US 1749648 A
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March 4, 1930. w, RAY 1,749,648
STRUCTURAL BUILDING Filed April 1929 s Sheets-Sheet 1 f4 INVENTOR 6 9) 96/ ATTORNEY March 4, 1930. L. w. RAY
STRUCTURAL BUILDING Filed April 29, 1929 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTORNEY L 627 I? INVENTOR March 4 1930. L, w, AY 1,749,648
STRUCTURAL BUILDING Filed April 29, 1929 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR Z0 d Pa BY M J n TTORNE) Patented Mar. 4, 1930 UNITED STATES PATE NT OFFICE LOYID W. BAY, OF WIGHITA, KANSAS, ASSIGNOR TO THE WHITE CASTLE SYSTEM, INC.,
A CORPORATION OF KANSAS STRUCTURAL BUILDING Application filed April 29,
This invention relates to building structures and particularly to means for fastening the outside wall panels to the inside wall panels so that the structure can be fabricated at a central plant and be conveniently set up whenever desired without the necessity of cutting and fitting. The invention also contemplates the provision of means for taking down the building and reassembling the same whenever desired. To thisend, the invention consists in certain novel studding and wall clamping means, all of which will be specifically described hereinafter, reference being had to the accompanying drawings in which: 7
- Fig. 1 is an outside fragmentary erspective view of a building constructe in accordance with my invention.
Fig. 2 is an inside fragmentary perspective view of a building constructed in accordance with my invention.
Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view through one corner and parts of two sides.
Fig. 4 is a fragmentary perspective view of the wall panels.
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary perspective view of the the studding.
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary perspective view of one of the wall clamps and Fig. 7 is an elevational view through one of the clamps and part of the studding. A
In carrying out my invention, I provide an anchor strip 1 to which. the inside panels 2 may be secured by means of nails 3 or other suitable fastening devices. The studding between the inside panels 2 and the outside panels 4 is, except for the corners, made in the following manner. Two metal sheets are secured together by spot welding as indicated at 5 or other suitable means toprovide intermediate web portions (hand 7. The two web portions are bent outwardly at their inner edges as indicated at 8 and 9 and then at right angles to the portions 8 and 9 as indicated at 10 and 11, then parallel to the portions 8 and 9 as indicated at 12, and'13 to form a box-likereceivin end with the pore tions 12 and -13 over-lapp1ng the anchorstri 1. This holds the anchoristr pso that'the w panels 2 maybe by the nails 1929. Serial 110. 358,808.
receive a finish strip 24, the edges 25 and 26 of which are bent around the flanges of the channel to hold it in place. The channelshaped clamping strip is received in the recess 20 and it carries bolts 27 which pass through the wall of the recess and into the cut-away portion or opening 28 so that a-nut 29 can be fastened on each bolt 27 to draw the movable clamping strip or jaw 21 toward the flanges or jaws 18 and 19 to clamp the panels 4 between them. 7 It is to be observed that the clamping strips are located between the vertical edges of the panels 4 and that the strips extend the hei ht of the wall so that a tight joint is made e- .tween the edges of the outer panels 4. It will also be observed that the outer panels are provided with upstanding lips 30 on the inside of the panel which overlaps the edges 31 of the panels 4 to seal the horizontal joints. In Figure 3 I have shown the parts all assembled on one side and on the opposite side at 32, the outer clamping stri is removed for the sake of clearness. At t e corners, the studding and clamping strips are constructed substantially in the same way as for the flat surfaces except that the flanges are at suitable corner angles. It will also be observed that the opening. 28 (see Fig. 7) is long enough to allow for vertical adjustment of the clamping strip and the bolt whenever such adjustment is desired. Y
It will be seen that the studdin with its channeled or box-like inner edge an its channeled outer edge can be formdat the factory. The' jcomplementary clamping members, as
"fwellas-the inner and outer walls, can all be shipped. in a knock-down position and readcept that the down the building, it will be necessary only to, withdraw the nails 3 from the inner panels and loosen the bolts and remove the outer clamping members.
The facing strip 24 can be colored or enameled with any sultable finish and since this is the only exposed part of the studding and clamping assembly, it will not be necessary to finish the remaining parts since they are hidden between the inner and outer walls. In actual practice it has been found that the studding and clamping members, constructed in accordance with my invention, would adequately brace the building, it being understood, of course, that the studding is to be tied in by suitable sills or other cross braces 33 (see Fig. 1) which may be removably fastened thereto in any convenient manner.
Any moisture passing the clamp will be trapped within the space between the flanges 18" and 19" so it cannot pass tothe inside of the outer wall. It is to be noted that the flanges 18" and 19" are shorter than the thickness of the outer wall so that their outer edges will not contact with the clamps when the clamps are drawn into clamping positions. I The corner studding constructions are like the side studding constructions exparts 18, 19, 18" and 19" are omitted.
. What I claim and desire to secure by Letters-Patent is 1. A studding for buildings comprising two sheets having their middle portions fastened together in parallel relation, the respective edges of the sheets having nailing strip engaging portions, wall clamping receiving portions, in combination with a nailing strip in the nail strip receiving portions, an adjustable wall engaging clamp and means for drawing the wall engaging clamp toward the clamp receiving portions.
2. A studding for buildings comprising two sheets having their middle portions fastened together in parallel relation, the respective edges of the sheets having nailing strip engaging portions, wall clamping receiving portions, in combination with a nailing strip in the nail strip receiving portions, an adjustable wall engaging clamp, means for drawing the wall engaging clamp toward the clamp receiving portions, said means comprising bolts with heads in the clamps and nuts on the ends of the bolts.
3. A studding for buildings comprising a flat intermediate portion, a nailing strip carried by one edge of the studding, wall engaging flanges at the edge of the studding and a wall clamping member adjustably carried by the flanged portion of the studding.
4. A studding for buildings comprising a fiat intermediate portion, a nailing strip carried by one edge of the studding, wall engaging flanges at the edge of the studding, a wall clamping member adjustably carried by'the flanged portion .of the studding, the clamping member comprising a channeled member and a finish strip carried by the member.
5. A studding for buildings comprising a member having a flat intermediate wall spacing portion, a nailing strip carried by one edge of the studding, a clamping member carried by the other edge of the studding 'to clamp the outer wall of the building between the studding andthe clamping member, and draw screws connecting the clamping member to the studding.
6. A studding for buildings comprising a member having a flat intermediate wall spacing portion, a nailing strip carried by one edge of the studding, a clamping member carried by the other edge of the studding to clamp the outer wall of the building between the studding and the clamping member, and
draw screws connecting the clamping member to the studding, said draw screws having :iertical adjustment with respect to the studing.
7. A studding for buildings comprising a flat spacing member, a nailing strip receiving portion on one edge of the studding to lap over the edges of a nailing strip, outwardly disposed flanges at the other edge of the studding and a wall clamping member adjustably fastened to the second mentioned edge of the studding having portions substantially parallel with the flanges.
8. A studding for buildings comprising a relatively flat intermediate portion, means on one edge of the studding for attaching the inner wall of the building, a channeled portion at the other edge of the studding having outwardly disposed flanges, a flanged clamping member having a portion receivable within the channel and means-for drawing the clamping member toward the flanged edge of the studding.
In testimony whereof I affix my signature.
LOYD W. RAY.