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Publication numberUS1768243 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJun 24, 1930
Filing dateDec 12, 1927
Priority dateDec 12, 1927
Publication numberUS 1768243 A, US 1768243A, US-A-1768243, US1768243 A, US1768243A
InventorsFerguson Gale L
Original AssigneeAuto Prime Pump Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Priming means for centrifugal pumps
US 1768243 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

June 24, 1930. Usbu 1,768,243

PRIIING MEANS FOR CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS and Doc. 12. 1927 2 Sheets$het 1 INVENTOR. gczle Fergyuaozz I 3& M? 8 ATTORNEYS I Patented June. 24, 1930 UNITED STATES PATENT. OFFICE-I GALE L. FERGUSON, OE CLEVELAND, OHIO, ASSIGNOR, BY HESNE ASSIGNMENTS, I0

AUTO PRIME PUMP COMPANY, OII! CLEVELAND, OHIO, A CORPORATION OF OHIO Q PBIIING MEANS FOR CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS Application filed December 12, 1927. Serial 1T0. 239,386.

The present invention, as indicated, relates to priming means for centrifugal pumps or the like, and the prime object thereof is to provide improved means for priming such pumps. To the accomplishment of the foregoing and related ends, said invention, then, consists of the means hereinafter fully described and particularly pointed out in the claims.

The annexed drawing and the following description set forth in detail certain mechanism embodying the invention, suchdisclosed means constitutin however, but one of various mechanical orms in which the principle of the invention may be used.

In said annexed drawing:

Fig. 1 is a transverse section through a pump of the type contemplated by the present invention; Fig. 2 is a section on the line 2--2 of Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is a segmental sect on of a modification; and Fig. 4 is a section S1111- ilar to Fig. 1 and illustrating a modified form of priming chamber.

' Referring more particularly to the modification disclosed in Figs. 1 and 2, the reference numeral 1 indicates generally a casin comprisin an impeller chamber 2, and priming cham er 3, inlet and outlet passages 4 and 5 respectively and a cover plate 6 for said impeller chamber. The outer ends of the passages 4 and 5 are flanged as at 7 and 8 respectively for connection to conduits, but

it is to be understood that any other form of connecting means may be used as well.

The casmg 1 is formed'with bearing apertures 9 receiving a bushing 9 in which is journalled an impeller shaft 10 mounting in the impellerchamber 2 an impeller 11'provided on its peri hery with impeller buckets 12. Within sai impeller chamber 2 there is mounted a pump ring 13 provided on its inner face with an annular projection 14 adapted to seat against the inner surface of the chamber 2 to provide a clearance 15 between said ring and said chamber surface. The ring 13 is formed on its outer surface with an annular groove 16. A second pump ring 17 is seated in said chamber with its inner face abutting against the outer face of the ring 13, and is provided on its mner face with a groove 18 adapted to register with the groove 16 to provide a pump channel. The channel is provided with inlet and outlet openings 19 and 20 respectively.

It will be noted that a sli ht clearance is present as at 21 between the lmpeller 11 and the ring 13, and as at 22 between the impeller 11 and the ring 17. This combined clearance is very slight, amounting only to about .005 of an inch. It will be apparent that a space 23 is bounded by the rings 13 and 17, the cover plate 6 and the wall 24 separatin such space from the priming chamber 3, and that such space is in constant communication with the priming chamber 3 through /apertures 25 formed in said wall 24 and com- 'municati'ng directly with the chamber 3 and space 15.

The passa e 4 is adapted to be connected .with a suita le source of liquid supply and the passage 5 is ada ted to be connected with a liquid reservoir snot shown). Formed in the upper end of the casing and communicating with the inlet passage 4 is a conduit 26 adapted to be connected at its upper end -with such reservoir. The conduit 26 is reduced in diameter at its lower end to form a shoulder 27 on which is seated a valve casing 28 provided at its lower end with a valve seat 29 with which is adapted to cooperate a valve 30 urged to open position by means of a compression spring 31.

Assuming that the chamber 3 is 'full of liquid, that the reservoir is empty, and that the check valve provided in the supply line (not shown) has leaked to permit the fluid in said supply line to fall to a level considerably below the pump level, the operation of the device is as follows: The space 23 will be full of liquid because of its communication with the priming chamber 3 through the apertures 25 and the clearance 15. If, now, the shaft 10 be rotated at high speed, the impeller 11 will set up a swirling of the liquid in the space 23, and the resultant centrifugal effect will force such liquid through the clearances 21 and 22 throughout the whole periphery of the chamber 23 and into the pump channel. Liquid will flow from the chamber 3 to replace the liquid forced into the pump channel, and the liquid forced into the pump channel will seal or prime the pump to enable the pump to effect a partial vacuum in the inlet passage 4 and connected supply pipe. A certain amount of the liquid fed from the priming chamber 3 will be forced into the reservoir, and during this time the pump will be drawing a mixture of liquid and air, the liquid entering the pump throu h the clearances 21.

