US 1756635 A
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Apri 29, 1930. w, DENNIS ET AL 1,756,635
' COMBINATION LAVATORY AND CLOSET Filed March 28, 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet' l 'h/d/zef E Benn/s r- Edward J Egehr (Ma/W I da /M1 A ril 29,1930. w. R. DENNISET'AL COMBINATION LAVATORY AND CLOSET Filed March 28, 1929 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 gwoemtoc I r Edward J Baefi Patented Apr. 29, 1930 UNI ED STATES WALTER R. DENNIS, F FERGUES FALLS, AND EDWARD J. BAEHR, 0F WADENA,
MINNESOTA COMBINATION LAVATORY AND CLOSET Application filed March 28, 1929. Serial No. 350,559.
Our invention relates to combination lavatories and closets, and has for its object to provide a device in which a single fixture will serve the combined function of both lavatory and closet, and in which the lavatory forms a closure for the closet proper.
Another object of the invention resides in pivoting the lavatory toward the rear of and toward one side of the closet to permit of i0 swinging the same to cover or uncover the closet.
Another object of the invention resides in forming the lavatory with a tubular housing offset therefrom, and in mounting the pivot for said lavatory within said housing.
A still further object of the invention resides in forming said housing with slots, and in employing a bracket for pivotally supporting said lavatory, said bracket having arms extending through said slot and into said housing.
An object of the invention resides in providing hot and cold water pipes and in extending the same into said housing through one of said slots.
A feature of the invention resides in providing a faucet within said housing having a handle protruding through the housing and above the lavatory and connected to said 30 hot and cold water pipes.
An object of the invention resides in fixed lv connecting to said lavatory a water spout, and in swivelly connecting the water spout to the bottom of the faucet, along the axis of the pivot of said lavatory.
Another object of the invention resides in constructing the closet with a supporting member having a drain passing therethrough and in forming said supporting member with a branch connected to said drain and extending angularly therefrom toward the axis of said pivot.
A, still further object of the invention resides in providing the lavatory with a drain, and in swivelly connecting said drain with the branch from said closet drain at the axis of the pivot of said lavatory.
An object of the invention resides in providing said lavatory with latching means for practice. In such buildings, considerable inholding the same in adjusted position with" respect to the supporting bracket therefor.
A feature of the invention resides in providing an operatin rod for operating said latching means and extending through the front of the lavatory, said rod being angular- 1y disposed to clear said lavatory drain.
Another object of the invention resides in providing said operating rod with an operating member serving as a handle for swinging the lavatory about its pivot.
Other objects of the invention reside in the details of construction thereof, and in the novel combination and arrangement of parts hereinafter illustrated or described.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a side elevational view of a combinatio'n lavatory and closet illustrating an embodiment of our invention with the lavatory positioned to cover the closet.
Fig. 2 is a front elevational view of the structure shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is a plan view of the structure shown in Fig. 1 withthe lavatory swung to uncover the closet.
Fig.4 is an elevational sectional view taken on line 4- ofFig. 3.
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary plan sectional view taken on line 5-5 of Fig. 4.
In numerous hotel buildings built in the days before plumbing and plumbing fixtures became universally used, the rooms were frequently constructed without separate wash rooms or bath rooms, as is now the customary convenience is encountered by the occupants, due to the fact that frequently-but a single closet is to be had for each floor of the hotel. The present invention provides a de-' vice whereby a combination closet and lavatory may be readily installed in each room of a hotel or other building for the convenience of the occupant, which installation will be perfectly sanitary and neat and attractive in appearance. 1
The invention proper comprises a closet A and a lavatory B constructed to simulate in appearance the present type of a closet and lavatory. The closet A is fixed relative to the building, while the lavatory B is adapted V to be swung about a vertical axis, designated at 10 in Fig. 3, to cover or uncover the closet A as the occasion may require.
