US 1751573 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
March 25, 1930. R. BISHINGER HAIR DRYING DEVICE Filed March l, 1928 Patented Mar.' 25, 193) fr staminees., or ari-arson sans, -sor-:s renverser?, annee-narrar connai?,
l .eaarnsrnvanra an z '1 i hair-crying device oy maybe uniformly api lier tilated during the drying operation withoutits being' disarranged by air currents.
A further object of my invention is to provide ahair-drying device of convenient shape and size that may he easily and quickly adjusted to and removed from operative position.
The hair-drying devices in use heretofore have been principally oit the type which comprises a fan or other means for applying a blast of heated air to the hair and which is usually of such force as to disarrange it. In caso the hair had been curled or waved as, for example, to produce what is known as water waves, the effect is lost if the hair is disturbed in the drying operation.
ln accordance with the present invention, I provide a device for uniformly applying heat to the hair. 1While ample ventilation is permitted tocarry away the vapors of the evaporated moisture, the movement of the air adjacent the head is only such as is caused by convection and accordingly the position of the hair and its arrangement are not disturbed.
In the accompanying drawing,
Figure l is a side elevational view of the hair-drying device of my invention as it appears in operation, parts being broken away; an
Fig. 2 is a view, partially in front elevagon and partially in section, of the device of A hair drier 1 which is of somewhat helmet shape, comprises a frame 2 consisting preferably of non-metallic strips or ribs 3 that extend substantially radially from a central portion and are connected at their outer ends bv a band 4. The ribs 3 and band 4 may be of fibre, for example, or of any other suitable material that is a. nonconductor of electricity and is somewhat ilexible.
' Inside the frame 2 and secured to the ribs 'ation tiled r ne heata suitable fabric covering 7 that is similar in character and texture to the coverings oi' electrical heating pads and the like. Such protective coverings are electrically insulating and are non-combustible at operating teinperatures. A. similar outer covering 8 encloses the frame 2. The covers 7 and 8 have corresponding Ventilating openings 9.
I The front, back and sides of the drier l are provided with spacing members l0, preferably of cork, which maintain a suitable space between the head ot the wearer and the interior of the drier. Thisspace serves not only to protect the hair from any local overheating but to insure circulation of air for the removal of moisture and thus facilitate the drying of the hair.
Around the bottom edge of the drier are spacers l1 which comprise cork tips 1f2- that are mounted on lightcoil springs 13. These spacers l1 constitute yielding means for retaining the drier in position and that are adapted to compensate for variations, in the sizes of the heads of the wear-ers.
Then the drier is placed in position for use, the spacers l1 are held outward by the hands of the operator in approximately the position indicated by dotted lines, F ig. 2. They are then adjusted into their normal positions to vieldiugly retain the drier on the head regardless of its shape or size. Flaps 14 cover and protect the ears ot the wearer and assist in drying the hair adjacent the ears.
The drier applies a uniform temperature to the hair without any movement of the air within the drier except that caused by convection. The maximum temperature may he controlled if desired by a thermostat-ic regulator (not shown) of usual type. The hair dries quickly and uniformly without any disturbance of its arrangement.
To remove the drier, the spacers 11 are bent outwardly and the drier is simply lifted from the head. The drier is applied and removed easily and conveniently. ts use will insure substantially perfect results from an operation that has heretofore been most unsatisfactory.
In case it is so desired, l may substitute for if the ribs 3 one 0r more layers of fabric known embodiments shown and described herein eX- cept as set forth in the claims.'
I claim as my invention: l
l. A hair drying device comprising an electric frame conforming approximately to the head of the wearer, a heating element secured to the interior of said frame and means for spacing said frame and said element from the head. y y
2. A hair drying device comprising a frame of approximately helmet shape, electric heating means secured thereto, means for at least partially enclosing said frame and said heating means and means for spacing said frame from the head of the wearer.
3. A hair drying device comprising a headpiece that is provided with members for spacing the interior surface from'the head of the wearer, said head-piece having a frame and and a heating element secured to said frame.
4. A hair drying device comprising a ilexible frame of approximately helmet shape, a heating element secured to the interior of said framemeans for enclosing said frame and said heating element but permitting ventilation therethrough and means for spacing said frame from the head of the wearer.
5. A hair drying device comprising a frame of flexible members, an outer covering therefor, heating means within said frame, an inner covering for said heating means and spaclng devices for maintaining a passageway within said device when upon the head of the wearer, said coverings being provided with Ventilating openings.
6. A hair drier having substantially the contour of a portion of the head of a person and comprising means for spacing its interior surface from the head of the wearer, said spacing means comprising yielding members adapted to occupy positions corresponding to the size or shape of the wearers head.
I 7. A hair drier comprising a body portion ary, 1928.
having substantially the contour of a portion of the head of a person and comprising spacing means for yieldingly engaging the head of the wearer to hold it in position and for spacing said body portion from the head. y
8. A hair drying device of'approm'mately helmet shape having a flexible frame conforming approximately to the head of the wearer and having also a cover for said frame with Ventilating openings therein and an electric heating element in the interior thereof and conforming to said frame.
In testimony whereof, l have hereunto subl scribed my name .this 28th day of Febru- ROBERT BisHnvenR.
CERTIFICATE OE CORRECTION. Pnl-,m No. 1751,573. Granted March 25,' 1930, to
ROBERT BISHINGER. f
It is hereby certified that error appears in the'printed specificntionof the above numbered pat'ent requiring correction as follows: `gage 2, lines 26 and 27 strike Out the words 'an electric" and insert the article "a", and line 28, for "a heating element" read "an electric heating element"; and that, the said Letters Patent should be read with these corrections form to the record Of the case in the Patent Office.
Signed and sealed this 15th day of April, A. D. 1930,
M. J. -Moorer Acting Commissioner of Patents.
therein thnt thesame may con'-- CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION.
mem No; 1.751.572..l -Grmednarch 25.19.10,@
. ROBERT 'BISHINGEn `It is hereby certified that error `appears in the-printed `speeificationof tbe above numbered pat'ent requiring correction as follows: `lage 2, lines 26 and 27, strike out thev words 'an electric" and insert the article "a", and line 28,; for "a heating element" read "an -electric heating element"; and that the Vsaid Letters Patent should be read with't'hese'corrections therein that thesame may-con V fornito the" record ofthe case in the Patent Office. Signed and sealed this 15th day of April, lA. D. 1930.
n. J. Mam.'
`(Seal) v i i Acting Commissioner of Patents.