US 1759459 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
May 20, 1930. J. A. MURDOCK- DISPENSING TOP FOR BOTTLED GARBONATED LIQUIDS Filed May 2, 1927 unlock,
ATI'ORNEYS Patented May 20, 1930 I UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
l 7 arms A. munnoox, or'rULsA, oxnhnom msrnnsmo 'ror 'ron IBOTTLED caanoriarnn mourns Application filed m 2, 1927. Serial no. 188,211.
This invention relates to a dispensing top is designed to be looked over the cap 2 and is or head arranged to be detachably mounted in the form of a head having a base portion over the closure caps of. bottles of the type in internally chambered annularly at 5 and havwhich an exterior annular shoulder is preing'its' base open and its edge provided with 5 sented and in which carbonated liquids are a chambered annular groove in which is seat- 5 usually packaged. ed a packing gasket 6 of compressible mate- It is well known that once the charge of rial designed to seat on the closure cap 2 and a carbonated beverage is dissipated, its value be held tightly locked thereon by the means as a refreshing beverage is lost. Where the hereinafter described.
- entire contents of such bottles are not to be The chambered base 4 as it uprises is taused at once, the potency of the beverage repered inwardly and continued upwardly to maining will be retained by. the use of my form a neck portion 7. At one side this neck dispenslng top. Frequently, at drink founportion is formed with an offset spout 8 comtains, large bottles of carbonated beverages, municating with the chambered base 4 by such as gingerale, are used to fill individual means ofan inclined passage 9 which ad.- 65
- orders, the contents of one bottle being gradujacent to its point of junction with the base 7 ally used up in this way, the same bottle chamber is turned to extend vertically and; being sometimes left unopened or only partly centrally of the head and base. The junction recapped over long periods and the beverage of the spout passage and the chambered base I thereby becoming flat andunsalable. is provided with a raised portion or boss 70 It is the object .of m present invention to forming a valve seat 10. The neck portion 7 provide a detachable dlspensing top for such extends centrally in line with the annular bottles in which is incorporated means for chamber5 and is formed withacentral pocket perforatingthe closure capof the bottle t 11 therein from the lower end of-which a 2.5 permit the contents to be discharged. tubular guide opening extends downwardly 5 These and other features of the invention centrally through the vertical lower end of will be seen from the' following detailed the passage 9 and through the annular chamspecification read in connection with the acber 5. A cap perforating plunger 13 having companying drawings forming part thereof a flanged operating head 14 connected thereand in which to is guided through said tubular guide open- 2 Figure 1 is a vertical sectional view of my ing 12, the shank of its head 14 being sized dispensing top applied to a bottle, the neck to fit within the pocketed portion 11 of the portion and cap of which is shown in secneck. A coiled spring 15 is seated within the tion. pocket 11 with its lower end engaging an Figure 2 is a view in elevation of the right abutment washer 16 at the base of said pocket 85 hand side of the dispensing top and bottle and encircles the plunger 13 and the shank neck shown in Figure 1. I of the operating head 14 with its upper end Figure 3 is a top plan view of the dispensabutting the under side of the head. This ing top shown in Figure 2. spring normally acts to lift the operating Figure 4 is a top plan and head and its attached plunger to raise the cap Figure 5 a fragmentary vertical seetionze perforating lower end of the plunger above of the dispensing top showing a modified the. closure cap and to bring and hold the form of the attached shoulder engaging valve disk 17 seated on and carried by the clamp. plunger, firmlyagainst the valve seat 10. It 95 Referring to the drawings by numerals, 1 will be obvious that when the plunger head indicates a bottle having the usual closure 14 is forced downwardly its point will perfocap 2 crimped over the edge of its mouth, its rate the cap 2 to permit the contents of the downturned edge providing an annular shoulbottle to discharge. Release of the plunger so der 3. head causes spring 15 to retract the plunger The dispensing top of the present invention point bringing valve17 against its seat to re tain the contents of the bottle within the same until it is desired to dspense'them. This retaining action is increased by the pressure of the released carbonating gas acting against the valve. The dispensing is effected by tilting the bottle and partially depressing the plunger head.
Obviously the dispensing cap is looked over the end of the bottle and I have accordingly provided the base portion 4 with depending lugs 18 (Figures 3, 4 and 5) having hooked or offset lowerends to engage under the annular shoulder on the neck of 'the bottle, which, as shown in the drawings, is provided by the edge of, the closure cap. At the 0pposite side of the base 4 spaced niches 19 are formed with inwardly extending apertures in which are seated the inwardly bent hinging ends 20 of a wire bail which may be of any suitable construction providing means movable to engage under shoulder 3 and in conjunction with lugs 18 detachable to lock the dispensing head on the closure cap. The wire bail formshown in Figures 1 to 3 of the drawings and having the hinging ends 20 heretofore referred to, is provided with the curved spring loop 21 formed fromand positioned between the hinged arms 20 and having a horizontal shoulder engaging end 22. When the lugs 18 are positioned under theannular shoulder 3 at one side of thebottle, the dispensing head is pressed down on the cap 2 and the bail is swung downwardly, the locking bar 22 of its spring loop being sprung under the annular shoulder 3 and held there by the tension of its spring arms 21.
