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Publication numberUS1752956 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 1, 1930
Filing dateMay 19, 1928
Priority dateApr 21, 1927
Publication numberUS 1752956 A, US 1752956A, US-A-1752956, US1752956 A, US1752956A
InventorsRudolf Lex
Original AssigneeKarl Zeyen
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Apparatus for spraying pulverulent material
US 1752956 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

\p'i11,19.,0.l 'I R. LEX 1,752,956

APPARATUS .FOR 'SPRAYING' PULVERULENT MATERIAL Filed may 19, 192'8` ATTgRNsYs Patented Apr. l, 1930 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE B'UDOLIl LEX, OF COLOGNE, GERMANY, ASSIGNOB OF ONE-HALF T0 KARL m, Ol

COLOGNE, GERMANY 4 APPARATUS FOR SPRAYIN G PULVERULENT MATERIAL Application led Kay 19, 1928, Serial No. 279,043, and in Germany April 21, 1927.

For many purposes it is necessary-to spray i because many of these substances readily cake together. For example, in a known form of spraying apparatus the spraying tube provided with holes is in part surrounded by an air blower and in part led through a powder reservoir. The spraying tube is moved by hand, while the air coming from the air blower passes through the holes of the spraying tube into the reservoir and there spraysthe available powder. This known spraying apparatus is suitable for the spraying of noncaking powders only, but not for the spraying of flour-like materials. If the known arrangement were used to spray these latter, it would cease to function properly after a short time, as the holes in the spraying tube would quickly become blocked.

The object of the present invention is to overcome this objection. For this purpose the spraying apparatuswith air blower for spraying flour-like and similar substances is provided with a plunger-like feed member arranged to feed the material to be sprayed into the air stream from the nozzle, said plunger being operated by the blower causing the spraying. By this means a caking together of the flour-like material is avoided and the latter is blown out of the apparatus in a very finely divided state. -In addition there is always an approximately equal quant-ity of the spraying material in the air stream so that a uniform spraying is obtained.. Because of this the apparatus is also suitable for inhalation purposes in which it would be bad for the patient if agglomerated particles were to reach the respiratory organs. Further the apparatus is suitable for the spraying of dyestuifs and the like and for other technical purposes.

ne embodiment of the invention is illustrated by way ofvexample in the accompanying drawing.

When the rubber bulb a is compressed, part of the air streams out of the nozzle 7 while the remainder is led into the hollow rubber sack c. The latter is expanded thereby and presses on the top plate d of a feeding plungerv e whereby the latter is moved downwards. To

the feeding plunger e are attached wire pins,

bristles or the like, f, which during the motion of the feedin plunger loosen the material h contained in t e reservoir g. The lower end z' of the feedingplunger in helical and in each downward motion feeds a fixed quantity of flour or meal'or the like through the opening c in the reservoir g into the air current passing through the jet b. In this manner with every Icompression of the bulb a approximately the same quantity of material is presented before the nozzle and is ine'ly sprayed by the air stream passing` therethrough. A spring Z restores the feeding plunger e toits glolrglal position after each compression of the Having now particularly described and ascertained the nature of my said invention and in what manner the same is to be performed, I declare that what I claim is 1. A sprayer, comprising a container having an outlet port, a movable plunger within said container and having means normally closing said port, air supply means communicating with said outlet port, means operated by said air supply means for moving said plunger thereby to uncover said port, and means for restoring the plunger to portclosing position.

2. A sprayer, comprising a container having an outlet port, a movable plunger within said container and having means normally closing said port, air supply means communicating with said outlet port, means operated by said air supply means for moving said plunger thereby to uncover said port, and means for restoring the plunger to portclosing position, said plunger being adapted during its uncovering movement to feed a definite quantity of material from said container into .the outlet port.

3. A sprayer for pulverulent material, comprising a container having an outlet port, a movable plunger within said'container and having means normally closing said port, air

supply 4means communicating with said outuncover saidport, means for restoring the .plunger to port-closing position, and 'means carried by said plunger for loosening the material in the container during movement of 5 the plunger. v

4. A sprayer for pulverulent material, comprising a container having an outlet port, a movable plunger within said container and having means normally closing said port, air

supply means communicating with said outlet port,v means operated by said air supply means for moving said plunger thereby to uncover said port, means for restoring the plunger to port-closing position, and means carried by said plunger for yloosening the material in the container during movement of the plunger, said plunger being adapted during its uncovering movement to feed a detinitequantity of material from the container into the outlet port.

