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Publication numberUS1755763 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 22, 1930
Filing dateNov 23, 1927
Priority dateNov 23, 1927
Publication numberUS 1755763 A, US 1755763A, US-A-1755763, US1755763 A, US1755763A
InventorsBarber James T
Original AssigneeBarber James T
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Drum-washing machine
US 1755763 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

' April 22, 1930. J. T. BARBER DRUM WASHIIYG MACHINE Filed Nov. 25, 1927 2 Sheets-Sheet l Suucufoz April 22, 1930 J. T. BARBER 1,755,763

DRUM WASHING MACHINE I Filed Nov. 23, 1927 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 .13. E1 ar]: El'" Patented Apr. 22, 1930 umTEosrATEs JAMES r. BARBER}, or BROKLY1\T,,NEW YORK I DRUM-WASHING 'VMACHINE Application filed November 23, 1927. Serial No.-235,389.H-

This invention relates to machines for cleaning containers, such as drums, barrels, casks and the likevbya gyratory motion and is directed to the general structure and more particularly to the holding means for receiving the drums, and the operatingfmechanism for imparting the gyratory movement to the .containe'r during the washing or cleaning thereof. WVhile the drawing illustrates a preferred I v embodiment of the invention, it is to be 7 understood that in adapting the means to meet specific needs and requirements the design may bevaried and changes in the mlnor details of construction may be resorted to within the scope of the invention as claimed, without departing from the spirit thereof.

For a full understanding of the invention and the merits thereof referenceis to be had to the following description and the drawings hereto attached, in which,

Figure 1 is a front view. of a drum cleaning v machine embodying the invention.

Figure '2 is an enlarged detail sectional view showing more clearly the means for mounting the drum holder and imparting a gyratory movement thereto.

igure 3 is an enlarged sectional'vlew of the holder on the line 3-6 of Figure 1, look ing in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 4 is a detail sectional view of the holder on the line 444 of Figure 1, looking in the direction of the arrows: 7

Corresponding and like parts are referred to in the following description and designatedin the several views of the drawing by like reference characters.

The supporting frame of the machine comprises a base 1 and standards 2, 3 and 4. A depression 5 is formed in the top side of the base 1 to receive and hold a quantityof water as well as to catch 'drippings' when the ma. chine .is in operation. A shaft 6 is mounted in the standards 2 and.3 and has a belt pulley 7 fast thereto to receive motionfrom a suitable source of power by means ofa drive belt, not shown, in a manner well understood. A gear wheel 8 is mounted in linewith the shaft 6 and is secured to the standard 3 by means I of a brace 9. The shaft .6 passes loosely through the gear wheel 8. A shaft 10is loosely mounted in the standard f in line with the shaft 6. An eccentric 11' fast to the shaftlO cooperates with aneccentric strap 12, which is connected bymeans of. a rod 13 65 I with the plunger-rod. of a. pump 14 which 1 pumps the water from thedepressionfi and I delivers it'atthe desired point of discharge.

The holder forth'e container, suchas a" drum, bar rel,or cask 15 consists'of'an outer frame. 16 and aninnerframe .17, and these frames may be of similar or like formation and'usually consist of bars arranged in rectangular form and riveted or otherwise 'secured .at the abutting points. "Similar sockets 18 and 19 areattached to diagonally, opposite cornerportions of the outerframe 16 and receive the inwardly facing ends of the respect-ive shafts 6 and 10 Which'are secured thereto. Tlie,holder is diagonally mounted and rotates about an axis-having a diagonal arrangement. .A shaft 20 is loosely. mounted in the. lower member of the frame 16, and has a gear wheel 21 fast to its lower end. The teethof the gear, wheels 8 and 21 7 are in mesh. The shaft 20 projects a short distance beyond the lower memberof the frame 16 and engages thelower member of the frame 17 which-is loosely mounted thereon. A ratchet wheel 22 issecured to the so I I upper portion of thewshaft 20' and bears againsta boss on the lower member of the frame 17 A pawl 23 pivoted tothe lower member of the frame 17 cooperates with the teeth of-the ratchet wheel 22, whereby to.

theupper member of the frame 17, and is 7 provided with a hand wheel 25. r A follower 26 is engaged by the lower end of the screw 24 and serves to clamp thecontainer 15 when the same is placed in position to be cleaned.

-Thedrum 15yor other form of container is clampedbetween the follower 26 and the lower member of the frame 17 and rotates with-said frame aboutthe'screw 2A and the shaft 20 as an axis. 1

It is observed thatthe ratchet 22 and pa l 23 admit of rotation of the frame 17 in one direction independently of the other parts to position said frame to admit of conveniently placing the drum or container 15 in position or to remove it from the machine after being cleaned. It is further observed that the container and its holder rotate about a diagonally' disposed axis, while at the same time the container lf) and the frame 17 rotate about an 4 axis coinciding with the shaft 20 and screw 24. The resultant gyratory movement gives a tumbling action to the container which is efiective in cleaning the same as will be readily appreciated.

The provision of the pump 14 and the .re-

, cess 5 enables the Washing solution, if necessary, to be used repeatedly without wasting, and thedischarge pipe of the pump is manipulated-to deliver the'solution over the outer surface of the barrel or drum,

:"I-Iaving thus described the invention, I

claimz" 1. A drum Washing machine comprising spaced-shafts'in longitudinal alinement, a frame supported by the shafts at diagonally opposite points, a fixed gear wheel having I .one of saidshafts'passing loosely therethrough, a second frame journaled within the before mentioned frame and provided with means for securing the drum to be cleaned, a

'shaft loosely mounted in both of said frames,

a gear wheel fast to the last mentioned shaft and in mesh with the fixed gear wheel, and a ratchet and pawl'conn'ection between the lastmentioned shaft and the inner frame to ad-' 'mitofindependent turning thereof for removing or placing the drum in position.

2. "A drum washing machine comprising a base, standards rising from the base, alined shafts mountedin the standards, an outer frame supported by and between the said shafts,and engaging the same at diagonally opposite points, a fixed gear wheel having one of the shafts passinglooselytherethrough, an inner frame, a shaft loosely engaging adjacent members of the inner and outer frame, agear wheel secured to the last mentioned shaft and in mesh with the fixed gear wheel, a ratchet and pawl connection between the last mentioned shaft and the inner frame, a screw passing loosely through the outer frame and engaging the adjacent member of the inner frame, and a follower adapted tobe'engaged by the inner end of said screw A drum washing niachinecomprisinga supporting structure, an outerframe mounted onsaid structure for rotation about a diagonalaxis, an innerframe having a longitudinalaxisin common'with the longitudinal axisofthe outer frame,means carried by the supporting structure for rotating the outer frame'about the diagonal axis, a shaft loosely ragedin adjacent ends of the two frames 1 on the longitudinal axes thereof, a gear on forclamping theadrum to becleaned.

tate independently. to permit a drum to be removed or placed in position.

In testimony whereof I affix my signature.


Referenced by
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U.S. Classification134/150, 366/217, 366/213, 134/119
International ClassificationB08B9/08
Cooperative ClassificationB08B9/0817
European ClassificationB08B9/08D6