US 1757293 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 6, 1930. m. CARD ET AL- 1,757,293
DRAWER Filed Dec. 17, 1925 far! Jmes Card V'dor Ida/ nk frank);
74 70; 6.1km we 14 Patented May 6, 1930 UNITED STATES.
PATENT OFFICE EARL JAMES BARB .AND VICTOR ADOLIEI-I GRONBERG, OF JAMESTOVN, NEW YORK, ASSIGNTORS TO JAMESTOWN METAL EQUIPMENT 00., INC, OF JAMESTOWN, NEW
Y YORK, A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK DRAWER,
Application filed December 17, 1925. Serial No. 76,062.
This invention relates to an improvement in a furniture drawer, and more particularly in the drawer head and its construction.
Prior to this invention the common practice was to make blisters in the bottom or sides of the drawer body to position the inner face of the drawer head. This is very objectionable because often papers or cards in the drawer are torn by such blisters.
The primary object of this invention is to provide a drawer having ahead which is rigidly and'seeurely fastened in place without the use of blisters, the points of fastening being entirely concealed when the drawer is completed.
. Another object of this invention is to provide a drawer head comprising an outer plate, an intermediate plate and an inner plate, the intermediate plate being provided with swells atcertain portions to stiffen the head so that the danger of bending at the point where the handles are secured is practically eliminated.
Other objects of this invention will appear from a consideration of the following specification taken in connection with the drawings which form a part thereof, and in which.
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of a drawer having a head constructed in accordance with this invention; i
Fig. 2 is an enlarged vertical cross section of the head end of the drawer;
Fig. 3 is a transverse section taken along the line 3-3 of Fig. 2, showing in addition to the drawer head a plan view of the bottom of the drawer; and" Fig. 4 is a sectional view taken-along the line it- 1 of Fig.3.-
Referringtothe drawings, the reference numeral is employed to designate a drawer comprising a head 11, a bottom wall 12, side walls 13 and a rear wall 14. The particular construction ofthe bottom, side and. rear walls forms no part ofthis invention, and it will be understood that any desired way of assembling and uniting these portions of the drawer can be followed. In the present illustration, however, the bottom wall isprovided with a central recess 15, in which is mounted a channel 16, and a longitudinal rod 17 projecting through the drawer head extends through the channel 16 and terminates at rear wall 1 1.
The drawer head 11 comprises an outer plate 18, an intermediate plate 19 and an inner plate or cover 20. The sideflanges of the outer plate 18 are bent rearwardly substantially at right angles to the front face at 21, inwardly at 22, substantially at right angles to the section 21, and rearwardly at 23 at right angles to the section 22.
The bottom edge of the outer plate is similarly provided with sections 24:, 25, and 26 substantially at right angles to each other and the upper edge is bent rearwardly at 27 and downwardly at 28. Thus at the sides are formed vertical recesses 29, at the bottom is formed a horizontal recess 30 and at the top is formed a horizontal recess 31.
The intermediate plate 19 has side flanges 32 and a flange 33 across the bottom edge which is in line with the lower edge of the side flanges 32. Formed in the main. portion 34 of the plate 19 are horizontal ribs or swells 35, shown particularly in Fig. 2. Secured by welding or otherwise to the inner face of the intermediate plate below the swells 35 is a clip 36, which enters a slot 37 in the flange 33. The clip 36 extends below the flange 33 and the bottom edge of the plate 20, and is drilled and tapped to receive the threaded shank of knob 46.
The intermediate plate 19 is rigidly secured to the outer plate 18 in any desired manner with its upper edge extending into the recess 31 and the clip 36 extending into the recess 30, asshown in 2. A handle 38 is secured to the plates 13 and 19 between the ribs or swells 35. Since the plates 18 and 19 are rigidly connected it is obvious that the swells 35 act to stiffen the plates against the strain exerted by the handle 38, and that the flange 33 serves the same purpose. The provision of the ribs in the plate 19 only avoids the formation of any depressions in the outer face of the drawer head.
The side flanges 32 of the plate 19 are parallel to and spaced from the sections 23 of the'outer plate 18 a sufficient distance to permit the introduction of the ends of the side walls 13 between them. The sections 23, side walls 13 and flanges 32 are then suitably connected by welding or other means, while the bottom wall 12 is similarly joined to the section 26 of the outer plate.
The inner plate 20 functions primarily to cover the inner faces of the outer and intermediate plates and to provide a smooth inner front surface for the drawer. Occasions arise, however, when it is desirable to get at the inner faces of the plates 18 and 19, and consequently the plate 20 is made removable. The plate 20 has side walls 39, a top wall 40, and a bottom wall 41, these Walls being all at right angles to the face portion 42 of the plate 20. The plate 20 isof such dimensions that the side Walls 39 will enter closely within the flanges 32 and rest against the inner face of the portion 34, while the body 42 of the plate 20 is in the same plane as the outer edge of the flanges 32.
