|Publication number||US1748765 A|
|Publication date||Feb 25, 1930|
|Filing date||Jul 27, 1925|
|Priority date||Feb 9, 1925|
|Publication number||US 1748765 A, US 1748765A, US-A-1748765, US1748765 A, US1748765A|
|Inventors||Friedrich Hellermann Paul|
|Original Assignee||Friedrich Hellermann Paul|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 25, 1930. HELLERMANN 1,748,765
METHOD OF BINDI NG INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONDUCTORS Filed July 27, 1925 Patented Feb. 25, 1930 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE METHOD OF BINDING INSULATED ELECTRICAL GONDUCT OBS Application filed "'July 27, 1925, Serial No.
If insulated electrical conductors or cords are to be connected to a switch or a source of current or to an implement or utensil which consumes electric current, the end or ends of the metallic conductors must first be laid bare.
For this purpose it is necessary to remove for a suitable length the silk or other insulation. The usual consequence is that the librous ends of the insulation which still remains on the conductor form a tanglewhich,
if care be not takenfwill gradually lead to further displacement of the insulation or to unravelling of the threads or fibres. That is, the insulation must be bound again at the bared portion not only for the sake of appearances but-in the interest of security.
For this purpose there were heretofore used bindingthreads, insulating tapes or the like which were wound around the insulation and secured by adhesive or knotted. If the binding'be not drawn tight, there is no effective security against subsequent displacement of the insualtion. Also knots and fastenings effected by adhesive readily give way. The like is true i-f b'are parts of electrical conductors the ends of which are wound together. are to be insulated.
Now, the subject of the present invention is an extremely simple method, which can yet be fully depended on, of binding such insulated conductors or bare electrical conductors requiring to be insulated. The method consists in stretching transversely by mechanical means'in at least two different directions pieces. of rubber tubing or the like cut to suitable length and of minimum bore, and, after insertion of the conductor as far as it is to be covered by the binding, or as far as the insulation is to extend, discontinuing the 4 stretching effort so that the tubing tensionally grips the conductor. The bore of the tubing is, if possible, such that the piece of tubing not only embraces an end of the insulation as Well as the adjoining bared portion of the conductor, having sufficient tension to grip the naturally thinner end of wire. Preferably, after insertion of the conductor the stretchingeifort is gradually discontinued is first in the one and then in the other direc- 5 tion.
46,474, and in Germany February 9, 1925.
In the accompanying drawing is the mannerof performing the method of the invention. Figs. 1 to 9 show the various stages of operation in the use of-the instrument. Fig. 10 shows two conductor sections bound by the method of the invention.
A pliers-like instrument is preferably used, consisting of two jaws adapted to be moved apart by gripping together the handle members c. The jaws can be detained in spread position. The jaws each carry one half of each of two impaling pins which are somewhat rounded at one end so that they can be readily introduced into the tubing. When the handles are brought together, the half gortions of the impaling pins move apart.
ne pin is in toto thinner than the other. Associated with this instrument is the accessory instrument m consisting of a sheet metal plate or strip having a corrugation is, from one lateral edge of which project two pins and from the other lateral edge of which two pins extend, one pair being spaced further apart than the other pair.
The method is carried out'as follows.
First, as shown in Fig. 1, the stretcher is held in one hand while with the other hand a piece of tubing p is impaled on the split impaling pin 2', being preferably slightly ex panded or stretched. This piece of tubing is cut from a rubber tube the bore of which, if to receive insulated conductors of 6 millimetres diameter, amounts to about 1 to 2 millimetres, and the wall of which is sufficiently strong to permit the necessary expansion. When this is done, the handles 0 are compressed so that the tubing is powerfully stretched in one direction. ,Then the accessory instrument m is inserted in the expanded tube; that is, for example, the pins 0 are inserted, the spacin of the pins 0 beiIrg less than the spacing of t e halves of the pin 73 when moved apart (Fig. 3). Then, as shown in Fig. 4, the instrument m is turned through 90, so that the tubing is stretched in two' directions at right angles to each other. The instrument m can now be released without its returning to initial position. Guided by the corrugation 7s a cor 1' presenting a tassel s of. insulation formed b exposing the bared ends of the conductors can now be introduced into the tubing which has been. stretched in two directionssee Figs. 5 and 6. Then, as shown in Fig. 7, the instrument m is reversel turned through 90 into Fig. 3 position. The tube p now grips the conductor r at two sides and holds it securely. The conductor can thus be released and the instrument m withdrawn from the tube. Then the stretcher handles 0 are so released as to allow the halves of the pin 2' to come together (Fig. 8), the conductor 1' being now gripped by the tube and disengaged from the stretchers (Fig. 9). The bind ng operation is thus completed. Such bindings are shown in Fig. 10. As shown, not only the insulated portion but also parts ofthe protruding wire ends are embraced by the tubing, though this is not necessary. Also bared conductor ends can be insulated by means of a piece of tubing applied in this way, or connected cords can be separately sleeved by tubing as shown.
I claim I 1. The method of applying a flexible tubular collar to an electrical conductor to surround the same with permanent tension, comprising, stretching the tubular collar transversely so as to distort the cross section of the normal bore thereof into an elongated relatively narrow opening, inserting into the distorted bore, stretching means having a width dimension substantially greater than the diameter of the normal bore of said collar,
gle to the transverse direction in which it was first stretched, positioning said collar while thus stretched, relative tosaid conduc tor, "to cause said collar to encompass said junction, and permitting said collar to contract against both said insulated portion and said bared end portion.
In testimony whereof I have signed my name to this s cification. PAUL FRIE RICH HELLERMANN.
transverse direction in which it was first stretched, inserting the conductor in the conductor, comprising, stretching the tubular collar transversely so as to distort the cross section of the normal bore thereof into an elongated relatively narrow opening, insert ing into the distorted bore, stretching means having a width dimension substantially greaten than the diameter of the normal bore of sai'dlcollar, with its width dimension substantially parallel to the longer dimension of said opening, rotating said stretching means within said distorted bore until it assumes a position in which the tube is stretched in another transverse direction at a substantial an-
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|U.S. Classification||29/859, 29/752, 29/280, 29/235, 174/74.00R, 29/446|
|International Classification||H02G1/16, H02G1/00|