- the pump to draw the air from the inlet passage 4 and the inlet supply pipe until the, liquid in the supply pipe has been elevated to the level of the inlet passage 4, when such liquid will be drawn into the pump and the regular operation of the pump will be started.

Of course it is to be understood that, as soon as any liquid is forced into the reservoir, it will begin to flow into the inlet passage 4, past the valve 30, and this flow will aid the. liquid in the priming chamber 3 and impeller chamber 23 in sealin and priming the pump during the air ex austing period. The valve 30 is normally held off its seat by spring 31, and it will remain in this open position until such time as the pressure in the reservoir has been bult up to a predetermined value, dependent upon the strength of the spring 31. As will be obvious, an increase in ressure causes an increase in the velocity of ow past the valve 30, and when such velocity attains a predetermined value, the force exerted upon the valve 30 thereby will overcome the strength of the spring 31 and close the valve 30. After such closure, the difference in pressure on opposite sides of the valve will hold the valve closed until the pressure in the reservoir has dropped materially.

Fig. 3 represents the inlet portion of a.

pump of the type indicated in which the inlet passage 4 is ormed with a trap 32. The passage 33 leads from the valve seat 29 to the base of the trap, so that liquid supplied to the inlet passage from'the reservoir enters such trap. This construction provides for an intermittent supply of priming liquid to the pump from the reservoir, it eing quite ob vious that,'due to the relatively small cross section of the passage 29 with respect to the inlet passage 4, liquid supp- 3d from the reservoir will slowly fill the trap 32 and then will he suddenly carried over by the pump suction as a slug of liquid, forcing a slug of air in advance of itself through the pump.

Fig. 4 illustrates a modified form of pump casing in which the priming chamber is formed in the cover member. The casing 34 includes an impeller chamber 35, an inlet passage (not shown), an outlet passage 36, and a 'cover member 48. The inlet and outlet pasend and is provided with an aperture 39 at its opposite end providing a journal for the shaft 40 which carries the impeller member 41. A ring 42 is seated snugly'in the impeller chamber 45 and is provided in its out er face with an annular groove 43. A similar ring 44 is also snugly seated in the chamber 35 and is provided in its inner face with an annular groove 45 cooperating with the groove 43 to form a pump channel. Clearances 46 and 47 are provided between opposite sides of the impeller 41 and the rings 44 and 42 respectivel The cover member 48 is formed to provlde a'chamber 49 open at its inner end 50 and registering with the open end 51 of the impeller chamber 35. The operation of the device illustrated in Fig. 4 is identical with that of the device illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2.'

Other modes of applying the principle of my invention may be employed instead of the one explained, change being made as regards the mechanism herein disclosed, provided the means stated by any of the following claims or the equivalent of such stated means he employed.

I therefore particularly point out and distinctly claim as my invention: 7

1. In a pump, a casing comprising a priming chamber, and an impeller chamber in communication with each other, mating pump rings in said impeller chamber providing a pump channel therebetween, and an impeller mounted in said impeller chamber between said rings and extending into said channel,

there being a slight clearance between said 1 impeller and said rings whereby said impeller is enabled to force liquid from the interior of said chamber through such clearance and into said pump channel.

2. In a pump, a casing comprising a priming chamber, an impeller chamber, said priming chamber and'impeller chamber being in communication, a pair of mating rings mounted in said impeller chamber and provided with registering grooves forming a pump channel, said casing being formed with inlet and outlet passages opening directly into said pump channel, means for establishing communication between said inlet and outlet passages, and means for forcing liquid from said impeller chamber into said pump channel.

3. In a pump, a casing comprising a priming chamber, an impeller chamber, said priming chamber and impeller chamber being in communication, a pair of mating rings mounted in said impeller chamber and provided with registering grooves forming a pump channel, said casing being formed with inlet and outlet passages opening directly into communication between said inlet and outlet passages, and means for forcing liquid from said impeller chamber into said pum channel and for drawing iquid from said mlet passage and forcing it into said outlet passage.

4. Ina pump, a casing comprising a priming chamber, an impeller chamber, said priming chamber and impeller chamber being in communication, a pair of mating pump ringsslight clearance between said impeller and said rings.

5. In a pump organization, a casing com- I prising a priming chamber, an impeller chamber, means in said impeller chamber formlng a pump channel, an inlet passage and an outlet passage opening directly into said pump channel, said.casing being formed to provide continuous direct communication between said priming chamber and said impeller chamber, and said inlet passage being directly connected to a source of liquid supply.

6. In a pump organization, a casing comprising a priming chamber, an impeller chamher, an inlet passage and anoutlet passage opening directly into said impeller chamber, said casing being formed to provide contlnuous communication between said priming chamber andsaid impeller chamber, said inlet passage being directly connected to a source of liquid supply and said outlet passage belng connected to a reservoir,and means providing communication between said reservo1r and said inlet passage,

7. In a pump organization, a casing comprising a priming chamber, an impeller chamber, an inlet passage and an outlet passage opening directly into said impeller chamber, said casing being formedto provide continuous communication between sald primlng chamber and said impeller chamber, said inlet passage being directly connected to a source of liquid supply and said outlet passage be ng connected to a reservoir,'a conduit providing communication between said reservoir and said inlet passage, and a valve mounted in said conduit.