The flange 33 terminates short of the flanges 32 to provide spaces therebetween. The top wall 40 is bent upwardly at the portion 43 and outwardly at the portion 44, to form a bead which enters and fills the recess 31 in the outer plate 19. The botto nwall 41 is provided to the drawer proper the plate 20 is installed by insertingthe bead formed by the portions 43, 44 into the recess 31 and then swinging the plate 20 around the edge of the section 28 as a fulcrum, until the depression 45 enters the recess 30, the walls 39 taking their position against the inner face of the flanges 32.
The plate 20 is thus quickly and easily inserted and can be removed at any time should occasion arise without difliculty. This plate covers the joinder of the plates 18 and 19 with the drawer proper and also covers the flange 33 and the ribs 35, so that the inner front of the draweris absolutely smooth and will not catch the papers or other documents inserted in the drawer. I 7
The knob 46 of the rod 17 is externally threaded and the aperture in the clip 36 through which the pin'passes is internally tapped to receive the threaded portion of the head 46 and thus fix the rod in position. The
apertures 47 and 48 inthe outer plate 18 and in section 25 for the rod 17 are larger than the pin so that it passes through them freely.
While one embodiment of this invention has been shown and described, applicants are not limited thereto, since it is obvious that other embodiments can be made without departing from the spirit and scope of this iniiention, set' forth in the following claims. 1 Having thus set forth our invention, what we claim as new and for which we desire protection by Letters Patent is:
1. In a drawer, a head comprising an outer plate, an intermediate plate and an inner plate, the edges of said outer plate being formed to provide recesses, the side and bottom edges terminating in rearwardly extending flanges behind said recesses, the side edges of said intermediate plate terminating in rearwardly extending flanges, a clip rigidly secured to the lower portion of said intermediate plate, means for securingsaid intermediate plate to said outer plate with the upper edge ofsaid intermediate plate extending into the recess at the upper edge of said outer plate, said clip extending into the recess at the lower edge of said outer plate, and the flanges of said intermediate plate parallel to and separated from the side flanges of said outer plate to form spaces which the front ends of the side walls of the drawer proper enter when said head is applied thereto, the bottom wall of said drawer being in surface contact with the bottom flange of said outer plate, said inner plate having outwardly extending side flanges which when said inner plate is assembled with said outer and intermediate plates after the drawer proper is secured, rest against the inner faces of the side flanges of said intermediate plate.
2. In a drawer, ahead comprising an outer plate, an intermediate plate and an inner plate, the top and bottom edges ofsaid outer plate being formed to provide horizontal recesses, a strip adapted to form a clip rigidly secured to the lower portion of said intermediate plate and means for securing said intermediate plate to saidouter plate with the upper edge of said intermediate plate extending into the upper horizontal recess of said outer plate and said clip extending into the lower horizontal recess of said outer plate.
3. In a drawer, a head comprising outer, intermediate, and inner plates, rearwardly turned flanges terminating the Vertical edges of said outer and intermediate plates, drawer side walls engaged with said head between adjacent flanges of said outer and intermediate plates, flanges terminating the top and bottom of said outer plate providing horizontal recesses, a clip-like strip secured to the lower portion of said intermediate plate and means securing said intermediate plate to said outer plate with the upper edge of said intermediate plate extending into the upper horizontal recess of said outer plate and said strip extending into the lower horizontal recess of said outer plate.
4. In a drawer, a head comprising outer, intermediate, and inner plates, horizontal ribs extending across said intermediate plate, rearwardly turned flanges terminating the vertical edges of said outer and intermediate plates, drawer side walls engaged with said head bet-ween adjacent flanges of said outer and intermediate plates, flanges terminating the top and bottom of said outer plate forming horizontal recesses, a clip-like strip secured to the lower portion of said intermediate plate and abutting the lowermost of said horizontal ribs, means securing said intermediate plate to said outer plate with the upper edge of said intermediate plate extending into the upper horizontal recess of said outer plate and said strip extending into the lower horizontal recess of said outer plate, and a handle secured on the face of said outer plate, said handle being secured to said intermediate plate between said horizontal ribs whereby to strengthen said outer and intermediate plates against distortion caused when said drawer is moved inwardly and outwardly by means of said handle.
In. testimony whereof we have aifixed our signatures.
EARL JAMES CARD. VICTOR ADOLPH GRONBERG.