In the modified form of locking bail shown in Figures 4 and 5, the base portion 4 at the side opposite to the lugs 18 is enlarged laterally and vertically to provide opposite fiat faces 23 to which are hinged the spaced upper ends of the bifurcated arms 24 of a clamping lever, the lower end 25 of which is formed as a finger grip. The enlargement of the base portion 4 at this side of the bot- ,tle brings said base portion downwardly to enclose and reach to the lower edge of the closure cap 2. A flat spring 26 has its lower end seated in the handle portion 25 and its upper portion curved and formed to enter beneath and engage the shoulder 3'and to be tensioned into locked engagement therewith when the clamping lever is swung downwardly as shown in Figure 5,
1. A dispensing top for bottles of the type.
having a closure cap and presenting an exterior annular shoulder comprising an internally chambered head having a discharge opening to the exterior, clamping means carried by said head to engage said annular shoulder detachably to lock the said head on the bottle, and means carriedby said head and operable to perforate the closure cap to permit the bottle contents to discharge.
2.- A dispensing top for bottles of the type having a closure cap and presenting an exterior annular shoulder, comprising a capcovering head having a liquid discharge opening therein, and a communicating chambered base portion arranged to seat over said closure cap, clamping means carried by said head to engage said annular shoulder detachably to lock the said head on the bottle, and means carried by said head and operable to perforate'the closure cap to permit the'bot- 4. A dispensing top for bottles of the type having a closure cap and presenting an exterior annular shoulder comprising an internally chambered head having a discharge opening to the exterior and provided with an integrally formed lug arranged to engage under said annular shoulder at one side, and with cooperating movable clamping means to engage under said shoulder at the opposite side detachably to lock said head on the bottle cap, means carried by said head and movable to and from a position to perforate said cap to permit discharge of the bottle contents.
5. A dispensing top for bottles of the type having a closure cap and presenting an exterior annular shoulder comprising a cap covering head having a chambered base ar-' ranged to-seat' over the closure cap and a communicating discharge passage extending therefrom at an angle, cap puncturing means carried by and within said head for movement in a direction lengthwise of a bottle, and means carried by said head arranged to engage said annular shoulderdetachably to clamp said head over the bottle closure cap. t
6; A dispensing top for bottles of the type having a closure cap and presenting an exterior annular shoulder comprising a cap covering head having a chambered base portion arranged to seat over the closure cap and a communicating discharge passage extending therefrom, I shoulder engaging means carried by said base portion arranged to engage and detachably to lock said head on the bottle cap, and means carried by said head and constructed and arranged for movement through said chambered base to puncture the bottle closure cap to permit discharge of the contents through the perforation so made.
7. A dispensing top for bottles of the type having a closure cap and presenting an exterior annular shoulder comprising an internally chamberedv head having a discharge opening to the exterior and a communicating chambered base portion arranged to seat overthe bottle closure cap, a fixed shoulder-engag ing lugdepending fromone side of said base, a movable shoulder-engaging member at the opposite side cooperating therewith detachably to lock said head on the bottle cap, and a cap perforating plunger mounted in said head for movement through its chambered portion to perforate said cap.
8. A dispensing top for bottles of the type I having a closure cap and presenting an ex-' terior annular shoulder comprising a cap cove ering head having a chambered base portion arranged to seat over said closure cap and a discharge passage forming therewith a valve seat and extendlng therefrom at an angle, a cap perforating plunger mounted in said head for movement longitudinally of the bottle and extending through said valve seat, a valve carried by said plunger and cooperating with said seat, and means carried by the head and cooperating with said annular shoulder dego tachably to lock the head on the bottle closure cap. 4
9. A device of the character described comprising a body applicable to the closure end of a container an having a discharge opening, and means carried by said body for inv itially perforating said closure and thereafter to control the flow of the contents of said con tainer through said perforated closure.
10. A device of the character described comprising a hollow body adapted to be attached in sealing contact over the closure end of a. container and having a discharge opening, and a combined closure perforating and valve member mounted in said body.
comprising a body member adaptedto be 11. A device of the character described said bottle and c said discharge opening to control the dispensing of the contents of. said bottle.
13. A dispensing cap for bottles comprisof said bottle through saiddischarge opening subsequent to the puncturing ofits seal.
14. A device-of the character described comprising a hollow body member adapted to be applied in sealing contact around the sealed opening of a container and having a discharge opening, an endwise movable stem mounted in said body and provided with a closure puncturing member at one end nor.- mally held in retracted position, and a valve located between the interior of saidcontainer and said discharge opening including a valve member carried on said stem, said valve being i opened and closed in the movement of said stem into and out of closure puncturing position.
JAMES A. MURDQCK.
I clamped over the closure end of a container and provided'with a discharge opening, a-'
stem movably mounted in said body and carrying a closure perforating member at its end, and a valve member'mounted on said stem and operative thereby after said closure is perforated tocontrol the discharge of the contents of said container through said discharge opening.
12. A dispensing cap for bottles compris-. ing a body member adapted to be fixed in sealing contact about the sealed mouth of a bottle and provided with a discharge'opening, a stem extending through said body and movableendwise to puncture the sealing-closure of said bottle, a SPIlIlg acting on said stem to retract the same from the opening punctured "thereby, and a valve member'on said stem co.
actingwith a seat intermediate the interior of .e