US 1767784 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 24, 1930. A. B. COOKE 1,767,784
AUTOGRAPHIC REGI STER Filed Oct. 27, 1926 2 Sheets-Sheet l fizz/197a??? ALLE B. Coo/ 5 wag June 24, 1930. A. B. COOKE 1,767,784
AUTOGRAPHIC REGISTER Filed 00%.. 27, 1926 2 SheetsSheet 2 f-5 52 H a r .7 ,//a 3/ Z/ fizz/6722275 AL EN B. Coo/r5.
Patented June 24, 1930 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE.
ALLEN IB. COOKE, OF DANVILLE, ILLINOIS, ASSIGNOR TO THE UNITED AUTOGRAPHIC REGISTER COMPANY, OF CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, A CORPORATION OF ILLINOIS AUTOGRAPHIC REGISTER Application filed October 27, 1926. Serial No. 144,610.
My present invention relates to autographic registers, and has more particular reference to means, employed in connection with the delivery mechanism of such devices for detaching and separating the tickets or delivered portion of the strip or strips from the remainder thereof. The structure for convenience, is herein illustrated in connection with .an autographic register having a feed and starter mechanism such as disposed in my co-pending application for Letters Patent of the United States that was filed September 14:, 1926, Serial No. 135,453.
The present structure provides a divider and clamp, the latter adapted to engage the web or webs beyond the feed mechanism after the latterhave ceased to advance the material. There may be provided in the present structure a gripper device that will take hold of the material when the latter is engaged by the clamps and by a pulling action will detach the delivered portions of the strip thus detaching the used ticket or tickets from the remainder of the webs. It will be understood in this connection that the tickets may be perforated prior to the passing through the register, or the register may be provided with suitable mechanism for perforating or scoring the strips at the time of detachment of the delivered tickets, or a knife edge may be utilized and the strip material pulled against the same to sever the delivered tickets.
In my present structure I have provided a novel means for detaching the delivered ticket or tickets that is positive in operation and does not have a tendency to tear the material other than at the places it isintended to detach the tickets. Other objects reside in the provision of a mechanism of above character that is novel in the form and the arrangement of the parts, is simple in construction, is dependablein performing the functions it may be required to perform, and
, which is economical to manufacture. I prefer to accomplish the several objects and to carry out my invention in substantially the manner hereinafter described and as more particularly pointed out in the claims, reference being made to the accompanying drawings forming a part hereof.
In the drawings Figure 1 is a longitudinal side elevation of the feed and delivery portion of an autograpliic register and view from the actuat ing side thereof.
Figure 2 is a top plan of the structure illustrated in Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a vertical longitudinal section taken on line 3-3 of Figure 2, looking in the direction of the arrows. The parts in this view being at the initial or the starting position.
Figures 4 and 5 are schematic views showing steps in the cycle of operation succeeding the position shown in Fig. 3.
Figure 6 is a fragmentary View in eleva %ion of the side opposite that showns in Figure 7 is a schematic view of a portion of a paper web or strip such as employed in devices of this character.
Figure 8 is a view in longitudinal elevation of one of the members for grasping and pulling the strip, the member being detached from the register.
The drawings are, in a sense merely schematic for the purpose of illustrating the typical embodiment of the invention, it of course being obvious, that modifications of the structure shown may be made without departing from the principles disclosed in the drawings the same parts have been designated by similar reference characters wherever they appear throughout the views.
The webs of material used in autographic registers of this character each consisting of a strip 10 (Fig. 7 that isprovided with spaced parallel rows of apertures or filing pin holes 11 that are preferably, arranged in pairs between the successive tickets that are printed on the strip, and, as will hereinafter more full appear, apertures are utilized by parts 0 the apparatus to control the advancement of the strip, and, also to register the superposed tickets, as well as for the purpose of filing and storing the delivered tickets. The strips are placed in the machine either in roll or pad form and may be ily detach the tickets successively from the stri or strips.
he casing of. the register is of the usual type, consisting of vertically disposed longitudinal side-walls 13 that arlse from the opposite longitudinal edges of the base, and the upper portions of the side-walls are connected by a writing bed or platen 14 of sultable length. The mechanism for controlling the advancement of the webs or strip ma-.
terial is similar to that disclosed in the beforesaid application, Serial No. 135,452, and consists of upper and lower feed roller shafts 15 and 16 the upper of which is journaled in a lift-frame 17 hinged to ears 18 on the upper portion of a casing wall, which frame and shaft is raised to permit threading or loading of the strip material into the register,"and the lower shaft 16 is journaled in the casing walls. Below these feed shafts there is a drive shaft 19 that is journaled in the walls and one end is extended through the wall with a crank or handle 20 secured to it. A gear 21 is secured to the drive shaft next the crank handle, which gear 1s m mesh with an idle gear 22 mounted on a stud projecting from the casing wall and said idle gearmeshes with and drives a pinion 23 on the adjacent end of lower feed shaft 16. Also on feed shaft 16 alongside pinion 23 there is a gear 24 that meshes with a smaller gear 25 on the end of upper feed shaft 15 so that the latter rotates faster than the former, and consequently the elements on the upper feed shaft will revolve a greater number of times than those on lower feed shaft 16. The proportions of the gears in this gear-train are such that feed-shaft 16 revolves faster than drive shaft 19.