5. A sprayer, comprising a container having an outlet port. a movable plunger within said container and having means for closing said port. a spring normally retaining vsaid 25. plunger in port-closing position. a blower communicating with said port, air-actuated means for moving said plunger against the tension of its spring thereby to uncover said port, and a communicating conduit between said blower and said air-actuated means.

fi. A sprayer for pulverulent material, comprlsing a container having an outlet port, a movable plunger within said container and having means for closing said port. resilient means normally retaining said plunger in port-closing position, a blower communicat-A ing with said port, and means operated by said blower for moving the plunger thereby to uncover said port, said plunger having a helical portion adapted during the uncovering movement of the plunger to feed a deinite quantity ofmaterialfrom said container into the outlet port. 7. A sprayer, comprising a container having an outlet port, a movable plunger within said container and having means for closing said port. a spring normally retaining said plunger in portsclosing position, a ,blower communicating With said part, a collapsible 5 elastic bag disposed between a wall ofthe container and one end of the plunger, and a communicating conduit between said bag and the blower for inating the bag and moving the plunger against the tension of its spring thereby to uncover the port.

In testimony `whereof I have signed my4 name to this specification.

RUDOLF LEX.'

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2470999 *Jul 28, 1944May 24, 1949Linde Air Prod CoThermochemical metal removal
US2519707 *Oct 18, 1948Aug 22, 1950Philip RieckCombination fertilizer distributor and watering can
US2620095 *Aug 5, 1947Dec 2, 1952John Alan KingPowder container with bellows for expelling the powder therefrom
US2686618 *Jan 24, 1950Aug 17, 1954Diehl Mateer GeorgeScrew actuated hopper feeder
US2761741 *Mar 3, 1951Sep 4, 1956American Car & Foundry CoContainer
US2895647 *Nov 15, 1956Jul 21, 1959Wald Ind IncHighway marking apparatus and method
US3107217 *Jan 23, 1958Oct 15, 1963Muller HansArrangement for the continuous separation of solids and liquids by filtration
US3202320 *Nov 13, 1962Aug 24, 1965Patton Roy CApparatus for dispensing dry granular material by means of an air current
US3223286 *Aug 16, 1961Dec 14, 1965Gen Turbine CorpPortable sprayer with air operated mixing means
US4089441 *May 24, 1976May 16, 1978Cole John MPortable manually operated duster
US4177940 *Apr 1, 1977Dec 11, 1979Solar Suede CorporationFlock fiber feeding apparatus having a plurality of impellers and a venturi flow tube
US5146716 *Nov 15, 1991Sep 15, 1992Sponge-Jet, Inc.Treating a contaminated surface
US5207034 *Jun 25, 1990May 4, 1993Lynn William RPliant media blasting device
US5234470 *Feb 28, 1992Aug 10, 1993Lynn William RMedia for use in pressurized device and method of farming
US5344472 *Apr 26, 1993Sep 6, 1994Lynn William RCleaning compounds
US5529589 *Sep 2, 1994Jun 25, 1996Technology Trust Inc.Lattice fiber structure carrier
US6779520 *Oct 30, 2001Aug 24, 2004Iep Pharmaceutical Devices Inc.Breath actuated dry powder inhaler
US8561609Dec 7, 2011Oct 22, 2013Respira Therapeutics, Inc.Dry powder inhaler
US8651104May 11, 2012Feb 18, 2014Respira Therapeutics, Inc.Bead-containing dry powder inhaler
EP0516635A1 *Dec 21, 1990Dec 9, 1992Pfeiffer Erich Gmbh & Co KgDispenser for media.
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/633, 222/241, 406/134, 239/379, 222/509, 406/144, 222/240, 222/227, 128/200.22
International ClassificationB05B11/06
Cooperative ClassificationB05B11/062
European ClassificationB05B11/06B