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Publication numberUS1764254 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 17, 1930
Filing dateOct 23, 1925
Priority dateOct 23, 1925
Publication numberUS 1764254 A, US 1764254A, US-A-1764254, US1764254 A, US1764254A
InventorsFreas Francis L
Original AssigneeFreas Francis L
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Syringe hydrometer
US 1764254 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 17, 1930. F. L. FREAS SYRINGE HYDROMETER- Filed on. 23, 1925 FIG I- I N V EN TOR: Fzwzwz'sLfi'eas, BY

WITNESSES ATTORNEYS.

Patented June 17, 1930 UNITED STATES FRANCIS I. FREAS, OF GONSHOHOCKEN, PENNSYLVANIA.

PATENTTFOFFICE" SYRINGE HYDROMETER Application filed October 28, 1925. Serial No. 64,446.

or the like.

The present improvements are in the main directed toward preventing sticking or adherence of the recording hydrometer float against the side walls of the liquid chamber, and interference with correct registering of the instrument; to afford the ends of the hydrometer float ample protection against the possibilities of breakage, and at the same time to prevent its ends from entering either the compression bulb or the nozzle outlet; and, in general, to obtain the above advantages in a syringe hydrometer capable'of ready and economic manufacture.

The drawings herewith show a'hydrometer syringe conveniently embodying my invention, and whereby the foregoing advantages may be readily realized, Fig. I being for the most part a longitudinal sectional view of the organization;

Fig. II, a cross sectional view to a larger scale taken as indicated by the arrows IIII in Fi .1-

Figs. Ill and IV, perspective illustrations of the closures for opposite ends of the liquid and float chamber; I

Fig. V, a perspective view of a modified form of recording float; and

Fig. VI, a cross sectional view similar to Fig. II showing still another modified float construction in accordance with my invention.

With reference more particularly to Fig. I, the numeral 10 indicates the body portion of the instrument, the same being shown as tubular, and sectioned conventionally to represent transparent material such as glass or the like. This tubular body portion 10 provides the chamber for the liquid to be tested, as well as accommodations for the recording hydrometer float indicated comprehensively by the numeral 11. Generally speaking, the float 11 has the usual or customary form, i. e., embodies a cylindrical lower portion 13 with a hemispherical end, and a reduced axial stem 14 that is calibrated as shown for direct reading.

A pneumatic bulb 15 of suitable compressible material such as soft rubber, has its neck 16 engaged about one end of the body portion 10; and a plug 17 of like material is inserted within said end to afford a shock absorbing cushion for the calibrated stem 14 of the float l1, and to prevent it from entering the compression bulb hollow, the plug 17 being, however, perforated as at 18 for communication into said bulb.

The opposite end of the body portion 10 is closed by a plug 19 also preferably of soft rubber, which, in the instance shown, 35

has an integral nozzle extension 20, and also a circumferential protuberance 21 to determine its position in assembly. The plug 19, furthermore, has an axial bore for communication into the liquid'and float chamber, said bore being enlarged at the inner end as shown at 22, and there surrounded by a series of radially-arranged projections 23 that serve to cushion the bulbous end of the float 11 without entailing complete closure of said opening against passage of liquid.

In order to prevent adherence of the hydrometer float 11 to the side walls of the liquid chamber within the body portion 10, I provide its bulbous portion 11 with a series of parallel spaced outwardly-projecting ridges or ribs 25. Such ridges may be either straight and longitudinally extensive with the bulb 13, as shown in Fig. I; or spirally curved to surround the bulb in accordance with the alternative form of Fig. V; or produced in the shape of corner angles as a result of fashioning the bulb to polygonal cross section after the manner of Fig. VI. Incidental to 7 drawing the charge to be tested into the body portion 10 of the instrument, the ridges 25 prevent direct contact of the bulbous portion 13 of the float 11 with the chamber walls, thus allowing said float to rise freely with the fluid. The ridges 25, when spirally curved, function in an anti-frictional directive-capacity and effectively prevent tangential declination of the float while affording slight streamline channels that facilitate flow of the liquid, thereby avoiding the turbulence, or frothing tile usually associated with straight ribs, and which is liable to obscure the graduations on the stem 14 while readings are being taken. The float 11 may be blown with either a spherical or conical bottom end as shown respectively in Figs. I and V. When the ridges 25 are spirally curved, with an overall diameter and easy-fit in the bore of the body tube 10, frictional engagement between said parts is effectively prevented; while such spiralizing of the ridges 25. causes theflow of liquid up the tube to follow a circuitous or stream line course, whereby the float 11 is steadied and maintained in axial equilibrium relative to said tube.

By constructing the hydrometer float 11 as described, I secure, in addition to the advantages already pointed out, reinforcement of the bulbous portion 13 whereby it is rendered more sturdy to better withstand shocks incidental to careless handling. A further advantage will be remarked in that the several alternative forms of the float 11 herein typifled are very easy to manufacture as compared to those provided with nipple projections such as heretofore employed for a similar purpose.

Having thus described my invention, I claim In a hydrometer syringe, the combination of a transparent tubular body portion affording a liquid chamber, and a hydroineter float within said chamber having its bulb characterized by parallel-spaced longitudinally extending spiral ridges serving toprevent adherence to the side walls of said body portion, to maintain said float in axial equilibrium within the tubular body portion and also to obviate interference with correct reading of the instrument.

In testimony whereof I have hereunto signed my name at Philadelphia, Pennsyl- Vania, this 15th day of October, 1925.

FRANCIS L. FREAS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2616287 *Apr 22, 1949Nov 4, 1952Nace Melvin FCombined stirrer and hydrometer tester
US4061839 *Oct 6, 1972Dec 6, 1977Daimler-Benz AktiengesellschaftWarning device for indicating critical condition of starter batteries in vehicles
DE1296832B *Aug 20, 1962Jun 4, 1969Westerwaelder Eisen GerhardVorrichtung zum selbsttaetigen Nachweis von OElspuren in Gewaessern, insbesondere im Grundwasser
Classifications
U.S. Classification73/441, 137/150
International ClassificationG01N9/00, G01N9/14
Cooperative ClassificationG01N9/14
European ClassificationG01N9/14