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Publication numberUS1766341 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 24, 1930
Filing dateJun 18, 1927
Priority dateJun 18, 1927
Publication numberUS 1766341 A, US 1766341A, US-A-1766341, US1766341 A, US1766341A
InventorsIrving Kulik
Original AssigneeIrving Kulik
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Absorbent roll
US 1766341 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented June 24, 19.30

UNITED vSTATES PATENT OFFICE IIWING xULIx, oF BROOKLYN, NEW YORK ABSOBBENT ROLL Application med .rune is, isa?. serial Nu. 199,780.

The present invention relates to absorbent Fig..9 shows a practical application of my material of cotton, cellulose, paper, or cloth, invention. and my invention can be used Where shape Fig. l shows another practical applicamaintaining qualities are desired for these tionof my invention. y

materials. Fig. 1l shows still another practical ap- 55 The absorbent roll which constitutes the plication of my'invention. u present invention is of the tye which is .F 1g. l2 shows a cross section of a saliva employed by dentists to draw o saliva and ejector that can be used 1n connection with moisture buccally and lingually about teeth my absorbentroll.

and in general prevent saliva from reaching The absorbent `rollbody A-A, Fig. 1, 60 'I the area operated upon in the patients has running through it a hollow which enmouth, closes a exible material in the nature of In the drawin a WIBV- 2 Fig. 1 is a orosssection showing that there -Instead o? a Wire a iiexible tube D, Fig. l5v is 3 hollow in the absorbent 1-011 for recep- 3, CEMI Iuh tlllllll the absorbent' .IOlL The 65 tion of a fiexible strip of material, said iiexfleXlble tube D, 1g. 3,'can contain perforible Strip When inserted thus being sur- -ations Y rounded by absorbent material as shown in lt 1S deslled the tllblng D, Flg- 4, can other views. contaiii a flexible wire C, Fig. 4. ,f Fig, 2 is a View Similar to Fig 1, Show- Instead of a .continuous piece of iexible ing the referred. to strip of material in mterleli like Fig. 2 the absorbent roll can position, l embodyfse'ctions of flexible material like G,

Fig. 3 shows the fiexible material instead 1%!5- of being solid as in Fig. 2, is-tubul-ar and ji-. fThejSf-Ctlmls 0f fiexlble mtellal 111 the 2Q has perforations along its walls. p '.bSl-f1b,3111i roll can be enclosed by a flexible 15 Fig. 4 is a cross section of my absorbent 111A '{Qellal llle d 1n Flg. 6. roll showingahollow'oontaining a tabular lvllleS H, Flg. 7, Can Serve to show flexible material with perforations and said lie absorbent roll can be conveniently tubular exible material containing as'olid 0 1.1 apart- 30. length of fieXible-materiaL o O'rbjent roll can be used by the den- 80 Fig. 5 is a cross section-'showing a `hollovvf 1111 Wld Vallty 0f YYaYS- The derltlst in the absorbent i: oll containing:sectioiisjv m'vmy leXllQle bSOfbeIlt 11011 111150 the iexiblemat `lfreferred to.. Y n .liloln 1H lg-l 9th eXlble Illa- Figlisfa cr vectionshowing a hollr ,A IjHfbOQ-l-ed by the'abSOljbent roll as d in the absorben olljzcontai'iiing a `tubular .I1-'F lgules 1 8, malnfalllllg the ab- 8 roll-.in the desired position and Withjthe absorbent roll thus bent der i 'stfproceeds to place it in the he looped portion I, Fi 9, cusps orincisal edges o the elitist does not have to employ the roll in position as is the present use 4of absorbent flexible material with'` perforatioiisv and said' tubular flexible: inate'riallcontainiiig "sections e of iexiblemater-ial. fr gi l Fig 7 is al side elevation showing th' nvention applied to absorbent. rolls contai ing sections of iiexible material,y as yspliowii in Figures 5 ando' with ines appearing oli thelsurfacetoshow W 'We' the'absorbent lek absorbent roll, shaping ig. 9, and placing it in fthe horizontal portion J' ,pla-ce by the pressure of the ek's4 against the absorbent roll alveolar ridge, the 109 prong of the roll will thus be kept in position.

s Let us assume that the dentist wants to and gums.

i Figures .ing over use my absorbent roll on the lower posterior right side of the mouth. He bends up a straight absorbent roll having any of my flexible structures Figures 1-8, shape Fig. 9. He pushes the prong J, Fig. 9, down between and alongside the teeth and cheeks, which brings the loo I, Fig. 9, over the occlusal surfaces of ldiie teeth, and brings simultaneously the prong K, Fig. 9, alongside the lingual surfaces of the teeth The pressure of the cheeks will hold the whole cotton roll in position.

