US 1763746 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 17, 1930. P. BENKISER I GAS AND VAPOR SEPARA'IOR Filed March 26, 1926 a 4 WM Patented June 17, 1930 UVNITEDSTATES PATENT OFFICE-1 frAUL IBENKISER, or CLEVELAND, onIo GAS AnnvAron sErARAron Application fiiea vtamh as, 1926. serial vo. 97,678.
My invention relates to a fuel separator for use inconnection with internal combustion separating, substantially, all of the liquid fuel from the vapor asitis drawn from the carburetor so that only a vapor gas'is supplied to the combustion chamber of' the en gine, thereby aiding in its efficiency, preventing the formation of oarbonupon the pistons and cylinder head, and substantially eliminating the possibilityofany liquid fuel working down into the oil between the pistons and the cylinder walls, thereby elimin-ating'the necessity for Changing the'oil-as often as is now required. A still further object of my invention is to provide a means for receiving'the liquid fuelflas 'it' is drawn off through the device.
39 The fuel so drawn off may be emptiedinto themain gas tank and need further, thereby producingmorefiniles per gallonthan the cars at present produce with the present sys-V tem of carburationfi f I A still fu'rther'object of my invention is V toprovide a device which is capable 'ofremoving dust particles from the vapor and liquid fuel-as it is drawn from the carburetor and thereby further assuring the cleanness'of the oil in the motor. With the objects above indicated andfother objects hereinafter explained, in view, my invention consists in the construction and combination of elements hereinafter described and claimed. Fig. l is aside elevational view of a carburetor and portion of an intake manifoldshowing in section the details of my invention.
Fig. 2 isan end View of my invention show.-
tiie means.fer attaching the same to the "thereon ahead 10' screw-threaded.
flanges of the intake manifold and the carburetor. I
Fig. Sis a perspective view of the filtering means.
In the drawings 1 indicates, the usual care buretor ofan internal combustionengine and is provided with an outlet pipe 2 which has a flange ,3 formed at its outer end. The u'sualmanifold 4 attached to the engine (not shown) is provided with an inletpipe 5 which has a flange 6 formed atits lower'end. The flanges 3 and 6 have provided in their outer ends holes 7 r and 8 respectively. Ordinarily these 'two flangesare secured together by meansof bolts and the fuel from the @arburetor is drawn intothe intake manifold and subsequently into the combustion chamber. This fuel is in the form. of vapor and liquid fuel and the vapor ignites within the combustion' chamber but the liquid fuel does not.
Consequently the liquid gas" or a great portion of it,- lodges upon the top of the pistons where it formscarbon deposits and some worksdown between the piston and the cylinder walls finally mixing with the oil. This i'sone of the reasons why it is necessary to drain ofl theoil every so often. e i
It is the purpose of my inventionto pro vide a device which will practically 'elimihate this condition and at'the same time iiicrease the/efficiency of the engine. The device comprisesla chamber9'which is provided with an internal'pocket 10and V terminates at" its lower portion in'ya tapered endf The end of the chamber9 has formed the interiorof which is On the outerfacesof tlie chamberi9 there are formed bOS Q S 11] and 12 which extend 1 substantiallyv tofa distance. corresponding in length to'the length of the flanges 3 and 6. At theouter ends of the bosses holes, 13" are 1 provided whose' centeijs are on thelsame radius r as the holes 7 and 8 in the'flanges 3 and 6.
These .holesi13-are,' however, drilled to a- -'largerdiameter. than-the holes inthe flanges and are-adaptedto receive" therein a sleeve '14 which extends through the. chamber 9 vand are flush with the faces of the bosses 111 and 12; Thee 'sleiwee laareprofqided' for the outlet opening, bosses on the outer faces thereof, apertures extending through said bosses,
sleeves Within said apertures, separating means adapted to fit Within the outlet opening and extending angularly to Within the inlet opening, a further opening for drawing off the separated liquid and means for receiving the liquid so drawn OK.
4. A device for separating unvaporized fuel from the vaporized fuel as it is drawn from a carburetor comprising a chamber having an inlet opening and an outlet opening, a separator disposed between said openings and adapted to permit the passage of vaporized fuel therethrough, but to prevent I the passage of unvaporized fuel, and means fordrawing off the unvaporized fuel Which is not permitted to pass through said separator into a receptacle independent of the fuel sup- 1 -V p A device for separating the unvaporized fuel from the vaporized fuel as it is drawn from a carburetor comprising a chamber having a separator angularly disposed therein and adapted to permit the passage of vaporized fuel therethrough but prevent the passage of unvaporized fuel and means'for drawing ofl the unvaporized fuel into a receptacle independent of the fuel supply.
6. In a device of the type described, a-housing provided With an inlet opening and an outlet opening, a screen angularly disposed across the outlet opening, and an opening-at the base of the housing.
7. In a device of the type described, a housing provided with an inlet opening and an outlet opening, a plurality of screens angularly disposed across the outlet opening, and an opening at the base of the housing.
In testimony whereof, I hereunto aflix my signature.