8. In a pump organization, a'casing comprising a priming chamber, an impeller chamber, an inlet passage and an outletpassage opening directly into said impeller chamber, said casing being formedj -to provide cpntinuous communication between said pr m ng chamber and said impellerjchafnber, said 1nlet passage being directly. connected 3 to a source of liquid supply and-said outlet passage being connected to a reservoir, a conduit and said rings.

providing communication betwen said reservoi'r and said inlet passage, and a flow-controlled valve'adapted to be closed by a bi h velocity fiow from said reservoir to said in ct passage mounted in said conduit.

9. In a pump organization, a casing comrising a priming chamber, an impeller chamer, an inlet passage and an outlet passage, said casing being formed to provide continuous communication between said priming chamber and said impeller chamber, said inlet passage being directly connected to a source of liquid supply and said outlet passage being connected to a reservoir, a conduit providing communication between saidreservoir and said inlet passage, and a flow-controlled valve adapted to be closed by a high velocity flow from said reservoir to said inlet passage mounted in said conduit, a pair of mating rings in said impeller chamber and provided with registering grooves forming a said impeller chamber between said rings and.

extending into said pump channel, there being a slight clearance between said impeller 10. In a pump organization, a casing com-.

prising a priming chamber, an impeller chamber, an inlet passage and an outlet passage, said casing being formed to provide continuous communication between priming chamber and said impellerchamber, said inlet passage being directly connected to a source of liquid supply and formed with a trap in its length, said outlet passage being connected to a reservoir, and means providing controllable communication between said reservoir and the base of said inlet passage trap.

11. In a pump organization, a casing comprising a priming chamber, an impeller chamber, an inlet passage and an outlet passage, said casing being formed to provide continuous communication bet-ween said priming chamber and said impeller chamber, said inlet passage being directly connected to a source of liquid supply and formed with a trap in its length, said outlet passage being connected to a reservoir, a conduit providing communication between said reservoir and the base of said inlet passage trap, and a flowcontrolled valve mounted in said conduit.

12. In a pump organization, a casing comprising a priming chamber, an impeller chamber, an inlet passage and an outlet passage, said casing being formed to provide continuous communication between said primsaid ing chamber and said impeller chamber, said inlet passage being directly connected to a the base of said inlet passage trap,a flow-controlled valve mounted in said conduit, a

spring tending to maintain said valve in open position, said valve being adapted to be close by a high velocity flow from said reservoir to said inlet passage, a pair of mating rings in said impeller chamber and provided with registering grooves forming a pump channel, and an impeller mounted in said impeller chamber between said rings and extending into said pump channel, there being a slight clearance between said impeller and said rings.

- 13. In a pump, a casing including an im- 7 peller chamber open at one end, a cover member formed to provide a priming chamber having an open end in registry with the open end of said impeller chamber, and inlet and outlet passages, means for establishing communication between said inlet and outlet passages, a pair of mating rings mounted in said impeller chamber and provided with registering grooves forming a pump channel, and means for forcing liquid from said impeller 4 chamber into said pump channel and for drawing liquid from said inlet passage and g5 forcing it into said outlet passage.

14. In a pump, a casing including an im- 7 peller chamber open at one end, a cover member formed to provide a priming chamher having an open end in registry with the open end of said impeller chamber, and inlet and outlet passages, means for establishing communication between said inlet and outlet passages, a pair of mating rings mounted in said impeller chamber and provided with registering grooves forming a pump channel, and an impeller mounted in said impeller chamber between said rings and extending into said pump channel, therebeing a slight clearance between said impeller and said rings. f

Signed by 'me this 8th day of December,

1927. v GALE L. FERGUSON.

meaaea

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2619910 *Aug 21, 1950Dec 2, 1952Brown Robert HCentrifugal pump
US4508492 *Nov 29, 1982Apr 2, 1985Nippondenso Co., Ltd.Motor driven fuel pump
US4556363 *Jun 20, 1983Dec 3, 1985Nippondenso Co., Ltd.Pumping apparatus
US4958984 *May 8, 1989Sep 25, 1990Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki KaishaFuel pump having improved shaft/impeller coupling
US5209630 *Jul 2, 1992May 11, 1993General Motors CorporationPump impeller
US5265997 *Feb 9, 1993Nov 30, 1993Walbro CorporationTurbine-vane fuel pump
US20110318196 *Mar 10, 2008Dec 29, 2011Alberts Iii John JIntegrated pump priming system
Classifications
U.S. Classification415/56.5, 415/55.1, 415/147
International ClassificationF04D9/00
Cooperative ClassificationF04D9/004
European ClassificationF04D9/00C