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Publication numberUS1763149 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 10, 1930
Filing dateFeb 17, 1928
Priority dateApr 30, 1927
Publication numberUS 1763149 A, US 1763149A, US-A-1763149, US1763149 A, US1763149A
InventorsLudwig Steiner, Victor Gutmann
Original AssigneeWestinghouse Electric & Mfg Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Inclosed submersible machine
US 1763149 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 10, 1930. v. GUTMANN El AL INCLOSED SUBl V IERSIBLE MACHINE Filed Feb Q 17, 1928 INVENTORS Victor Gurmann and I I l In IL HJIIIIK f Ludwig Sf inet' AT'TORNEY 15 pendin Patented June 1-0, 1930 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE VICTdB GUTMANN, F NUBEMIBERG, AND LUID'WIG STEHTEB, OF BERLIN, GERMANY,

ASSIGNORS T0 WESTINGHOUSE ELECTRIC AND MANUFACTURING COMPANY, A COR- PORATION OF PENNSYLVANIA INOLOSED SUBMEBSIBLE Application fled February 17, 1928, Serial 1T0. 255,166, and in Germany April 80, 1927.

' This invention relates generally to inclosed electrical machines for operation under water and more particularly to submersible electric motors.

In operating an electrical machine submerged in a liquid, such, for example, as a submersible pumping equipment for oil wells,

special provision must be made to prevent the motor casing from filling with water or oil to such a de e as to result ininjury to the motor windings.

Various means have been rovided for removing leakage fluid from t e motor casing, either continuously or intermittently, deupon the particular structure utilized.

is collected in a reservoir located at the bottom of the motor casing from .which it is discharged into the well by means of a highpressure centrifugal pump actuated from the the motor shaft.

In removing the leakage fluid intermittently, a collecting reservoir is provided at the bottom of the motor casing and a suitable electric heater element is disposed therein to eifect vaporization of the collected fluid. The supply of current for the electric heater element is controlled by a switch responsive to the fluid level in the reservoir. The heater element is energized and transforms the fluid into vapor which is discharged, under its own pressure, through a check valve, into the well. The objectpf the present invention, generally stated, is to provide means for excluding leakage fluid from a submersible type elec-- trical machine which shall be simple and economical to manufacture and operate.

A more specific object of the invention is to provide for collecting and discharging leakage fluid from the inclosing casing of a submersible-type electrical machine. Another object of the invention is to provide for automatically interrupting the supply circuit of a submersible-type electrical machine to prevent the occurrence of a flashover caused by excessive amounts of leakage fluid entering the machine casing.

A further object of the invention is to provide for indicating above ground when the the first instance, the leakage fluid inclosing casing of a submersible-type electrical machine becomes filled to a predetermined height with leakage liquid.

Other 0 jects of the invention will become evident from the following description, taken in conjunction with the accompanying draw-' ing in which the single figure is a view partly in section and partly in side elevation, of a submersible-type electrical pumping equipment'showing details of construction.

Referring to the drawing, the numeral 1 designates a portion of a bore hole or well partly filled with a fluid 2.

In order 'to pump the fluid, an electrical pumping set comprising a centrifugal or screw pump 3 and a motor 4 for actuating the pump is provided. 'As shown, the pump 3 and motor 4 are joined together in a unitary structure by means of the skeleton casting 5. The set may be suspended in the bore hole 1 b the ump tubing 6 which is connected to t e disc arge port of the pump 3 by means of the coupling member 7.

Since it is practically impossible to construct a perfect fluid-tight packing for the motor drive shaft 8, a reservoir 9'is provided at'the bottom of the motor casing in which all of the leakage fluid which enters the casing'ff the motor 4 may be collected.

this embodiment of the invention, the reservoir 9 for collecting the leakage fluid is formed by extending the motor casing to rovide a cylindrical member 11, as shown. e reservoir 9 is provided with a bottom 12 provided with an openin 13 through which leakage fluid may bedisc arged into the well or bore hole. a

The discharge of the fluid through the opening 13 may be controlled by any suita le valve mechanism, and, in this articular embodiment of the invention, a fluid-actuated valve, comprising a movable valve member 14 and an actuating float 15 is provided.

As shown, the valve member 14 is disposed to be urged upwardly into en agemcntwith the valve seat 16 when the fl oat 15 is submerged in the fluid 2 and is actuated to its open or discharge position when the float 15, is raised above the fluid level. Guide memm0 bers 17 ,and 18 are provided for maintaining the valve mechanism in proper position to insure reliable operation.

' In the preferred embodiment of the invention, the float 15 extends downwardly for a considerable distance below the bottom of the reservoir 9 in order that the discharge opening may be closed and suflicient pressure exerted upon the movable valve member 14 before the submersion of the motor.

It will be readily understood that, after the pumping set has been submerged and in operation for a considerable length of time, the natural leakage which occurs, gradually tends to fill the reservoir 9 and, if allowed to accumulate indefinitely, the fluid level will rise into the motor casing 4 and cause serious damage to the motor windings. Therefore, in order to indicate to the operator the quantity of leakage fluid which has collected in the reservoir 9, a suitable signalling or indicating system is provided.

In this particular embodiment of the invention, the signalling is accomplished by automatically stopping the motor 4 when the leakage fluid has risen to a predetermined height in the reservoir 9. As shown, a mercury switch 19 is mounted within the casing and disposed to be actuated by a float 2. The phase windings 22 of the motor 4 are connected to a star point in the mercury switch 19 through a plurality of leads 23 which extend from the phase windings 22 through a suitable opening 24 in the top of the reservoir 9, as shown. The mercury switch 19 is normally closed but may be actuated to the open position to interrupt the motor supply circuit when the fluid level in the reservoir 9 reaches a predetermined height. As shown, the motor-supply circuit comprises a plurality of conductors 25 which extend from a suitable source of power on the surface. The conductors 25 are run through a moistureproof conduit 26 for protection against moisture and other harmful agents.

