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Publication numberUS1756232 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 29, 1930
Filing dateFeb 17, 1928
Priority dateFeb 17, 1928
Publication numberUS 1756232 A, US 1756232A, US-A-1756232, US1756232 A, US1756232A
InventorsJohn Arnaud Joseph
Original AssigneeJohn Arnaud Joseph
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Television apparatus
US 1756232 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)


W ls756a232 SUBSTiTUTE FOR MISSNG XR TELEVISION APPARATUS Filed Feb. 17, 1928 t may 2 q Z5 Qg QM Q7/0470 v Patented Apr. 29, 1930 JOSEPH JOHN ARNAUD, OF SOUTH MILWAUKEE, WISCONSIN TELEVISION APPARATUS Application filed February 17, 1928. Serial No. 255,042

This invention relates to television apparatus. F Objects of this invention are to provide a television apparatus in which pictures may she sent by wireless means or by wire means from one station to another so that accomplete picture is formed in a fraction of a second, thus permitting the sending of moving pictures by wireless means or by wire means from one station to another station. Further objects are to provide a television apparatus in which reliable and simple means are employed for causing a searching ray to travel over the entire surface of the object 1 or picture, and in which the receiving means is equipped with a similar device for causing the projected my to travel over the entire screen, with means for controlling the intensity of illumination 'at the receiving station in exact proportion to the light and shadow at the sending station so that an exact reproduction occurs. v

Further objects are to provide a television apparatus having the characteristics noted above 'which is of very simple construction and which'may be relatively easily operated. An embodiment of the invention is shown in the accompanying drawings in which:

The single figure is a diagrammatic view showing the television apparatus both at the sending and receiving end.

Referring to the drawing, it will be seen that a projectinglantern 1 is provided for furnishing a single beam of light which, in reality, constitutes almost a point. or thin pencil of light. This ray of light as it passes from the lamp is indicated by the reference character 2, and it will be seen that the ray may be intercepted at regular and rapid intervals by means of the rotating disc 3 driven in any suitable manner, as by means of the motor 4. The disc 3 is provided with a plurality of apertures 5 through which the ray of light passes, so that the light is cut off and. turned on at regular intervals to provide sharp pulses of light.

The ray of light is received by means of a small mirror 6 attached to a tuning fork 7 which is approximately horizontal in position, The ray of light is reflected from the mirror'6 along the path 8 and'falls upon the mirror 9 carried by a vertical tuning fork 10. From this point, the ray of light passes along the path 11 upon the picture or object such,

for example, as the face of a person, as indi- 5 cated by the reference character 12.

From the apparatus thus far. described, it is evident that, as the tuning forks vibrate, the fork 7 will cause the ray to travel horizontally across the screen or object and the fork 10 will cause the ray to travel yertically across the screen or object. If the forks have periods which bear a definite .relation to each other as 1 to 1, 1 to 2, 1 to 3, etc., the well known Lissajous curves will be formed. However, this result is not desired for there would be portions of the screen which would not be illuminated. Instead, in this invention, the periods of the forks are so related that the ray will pass over and illuminate successively all portions of the screen.

Theoretically, this last result may be secured by making the periods of forks incommensurate so that re ular Lissajous figures will not be formed ut instead-the ray, as stated, will pass over every portion of the screen. Practically, if the periods are not incommensurate, but bear to each other some ratio not too simple, then the curve will be reentrant. That is, it will trace out a line so closed on itself and will then retrace and ijetrace this same line indefinitely. All that is necessary is that the adjacent, lines of the figure shall be 'close enoughto blend into a continuous picture. The number j f ib 5 tions'of the forks per second will'determine the number of trips over the screen that the spot of light or ray "oflight will execute per second. The most suitable ratio of the periods of the forks can best be obtained by trial. Ifdesired, one or both of theaforks may be provided withra sliding weight so that the period can be 'adjusted.. g

i The light reflected from the screen or obect is condensed by means of the optical apparatus 13 provided with condensing-1 lens and falls upon a photoelectric cell 14 whichmay be a selenium or other light sensitive cell. The cell controls an amplifier-15 which may be-of the vacuum tube type and such amplitier in turn controls a modulator 16 and thus modulates the high frequency energy passing to the antenna 17,-such high frequency energy being su plied by means of the oscillator 18 in a well own manner.

From the apparatus thus far descr1bed,1t is evident that the wireless waves radiating from the antenna 17 will be in exact accordance with the shadow or light effect of the object or screen at the particular point illuminated by the travelling or searching ray, and that these wireless waves will vary continuously as to amplitude or ener y transmitted as the searching ray passes rom one colored or shadowed portion to a different portion of the object or screen.

The receiving apparatus consists of an antenna 19 connected to a receiver 20 which amplifies the received waves and controls a neon or other li ht producing tube 21, which has a substantia ly instantaneous response to the electric energy supplied.

In this way the tube 21 will be illuminated more or less in exact proportion to the strength of the wireless waves received and consequently in exact accordance with the brightness or darkness of the portion of the object or screen over which the'searching ray 11 is passing at the sending end.

- The light from the tube 21 is picked up by the optical apparatus 22 provided with condensing lenses and producing a substantially cylindrical tiny beam of light 23. This beam of light 23 is received by a mirror 24.-

- carried by a vertical tuning fork 25. It is reflected and falls upon a mirror 26 carried by the horizontal tuning fork 27. From this point, the ray of light passes to the receiving screen 28. If desired, it may pass through a plate 29 formed in a manner hereinafter described. It is evident that the vertical tuning fork 25 must have the same period of vibration as the vertical tunin fork 10, and that the horizontal tuning fork 27 must have the same period of vibration as the horizontal tuning fork 7 Any suit.- able means may be employed for keeping the tuning forks in operation and in synchro- II nism, such for example, as the electromagtions of the searchingray. intensity of the pro ected beam 23 varies in netic actuating means commonly known.

