US 1758327 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 1x3, 1930. Y A c;.'| c:TT|1R v I 1,758,327
LOOSE LEAF BINDER v v Filed Aug. 51 1928 imnmiimiiiif' mimi-V f2 ef 4MM f M5 Patented May 13, 1930 Anonieme; Lommna or. MILWAUKEE, Wisconsin nssrenoaj'o 4sainmroisrnm, LOOSE LEAE se, on mjriwwmn; meco-neme "Gemeenten or, WISCONSIN noem-LEAF Binnen v This invention relates partijeularly toloose -lea binders of the type and has `as 4a general objeet to sirnpltylancl improve the feonstrnetionof binders otthis nature.
Agnotheri Qbjeotof this invention residesi-nthe provision of a loose leaf bindenhaving separable sections" which when engaged forni a ringancl having Cam actuated mea-ns Y iterfmovingthfe rings toward and away from A iurtherobj eet oifthis invention resides in .nie provision el a binderof the' eh'araeteri-de- Vscribed the ring seetions 'are earried by plate-members which are movable in substantially `the' same plaine?towardik anjd away from eaoh other,` being actuated-by earn means.
a more speoificfobjeet o this inven-` tion resides nthelprov-isi-on of a loose leaf binder othe charaoteif described in which the separable ringr sections are carried by a pair of pla-te members mounted' for `lm'ofvemjent substantially the same plane toward andi from eaoflr other' and` having cam .y slots' with Whieh studs earr-iedbyaetirat ing member eng-age to 'simultaneously move theplateinembers toward and away from eaeh'other' upon movement of the actuating .3
member. l y L lfVitlr the' above Vand other objects in View which will appear as the desoription pro- Ceecl's,` my invention resldes'rn the novel constrluetion, e@rnbinaf'i-i,ony and arrangement of part-s substantially as hereinaftery describedancl more particularly defined by the' appended; Claims, it bei-ng understood that such hanges in` the' precise embodiment of' the herein disclosed invention-' may bemacle as' comev witlrintheseope of theclaiinsi K l ln the accompanying Vdragyvil'fig1I fha've'ill'usrat-eclone complete example of the physi- @al embodilnent of my invention construoted 1 according t-'ov the bestinod-el have so far de- *v-isedf: for: the practical' application of the iznfiineiples thereof, and in which:
'Fig-Lire l' is ai plan vie of my improved loeseleasty bnider;l l v Figure 2 is a View similairto Figure liv with their-'ling seetion's" shown in their open posif Fguile' is a 'longitudinal7 seetional `.View taken thronghFigum 26m the plane of the line BiiySg-and Y n Figure-4;: is afcrosslsectionalviewtalen i through Fig-.ure 2A onthe plane ofthe' line 1 s Referring new more partioularly'to the aocompanying drawing, Ain Whieh like numerdesig'nate like parts throughout the several views;v 5 represents. a' base plate to Which acovermemberv 6:. formed of' a" single piece of lfenible material is seourela attaehing v.plate 7 is?v suitablylixedto themecl'i'al. portion of the @over member to. forinithe back of' the binder and from ,which a pair' of? tongues 8 eXten'dfto be passedthrlough apertures 9 in ,the baseqlat'e'V 5j and thenistrnolr overV toseeine the plate 7,- andA consequently the @over nieinbeiglto the basej plate. Y Y
The plate 7; is further provided with a pair ori upwardly extending projections- 10 formed by pressingV aY portion offthe metal outwardly to provide' spacing members'to maintain theplate '7" and-the baseiplate, 5
spaced from each other, for a purpose to 'be laterd'esforiberlpand the base plate is struck downwardly-,as at '19,'to provide' a depres-y sion Orl pocket with which the vlip 8l engages tof prevent its extending above't'he surface of the base plate.` Y l Each enel of the basefplate" 5 is struckover, as at lll,tonpro.vide. guide'eways or retaining inea-ns: spaced! from the fa'ce'foi the base plate, the strnokV Oever portion 1l at one end havingits medial por-tion 12 extended at substantially right to tlie baseplate, to
provide Y a convenient v grip;j l` "o siti"oned above the base plate 5 and inai'ntainedin positionbythestruelr over portions-l1 is av pair of t movable ringfrcarrying plates 13. The
platesl'b-ave a plurality oring sections 14 seourecl'tlieto by riveting andthe plates are v movableltoyvard and away Atroni each other to, engage and disengage the ring" sections.V
,lloveinentnof the" plates lfnisy eiee'tedkr by ka pair of canslo'tsl 15 forme/df in each plate throu'gli which" studs' pass, the studs being carried by anl actuatin'glinember I7 positioned bet-Ween thebase-plate" and plate 7 carried by the Cover member. The Studsfl alsov pass through elongated openings 18 inthe base plate and thus maintain the plates 13 and the actuating member 17 assembled with thev base plate, the elongated apertures 18 being parallel with the sides of the base plate to permit longitudinal movement ofthe actuating member and the cam slots being directed A outwardly at an` angle to impart transverse y `movement of the plates 13 upon longitudinal Y my movement of the actuating member. A rlhe longitudinal movement ofthe actuating member with respect to the base vplate is limited by the length of the elongatedslots 18 and is cut out, as at 20, to ,accommodate one downwardly pressed portion 19 `with Y awhich one lip 8 of vtheicover securingplate7 engages and has one end fork-shaped toprol' vide a recess 21 to accommodate; the other f depression 19. Theopposite end of the actuating 'memberis reduced ink width and has its outermost end struck upwardly to provide a` grip or finger engaging portion 22 to facilitate movement of the actuating'member.