For work upon the upper posterior teeth my absorbent roll is bent in the same way, used in the same way, and has the same highly advantageous properties.

Let us assume that the dentist wants to use my absorbent roll for work on the anterior teeth. He bends up a straight absorbent roll having any of the structures `1-8 into the shape, Fig. 9. He pushes the prong K, Fig. 9, between and alongside the teeth and lips, which brings the loop I, Fig. 9, over the incisal edges of the teeth, and brings simultaneously the prong face of the teeth and gums. The pressure of the lips will hold the whole absorbent roll in position.

There are quite many advantages derived from an absorbent roll of my invention. The slipping about of absorbent rolls in the mouth is a fact well known amongst dentists and is very frequently a source of serious trouble and consternation during a dental operative procedure. Very often an absorbent roll will slip unnoticed near a surface of a tooth where a crown or inlay is being cemented and have some of its absorbent material caught beneath the cemented crown or inlay, becoming permanently fastened there with the setting of the cement to the detriment of the patient and to the exasperation of the dentist. It is understood that the t of the best fitting crown or inlay is ruined by the shreds of absorbent material thus caught, after the remainder of the absorbent roll is torn away.

Wherever it is possible the dentist uses clamps to hold the absorbent rolls in place. But he cannot use a clamp where it is reuired to have the atient close the mouth rom time to time uring the course of an operation, viz., examining for articulation in the process of a restorative operation. To this my absorbent roll of flexible form is considerably of advantage. The dentlst can bend my absorbent roll to the shape Fig. 9 and with the loop I, Fig. 9, passing over an appropriate space of a missing tooth or passthe space posteriorly of the last molar the patient is able to close the mouth into the vwhich have to be adjusted J, Fig. 9alongside the lingual sur` ployed together with incassi and if anything happens, instead of pushing the absorbent roll into a filling or capping area, as would ordinarily happen with the closing of the mouth, my absorbent roll is pushed away from the filling or capping area. The value of such a feature will be highly appreciated by a dentist.

Dentists often resort to powdering with certain powder ordinary absorbent rolls to avoid its slipping about the area in which it is placed. But this staying effect of the powder is very quickly lost by the slippery mucousy saliva coming in contact with the absorbent roll.

To prevent absorbent rolls from slipping dentists are compelled wherever possible to use a series of clamps, known as cotton roll clamps, and a number of each kind have to be kept on hand, such as molar clamps, hi cus id and anterior clamps. These clamps on the teeth by forceps, but are not very easily adjustable in most cases, and far from comfortable to the patient, very often slipping down the tooth into the patients gum with consequent excruciating pain. Clamps will often slip by themselves on the smooth tooth surface into the patients gum, whereupon, the dentist must instantly stop his work, which work as every body knows a patient wants to be quickly through, and after reassuring the patient that the clamp will not slip .any more, being that it was adjusted, only to find that the clamp soon slips again.

The clamps referred to are powerful spring-like affairs having a shape like the Fig. 9 of the appended drawing. The material comprising the clamp is of such powerful sprnglike material and construction that it can only be manipulated with stout forceps. This powerful spring effect is emtion of the clamp in order to grip the smooth surface of the tooth. It is practical to assume 'that the knifed edged grasping parts of the clamp, under the power ul pressure of the clamp, scratches and otherwise harms the enamel of the tooth. y