r The feed shafts l5 and 16 are components of the upper and lower opposing feed members that both normally and initially advance the strip or strips of material through the register. The normal feed roller members comprise complete disks 26 and 27 secured respectively to shafts 15 and 16, said disks being spaced apart upon the shafts a distance corresponding to the space between a pair of filing apertures 11 in the strips and are of less thickness than the diameter of a strip aperture so as to arrest the advancement of the strip whenever a set of apertures comes into registration with the opposing sets of disks. This arresting takes place at the end of such set of tickets fed through the machine so that the normal advancement and the initial advancement take place intermittently. The. diameter of the upper and lower feed roller members 26 and 27 differ from each other in the same ratio as the differences in diameter of the gears 25 and 24-which will permit the roller members to feed the strips uniformly when engaging the latter outside the apertures.
en the feed members have become registered with the filing apertures 11 in the stripssaid members become inactive or inoperative to advance said strips until the latter have been moved slightly ahead by the starter devices or initial feed elements. Projecting radially from the feed shafts 15 and 16, and preferably formed integrally with the shafts between the disks 26 and 27 are lateral upper and lower lugs or blocks 28 and 29 respectively that comprise the starter or initial feed devices. These lu s or blocks have their concentric outer aces curved upon the same radial diameter as those of the feed roller members 26 and 27, and they respectively project from the shafts the same distance as said members.
The rotational movement of the feed-shafts 15 and 16 are timed so that the. respective lugs or blocks 28 and 29 will be opposite or engaging each other but once during a plurality of revolutions. This will be at about the same time the feed roller members come into registry with the strip apertures, and for convenience the upper shaft 15 is revolved eight times to five revolutions of the lower shaft 16. The opposing faces, that is the outer surfaces, of the blocks 28 and 29 come into opposition to each other at the time of the advancement of the paper strips is stopped by the disks registering or alining with the strip apertures, so that when the crank isrotated after the next transaction the blocks will engage the strips, giving them their initial movement until the disks are out of the strip apertures and then the disks continue the advancement until the succeeding pair of strip apertures is reached.
The crank handle 20 is adapted to be rotated twice during the advancement of a. single set of tickets and is provided with a hand grasp that has connected to it a retractable plunger 30 adapted to engage the stop 31 projecting laterally from the side of the idle gear 32 that is rotated by the drive or feed mechanism. Mounted in the casing walls, one above the other, are the gripper shafts 33 and 34, the lowerof which (34) extends outside the casing wall and is provided with a gear 35 meshing with the idle gear 32 and actuated by a pinion 36 on the spindle of the idle gear 22. The ratio of movement of the gears actuating the gripper shaft 34 is two to one so that the gripper is rotated once during each cycle of operation at two rotations of the crank handle. The ends of the gripper shafts 33 and 34 opposite the driving side of the register are connected cars 35 and 3.6, respectively, that are of t e same size and actuate the shafts in 0 posite directions and in unison, and each s aft, intermediate the casing wall is provided with a flange or rib 37 and 38 that extends longitudinally of the shafts in reverse spiral or oblique directions. When the shafts are rotated in the directions indicated, the outer edges of the ribs or flanges 37 and 38 come together'and are adapted to grip the paper or strip'material between their contracting portions and pull the same in a substantially longitudinal direction. Due to the fact that the ribs or flanges 37 and 38 are spirally disposed their points of contact'will vary as the shafts 33 and 34 rotate so that the pull is progressive from one edge of the paper strip to the other, and thus the ribs or flanges exert a slightly oblique pull to insure the tearing or severing of the delivered portion of the material from the remainder thereof. The timing of the gripper shafts is such that they do not engage with the paper until the advance- 1 ment of the latter has been arrested. It
should be noted here that the paper has been advanced so that a complete ticket or set of tickets is projected beyond the feed mechanism so that the gripper ribs orflanges 37 and 38 Will take hold of the discharge or projective portion of the paper slightly in front of the transverse line 12 where it is to be severed or torn. The severing may be done by the grippers pulling the paper over a blade or there may be perforations made in the paper at the place where it is to be separated.