The closet A may be of the bracket type, as shown in Fig. 1, and comprises a bowl 11 of the usual construction, provided with a supporting member 12' by means of which the same may be rigidly secured to the studding 13 and 1401 the wall 15 of the room in which the. device is to be installed. This closet is provided with the usual seat 16 which is hingedly connected to the supporting structure 12 by means of a hinge 17. The closet A may be connected with the usual flushing device, not shown, which may be operated through a flushing lever 18 in the usual man ner. Such features of the closet do not form any particular part of the invention, and any conventional type of closet may be utilized. if desired, the pedestal type of closet may be niployed instead of the type illustrated, and any system offlushing may be used in place of the concealed form. In addition, ventilating means may be connectedto the bowl or seat of the closet for further increasing the form to theconfiguration of the bowl llof the closet A so that when the lavatory A superiniposes said closet, the apron21 thereof forms substantially a continuation of the walls of said closet. The seat 16 of the closet A is positioned'at seat-elevation, while the basin 19 of lavatory B is situated at a height convenient for use. The apron 21 of lavatory B is constructed considerably deeper than is customarily the practice, so that the same extends to within a short distance of the upper surface of the'seat 18 completely covering the said seat and giving the combined structure an attractive appearance. 7
For pivot-ally supportinsg the lavatory B, the same is constructed with a tubular housing 22 which is formed toward one side'of the same and to the rear of the said lavatory when disposed in position to cover the closet A. This housing is'oifset with respect to the basin 19 and includes a wall 23 which is a continuation of the apron 21 of the lavatory proper; The exact shape of this housing is best shown in Figs. 1, 2 and 3. The top of the rim 20 of the lavatory extends over the tubular housing 22, as indicated at 24 to form a closureifor the upper portion of the same. Attached to the studding 14 of the wall l5, we employ a bracket 25-which is formed with two arms 26 and 27 which extend in full lines in Fig. 3 to uncover the closet A,
or to a position shown in Figs. 1 and 2 tocover the same. or V in conjunction with the basin 19 of lavatory B, we employ a drain 34 which is rigidly connected through a suitablepipe connection with an outlet 36 disposed at the lowermost portion of said basin. Aplug 37 of usual construction serves to close this outlet.
Drain 34 may be constructed with a trap 38, I
if, desired, and is rigidly connected to the lavatory proper and extends inthe direction of the axis 10 of the pivot for the lavatory.
On the supporting structure 12 of thecloset A is formed a branch 39 which is connected to the drain from the closet passing through the said supporting structure. This branch has connected to it an elbow 40, the outer end 41 of which extends upwardly, as shown in Fig. 4, andis coaxially disposed with reference to the axis 10. The drain is constructed with a depending portion 42 which is also coazially disposed with reference to the axis 10 of the lavatory B and which is received within the portion 4-1 of elbow 40. By means of this construction, the drain 34 is swivelly connected to the elbow 40 so as to discharge the water from the lavatory B regardlessof theadjusted position of the lavatory with respect to the closet A. If desired, the usual overflow 43 may be employed which is connected to the outlet 36 of the lavatory and drains into the trap 88 as with the ordinary form of lavatory.
For the purpose of supplyingthe lavatory.
10 of the lavatory and having the water connections thereof disposed within said hou a handle 47 through which hotor cold water maybe delivered to the outlet of the faucet by turning the handle 47 in opposite direc-- tions. As the lavatory rotates, th' faucet 14 remains stationary. A flange 48 surrounding the faucet 44 serves to seal the joint there respect thereto. The lower end of the spout is connected through a coupling 62 with an elbow 51 which is swivelly connected by means of a pipe connection 52 with the discharge outlet 53 of the faucet 44 situated at the bottom thereof. The swivel connection 52 superimposes the drain 34 and is disposed in axial alignment with the axis 10 of the lavatory so that the same may swing with reference to. the closet to permit of moving the lavatory in the desired manner. It will hence be readily seen that the lavatory may be swung to cover or uncover the closet A, and during such movement, a fixed connection is had between the water supply system and the sewer, thereby rendering it impossible at any time to discharge the water elsewhere than into the lavatory or to drain the same in the proper manner from the lavatory.