The interruption of the motor-supply circuit indicates to the operator that the reservoir has become filled with leakage fluid to a dangerous height which necessitates raising the motor out of the fluid.2 in order to cause operation of the valve member 14'to permit the leakage fluid to discharge from the reservoir 9.

It will be readily understood also that various current-responsive trip mechanisms may be utilized to open the supply switch of the motor at the top of the well thereby de-' energizing the motor windings to prevent flashover in the event the leakagefluid comes into contact with motor windings. Furthermore, since the motor packing is more efiective when the shaft is not turning, .the'automatic stopping of the motor will reduce the leakage of fluid into the motor casing until the pump can be raised and the collected fluid discharged, as described hereinbefore.

We would state, in conclusion, that, while the illustrated example constitutes a practical embodiment of our invention, we do not limit ourselves strictly to the exact details herein illustrated since modifications of the same may be made without departing from the spirit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

We claim as our nvention:

1. In a submersible electrical machine, in combination, a pump for pumping fluids, a motorfor operating the pump, a casing for inclosing the motor, said casing being provided with a reservoir for collecting leakage fluid, means for discharging leakage fluid from the reservoir when the motor casing is raised out of the fluid, and means responsive to the level of the fluid in the reservoir for controlling the operation of the motor.

2. In a submersible electrical machine, in combination, a pump for raising fluids, a motor for operating the pump, a casing for inclosing the motor, a reservoir for collecting leakage fluid carried by the motor casing, means for discharging fluid fromthe reser voir when the motor casing is raised out of the fluid, and means provided within the reservoir for stopping the motor and thereby indicating when the motor casing should be raised to cause a discharge of the leakage fluid from the reservoir.

3. In a submersible electrical machine, in combination, a pump for raising fluids, a motor for operating the pump, a casing for inclosing the motor, a reservoir carried by the casing for collecting leakage fluid, a discharge opening in the reservoir, fluid-actuated means for closing the discharge opening when the motor casing is submersed, and fluid-actuated means within the casing for stopping the motor and thereby indicating when the motor casing should be raised to allow the discharge opening of the reservoir to open and discharge the leakage fluid from .the reservoir.

4. In a submersible electrical machine, in

combination, a pump for raising fluids, a mo-' tor for operating the pump, a casing for inclosing the motor, a reservoir carried bythe casing for collecting leakage fluid, a floatactuated valve for controlling the discharge of leakage fluid from the reservoir, and means responsive to a predetermined quantity of-leakage fluid in the reservoir for automatically stopping the motor.

5. In a submersible electrical machine, in combination, a pump for raising fluids, a motor for operating the pump, a casing for inclosing the motor, a reservoir carried by the casing for collecting leakage fluid, a floatactuated valve for discharging leakage fluid from the reservoir when raised out of the fluid, and means within the reservoir responsive to the height of the fluid level in the reservoir for automatically stopping the moat before the leakage fluid in the casing has reached the motor windings.

6. In a submersible electrical machine, 1n

combination, a pump for raising fluids, a

motor for operating the pump, a casing for inclosing the motor, a reservoir carried by the casing for collecting leakage fluid, and opening in the reservoir, vice disposed to be controlled by the fluid outside the reservoir ing the discharge opening before the motor casing enters the fluid, and means responsive to the level of the fluid in the. reservoir for stopping the motor and thereby indicating when the leakage fluid has collected in a redetermined quantity and for indicating w en the leakage fluid has discharged from the reservoir after the opening of the discharge con trol device.

7 In a submersible electrical machine, in combination, a pump for. raising fluids, a motor for operating the pump, a casi g for inclosing the motor, a reservoir for collecting leakage fluid. an open sleeve portion at the bottom of said reservoir, a discharge port .in the bottom of the reservoir communicating with the open sleeve portion, means disposed within'the open sleeve portion for opening the discharge port when the casing is raised out of the fluid, and means responsive to fluid in the reservoir for stopping the motor and thereby indicating when the motor casing should be raised out of the fluid to permit the opening of the discharge port.

8. In a submersible electrical machine, in combination, a pump for raising fluids. a motor for operating the pump, a casing for inclosing the motor, a reservoir for collecting leakage fluid, and means for discharging flllld from the reservoir, said discharge means being disposed to automatically open and close when the motor casing is raised and submerged. respectively.

9. In a submersible electrical machine, in combination, a pump for raising fluids, a motor for operating the pump, a casing for inclosing the motor. a reservoir disposed beneath the motor for collecting leakage fluid, said reservoir having adischarge opening, and a float-actuated valve disposed to control the discharge opening, said float-actuated valve being disposed to close the discharge opening before the motor is submerged.

In testimony whereof, we have hereunto subscribed our names this 14th day of J anuary, 1928.

VICTOR GUTMANN. LUDWIG STEINER.

a float-actuated de-- for automatically 'clos

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4842163 *May 27, 1988Jun 27, 1989Bravo Sergio MGasoline collector pit box and submersible unit box
US4971225 *May 18, 1989Nov 20, 1990Bravo Sergio MGasoline collector pit box and submersible unit box
US5100024 *Jun 5, 1990Mar 31, 1992Bravo Sergio MGasoline collector pit box and submersible unit box
Classifications
U.S. Classification417/9, 175/26, 175/40
International ClassificationF04D13/06, F04D13/10
Cooperative ClassificationF04D13/10
European ClassificationF04D13/10