Slightly in advance of or beyond the grippers the casing is divided transversely by an irregular wall 39, the upper edge of which curves toward the grippers and feed mechanism as indicated at 40 in Fig. 3 and there are openings 41 in the opposite walls of the register casing. When the material feeds through the register the upper strip a passes into the storage or filing compartment in the casing beyond the wall 39 while the strip or strips 3) pass downwardly on the opposite side of the wall where they may be readily reached for removal through the openings 41 in the side-walls. Between the grippers and feed rollers means may be provided to clamp and hold. the strips while they are being operated on by the grippers. This mechanism comprises a stationary bar 42 extending horizontally across the register below which there is a divider plate 43 that is yieldably connected to the bar by sprmg plungers 44 at opposite ends of the latter. These plungers normally maintain the d1- vider away from and below bar 42 and the upper strip or strips of material that are to be let into the storage or filing compartment pass over the same between said plungers, while the lower strip or strips pass below the divider '43. Below the. lower strips there is a presser bar 45 that is guided in vertical slots 46 in the register walls and is placed upon edge in alinement with the stationary bar 42, so that the lower strip or strips 6 are between the divider and the upper edge of the presser bar 45. The presser bar is raised and lowered by means of a cam or cams 47 on a cam-shaft journaled in the registerwalls and said camshaft is actuated. by a gear 49 mounted, thereon that is driven by a pinion 50 upon \the actuating or drive-shaft 19. The edge of the cam 47 engages the lower edge of and supports the presser-bar and when said cam is on the upper side of the cam-shaft it will have moved the presser-bar upwardly to the position shown in Fig. 5. On this position the lower strip or stri s are between the presser-bar and the dlvider and the latter has moved upwardly to the stationary bar 42 and clamps the upper strip or strips therebetween. It will be understood that this action takes place when the advancement of the strips has been arrested and prior the time the paper is engaged by the grippers to tear the disengaged or delivered tickets, and of course the cam-shaft is timed so as to rotate a single revolution during each operation of the register.
What I claim is 1. In an autographic register including a platen, feed devices for advancing a paper strip across said platen, and means for engaging the portion of the strip advanced past said feed devices and adapted to exert a pull upon the strip progressively. from one side to the other whereby to detach the delivered portion of the strip.
2. In an autographic register including a platen, feed devices for advancing a paper strip across said platen, a clamping member movable transverse to the path of movement of the strip and located beyond said feed devices, and means for engaging the portion of the strip advanced past said feed devices and adapted to exert a pull upon the strip progressively from one side to the other and against the action of said clamping member whereby to detach the delivered portion from the remainder of the strip.
3. In an autographic register including a platen, feed devices for advancing a plurality of paper strips across said platen, a divider for guiding a strip or strips, and means for engaging the portion of all of the strips advanced past said divider and adapted to exert a pull upon'the strips progressively from the edges at one side of the strips to the other edges of the strips whereby to detach the delivered portions of said strips.
4. In an autographic register including a platen, feed devices for advancing a plurality of paper strips across said platen, a
clamping structure movable transverse to the'path oi movement of said strip and located be 0nd said feed devices, said structure having a divider for guiding a str1p or strips in a direction away from the remaining strip or strips and means for engagm the portions of al of the strips advance beyond said clamping structure and adapted to exert a pull upon the strips progressively from the edges at one side of the strips to the other edges of the strips whereby to detach the delivered portions of said strips.
5. In an autographic register including a platen, feed devices for advancing a paper strip across said platen, and an 0 posmg pair of horizontally disposed spiral e ements adapted to eng e and exert a substantially longitudinal ul upon the portion of the stri delivered beyond said feed devices, said puli being applied progressively from one side towards the other side of the strip whereby to detach the delivered portion of the strip.
6. In an autographic register including a platen, means for advancing a strip across said platen, means for clam ing the portion of the strip beyond the a vancing means,
I and means beyond the clampin means for pulling substantially longitudinally upon the strip and progressively from side to side of the strip to detach the advancedportion of the strip.
7. In an autographic register including a platen means for advancing a strip across said platen, means for clamping the portion of the strip beyond the advancing means, J
and a pair of opposing horizontally disposed spiral elements adapted to engage the strip progressively from side to side and pull the delivered portion of the strip substantially longitudinally whereby to detach the delivered portionof the strip.
, 8. In an autographic register including a platen means for advancing a strip across said platen, a clamp adapted to engage the strip after advancement, horizontal rotatable spindles between which the delivered portion of the strip is positioned, and spiral ribs on said spindles adapted to intermittently oppose each other whereby to engage the delivered portion of the strip progressively .from side to side and exert a substantially longitudinal pull thereon whereby to detach it from the remainder thereof.
9. The combination with the strip delivery mechanism of an autographic register, of devices actuated by said delivery mechanism adapted to grasp the strip progressively from side to Sid (hereof and pull the delivered portion of the strip in a substantially longitudinal direction to detach the same from the remainder of the strip.
- 10. The combination with the strip delivery mechanism of an autographic register, of devices for clamping the delivered poradvancing the strip and sto ping said stripwith a weakened line be on said means, of gripping devices ada te to engage the strip beyond the weakene lineand exert a longitudinal pull thereon progressively from side to side of the strip whereby to detach the thus engaged portion of the strip.
12; In an apparatus for operating u on a paper strip that is provided with'- ongitudinally spaced transversely disposed weakened lines, the combination with means for advancing the strip and stopping said strip with a weakened lme beyond said means, of rotatable spirally positioned gripping members that en age the advanced portion of the strip beyond the weakened line and exert a progressive pull thereon whereby to detach the advanced portion of the strip.
13. In an autographic register employing strip material having spaced transversely disposed weakened lines, means for advancing the material until a weakened line has passed said means, devices for holding the material back of said line, and means for gripping the material be 0nd said line and exerting a pull progressively from side to side of the material to detach the advanced portion thereof.
Signed at Danville, in the county of Vermilion, and State of Illinois, this 23d day of September, 1926.
ALLEN B. COOKE.