US 1763832 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented June 17, 1930 WILLIAM ALFRED TAYLOR, F DETROIT, MICHIGAN SCALP-TREATING BRUSH Application filed May 11, 1929. Serial No. 362,369.
This invention relates to a brush of the fountain type, the primary object of the invention being to provide a brush embodying a reservoir for containing hair tonic or other liquids used in treating the scalp, so that by the manipulation of a valve, the material may be released to flow onto the scalp or surface being treated.
Another important object of the invention is to provide a brush of this type having a scalp treating section, and a hair brushing section, the bristles and rubber tits of the brush being supplied with the liquid from the body portion of the brush.
A still further object of the invention is to provide novel means for piercing the stopper of a bottle or closed end of a tube containing liquid with which the body portion of the brush is filled, so that the wasting of the material to be transferred to the body portion of the brush will be prevented.
l Vith the foregoing and other objects in view which will appear as the description proceeds, the invention resides in the combination and arrangement of parts and in the details of construction hereinafter described and claimed, it being understood that changes in the precise embodiment of the invention herein disclosed, may be made within the scope of what is claimed, without departing from the spirit of the invention.
Referring to the drawing:
Figure 1 is a sectional view taken on line 11 of Figure 2.
Figure 2 is a sectional view taken on line 22 of Figure l.
Figure 3 is a bottom plan view of the brush.
Referring to the drawing in detail, the body portion of the brush which is indicated generally by the reference character 5, is preferably oval in formation, however it is to be understood that the size and shape of the body portion of the brush may be changed to meet various requirements, without departing from the spirit of the invention.
As shown, the body portion of the brush is hollow providing a reservoir to contain various forms of liquids such as tonic, bay rum, or the like, used in treating the scalp. A partition 6 connects the side walls of the reservoir dividing the body portion into lateral compartments 7 and 8'respectively.
The bottom of the brush is indicated by the reference character 9, and is provided with openings arranged at predetermined points to accommodate the bristles 10 which are used in brushing the hair. These bristles are disposed adjacent to the compartment 7 so that liquid passing from the compartment may be picked up by the bristles and spread through the hair.
[Openings 11 are formed in the bottom 5 and provide means to allow the liquid in the compartment 7 to pass therefrom, there being provided a rotary valve member 12 provided with a series of openings, positioned within the compartment 7 so that when the openings of the valve member. are brought into registry with the openings 11, the liquid in the compartment 7 may pass therefrom. 7 Teeth are formed on the valve member 12 and cooperate with teeth formed on the rod 13 which rod has its inner end resting in the tubular bearing member 14, the opposite end extending through the side wall of the body portion where it is supplied with a thumb piece 15 to be engagedby the thumb of the person using the brush. Coiled springs 16 and 17 are positioned on the rod 13, the spring 16 acting to normally urge the rod to a position to cause the openings 11 to be closed by the valve 12, while the spring 17 acts against the packing 17 to insure against liquid pass ing-from the body portion-at this point.
A notchis formed in the rod 13 and is adapted to receive the sliding latch member 18 which is secured to the outer surface of the body portion of the brush, to secure the rod 13 against movement, should it be desired to use the brush dry.
An integral support 20 is formed within the body portion of the brush and is supplied with a piercing prong 21 that extends towards the filling opening 22 which is normally closed by means of the screw cap 23. This prong is provided so that when the bottle or tube containing the liquid to be transferred to the body portion of the brush, is positioned in the filling opening, the end of the tube or cork of the bottle may be forced against the prong 21 to pierce the cork or end of the tube to allow the fluid to flow therefrom.
Arranged in the compartment 8, is a valve and operating mechanism identical with that shown and described as located in the compartment 7, therefore it is believed that a detail description of the valve and operating mechanism of the compartment 8, is unnecessary for a complete disclosure of the op eration of the device.
Rubber tits 24 extend from the bottom of the brush and are disposed adjacent to the compartment 8 so that the tonic or liquid to be fed to the scalp and to be massaged into the scalp may pass to the rubber tits.
In the use of the device it is obvious that due to the shape of the brush, the body por tion of the brush may be readily grasped in the hands of the person using the brush, and that While the person is using the brush to massage the scalp or brush the hair, the thumb of the operator may be pressed against the valve of the compartment continuing the liquid to be liberated, whereupon the desired quantity of liquid may be released to the head to insure the proper treatment of the scalp and hair.
A brush comprising a body portion having a water chamber, said body portion having openings establishing communication between the water chamber and atmosphere adja-cent to the bristles of the brush, a valve member having a plurality of openings, mounted for rotary movement above the openings of the body portion, said valve member having teeth formed along the edge thereof, a rod slidably mounted within the water chamber and having teeth meshing with the teeth of the valve member, one end of the rod extending beyond the side of the body portion to be pressed by the operator to rotate the alve to cause the openings of the valve and body portion to register, and means for holding the rod against movement.
In testimony that I claim the foregoing as my own, I have hereto affixed my signature.
W'ILLIAM ALFRED TAYLOR.