|Publication number||US1749937 A|
|Publication date||Mar 11, 1930|
|Filing date||Apr 30, 1925|
|Priority date||Apr 30, 1925|
|Publication number||US 1749937 A, US 1749937A, US-A-1749937, US1749937 A, US1749937A|
|Inventors||Louis F Dettenborn|
|Original Assignee||Louis F Dettenborn|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (6), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Patented Mar. 11, 1930 UNITED STATES LOUIS F. DETTENBORN, OF HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT DRAWER Application filed April 30, "1925.
This invention relates to sliding drawers, and finds particular reference to drawers of the type which are open at one side and are adapted to be slid into a forward position and then swung laterally so as to expose the contents. It is to be understood that, whileI have shown, in the accompanying drawings,
my improvements incorporated in a drawer of the character just described, the invention is susceptible of different modifications,
changes and applications, and my improvements may be applied toa drawer which is opened other than at the side.
The aim of the present invention is to provide an improved arrangement which has various features of novelty and advantage, and which is particularly characterized by its simplicity in construction, its economy in manufacture, its effectiveness in operation, by its durability and strength, and by its compactness. In a structure made in accordance with the present invention, there is no waste of space or the necessity of forwardly projecting shelves or ledges. The followers, which support the drawers when the latter are in their foremost positions, and on which followers, in some instances, the drawers may be pivoted on vertical axes, are so constructed and guided that they require but very little spaceand fold snugly up against the rear walls of the drawers.
Other objects will be in part obvious and in part pointed out more in detail hereinafter.
The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combination of elements and arrangement of parts which will be exemplified in the construction hereinafter set forth, and the scope of the application of which will be indicated in the appended claims.
In the accompanying drawings, wherein I have shown, for illustrative purposes, one of the various and many embodiments which the present invention may take:
Figure 1 is a perspective view of a cabinet having a series of drawers to which my improvements are applied, one of the drawers being shown in open position;
Fig. 2 is a top View of one of the drawers and its casing, the drawer being shown in Serial No. 27,043.
full open position and the top of the casing being removed;
Fig. 3 is an inverted view of the top or cover of the casing shown in Fig. 2; and
Fig. 4 is a transverse sectional view I through the casing and follower, this view being taken substantially on line H of Fig. 2.
Referring to the drawings in detail, the numerals 10 designate drawers, each of which is adapted to be slid into and out of a compartment provided by a suitable framework, casing or cabinet. In Fig. 1, I have shown the compartments as being contiguously arranged side by side; and, in Fig. 2, I have shown the casing as having but a single compartment. It is to be understood, of course, that my improvements may be incorporated in cabinets wherein the rows of drawers are placed one on top of the other as well ing side Walls 11, a rear wall 12, a bottom 13,
and a top 14. The term casing is used in its generic sense and for convenience in terminology.
In accordance with the present invention, the drawer is pivoted, as by means of a hinge 15, to a follower 16, and means are provided for so guiding the follower that, when the drawer is opened, the follower extends longitudinally of the casing, as shown by full lines Fig. 2; and, when the drawer is in closed position, the follower extends transversely of the casing and is positioned between the rear wall of the drawer and the rear of the casing, as shown by dotted lines Fig. 2. In the present illustrative disclosure, the follower is in upright position, and the drawer is pivoted to the follower on a vertical axis. Provided in the opposed walls of the casing, inthe present instance in the top and bottom of the casing, are a pair of curved grooves or channels, respectively designated by the numerals 18 and 19. These channels are in vertical alinement with each other and extend rearwardly and transversely from a point along one side of the casing towards the rear wall and the opposite side of the casing. In the present instance, wherein the drawer is shown as having but a single follower, which is of substantially the same length as the width of the casing, the grooves 18 and 19 eX tend from one side of the casing to the far rear corner of the casing. The follower, adjac'ent its rearend, is provided, at its top and bottom, respectively, with guide pins 20 and 21 adapted to respectively engage and ride in the grooves 18 and 19. By preference, oneor both of the forward ends of the grooves terminate short of the open end of the casing at such a point as to limit the. forward move ment of the follower to a position where the drawer may be swung into open position. In the present illustrative disclosure, .1 have shown one of the grooves, for example the groove 18, as having, at its forward end, a transverse extension 25, the purpose of which is to facilitate the assembly of the follower in the casing. For the purpose of holding the follower in upright position, a small cleat or block 26 secured to the under side of the top 14 may be provided.
When it is desired to assemble the parts,
the casing may first be put together without the cleat 26 being attached to the top, and then the follower is inserted into the casing in an inclined position, as shown by dotted lines F ig. 4, and the lower stud 21 engaging in the forward end of the groove 19 and the upper stud 20 in registry with the extension groove 25. The follower may then be swung into the upright position shown by full lines Fig. 4:, and then the cleat 26 may be secured in place. When it is desired to gain access to the contents of the drawer, the drawer may be pulled out and then swung to the position shown in Fig. 2. When the drawer is: thus pulled out, the forward end of the follower follows the left hand side of the drawer, and i the rear end of the follower is guided by the grooves 18 and 19 so that the follower "-is moved from the transverse position shown by dotted lines Fig. 2 to the full line position shown in that figure. When the drawer is moved into closed position, the follower moves back into the dotted line position shown in .Fig. 2 and in which position it is 7 located between and engages the rear wall of the drawer and the rear wall of the cas- F rom'the foregoing description taken in connection with the accompanying drawings, it will be noted that my structure is extremely simple, durable, efficient and economical. The follower requires but very litle space so that substantially the drawer may be of the same size as the compartment of'the casing.
Y It will be also observed that the parts may be very readily assembled and disassembled.
AS I a-11y changescould be made in the above construct on and many apparently r widely different embodiments of this 1nyention could be made without departing from the scope thereof, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawing shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
It is also to be understood that the language usedthe following claims is intended to cover all of the generic and specific features of the invention herein described and all statments of the scope of the invention which, as a matter of language, might be said to fall therebetween.
I claim as my invention: 1. A cabinet having a drawer receiving compartment and a curved guide extending along one side and across the back of the compartment, a single drawer supporting follower engaging the guide in said compartment, said follower adapted for movement forwardly on the guide into contact with said side to brace the follower thereagainst,
and a drawer hingedly connected at one inner edge to said follower to admit swinging of the drawer when withdrawn from the compartment to one side thereof.
2; A cabinet having a drawer receiving compartment therein and a curved guide in the rear portion of the compartment extending across the back and along one side thereof, a flat leaf follower having a projection en 'a in the 'uide to direct the follower Y C b b D whereby when the follower is drawn outwardly the drawer may be swung over against the front face of the cabinet and supported by said follower against the side of the compartment. I
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|US4314733 *||Sep 19, 1979||Feb 9, 1982||Smith Clark K||Specialized filing cabinet|
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|US5871108 *||Nov 29, 1996||Feb 16, 1999||The Coca-Cola Company||Rear loading merchandise shelving arrangement|
|US6921143 *||Oct 22, 2003||Jul 26, 2005||Metsys, Llc||Modular swinging bin storage system|
|US20040140743 *||Oct 22, 2003||Jul 22, 2004||Michael Hinton||Modular swinging bin storage system|
|Cooperative Classification||A47B88/06, A47B2220/0011|