The evils of clamp use have always been known amongst dentists and numerous devices are marketed to obviate the use of clamps with absorbent rolls when work on the lower jaw is perforined--for the upper jaw nothing but clamps being possible to use with present forms of absorbent rolls. These devices are' practically all alike in that they hold the absorbent roll in position like one does by placing his index and middle finger over the cotton rolls and the thumb of the same hand below the patients jaw or beneath the patients chin. These devices, however, are very bulky and often interfere with the work of a dentist. Furthermore, these devices cannot be used, as stated, for work on the upper jaw. Consea lmife edged terminau quently the upper jaw is limited to the use of clamps with the attending evils. Although limited for the most clamps for holdin absorbent rolls 1n position, as explaine the dentist very often finds that he cannot use even this unsatisfactory means of holdin absorbent rolls. The tooth may be too s ort, causing the clamp through its spring action, to Jump ol'ie the tooth. Or the tooth ma be peg shaped and the clasp wont hold, a so jumping in the manner explained. Such absorbent rolls as mine, which keep themselves in position, serve in such cases very usefully. Thus with m absorbent roll requirin no clamps or ot er retaining means the di culties described are all overcome to the gratification of the patient and the dentist. i

lThe loop I, Fig. 9, of the absorbent roll gives a greater amount of absorbent material than when buccal and lin ual ieces of absorbent material are use Gnsequently tained.

rlhe Hexibility of the absorbent roll gives rise to other desirable features besides those alluded to. My absorbent roll can be doubled up, as shown in Fig. 10, to the right of the line QQ which is advantageous in several ways. First, where it is desired to kee the absorbent roll in firmer position, by doubling the absorbent roll whereit abuts the cheeks or lips adds thickness with consequently greater crowding and staying effect to the part of the absorbent roll within its confining space, between the cheeks or lips and the gums, thus, keeping the facial as well as the lin ual portions of my absorbent roll firmly xed in position.` Secondly, doubling my absorbent roll naturally means more absorbative material and a longer absorption period for the absorbent roll.

While the doubling of my absorbent roll is a com aratively slmple thing because of its iexib e properties, it is an impossible thing to do with Ordinar absorbent rolls. Furthermore, with my a sorbent roll the doubling can be done in any direction. Of course, my absorbent roll can be tripled as well as doubled.

Some dentists prefer to tear their absorbent rolls with the fin ers instead of cutting it with a scissors. ligor this reason I show part to a longer absorption periodl is obbmy flexible material also in sectioned oi form, viz, Figures 4, 5, and 6. And with the lines H, Fig. 7 exteriorly of the absorbent roll to show about where the sections terminate. It is a simple matter to tear the absorbent roll by hand-the sectioned off pieces of flexible material permitting it. Where tubular material is employed, like Figures 3, 4, and 6, said tubu ar material can be of easily tearable material or substance. Thus a small piece of absorbent material, Fig. 8, can be torn awa or cut away from a regular sized strip o absorbent material.

My absorbent roll can be used `with a saliva ejector in a novel way. A saliva ejector like Fig. 12 can be ushed into the hollow of the absorbent rol ,presenting an appearance Fig. 11, to draw oii saliva absorbed by my novel absorbent roll. Such a saliva ejector will work especially well when my absorbent roll is provided with a tubular structure like Figures 3, 4, and 6 and thei yof a dental absorbent roll and said absorbent roll embodying a flexible wire to render said absorbent -roll shape retaining when bent. 4

4. An article of manufacture consisting of a dental absorbent roll and said absorbent roll embodying 'a flexible wire to render said absorbent roll partially rigid so as to maintain an angular shape when bent.

5. An article of manufacture consisting a dental absorbent roll and said absorbent roll being hollowed out interiorly and inside of which hollow is another hollowed out part.

IRVIN G KULIK.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2555493 *Feb 14, 1949Jun 5, 1951Harry M KirschbaumAspirating dissector
US4233025 *Mar 8, 1979Nov 11, 1980Larson William AHollow cotton roll
US4883465 *May 24, 1988Nov 28, 1989Brennan H GeorgeNasal tampon and method for using
US5011474 *May 2, 1989Apr 30, 1991Brennan H GeorgeMethods for controlling nasal hemorrhaging
US5094616 *Dec 21, 1990Mar 10, 1992Myron LevensonDental appliance
Classifications
U.S. Classification433/91
International ClassificationA61C19/00
Cooperative ClassificationA61C19/001
European ClassificationA61C19/00B