki SeisakushoEngine switch device
US20040155525 *Feb 4, 2004Aug 12, 2004Kabushiki Kaisha Tokai Rika Denki SeisakushoEngine switch device
US20050166649 *Feb 3, 2005Aug 4, 2005Master Lock CompanyCombination Deadbolt
U.S. Classification70/285, 70/255, 70/DIG.710, 70/DIG.300, 200/43.13
International ClassificationB60R25/04
Cooperative ClassificationB60R25/04, Y10S70/30, Y10S70/71
European ClassificationB60R25/04