It is to be noted that the ray of light projected upon the screen 28 move in exact accordance with the searching ray 11 and will consequently fall upon the same portion of the screen as the searching ray at all posinasmuch as the exact accordance, with the amount of light received by the photoelectric cell 14, it is apparent that the ray will be alternately illuminated in exact step with the brilliancy of the light reflected from the articular portion of the object or screen i uminated by the searching ray at any given instant.

It is also to be noted that, inasmuch as the tuning forks have simple harmonic motions, the'outer edge of the screen will have the light upon it for the greatest length of time. T

remained for the greatest length of time and L therefore will exactly temper or proportion the lightin of the screen 28 so as to insure 'a picture 0 uniform density throu hout.

While the member 29 is referre to as a plate or photographic plate, it is to be understood that such expression is not intended as limiting as a film or other photographic member may be employed provided it has the characteristics noted above.

It is to be noted that the rotating disc 3 provides sharp pulses of light which produces in the reproduced figure the efiect-of a half tone. In addition to this, it has been found that the light sensitive cell 14, if it has any lag whatsoever, will be more effective in reproducing the exact proportionate degree of current if it is illuminated bysharp pulses of light which seem to eliminate the effect of the time lag of the cell. It is, of course, to be understood that the rotating disc may be omitted in certain forms of the apparatus. The use of a neon lamp or tube 21 is desirable although other tubes may be used, because the neon tube gives a substantially instantaneous response to the electric current.

Further than this, it is clear also that a battery of photoelectric cells could be employed in place of the single photoelectric cell illustrated by the transmitting portion of the apparatus.

It is apparent that the tuning fork system can also be used to singleout one spot of a constantly illuminated field. For example, the apparatus consisting of the elements 13 to 18, could be substituted for the light pro jecting apparatus and associated with the tuning forks and mirrors to cause the moduconstant and the modulating or light rescreen for the pur ose of illustration, it is to be distinctly un rstood that the member While the member 12 has been'shown as a 12 may be replaced by any object whose picture it is desired to transmit. For example, a person or face may be substituted for the screen 12, or pictures themselves may be used.- In all cases, the'reproduced pictures will bean exact reproduction of the object over which the searching ray passes.

Other forms of light guiding means may be employed. For example, a mirror may be carried by a T-shaped bar, the mirror being placed at the point of union of the shank or stem with the cross member of the bar, and in the plane of the T. The shank may be resilient and the transverse portion of the.

T-shaped member may be operated by means 'of' a plurality of electromagnets controlled in any suitable manner; for example, by

means of vacuum tubes, so as to give the mirror motion about two distinct axes at right angles to .each other.

It is evident that the invention lends itself admirably to the conventional wireless transdetermined rule; and an equalizing screen through which said ray passes, said screen consisting of a photogra hic plate having its density varying in accordance with said rule.

6. In a television apparatus, the combination of: a source of light; means for projecting a ray of light from said source and moving said my in accordance with a predetermined rule; and an equalizing screen through which said ray passes, said screen consisting of 'a photographic plate havingdifferent degrees of density produced by dif- Wisconsin. 7


ated above, is extremely simple in construc- Y tion and is highly practical.

Although the invention has been described in considerable detail, such descri tion is in tended as illustrative rather than 'miting as the invention may be variously embodied and as the scope of such invention is to be determined as claimed.

I claim:

1.. The method of preparing an equalizing screen for a searching ray, which traverses a projection screen according to a rule that obliges it to remain longer directed tosome portions of the screen than to others, or traces lines more congested in some portions of the projection screen than in others; said method:

consisting in: causing this ray to traverse a photographic plate-according to said rule; and then developing said plate. p

2. ,The method .of making an equalizing screen fora television apparatus in which amoving ray is em loyed, said method comprislng placing a p otographic plate in the path of said ray, causing said ray to traverse said plate, and subsequently developing said p a e. Y

g 3. An equalizing screen comprising "a photographic plate having difi'erent degrees of density from point to point throughout its extent produced by exposing different portions of the screen to different degrees.

4. An equalizing screen comprising a photographic plate having different degrees of exposure throughout its extent to produce difi'erent degrees of density according to a predetermined rule.

5. -In a television a paratus, the combination of: a source of ight; means for proectmg a ra of light from said source and moving sai ray in accordance with a pre-

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3437393 *Sep 30, 1966Apr 8, 1969Texas Instruments IncTorsional vibrator light beam scanner
US4003656 *Oct 7, 1974Jan 18, 1977Stephen Richard LeventhalFingerprint scanning device
US4902083 *May 31, 1988Feb 20, 1990Reflection Technology, Inc.Low vibration resonant scanning unit for miniature optical display apparatus
US5003300 *May 31, 1988Mar 26, 1991Reflection Technology, Inc.Head mounted display for miniature video display system
US5023905 *Jul 25, 1988Jun 11, 1991Reflection Technology, Inc.Pocket data receiver with full page visual display
US5048077 *Jul 25, 1988Sep 10, 1991Reflection Technology, Inc.Telephone handset with full-page visual display
US5949544 *Jul 14, 1998Sep 7, 1999Manning; Christopher J.Methods and apparatus for performing very rapid scan spectrometry using a balanced mirror assembly driven at the resonance frequency
WO1999002939A1 *Jul 14, 1998Jan 21, 1999Spectral Dimensions, Inc.Methods and devices for very rapid scan interferometry
U.S. Classification348/205, 348/E03.9, 348/744, 359/199.1
International ClassificationH04N3/02, H04N3/08
Cooperative ClassificationH04N3/08
European ClassificationH04N3/08