US 1749351 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Match 4, 1930. A, MGQUEEN 1,749,351
BOOT OR SHOE Filed Aug. 23, 1928 Patented Mar. 4, 1930 i AUNITED STATES vJrernr ferries f ALEXANDER MCQUEEN, OIE EASTWOOD, A'TJ'S'JHMHIA BOOT OIR, SHQE Application led August 2S, 1928, Serial N'o.`301,566, and -in Australia .Tune 25, 19,28.
This invention relates to the type of boot having a leather outsole and fitted with studs to enable the wearer to obtain firm foothold on soft or slippery ground, such footwear 5 being commonly used for sports such as golf, football and the like. f v n The studs now generally in use for the purpose set forth are usually attached to the outer surface of the sole by adhesive solution, pegs, screws or other mechanical means,
and besides being hard and rigid andconsequently uncomfortable to the wearer when walking on hard ground are liable to `be torn Vaway from the sole by the ordinary rough usage incidental to the playing' of athletic y games. 4
It is known to provide a boot or shoe, intermediate the normal inner and outer sole members, with an insertion sheet of rubber or the like carrying studs or lugs which project through apertures formed in the said outer sole. This arrangement prevents slipping,
- but in practice it is found, on account of the fact that the studs are a neat fit in the apertures, that the leather of the outer sole, particularly when Wet, works down towards the heads of the studs thereby descreasing their effective length and allowing ingress of foreign matter between the outer sole member and the insertion piece which results ih perf manent distortion of the sole.l
The object of the present invention is to prevent the relative displacement ofthe outer sole member and the rubber studs in a boot or shoe sole formed as above described.
With this object the invention consists of a sole in a boot or shoe with a rubber sheet, provided intermediate the normal l'inner and outer sole members, having a plurality of in- The rubber sheet is preferably adhesivelyattached to the inner surface of the outer sole, while the stitching or other means by tegral studs which project through apertures y,
the. welt `(according to the style of bootvorvl l shoe) `passes through boththe outer. soleand the insertion piece. l The same` construction may be applied to the heel of the boot or shoe, the top lift of the heel being formed with' apertures, and the insertion piecejcarrying the studs placed between the top lift and the next lift,
Tofully describe the invention reference is now made to the accompanying drawings which depict boot construction according 'to this invention, andin them Fig. l is a perspective view ofa sole of a heelless boot according to this invention, with. the toe portion of r the outer sole member turned back to clearly show a stud. y
Fig. 2 isa cross-sectional elevation on the plane 2 2 of Fig. 1. i
Similar reference numerals indicate vcorresponding vparts `(where appearing) in, all the figures of the drawings. v
The outer sole member A of the boot is pro-y vided with a plurality ofcircular apertures required in theheel and sole located to register with apertures B, BWhen the sole member A and the sheet are in the correct relative position.V The studs D have a stem which is circular in cross-section and n a neat lit in apertures B, B, vand a mushroom head D1 rof larger diameter than the apertures. i
Between the upper of the boot and sheet B is the usual inner sole member E.
In assembling the various elements the mushroom heads of the studs are forced y through the apertures B, B of sole A, being compressed in the process and subsequently kre-expanding to overlap the edges of theapertures as shown in Fig. 2, thus firmly grip ping the leather of the sole about the apertures and preventing relative movement of the sole and the studs. The inner sole member E is then correctly ydisposed on the side of sheet Cl remote from sole member and CTI the three elements are secured to the boot upper by stitching as at G in known manner. If desired additional stitching may be per'- formed around each stud, as at G1.
To insure a more complete bonding or ad- Y hesion of the three elements of the sole, any
l suitable adhesive may be employed.
What I claim and desire to secure by .Uetters Patent is l. A boot sole comprising an outer sole member having a plurality of apertures formed in it, a rubber insertion sheet and a plurality of studs integral with said insertion sheet and projecting respectively through the g apertures in the outer sole member, said studs having heads overlying the material imme diately surrounding the apertures.
2. In a boot sole of the type set forth, a rubber sheetJ and a plurality of studs formed integrally therewith, each of said studs having a stem portion and a tread portion of greater size than the stem, for the purpose set forth.
3. A boot sole comprising an outer sole member having a plurality of apertures formed in it, a rubber insertion sheet in Contact with the inner surface of said member, and a plurality of studs integral with said insertion sheet, each of said studs having a stem portion Which is positioned Within one of said rapertures and a head portion which is larger than the stem portion and overlies the material immediately surrounding the aperture on the outer surface of said sole member.
4. A boot sole according to claim 3 and including an inner sole member in Contact With a. rubber sheet on the surface thereof remote from the outer s'ole member.
` Signed at Sydney, New South Wales, Aus-v v tralia, this'thirteenth day of July, A. D. 1928.