For the purpose of holding the lavatory in adjusted position, we employ a latching device, best shown in detail in Figs. 4 and 5. The arm 27 of bracket 25 terminates in a segment 53 which is formed with a plurality of notches 54 along the periphery thereof. The member 31 in housing 22 is constructed with a depending ear 55 which is drilled to slidably support at one end a rod 57 This rod is slidably mounted at its other end in the apron 21 of lavatory B, and has attached to the protruding end thereof a knob by means of which the same may be reciprocated along its bearing in the ear 55. The extreme end of the rod 57 is constructed with a latch lug 58 which is adapted to engage any oi the notches 54 in thesegment 53 so as to latch thelavatory from movement. A spring 59 encircling the rod 57 is seated against the apron 51 and is held in place by the cotter pin 61. This serves to normally force the latch lug 58 into the notches 54- to hold the lavatory in adjusted position. When it is desired to shift the position of the lavatory, the knob 60 is drawn outwardly and the lavatory swung in the desired direction. The knob 60, in addition to unlatching. the latching device, serves as a handle for moving the lavatory.
Upon releasing the knob 60, the latch lug 58 drops into the notch 54 and holds the lavatory in adjusted position.
Our improved invention is used in the ordinary manner. By drawing the knob 60 upwardly, the lavatory can be swung from the position shown in Fig. 3 to that shown in Figs. 1 and 2. If desired, the lavatory can be used in either position and can be moved without draining the Water from the basin 19. The closet A is readily accessible, and the seat may be raised in the customary manner.
When the lavatory covers the closet A, the seat thereof is completely hidden and the ap pearance of the instal-lation is that of aped estal or an ordinary type lavatory. Inthis manner, the installation does not detract from the appearance of the room, and yet offers all. of the conveniences desired.
The invention is highly advantageous in that a positive and effective device is provided whereby both a closet and a lavatory maybe installed in the room of a hotel or elsewhere, as desired, without detracting from the appearance of the room. The device is perfectly sanitary and the water may be drained from the lavatory at any adjusted position thereof, or filled into the basin as desired, regardless of the position of the lavatory with respect to thecloset. By means of the latching member, the lavatory may be held in position, thereby precludingthe movement of the same duringthe use of the closet, or vice versa, to prevent accidental injury to the user. The knob servin to o erate the latching device, is also capable ofuse-as a handle for swinging the lavatory, thereby simplifying the movement of the same. The invention is exceedingly simple and will not readiiy get out of order, and when installed forms an attractive and pleasing fixture for the room with which it is used.
Changes in the specific form of our invention, as herein disclosed, may be made within the scope of what is claimed without departing from the spirit of our invention.
Having described our invention, what we claim as new and desire to protect by Letters Patent is: I
1. In combination, a closet having a suphousing offset from said lavatory and connected therewith, a pivot for swingably sup lie porting said lavatory mounted within saidv housing, and a faucet contained within said housing.
3. In combination, a lavatory having a rim I i and an apron depending therefrom, said apron protruding outwardly from the lavatory at a portion thereof, and said rim extending outwardly from said lavatory to meet said protruding apron to form a housing, and means within said housing for pivoting said lavatory for swinging movement. I
4. In combination, a' lavatory, a tubular 2. In combination. a lavatory, a tubular n" housing offset from said lavatory and connected therewith, the walls of said housing being formed with slots, brackets extending through said slots, and means on said.brackets for pivoting said lavatory for swinging movement. I
5. In combination, a lavatory, a tubular housing offset from said lavatory and connected therewith, the walls .of .said housing;
being formed with slots, brackets extending I through said slots, means on said brackets for spout and a drain fixedly connected to said lavatory, a water pipe, a waste pipe, means for swivelly connecting said spout to said water pipe, a faucet for controlling the flow of water through said spout, means for swivelly connecting said drain to said waste pipe, said swivels being in alignment.
7.}In combination, a lavatory, means for swingably supporting said lavatory, a water pipe, a faucet connected to said water pipe, a spout fixedly connected to said lavatory, and means for swivelly connecting said spout with said water pipe.
' 8. In combination, a lavatory, means for swingably supporting said lavatory, hot and cold water pipes, a' faucet connected to both of said pipes, a spout fixed relative to said lavatory, and means for swivelly connecting said spout to said-faucet.