. t The cam slots 15 in the ring section of the mounting plates 13 are .formed with portions 23 which extend fora shortk distance'parall'el vto the longitudinal axis of the actuating memberto provide lockingfmeansfor retainingk the ring sectionsagainst spreading.
Longitudinal movement'of the actuating Vmember in an outwardly direction to open the .ring sections is prevented by the engagement of a locking lug 24 in a recess25 in the adj acentend of the base plate, the locking lug 24'being mountedzon an osetportion 26 of 1 the actuating member which is yieldably positioned to extendthe lockingtluginto the recess, disengagement being `eiected by a Y downwardV pressure of the grip 22, as will be readily obvious. j
L' t As the rivetediendportions of the ring sections extend beneath the lower surfaceof the plates-13, the adjacent po'rtionsof the base' plateA are provided with transverse channels or grooves 2T which accommodate the riveted From the foregoing'description, taken in connection with the' accompanying drawing, Yit will be Vreadily apparent to those-skilled in theart to which an invention'of the character described appertains, that I have provided novel means lfor'openingand closing `the ring sections of a loose leaf binder in which the opening and closing movement is positive and in which a simple locking means is providedto locl;4 therring sections in their closed position;
I claim: Y Y Y 1. In a loose-leaf binder,'a1base plate, a plurality of separable ring sections, a pair of movable plates mounted above the base plate to which the ring sections are secured, whereby movement of the plates` towardA and away from each other opens and closes the Yring `sections, a longitudinally movably mounted actuating member, the base plate having elongated apertures parallel withjthev direction ofmovement ofthe `actuating member and the movable platesv having eamshaped'apertures, and pins carriedby the actuating-member and extending through the i apertures vin the base plate and the movable plates whereby .movement of the actuating member simultaneously moves the plates toward and away from each other;v
2; Ina loose-leaf binder, a base plate, ring sections, plates to which the ring'sections are each other to engage and disengage thering movably on the base plate, and meansymaintaining the base plate, the actuating member, and the movvable plates` assembled,.said means being movablewith theactuating so n sections, an vactuating member longitudinally l member to cause simultaneousy movement of the movableplates toward andaway from each other upon actuation of the actuating member."I
3.v In a loose-leaf binder, a-base, ana'ctuating' member movable longitudinally with re- Y l spect to the base, aplate member movable transversely with respect to the base, a ring 4 section carried by the plate member, the base having elongated Y apertures extending "parallel with-the direction of movement of the actuating'gmember and the plate member havingY diagonal apertures, and securin means-fixed .to theV actuating member and passed through the base and platefmember apertures tomaintainthe several elements assembled and whereby longitudinal movement of the actuating member moves the plate memberl transversely with respect to the base.V
4. In a loose-leaf binder, a base plate havinganI elongatedaperture,ja ring section, a.
member to which the ringsection is secured o j and having a cam vslot,means mounting thee member for sidewisemovement with respect to the base plate, an actuating member movable -longitudinally vwith respect to the base plate,'and means carried bythe actuating -Y rmember and passed through the base *plate aperture and the cam slot Ywherebyflongituvdinal movement of. theV actuating`-member `moves the first vmentioned member sidewise, and said camjslot having an extension into which the .actuating vmember carried means is movable to restrain movement of said first mentioned member when the actuating member is in one position.-l
YV5. Ina loose lea' binderavbase plate, a il i130. A3 Y transversely movable member'having a cam 85 secured and `movable toward and away from t slot, ring sections carried by said transversely movable member; an actuating member movable longitudnallyvvith respect to the base platteland means having a longitudinal sliding connection with the base plate and being ber.
In testimony whereof I have hereunto af- Y iiXed my hand.
ADOLPH G. LOTTER.