9. In combination, a closet, a bracket, a lavatory, means on said bracket for pivotally supporting said lavatory forswinging movement to cover or uncover said closet,a latch 1 lug movably supported relative to said lavatory, and means on saidbracket adapted to be engaged by said latch lug for latching said lavatory in adjusted position, and a member for operating said latch lug, said'member serving as a handle for swinging of said lavatory,
10. In combination, a closet, a bracket, a lavatory, means on said bracket for pivotal- ;ly supporting saidlavatory for swinging movement to coveror uncover sald closet,-
means for latching said bracket and lavatory,
for movement relative to one another, and means carried by said lavatory for operating said latching means.
11; In combination, a closet, a bracket, disposed to one side of said closet, a lavatory, a support onrsaid lavatory angularly disposed with relation thereto, means on said bracket supporting said lavatory through said support, adrain from the center of said lavatory extending angularly toward said pivot, latching means at said pivot for engagement with said bracket and support for holding the lavatory in adjusted po- 'sition, and an operatingv rod protruding through the front of said lavatory and extending angularly toward saidlatching mechanism for operating the same, said operating rod clearing the drain from said lavatory.
12. In combination, a lavatory,means for swingably supporting said lavatory, hot and cold water pipes, a faucet connected to both of said pipes, a spout fixed relative to said] lavatory, and means for swivelly connectingsaid spout to said faucet at the lower portion thereof.
. 13. In combination, a closet having a bracket for supporting the same from a wall, a drain extending through said bracket, a branch issuing angularly out from said bracket and on one side thereof and connected to said drain, a lavatory pivoted in proximity to said branch for movement to cover or uncover said closet, and a drain connected to said lavatory and swivelly connected to said branch in alignment with said pivot.
14. In combination, a support, an arm formed on said support, a lavatory, means formed on said lavatory and arm to pivotally mount said lavatory relative to said support,
a conduit connected with said lavatory and'ineluding a vertical portion positioned inalignment with said pivot, said condult being swlvelled along the vertical portlon thereof.
15. In combination, a support, an arm 7 formed on said support, a ring formed on said arm, a lavatory, a ring formed on said lavatory and journalled for rotation in the ring on said arm, and a conduit extending through said rings and fixed relative to said supports.
16. In combination, a support, an arm formed on said support, a lavatory, means formed on said lavatory and arm to pivotally mount said lavatory relative to said support, a drain connected to said lavatory and having a vertical run in alignment with the axisof said pivot, said drain being swivelled along said vertical run, and a water pipe having a vertical run separated from said drain and in alignment with the axis of said pivot, said pipe being swivelled along said vertical run.
17. In combination, a support, a lavatory, means on said lavatory and support for forming a pivot for said lavatory, a valve structure, hot and cold water pipes connected to said valve structure, said valve structure and pipes being fixed relative to, sald support, said valve structurehaving a portion thereof in and a latch movably mounted on said lava-' All '9 int! tory and adapted to engage said segment for locking said lavatory in adjusted position.
19. In combination, a support, a pair of spaced arms issuing outwardly from said support, a lavatory having a rim and an apron, means on said rim and one of said arms for forming a pivot for said lavatory, a member extending across said apron, means on said member and the other of said arms for forming a second pivot for said lavatory in alignment with said first pivot a valve structure extending through said'first pivot, hot and cold Water pipes connected to said valve structure, and a spout attached to said lavatory and swivel-1y connected to said valve structure in alignment with said pivot.
20. In combination, a support, an arm is suing outwardly from said support, a lavatory, means on said lavatory and arm for pivoting said lavatory relative to said support, a drain connected to said lavatory and having a vertical portion in alignment with the axis of said pivot and disposed on one side of said arm, said drain being swivelled along said vertical portion, and a water conductor connected to said lavatory and having a vertical portion position on the other side of said arm and in alignment with the axis of said pivot, said water conduit being swivelled along its vertical portion.
In testimony whereof we have aflixed our signatures to this specification.
WALTER R. DENNIS.
EDWARD J BAEHR.